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社内辞書

トランスワード社内辞書、和英50音順

は

トランスワードが長年蓄積してきた、一般に公開されていない特殊な用語を公開します。
辞書の使用で生じた、いかなる結果に関しても、トランスワードは一切の責任を負いません。

cutting teeth
・carbide blades, inserted blades
・drill point/tips, cutting lips, carbide-tipped
・bit = tools with brazed-on tips, not integral
・cutting elements 刃部
パーカー処理
phosphating
・phosphate coating
・パーカライジング, 酸化塩皮膜法,燐酸皮膜法、化成処理
パーキングブレーキ
parking brake
・emergency brake
・externally contracting, mechanically operated on the shaft
・driveshaft band type
・internal expansion
・disc rear brake (Drum is inside the disc-drum brake rotor)
把握
identification
・identification (of needs)/know
・Review, identify, and close the performance gaps.
・Identify processes that result in waste.
・the extent to which the product is known and proven
バークポータテスト
burke-porter (cam roller machine);
・悪路シミュレーションテスト
・equipment at final vehicle assembly plants that subjects finished vehicles to a rough road simulation on a chassis roller machine
・shake machine testing
・5-10 min burke porter testing
バーコード
bar code
・Scan the bar code.
・Match the bar code with order.
・The bar code identifies your order.
ハーシュネス
(ride) harshness
・ごつごつ感、荒い乗心地
・bump harshness, road harshness
・characterized by small sharp jolts, 15-100 Hz
・Isolate NVH from the interior.
・choppiness in the ride o freeway expansion strip
バージョンアップ
Upgrade
バージョンアップ
upgrade;
・version upgrade
ハースカプリング
Hirth coupling
バースト強度
hurst strength;
・Assembly must pass (n) rpm spin test for 5 min.
バースト伝送
burst transmission
バーストモード
burst mode;
・一括データを細分化して展開
・CPU keeps receiving data from a peripheral until receiving the end signal.
バーズリーク
anti-leak material;
・Bars Leak / Bars Ns
パーセンタイル
percentile 百分位数
・95%ile = 95th/100 value in σ figure
・96th percentile eye ellipse
・The design must be 99% reliable in the hands of a 90th percentile (severe usage) customers for 8 years or 100,000 miles.
・Five given percentiles of the test drive population
・90% of the value lie at or below the 90th percentile, 10% percentile above it.
歯当り
tooth contact pattern
歯厚
normal chordal thickness
パーツ切れ
parts used up
ハードトップ
hardtop
・pillarless, fixed top, retractable hardtop
ハーネス外装
harness covering 外皮、被覆
・ハーネス簡素化 wiring harness simplification (see 省線化)
・ハーネス組込みクリップon-the-harness clip
・ハーネス下巻 rough taping before firm taping?
ハーネス外装
harness covering 外皮、被覆
ハーネス簡素化
wiring harness simplification
ハーネス組込クリップ
on-the-harness clip
バー燃料計
bar-type fuel gage;
・gives increased sinsitivity in the bottom quarter of the fuel capacity.
・17-segment fuel gauge
バーフィールドゼッパ
Birfield-Rzeppa universal point
・H. Rzeppa, Australian, invented a constant universal joint in 1934.
・ハーディスパイサー社、UK completed the universal velocity joint in 1958
ハーフラップテープ
hald-overlap taping
ハーフラップテープ
half overlap tape
バーベキュー塗装
Hi−refexion coat;
・ハイレフコート
パーマロイ
permalloy
・magnetic material of Fe and Ni
パームロック
rubberized fibers (Palmlock: tradename)
バーリング
burring
・突っ切り piercing)でバリを立てる
・突っ切り作業そのものをバーリングと呼ぶことあり
・穴縁曲げ、あなフランジ立て
・成形
・hole flanging!
・バーリング後かしめ
・花咲き可 (Stake after hole flanging. Jagged edge permissible)
バーリング穴
flanged hole
・6.8バーリングは内側へ突っ切り可 6.8 dia-hole may be pierced inward.
バーリングかしめ
flange staking
刃合わせ
edge adjustment
バーンイン
burn-in;
・the initial operation of an item to stabilize its characteristics and to minimize infant mortality in the filed.
・Burn in the radio units /circuits.
・Every unit is operated 4 h before shipement: 100% burn-in
・operating radio units, etc. prior to shipment
パイ
economic pie, diminishing
ハイウエイ燃費
highway-mode fuel economy; cruise-mode mileage
廃液
waste chemicals
・廃液口 waste chemical vent
排煙
smoke purging
ハイオク
premium gasoline (see オクタン)
バイオス
Basic Input/Output System
バイオ分解
biodegradable cleaning materials
倍音成分
harmonics
・Neutralize harmonic vibration without using internal balancing shft.
排ガス規制
emissions regulations (Cal);
・TLEV transitional low-emission vehicles
・LEV low-emission vehicles
・ULEV ultra-low emissin vehicles
・ZEV zero-emission vehicles
排ガス規制
governmental emissions mandates
配管
piping
・pipes, piping work / piping layout 配管図
・tubing, tubs
・routing 経路指示
・return line 戻り配管
・piping system 配管系統
配管継手
pipe joints, coupler
廃棄
scrap /disposition
・deletion / discard
排気HC
light-load unburned HC emissions
排気NOx
nitric oxide emissions / nitrogen
・High burning temperature causes O2 & Ni to react, generating Nox. high-load NOx emissions
・an NOx-storage catalyst
・NOx 浄化 NOx reduction (cleaning / removal)- NOx is broken down and harmless N2 is emitted fromt the tailpipt. - Process: absorb 吸着、react 反応、desorb 放出、離脱
排気音
exhaust note
排気ガス
auto exhaust fumes/gases
・Clean up toxic tailpipes.
