- pierced hole
- pierce nut
- heater control
・Sequentially placed beacons in two way communication wtih vehicle sensors to avoid accidents and traffic jams.
・The ultimate aim is automatic driving
- plug press-fitting machine
- B dimension
・ring height (>< T: ring width)
・ビード盛り継ぎ bead joining
・ビード肉盛り built-up bead
・ビード下割れ under-bead crack
・ビードつぶし bead crushed at two points
- water thermo unit
- heat sink
・radiator-like device for heat dissopation as in computer
- computer viruses (vs biological)
- non acknowledgement (NAK)
・Non-acknowledgement function refers to the error frame defined by the CAN protocol.
- struck vehicle (vs striking vehicle, vehicle that cause the accident)
- estimate damage
- waiting room
・Styling understated but telling to the eye of enthusiasts.
・low-key high-buck sedans
・styled and toned for unobtrusiveness
・conservative/restrained approach, plainness
- a same day round trip
- ・10% cut relative to 85 baseline
・The benefits of A relative to B
- light energy
・The light flow enters a dioptric element, which shapes the light and guides it to the lower half-arch for the dipped-meam position or to the upper half-arch position for the high.
- optical disc
・The compact disc serves as a mass memory storing backup or second tier data, such as tour and historic sites.
・magnetic disc (MD): magneto-optical disc
・An optical track is read by laser beam with random access through computer control.
- fiber optics;
・fiver-optics (data) taransmission
・Fiber-optic wires give the grid a massive carrying capacity.
・1 km of fiber-optic cable 光ケーブル、光通信伝送路
- run over by a fleeing car; struck
- Firestone is going to be second-guessed about that tire incident.
- ・acceptance (譲渡可能証券）
・subscription; subscribe for shares
・the right to subscribe
・subscribed capital share
・引受け業務 contract work, do on contractor basis
- service entrance
- social withdrawal
・cocooning / to shy away from social interaction / social hermity
・shut-in, a silicon shut-in / withdrawing from human society into one's computer - cyberden, a computer aficionando
・Youngstera don't bother to go out and explore.
・indoor player (A certain kind of young person in Japan, which translates as obsessed to the point of asocial, almost communally autistic. The word describes a whole generation of children for whom family life barely exists; father is always at work and child is at cram school and does what society say he must.
- subtraction (5 minus 2 equals 3)
- lever stroke
- brake drag (slow and incomplete release)
- leader line
- extract (more power from 5.5 L V8)
- send-back repair (vs 出張修理 on-site service, courier service)
- receiving rack (conveyor)
- hit and run case
- worker poaching
・hire away / lure away / bring in -- from another firm / recruit away
・acquisition of Iacoca
- cold-drawn tubing
・solid-drawn steel pipe
- withdrawal from warehouse for repair
・A 35 kg pull on the plug must not damage the wiring.
- base metal (catalysts)
- run over
- torch tip
- pycnometer (graduated pycnometer)
- stub tooth
・Short occupants tend to sit close to the steering wheel. Subjects with average height of 152 cm sit 236 mm from the steering wheel, in comparison with the 50th %ile male who sits at a distance of 390 mm.
- not in structure
・concerns the relative ease with which a steel is cut by sharp tools.
・被削材 work, workpiece
- knee protection
・knee protector/restraint/bolsters- Knee bolster system prevents submarining.
- fly up
・flying objects, flying glass hazard, scattering,
・blow up, whirl up, thrown up
- armrest (one word)
・fold-down armrest, flip-down, swing-down
・Behind the armrest is a trap leading to the trunk, so you can cary along pieces like surf board, casting rods, and skies without having to fly them out the window.
- business opportunities
- specific gravity
- specific gravity
・touring car 20 kg/hp, formula car 2.5 kg/hp
- specific output
・a specific engine output of 100 kW/L
・output per unit displacement
・Europe and Japan tax engine displacement, stimulating production of high specific output engines. (to obttain desired power levels at minimum displacement)
・Combine gasoline-engine specific power with diesel-engine efficiency in a cost -competitive production-feasible powertrain.
- distress flag
・非常口 emergency passageway
・非常階段 escapt staircase, emergency staircase
・非常照明 emergency lighting
・非常停止ボタン emergency stop button
- low-ampere current
- distress flag
・非常口 emergency passageway
・非常階段 escapt staircase, emergency staircase
・非常照明 emergency lighting
・非常停止ボタン emergency stop button
- Bishop clip
・resembles bishop's headgear
・Nelson Mandera's vision of the future
・What one would like to accomplish sometime in the future
・Vision statement has to be converted into specific goals to be met.
・The influential politicians are old and have no visions of what sort of socity we should create.
・The vision processor identifies objects and notifies the controlling computer or robot that the objects are the correct ones or are grossly defective, and are in in their proper place and order. It performs such tasks as parts inspection, location, verification, and counting.