・exhaust
・tailpipe CO/HC emissions and evaporative emissions
・排気ガス測定器 exhaust gas analyzer
排気規制
emissions regulations / regislation (California Clean Air Requirements)
・TLEV transitional low-emission vehicles- LEV low-emission vehicles- ULEV ultra-low emission vehicles- ZEV zero-emission vehicles
・Comply with EU IV emissions mandates. 0
排気クリーン化
Reduce tailpipe/exhaust emissions.
・exhaust aftertreatment
排気口
exhaust port/vent
・Keep the vents open so outside air comes into the car.
排気処理
exhaust aftertreatment
排気装置
exhauster
排気抵抗
resistance to exhaust gas flow
排気の気流音
school bus rap
・ボロボロ音
排気非対策
uncleansed engine
廃棄物
industrial waste
・投棄場 garbage dump sites
・産廃業 industrial waste disposal business / waste discharge business
排気ブレーキ
exhaust retarder
・restricts exhaust flow to increase engine's internal pressure for deceleraiton.
廃業
go out of business (under the crushing weight of liabilities totalling $34 billion.)
排気量
piston displacement
・displaces 1.5L
・Engine capacity is 4.0L.
・a 1.5-L displacement
・to have a displacement of 2000 cm3 (122 in3)
ハイグロマスタ
Hi-Gro Master 
背景
background
・white against black background / straight-white-on black information
・backgrounder 背景説明
配光
(beam) aiming
・heamlamp heam aiming
・右配光 RH beam (aiming to the right)
・Pneumatic struts give a level of ride and headlamp aim independent of vehicle loading.
・配光むら uneven lighting
・配光要件 aiming requirements
・配光ずれ heam deviation
配合
latex compounding (blend, mix)
・配合品 compound, compound stock, rubber stock
ハイコード
high tension cord
ハイコリン
single wall steel tube
バイザーミラ
sunvisor (vanity) mirror
廃材
scrap materials
配索
cable routing, wire routing
・配索不良 misrouting
廃止された
obsolete
廃車
to discontinue a model
・to ax/kill the lineup
廃車
deregister - to have a car removed from the registry with the Land Tannsportation Bureau- retire
・At the end of their useful life, many autos end up abandoned and left to deteriorate before they are eventually disposed of properly. - automotive carcasses
・Identify high-polluting ga guzzlers and impose stiff annual registration fees to pompt their retirement.
倍尺
2x enlargement
・2 times size view
買収
buyout
・leveraged buyout: An investor goup, often headed by company's own executives, uses bank loans and high interest junk bonds to buy a firm and make it private. The group immdediately slashes costs, lays off workers, and sells divisions to reduce debt. They may eventaulally reap profits by selling the streamlined company back to public investors.
排出
give off
・The exhaust gives off hydrogen fumes.
・discharge, expel
・排出口 outlet
廃出
・unload as non-conforming parts / unload as conforming parts
賠償
make restitution for loss related to --
配色
color scheme
ハイス
high speed steel
廃水,排水
drain water, effluents
・排水バルブ drain valve
倍数
6 is a multiple of 2 and 3.
・Skids and pallets are made in multiples of 6 inches in length and width.
・The shelf spacing is adjustable vertically in multiples of 1 inch.
パイゼット機
Pizet machine
配線
distribution, wiring, wire routing
・配線用ダクト raceway
・配線用ケーブル distribution cable
・配線用遮断機 circuit hreaker for distribution?
ハイセンス
sophisticated
配送部数
number sumitted - 配送資料 materials submitted
倍速
2X speed
・double speed (CD-ROM)
媒体
media, medium
配置
dispose
・The liquid flows in an externally disposed annular space (nuclear reactor)
・job placement/assignment
配置図
layout diagram
配置転換
reassignment to other jobs
・intracompany transfer、 intracompany transferee
配電 
distribution
・配電盤 power board
・配電ダクト distribution duct
・配電電圧 distribution voltage
・配電変圧器 distribution transformer
・配電器 distributor
バイト
cutting tool
・<- beitel, bit, bite
ハイト面
scriber (height gauge)
ハイトロ
high-voltage trolley
ハイドロテル
Hydrotel die sinking machine
ハイドロプレン
hydroplaning
・loss of ground contact in all part of the footprint due to intrusion of a water film between tire and road
ハイドロマスタ
Hydro Master (hydraulic booster)
バイトンリング
Viton ring
排熱
exhaust heat
・(kaishuu / sairiyou) recyle/recover
ハイバス
tarpauline foor material
ハイパロン
Hypallon
・DuPont's tradename
・Hypalon-insulated 20-gauge Cu wire
ハイビヨンTV
high-definition TV
廃品処理
rejects disposal
パイプ(政治)
strings
・He overstates the strings he could pull.
パイプ素材
piping/pipe material
パイプとチューブ
pipe & tube (SAE 3-19186)
・pipe thread but tire tube? When pipe is ordered, OD and wall thickness are given.? Tubing is specified by OD and ID (or wall thickness).
・Tube fittings in piping systems
パイプ曲げR
pipe bend R
ハイブリッド
hybrid electric vehicle
・gasoline-electric hybrid / IC-electric hybrid
・The gasoline cuts in normally at around 60 km/h.
・alternates automatically between gasoline engine and electric motor.
・Battery is recharged by the engine and the energy from the braking action
・接続ショック engine connection/disconnection shock
・変速ショック shocks at voltage change
ハイフン
Pentium processor-based computing platform
・Hong Kong-based trade / a New York-based outfit / a New York City-based firm
・Great Britain-based company
・International Monetary Fund-inspired reform effort
・There was no real opposition in post-World War II Japanese politics.
・cold war-type standoff / natural gas-powered plants
・United States-led forces liberated Kuwait from occupation by Iraq.
・Harvard Business School-trained chief executive officer
・58-year-old personnel director
・rear-wheel-drive car
ハイマウントストップランプ
high mount stop lamp
・center high-mounted brake light
・trunk-mounted stop lamp
・spoiler-mounted stop lamp
背面
rear panel (CRT)
・背面図 rear view
背面金型
formed back mold , X process
・ダイス付シェルモールド backmetal shell molding
排油口
waste oil drain
パイラック
Pylack
倍率
magnification
・Check by 7x magnification.
・7x power glass
・Near surface discontinuities might not be seen with the aid of optical magnification.
・4X optical zoom
配慮
英訳不要の場合多し (例 Thank you for you kind consideration and accepting our proposal. ) ("your kind consideration" says nothing.)
ハイルーフ
high roof
・raised roof for extra headroom/luggage room
ハイレフコート
Hi Ref Coat
・Hi-Reflex Coat, Barbecue Coat, 厚塗り工法 thick coating、超仕上り塗装
・Having the vehicle body rotated during spray asures that the vehicle's side surfaces are given as thick coating as on the horizontal enclosure panels, This, along with a newly developed coat, produces exceptionally rich, lustrous, and durable paint finish.
パイロット車
pilot build
パイロットライン
pilot lines
・量産試作 Pilot lines are built to check out tooling before it is installed in the plant.
・a pilot factory to test computerized production equipment
・preproduction proving stage
ハウジングランス
housing lance, snap-locking connector
生抜きのカーメーカ
indegenous carmakers
・home-grown automakers vs transplants
バカ穴
clearance hole
・逃がし穴 a hole for which dimensional accuracy is no object.
・バカ穴用ドリル clearance drill
・a hole for through bolt, stud, etc.
破壊圧
bursting pressure
破壊靭性
fracture toughness
破壊電圧
pucture voltage (re lightning arrestor)
・breakdown voltage (re diode, insulator)
歯形
tooth profile, tooth form
・歯形規準断面 tooth profile standard section
バカチョン
disposables
・foolproof / foolsafe
はがれ
spalling (re panel)
・flakes, delamination (層剥離)
はがれ
spalling
・flakes(小片)/ delamination (層隔離)
剥ぎ取り代
thumbing tab
バキュームカー
septic tanker
・vacuum car, honey wagon
バキューム進角
vacuum advance curve
・spark timing
刃具
cutting tool
白色裏面印刷
white-in-black reverse printing
白心 
core
・inner cone >< outer flame
迫真画像
realistic images
・artificial reality 人工現実感
・virtual reality 仮想現実感
・real life representation
羽口
wind box, tuyers (furnace)
白灯油
kerosene #1
バクトラ
BACTRA
剥離
peel
・spalling , flaking, delamination
剥離剤
remover
剥離紙 
adhesive backing
・peel-off release liner, release paper
剥離試験片
flat coupon
剥離テスト
peel test
・peel strength test, adhesion test, bondability of glass to elestomeric material
・つかみ sample clamping
波形
waveform
・波形乱れ waveform turbulence
・波形成形 pulse modulation
・波形波形"ー" No machining"
パケット
packet communicatins
・蓄積交換方式 In Baran's scheme, each message was cut into tiny strips and stuffed into electronic envelops, called packets, each marked with the address of the sender and the intended receiver.
・The packets were released like so much confetti into the web of interconnected computers, where they were tossed back and forth over high-speed wires in the general direction of their destination and reassembled.
バケットシート
bucket seat
・individual seat, often contoured so as to provide lateral support
波高値
peak to peak, P-P
箱型ボディ
bluff body (vs streamlined)
刃こぼれ
cutting edge chip
・nicking
・a fragment broken from
ハザードフラッシャ
hazard flasher
・4-way hazard flasher - All four turn signals flash simultaneously in the event the car is standing disabled to warn other drivers of a breakdown.
・点滅速度 flash rate
刃先
cutting edge nose
・刃先半径 nose radius
・刃先角 nose angle
・刃先指定 nose designation
歯先円
outside area
・歯先径 outside (circle) diameter
・歯先の丈 addendum
はさまれる
get caught
・はさまれ災害 trap injuries
・If you must work with the engine running, avoid wearing loose clothing or jewery that could get caught in moving parts.
はさみ
holder jaw (re clamp, etc.)
・はさむ grip
破産
bankruptcy
・go under, go bust
・自己破産 personal bankruptcy declared
ハジキ
crater
はじき
fisheye
・cissing, crater
・small crater-like opening in a paint finish after it has been applied
・also repelling, crawling
はじく
snap back
はしご車
(phone service) lift vehicle
初めに
Foreword
・Understnading yow these features work can make your product more efficient.
・A Word to Nissan Forklift Operators
はしやぎ過ぎ
hyperactive
・Sensational press coverage inspired hyperactive news media.
パシャパシャ
slosh, slap
走り
road performance
・driving dynamics
・performance running/ optimized for performance
・The performance-geared 4-speed manual has a 4th gear ratio of 0.81, while an economy-geared unit has a 4th gear ratio of 0.73.
・go-power / throttle / responsiveness
・reliable firepower / sporting nature
バス
bus
・connector common to periphrals
パス
clout card
・would allow me to whiz past the line (pull)
パス
calipers
バスIF
bus interface
歯末の丈
dedendum
パスコ
Pasco (pressed board)
バスコン
bypass control
歯すじ方向誤差
lead error はすじのねじれ
外す
remove
・free, dismantle
・押して depress and release
・廻して rotate and disengage
・ねじ、ボルト unscrew, unbolt
・タイヤ dismount the tire
・充電器から retrieve the flashlight from the charger
・ホース、パイプ disconnect (hose, pipe, lead cable)
バス専用道路
bus only road
バス停
bus stop
・motor coach portal
バストラック量
bus and truck density/flow
・occupancy 交通量
バスの空き
bus accessibility
・Bus idle
・Any module can talk at any time an idle bus is detected.