- no water affinity
・vis fa bois: woodscrew
- to stabilize hysteresis
・Before measuring hysteresis, give more than five strokes to max torsional torque, both positive and negative, to stabilize hysteresis
- droplets scatter
・飛水ネット cooling unit net
・Tendency of an instrument to indicate different readings during retreating and advancing movements over the same path
・もどり誤差 error in retreat
・広範囲行き精度 accuracy in entire advance range
・狭範囲行き精度 accuracy in limited advance range
- histogram 柱状図
・should be constructed to determine if the data are significantly non-normal.
- pin hole guide sinking
- ring height/ring width (B寸, T寸）
・strain component 歪み成分
・weld distortion 溶接歪み
・optical distortion ウインドー
・creep- gradual deformation
- straightening くせどり、曲り直し
・Heat to remove distortion
- stress relieving: stress relief annealing
- no longer available, superceded, deleted
- non-contact car speed meter
- monlinear dynamics
・Earthquakes and tornadoes are capricious beasts. Precise forecasting of when and where they will occur is impossible. In theory, major earthquakes should be preceded by smaller shocks.
・非線形性 non linearity: linear interpolation + characteristic changes
- slow feed
- designed for measuring yoke's magnitude of flux
- left-hand thread (LH thread/start)
- left-hand helix right-hand cut
- LHD vehicle
- left justified
- steek requiring no heat treatment
- fine tune
・The airbag mus unfold with no catches/snagging/drag.
・steps (The joint must be free of steps that feel objectionable to hand.)
・If your key is stuck in the lock position, move your steering wheel left or right until the key turns freely.
・引っ掛り感 catchy feel - The steering wheel feels catchy/snatchy/snagging/halting.
- Pinion jammed
・See that the piston grooves are free from shoulders. Roll each ring in its groove to make sure it does not bind at any point.
・The motorized seat belt baulked.
- hooks (as in plating)
- pickup truck
- Big Bang deregulation
・Big Bang financial reforms, which by 2001 will lberalize foreign exchange transactions and leave the banking, securities, and insurance industries essentially free fo government manipulation.
・tip over, invert, The auto was flipped onto tis roof.
・They pushed two upended desks against the door (Littleton massacre)
・The auto was flipped onto its roof.
- date code
- ・Lots of companies are desperate to get more engineers.
・Cutting U.S. interest rates by half a percentage, was Greenspan hoping desperately trying to cushion a hard landing?
- A bicycle thief snitched her handbag.
- must-be-accomplished task objective
- body-molding, bio-formed seat
・18 body-molding adjustments
・increment / seat adjustment increment 調整ピッチ
・seat pitch: the distance between a given point on one seat and the same pointon the other
・progression (in stamping): gm
・ピッチ円 pitch circle, circular pitch arc
・ピッチ円上円弧歯厚 thickness along pitch circle
・ピッチ円上円弧背隙 backlash along pitch circle
・ピッチ径 pitch diameter
・ピッチ塗料 side chip sealer
- spot spacing
・spot-welded on 1/2" spacings
・Spot spacing to be at least five times weld diameter.
・seat pitch: the distance between a given point on one seat and the same point on the other
・10-mm adjustment increments 調整ピッチ
・bore pitch: the distance between the adjoining bore centers
- station time leveling off
・工数平準化 setting up stations that absorb station-time variations arising from multi-model assembly
・aimed at minimum manning
- side chip sealer
・asphalt base paint (undercoat)
- pitching 孔食、穴
・ビット反転 bit inverted (- <-> +)
- hot product
- tug and disconnect (all hoses to canister.)
- diaphragm pull (fuel pump stroke)
・10 mm まで引張りはきかない The diaphragm does not pull upward for initial 10 mm.
- tensile strength
・Assembled connector and cord must withstand a straight pull of 4 kg.
・spot pull test (溶接）
・引張り応力 tensile stress
・引張り力 tensile force
・引張りテスト tensile test
・引張り速さ pull rate/speed (either is right)
・引張り試験 tensile test
- extension coil spring
- Don't pull the engine to the red line.
・An upshift indicator informs when to shift to the next higher gear to save fuel.
・The engine pulls willingly all the way to its 7000-rpm red line but it doesn't really get enthusiastic until the tach needle sweeps past 5000 rpm.
・To open the ash tray, pull out on the finger grip handle. To remove this ash tray, pull up the edges and lift it up.
- ・as necessary, as needed, as applicable, as appropriate- Soot combustion can be initiated on demand.- Control processes to the extent necessary to ensure product conformance to specs.
・require, call for, necessitate, entail, necessarily- Such study involves a thorough analysis.
・A little explanation may be in order.
・CAFE dictated some revolutionary approches.- The requirements of recucing fuel consumption while meeting increasingly stringent exhaust emissions dictate increasing complexity in automotive engines and new thinking in engine design.
・what needs to be done, what need be done- If need be, If it's needed, If there is a need to --
- Add only as much oil as the engine needs. Don't overfill the oil reservoir.
・The selection of a mode for quality assurance should support the supplier's objectives.
- video conference
・multipoint vedio conferencing
・Televising the onscreen images of up to four participants at a time, to a maximum 50 active vedio conferees, while hundreds of others can monitor the proceedings passively.