はすば歯車
spiral bevel gear
はずみ
rebouding
・Guard against falling over due to rebounding or force of moment.
はずみ
rebounging
・Guard against falling over due to rebounding or force of momentum.
外れ
out of control limits, beyond control limits
外れ防止穴
anti-unseating hole
外れる
come off
・run off, break loose, detach, disconnect (cable, etc.)
・backout , disengage, separate
・must not dislodge in transit
・Push the red release button on end of the buckle. This allows the tongue to unlatch from the buckle.
・the tire bead not to unseat
・外れ強さ pull-off strength, pull strength, holding strength
派生車
derivatives
・taxe, driving school cars,
・offshoots
・derived from the Civic platform
・see 'platform'
・派生図 derivative drawing
・派生エンジン outgrowth of engine A
・派生物 spin-offs
はぜ組み
clasp fastening
破線
hidden line
・hidden object/feature line
・dashed line
歯底円
root circle
・歯底径 root diameter
・歯底面 bottom land
・歯底の丸み filler R
肌荒れ
rough surface (casting), rough film (coating)
パターン認識
pattern recognition
・A special form of pattern recognition by robots with vision is called "scene analysis."
・Individual objects or parts are scrutinized and categorized before the robot initiates any operation.
・It is expected to be a useful capability in a manufacturing environment in which different types of parts are used or in which parts are jumbled and must be properly oriented before processing.
肌色
skin color
肌ざわり
feeling
パタパタ
flap lightly
肌不良
orange peel
肌焼き
case hardening (vs thorough hardening)
・肌焼き鋼 steels for case hardening
働き甲斐
Provide a motivation for work.
・a shop where one gets motivation for work
働き虫
workaholics
・a hyperkinetic workaholic
破断線
break line
破断強さ
fracture toughness
波長
wavelength (of light)
歯直角
normal to tooth
・歯直角圧力角 normal pressure angle
パチンと
snap
・snap into
・The terminal to snaplock with the mating female harness terminal
・Solenoid terminal must fully engage and snaplock with mating terminal.
・Make sure the terminal clicks into its tower.
・To put the ashtray back into the compartment, press it into opening until tabs snap into locked position.
発意
initiate
・発意部 department that proposed a plan / advanced a proposal
発火
ignite
・Sulphur ignites at a relatively low temperature.
・spontaneous combustion 自然発火
白化
blushing
・chalking, blooming, dulling, hazing
ハッカー
hacker
・PC user with profound knowledge on network
・crackers with destructive intentions
発火信号
flare
・すりつけ薬
・scraper
・発火薬 detonator
・伝火薬 primary charge -> powder
発汗
sweating
罰金関数法
penalty function method
バック、治具等
test buck for wiper system
・内装 trim buck: a full-size model of interior of a particular model
・design aid buck : prototype
・clay buck with a metal skelton and Styroform, equipped with wheels
・clay buck: a base for a clay model and made approx. 3' under the size of a porposed finished clay shape
バック,ボディ
buck
・prototype body in white
・the assembly of the major body metal components forming a skelton unit from the firewall to the rear of the car
・design-aid-buck 開発支援ホワイトボディ (representative of the latest level as regards height above ground and all adjacent components (hood, fenders, radiator grille, etc.)
・an imcomplete assembly of a vehicle generally consisting of the major body panels welded together
バック,シーティング
seating buck
・a mockup of car interior used to evaluate entrance and egress, seating room, comfort, instrument accessibility, etc.
・a life-size seating model
バックソナー
backup sonnar
・Using ultrasonic waves to measure the distance to obstacles or other vehicle to the rear, this device communicates with the driver by means of sound alarms while the car is moving backward and tells him whether there is enough space behind.
バックフローリング
back-flow ring
・射出成形 nozzle部逆流防止弁
バックライト
backlight
・backlite, rear window
バックラッシュ
drivine point
・clearance opposite to driving contact
バックランプ
backup lamp
・reversing lamp
刃づけ
sharpening
パッケージ図
package drawing
・checks roominess (seats, steering wheel, headroom, dash panel, etc)
・vehicle package drawing: provides sufficient information for component design activities to initiate mechanical prototype design.
発行
issue
発光
glow and give off light
・発光効率 luminous efficiency
・発光塗料 luminous paint
・発光面 luminous area (re fog lamp) / illuminative area
・発光分析装置 emission spectrochemical analyzer
発効
take effect, come into effect
・発効日 effective date
発光ダイオード
light emitting diode
・A bar-type tachometer uses LED sections that light up successively as engine speed rises.
発行日
date of release
伐採
timber cutting
・clear-cut forest land, land clearing, logging, deforestation
発疹
rash, skin erruptions
パッシブベルト
passive seat belt
・motorized seat belt (positioned well forward of the seat, Once the car starts, it glides backwards along a track above the door and wraps across teh driver's torso)
発進
startup
・startoff, driveaway
・発進加速 startup acceleration
・発進性能 startup capability
発信
send
・発信人 addressor, sender
・発信局 sending station
・発信音 dial tone
・発信信号 transmission signals
・発信文書 transmissin document
発振
emission
・laser beam emission
・高域発振 acoustic emission
・oscillate
・発振時間 weld time, oscillation time
・水晶発振器 crystal oscillator
・発振音 oscillation sound (re nondestructive inspection problems)
・発振子 oscillation element
発進時間
Start-up time
・is one of teh areas on which particular focus is placed ( re fuel cell development).
発塵対策
measure against dust generation
ハッスル
hassle: a state of confusion.
発生因子
causal factor, causative factor
発生状況
circumstance of failure occurrence
発生率
incidence
・more-than-average incidence of oil leakage
・As a fat and happy U.S. gets fatter still, the incidence of diabetes is rising too.
発生
originate, generate
ハッチバック
hatchback
・liftgate, liftup rear window, top-hinged tailgate
・transverse rear door
発注
order placement
・Place orders with A.
・sourcing from an outside supplier
・発注デイリー化 daily order/delivery system
・Confirm minor modifications prior to release of the production tooling order.
・発注日 date of order release
・発注量 order quantity
・発注先 cource
・発注仕様書 order spefications
・発注者 orderer
発注書
purchase orders
・general terms and conditions of purchase orders 単価合意契約書 gm
バッチ炉
batch type furnace
パッチン錠
snap lock
バッテリ5秒目電圧
5-second voltage
・cranking ability check of a fully charged battery at low temperature (cold cranking test) 始動、起動 放電
・cold cranding test and a reserve capacity rating
・The terminal voltage of a fully charged battery (80 h capacity) taken 5 s after the start of a discharge rate of 300 amp, while those of less than 80 h capacity are discharged at 150 amp, both at 0 deg F.
バッテリ上り
battery run-down / Have run battery down trying to start.
・dead, discharged
・too low to test
・The parking light left on until morning drained the battery.
・The battery is worn out.
バッテリ逆接続
reverse connection of positive & negative terminals
・Be sure not to install the battery backward. The reverse polarity could burn out the diodes in the alternator. It'd also work the ignition system harder, possibly causing high-speed miss.
バッテリ自己放電
self-discharge
・Battry kept at 37.8 C loses half its charge in 30 days.
・Lead sulphate is produced by self discharge.
バッテリ充電回数
number of recharging cycles
・the number of times a battery can be discharged and charged
バッテリ充電状態
battery state of charge
・battery's remaining capacity
・充電の有無を問わない A battery of any state of charge can be used.
バッテリ電流引出
amperage draw for loads
・a straight draw on the battery without any charging system input
バッテリ
battery
・出しきり回数 cranking frequency until run-down
・出しきりテスト battery run-down test
・過充電寿命 overcharge life
・極板 plate
・極 terminals
・バッテリクランプ hold-down clamp (vs cable clamp)
・2直 2 series
・使用年数 battery age
・垂下特性 drooping characteristics
・使用可 serviceable (can remain in service)
・残容量 battery's remaining capacity
バッテリ比重
specific gravity of electrolyte
・gravity of electrolyte
・When an electrolyte has an SG of 1290, it is 1290 times as heavy as an equal volume of water.
・SG decreases during discharge because: 1. Sulphuric acid is used up.2. New water is formed.
罰点
demerit points
発電機
alternator 交流 Field (rotor) turns through coils (starter) - Diode/rectifier changes AC -> DC. generator 直流 Coil (armature) turns through field. - Commutator changes AC -> DC
発電電力
generated output
・generated current
パッド
pad
・crash pad, safety-padded mirror
・パッドの背抜き Pad back made thinner
ぱっとしない
uninspired, flashless , somewhat underwhelming
ハット断面
closed hat section
発熱
The chip working at 5V runs hot.
発熱線
heating wire
発売
put on sale
・put on the market / public introduction / to market-introduction
・come on sale / go on sale / come on the market / hit the market / debut
発売予定
due out in July
・will start showing up in dealerships in August
・Market launch is slated for 2002.
・The launch is planned for the last half of 2000.
発表者
pesenter (present technical research results)
バッファ
buffer, clipboard
バッファ部品
buffer parts
・cushion stock, buffer inventories
・Banks of parts are necessary to level out irregulatiries in purchasing and offset delays in transportation.
バッフル
acoustic buffling
発泡
foaming
・10倍発泡 10x expansion
発泡、わき
solvent popping, bllister
発泡スチロール
Styrofoam
・plastic foam, foamed plastic sheet, foamed polystyrol
・a non-biodegradable Styrofoam container (非生物分解性、腐らない)
・発泡剤 foaming agent, foaming promoter
初物管理
first-off products control (re production startup troubles, initial bugs)
はつり
chiseling
パテ
putty
・glazing, body cement, plastic solder, filler, spackling compound
・パテ乾燥炉 putty-drying oven, baking oven for glazing
・パテ乾燥 patty hardening
・パテナイフ putty knife/paddle
・拾いパテ spot putty (local, supplementary)
・荒地付けパテ rough putty
・こまパテ fine putty
はでな色
intense color, loud color
パトカー
patrol car / prowl car / police cruiser
・覆面パト unmarked police cruiser / plain clothes prowl car
・バーライト bar flash
歯止め
Put the brake on the economy careening out of control.
・recurrence preventive steps
・Put a stop to that business practice.
パドル溶接
puddle welding
華 (メッキ)
spangles
離す
release
・Pull the lever toward you for a moment and release it.
・Release the key once the engine starts.
・Always keep hand well clear of the exhaust manihold and radiator.
・Let go the mooring line.
・Take your foot off the clutch pedal.
・When current is flowing in opposite direction from each conductor, magnetic field will force conductors apart.
歯抜け現象、菱
Reduce chances of the line running witha non-functioning stations.
はねあげ式
upswinging (tailgate)
バネ上荷重
sprung weight
バネ押え
spring cap
パネコン
panel light control
・rheostat control of the brightness of instrument panel light
・dash-lamp dimmer
バネ坐
spring seat
バネ下荷重
unsprung weight
バネ終端部
end coil
ばね常数
spring (suspension) rate
・spring constant
・the weight required to deflect the spring one inch. The rates of springs are almost constant throughout their operating range in the car.
・uprate/derate
・To determine spring stiffness that would satisfy the largest fraction of occupants, comfort ride evaluations were conducted using springs with three different reaction rates.
・spring coefficient
ハネ出し
put aside
ばねデータ1
spring data
・取付け長さ installed length
・自由長さ(無負荷) free length
・圧縮長 compressed length
・作動時長さ operating length
・密着高さ solid height
・取付け荷重 initial load
・線径 wire diameter
・内径
・外径 ID/OD
・線間隔 space between coils
・中心径 pitch diameter (mean coil diameter)
ばねデータ2
spring data
・有効巻数 number of active coils
・総巻き数 total number of coils
・巻方向 direction of helix winding
・左右自由 RH/LH optional
・巻代
・坐巻 additional coils
・端部形状 type of end
・坐巻ピッチ end turn pitch
・研削端部 ground end
・切放しストローク cut-off closed end
ばねばかり
spring scale
バネマス系
spring-mass system
パネラー
panelists
・panel experts, panel members
・forcasts by panels of automotive engineers
・Evaluators were a diverse group of occupants.
パネラー評価
jury rating
パネル出し
ship panel
パネルボデー精度
panel/body accuracy
パノラマ
panoramic views
巾出し機
tendering machine, batch-off machine
・a framework on which rubber sheet is stretched to a prescribed width
刃巾
face width
パピ
Puppitact, small indicator
刃部
cutting edge
刃部台座
cutting edge bease metal
バブル
boom and bust
・80s boom and 90s bust 崩壊
・asset bubbles
・land and stock price burst
・The inevitable bust of the stock market came in 1991.
・The bubble had grown to dangerous proportions.
・Much of Japan's global expansion was financed on the vastly inflated values of the Tokyo Stock Exchange and real estate nationwide.
・reckless expansion policies bamed for sinking the economy
バブルカー
bubbled cars (style)
バブル経済
bubble economy
・a period of hypergrowth that saw land values in Tokyo jump nearly threefold in five years and the Nikkei rise to 38 by December 1989.
パペット
Pappet (gasket)
破防法
the Subversive Activities Prevention Law
はまかけ
roundish nicks (re glass)
歯溝
tooth space, flute
・歯溝の振れ tooth space runout
はみ出し
expulsion at the edge
・Weld flash not to be confused with expulsion at the electrode/sheet interface, "splash," which can cause surface porosity, cracking, and premature electrode deterioration.
はみ出しなきこと
No extruding sealer allowed
・No adhesive flash allowed
・No displaced sealer allowed. / No sealing to be left extruding from the joint area.
・Wipe off any surplus/excess sealer
・Adhesive must fill the joint without excesive overflow.
はめあい
fit
・clearance fit すきまばめ
・transition fit とまりばめ
・interference fit しまりばめsystem of fits
・穴規準 basic hole system (最小穴径を規準として軸径を変える)
・軸規準 basic shaft system (最大軸径を規準として穴径を変える)
はめあい長さ
length of engagement
はめこみ
interlocking (in stacking tote boxes, etc.)
はめ殺し
direct glazing
・bonded-in window
・stationary glass bonding
・windshield bonded to the body for added stiffness
・Bonded-in flush-fitted front and rear glass contribute to a measure of torsional rigidity to the unibody.
・Sunstar 511, Thiokol
はめになる
end up
・I ended up waiting for him all night.
破面
fracture
歯面
tooth face
・blade face, tooth flank
波面、光の
light wavefronts
歯元径
root (circle) diameter
歯元内部の硬さ
dedendum internal hardness
歯元の丈
dedendum (vs addendum)
刃物
cutting tool
・刃物台/受け tool rest
早いもの勝ち
First come, first served.
早送り
fast wind/foward
早番
work an early shift
早見表
quick reference table
早戻し
fast rewind
・fast forward and reverse control
払い
pad
払い出す
pass over
バラ積み
load in bulk
・buy in bulk / in lots / bulk materils
バラ線
unfastened leads
ばらつき
variability
・common cause/chance cause (like process shift)
・assignable cause/special cause
ばらつき
variation
・casting-to-casting variation / part-to-part variation
・the inevitable differences among individual output of a process
・manufacturing/process variability
・dimensional dispersion, spread, scatter, fluctuation
・controlled-state variation 管理されたばらつき
・uncontrolled state variation 管理されていない
・Hold within tolerance ばらつきに注意、 (within upper/lower control limits)
・Prototypes for evaluation are deliberately made to come as close to upper or lower control limits
ばらつきのくせ
trend
・non-random pattern
・run
・caused by a cause assignable (like process shift)
腹時計
body's internal clock
バラ荷役
bulk material handling
・loose material; grain
バラバラ開発
pursue their own individual agenda with little effort in integration
・vs a functionally and centralistically aligned company
パラメタ
parameter
・Suspension designers juggle various parameters (spring rates, anti-roll bars, and shock valving)
・Parametric study: Engineers run a computer simulation with one set of parameters, change them slightly, and run the simulation again, serching for the best parameter values.
・welding parameters
・Specimen design is the most significant parameter affecting failure load.
バランスシャフト
balancing shaft
・counterbalance shaft
・twin counter-rotating balance shaft
・(f) Neutralize harmonic vibration without using internal balancing shaft.
・バランス修正 balance correction
張り
tension
・stretch 張り具合
バリ
flash
・excess material forced out of mold/die junctions
・parting line flashes 分割線のバリ
・gate flashes ゲート部のバリ
・バリとり to deflash / Remove flashes using trim dies, sanding, filing, grinding.
バリ
burr
・fins, stray materials
・角部にバリなきこと Corners to be burr-free
・抜きバリ方向 Blanking burr side
・To be free of all hanging burrs, loose scale, and slivers which might become dislodged in usage and affect serviceability
・バリ残り burr leavings
バリアテスト
barrier test
・allows studies of occupant kinetics and protection.
張り替え
reupholtering
張り剛性
automotive panel sweep stiffness
・flexural rigidity (型技術協会)
・oil canning, see オイル缶
パリ条約
Paris Convention
・International convention for protection of industrial property
・内外人平等
張出し
bulging
張出
deceleration oversteer (すくいこみ)
貼付け
suffix
・affix permanently
・Degrease label affixing surface
パリティ
parity
・The flag is set to "1" each time data with wrong parity.
張り天井
bonded headliner
バリ取り
deflash / deburr
・flash removal / Remove flashes using trim dies, sanding, filing, grinding.
・burr removal / break throuhg burrs
パルコム
Pulcom for front fork gauge
バルブ傘部
top of valve head
・valve fillet region
・tulip
バルブ吹き抜け
valve holding open (to allow blowby)
・valve remaining lifted off seat
バルブ閉状態
valve stuck closed
・vs stuck open
バルブ連続通電
continuous valve loading (auto cruise)
バルボル
valve voltmeter
はれ
swelling
パレート図
Pareto diagram
・shows ranked number of concerns, high to low.
・Arrange the number of failures in the high to low order.
・is a graphical display of the relative contributin of various factors to the total, prioritizing the most important factors.
・to Pareto the data
・Pareto principle: Focus on those characteristics that are most promising for process improvement.
パレット台車
pallet platform/carrier
パレット出し入れ
placement and removal of pallets
パレット段積段ばらし
pallet stacking
パレラ
parallela block
バレル研磨
barrel polishing
・barrel finishing
・tumbling
ハロゲン化物
halogenide fire-extinguishing equipment
ハロン消火装置
Halon fire extinguishing device
ハロン
halon
パワーステア
power steering
・progressive power steering , which varies steering effort according to vehicle speed - ligher at stand-stil and lower speed, then progressively heavier as velocity increases.
・Another type: engine-speed-sensing variable-assist power steering
パワートレン
powertrain
・engine/clutch/TM -> axle
・the mechanisms that carry the rotary motion to the car wheels: clutch, TM, driveshaft, diff axle
パワステ
power steering
・The power-assisted steering transmits a nice blend of effort and feel.
・variable-assist power steering
・Steering assistance is speed -proportional.
・The booster pump paks just above idle for parking eawse and maneuverability at low speeds. The boost drops off rapidly between 1500 and 2500 rpm and remains constant abnove 2500.
・over-assisted steering (軽過ぎ)
パワトレン
power train 駆動伝達系
・engine/clutch/trans ->-> axle (engine included)
・the mechanics that carry the rotary motion to the car wheels: clutch, trans, driveshaft, dif, axle.
版,規格の
issue of standard
範囲指定
Specified range is highlighted.
・Highligh the area. / Highlight the portion of the document you want to check.
半打ち
across-edge spot weld
半角カタカナ
small katakana
半掛け位置
half-hook position
半帰コイル
feedback coil
反響室
reverbarant chamber
・for test and development of acoustic materials
板金
sheet steel / sheet-metal panel
・(not 'metal sheet')
・stamped panels (press-formed sheet metal)
・outer/exterior panels
・sheet metal stampings/seat pan stampings
・aluminum pressings
・stamped and welded sheet metal
・structural stampings incl. floorpan, chassis components, door pillars, roof supports
板金当り
prohibited area (突当て部)
・<- panel contact area
板金機械
stamping presses
板金作業
stamping/pressing;
・BH: panel beating/ding work for panel repairs 手で打出す
・sheetmetal straightening
板金取り個数
number of blanks per strip
板金屋
body repair shop
パンク
blowout
・fatal blowouts
・puncture
・Look into the possibility that a blown tire on tekeoff sent scrap rubber into the engine inlets.
・I had a flat tire right in the middle of a traffic jam.
・Change the flat.
・圧不足 underinflated tires
・圧抜け deflated tires; a loss of tire pressure, zero-pressure handling capability; deflated mobility)
パンクシーラ
puncture sealer encapsulates any item puncturing the tire and establishes an airtight seal.
・puncture-sealing tire
・パンク走行タイヤ run-flat tire
パンクビード保持
bead retention
・zero-pressure bead retention
・must remain difficult to unseat while running deflated
半クラ
clutch slippage engagement
・partially engaged clutch
・すべり
反限時過電流
inverse time overcurrent
判こ
a seal of approval
半光沢
semi-matte
・semi-gloss, low gloss, eggshell
バンシー
banshee
・a female spirit predicting a death: concept car
版下
printing plate (film for printing)
反射
reflection
・Anti-glare hood effectively shields the control cluster from unwanted reflextion.
・In bright daylight the clear pane over the digital readout complex picks up a reflection that interferes with the otherwise readable LEDs.
販社
dealer/ sales company;
・国内販社 domestic sales company
反射音
audio reverberation
・echo/re-echo, reflected sound
反射皮膜
reflective film
・裏面 Ag/Cu: Reverse coated with Ag/Cu
・反射面 reflection surface
・反射板/鏡 reflector
反射率
reflectance
搬出
dispatch (vs receipt)
伴走車
vehicles accompanying marathoners
反スラスト側 
minor thrust side
・スラスト側 major thrust side
反省
soul searching
・to examine one's soul
・reflexion
・The U.S. was founded on the destruction of the native Americans. Where is the self-probing, remose, the amend?
・It will take more than a crescendo of contrition to reverse the damage. (when a corruption is bared)
半製品
in-process parts
番線
loft lines
・grid lines
・番線3面図 view per loft drawing
番線一線
in line with loft line
搬送
materials handling (note plural) (parts handling, conveying)
・搬送機 carrier
・搬送規準 Grip here in handling
・搬送傷 handling damage
反騒音
antinoise
・antinoise attenuation / antinoise cancellation/damping / anti-phase sound
・The unwanted noise signal is cancelled by another signal of equal amplitude but opposite phase.
範測ゲージ
gage unit
半田
solder
・soldering, tinning, leading
・半田屑 solder fragments
・半田レジスト solder resist
・半田こて soldering iron
・半田部 solder joint
・やに入り半田 resin flux cored solders
・半田量 amount of solder
・failures いも半田 worm "cast-on" condition - 半田部フラスク潜入 flux infiltration in the solder joint
反対車線
opposite lane
・veer into the lane of oncoming traffic
・cross-over head-on crashes
・Don't drive on the wrong side of the road.
・crossed a highway center line and slammed into a car packed with passengers.
反対操作
Reverse the procedure to install.
反対方向
in the opposite direction of the regular field winding
半田メッキ
solder plating
判断基準
criterion
・criteria for acceptance
判断力
ability to make decision
パンチ穴
punched hole
班長
Team Leader
班長
team leader
パンチングメタル
dense-pack grille
・a pressing with many closely-spaced openings
判定
Determine acceptability by testing.
・to determine claim validity
・acceptance criteria 判定条件 / judgment criteria
バンディ
Bundy
ハンティング
hunting
・unstable engine output 乱調
・ばねの踊り
反転
Invert the tank relative to its installed position. 燃料タンク
・turnover
・front-rear, up-down
反転、強調表示
highlighted display/word
・reversed display/characters
・黒地に白字 / conversion from positive to negative
・The line where the cursor appears is reversed for easier viewing
・Citroen's radical rear section underlined a retro shape.
反転ロックワイパ
lock-back wiper
・The wiper can be locked at raised position
半ドア
half-latched door
・door-ajar warning lamp, "Lock door" indicator
・voice warning "Please close your passenger door."
反動
backlash
反透過反射式
backlighting
・reflective LCD
・backlighting at nighttime adn reflective at daytime
変動計数 重回帰
coefficient of variation
半導体
semiconductor (such as geranium)
・These substances have half-filled outer orbits
・halfway between conductors and insulators.
・used in transistors
バンドーネ
VanDoone Transmissie;
・an automatic trans with steplessly variable ratios
ハンド図
freehand drawing, free-hand view
ハンドフリー
hands-free kit
・includes an in-car speaker and a microphone that attaches to the phone cradle, leaving both hand free for the steering wheel.
ハンドル
steering wheel
・つの stick bar, handle bar
・wood rim
・leather-wrapped
ハンドルが重い
heavy to turn, stiff to turn
・high effor required to turn / high-effort steering
・a tough stiff steering (unassisted)
ハンドル角
steering wheel angle, handwheel angle
ハンドル調節
steering wheel adjustment
・adjustable in tilt and reach / angle and length
・to tilt up and down
・telescopically adjustable / fore-aft adjustable
ハンドル流れ
excess play of steering wheel
ハンドル部の握り
grip
・thumb rest
・The spokes are ideally situated for locking your thumbs in the three and nine positions.
ハンドルを取られる
The steering wheel pulls to the right.
半2重通信
half duplex
搬入製品
incoming product
搬入単位部品
end-items
・see エンドアイテム
搬入搬出
receipt & dispatch
反応空燃費
fuel requirement for thermal reaction
・反応射出成形 reaction injection molding, RIM
・反応物質 reaction products
反応時間
response time (see access time)
バンノルマン
Vannolman
バンパー偏心荷重
bumper tilting load
販売
sells at upwards of $40,000
・The model sold fewer than 20,000 units a year./ a humiliating 700 units.
・販売台数 unit sales/unit volume/domestic sales figures for cars
・販売代理店 sales agent
・販売員 salespeople/salespersons/marketers
・販売拠点 marketing base/outlets
・販売網 sales network/dealership network
・販売先 customer / whom to offer/resale to
販売規制
to limit sales
・Asian countries limit sales of imported built-up units by way of high duties and local content regulations, so assembling vehicles locally is a logical approach.
販売禁止
・Pass a law to keep spray sales off-limits to teens. (re graffiti)
・Paint makers lose business if their products are put off limits.
・ban
販売者
distributor
販売低迷
Sales are shrinking.
・The car percentage of the market has shrunk.
・Car segments have lost market share.
・sales drop/decline/faltering/stumbling
販売なくして
Everything begins with sales.
・the culture chock of changing from an engineer-driven production to sales-driven production strategy
反発弾性
impact resiliency
・反発性 resiliency
バンバリ
Banbury mixer (rubber blender)
半々
fifty-fifty
・50% for A and B
反比例
inverse proportion
・Engine wear is inversely related to engine oil temperature when using methanol fuel.
・to vary inversely with
帆布
jacket (re belt)
反復性
repeatability
・drift-free
反復不良
recurrent failure
反復法
iterative approach
判別
discrimination
・crach discrimination capability (re airbag)
・octane number judgment
ハンマー
Wield the hammer with your right hand.
搬入搬出
carry in / carry out
・feed / feed out
・搬入機 feeder 搬出機 feeder
汎用機械
universal machines
・vs special-purpose, model-specified machine/process (車種限定)
汎用コンピュータ
general-purpose computer
汎用性
universality
ISO17100(翻訳サービス提供者認証)取得
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