・Has video conferencing facilities linking it with Ford centers across the world
- video board
・windows accelerator board
- non-ferrou metals
- tail lamp
・personal attributes that make someone an individual (IQ, physiacl appearance, gender, and sexuality
- at-a-glance readability
- island workstation system
・an island workstation manned by a single operator - 36 single-operator islands
・a single-operator workstation where a product is completed. 1人完結作業ステーション
・lot-size-of-one production system 1個造り1個送り
・a system in which a single operator completes an assembly work.
・All positions are identical and each operative is allowed 35 min for a complete assembly, with daily quota of 12 per shift.
・one-man workstation served by an AGV / integrated AGV workstation system
・Any defects found during inspection can be quickly traced back to a particular island or workstation.
・The job of completing an entire product minimizes boredom associated with repetitive tasks along the line.
- parts supply in island production system
・J-bars on a power-and-free monorail carry engines around the circuit for the progressive build, while a computer controls parts deliveries to the appropriate workstations. Each team handles a quarter of the successive assembly responsible for their correctness.
- single-vehicle accident
- by oneself, single handedly, on one's own
- epichlorohydrin rubber
- evacuation exit
・非難経路 evacuation route
- leathergrain vinyl
・fake leather (simulated, phoney)
・partial leather (vinyl used with leather)
- pinion travel/shift
・ピニオン移動後筐体位置 shifted clutch position
・ピニオン移動距離 pinion shift distance
・ピニオン飛出し位置 pinion dashout/demeshing position
・ピニオン飛出し電圧 pinion dashout/demeshing voltage
・ピニオン飛出し復帰異常 faulty pinion movement of demesh and return
・ピニオンメタル pinion sleeve bearing
・ピニオンのつば pinion collar
・ピニオン押しばね pinion drive spring
・ピニオン最大移動距離 max pinion travel by lever, max pinion shift distance
・ピニオン静止位置 demeshed pinion position, at-rest position
・ピニオンストッパー pinion stop(per), stop ring
・ピニオン飛込み状況 pinion enmeshing manners
・ピニオン飛込みロック enmesh lock
- pinion is backed out of mesh
・As the engine starts, the flywheel will spin the drive pinion more rapidly than thearmature and threaded sleeve are turning, with the result that the pinion is backed to mesh with the flywheel ring gear.
- specific heat
・calorie needed to raise temperature of 1 g of substance by 1 deg. C
- twist lamp
- specific viscosity
- Keep any flame away.
・Keep any flame or spark source away from batteries at all times.
・Keep all forms of fire wel clear of the air conditioning system.
・R12 becomes highly poisonous in the presence of an open fire.
- nondestructive test, nondestructive testing and inspection
・sae 1-3-65 infrared, magnetic particle, eddy current, liquid penetrant, penetrating radiation, ultrasonic, acoustic emission, leakage testing
- nondestructive arbitration
- charcoal-filled ceramic pot
- non-incentive property
- flash welding 火花突合わせ溶接
- off-peak hours
・Recharge during off-peak hous of electrical generation.
- day-to-day (consistency)
・stick slick motion
・mirror rattle, teeth rattling together
・quiver, vibrating condition
・checking, fissures, alligator skin
・被覆アーク shielded arc , gaseous shield
・被覆アーク溶接棒 covered electrode / shielded electrode
・被覆材 covering / electrode coating
- uninsured motorist insurance
・pays medical bills in case of an acceident with an uninsured driver
- pulverizing (powder metal)
- cosmetic correction
- no-warranty item
- no-inbursable item
- uneven film thickness
- covering power 隠蔽力
- secrecy agreement
・confidential clause, to claim confidential treatment, non-disclosure 非公開
- relative modulus
- slack quench 不完全焼入れ
- expansion fit
・freezing fit (vs shrink fit)
・The inner member is cooled, slipped into the outer member, and the grip is secured by expansion of the insert when the assembly attains room temperature.
- a close call
・Fast thinking and the quick application of an antidote saved the patient's life. It was a close call.
・a brush with death/mortality
・I swerved to miss a rock in the road, narrowly missing a fence.
- near-miss preventing suggestions
- a Hume concrete pipe
- performance function
- evaluation criteria, criteria for acceptance
- rater; rates each area against housekeeping standards
- graphics accelerator chips (CPUの負担を軽減）
- wrong display or printing
- decision by vote
- sick leave
・Japanese workers take sick leave an average of 36 h a year.
- icing test (starter)
- deicing salts, road deicing sales
・Specific quality sytem requirements are phrased: "The supplier shall establish and maintain documented procedures."
- ・Indonesia desperately needs a degree of economic stability before it can hope to defuse its socail tensions.
- only the tip of an iceberg
・only a scratch of the surface of a problem
・labeling, label affixing, tag
・ink stamp, rubber stamp
・Follow tire placard in the car.
・The items marked by an ＊ are parts we highlighted in yellow in the engine compartment so that you can find them easily.
・callout 図から引出して表示 / コールアウト / 書出し
・You get readouts on nutrition like counts on fat, calories, and cholesterol
- marking 表示技法の総称
・ラベル labeling / label affixing / tag
・刻印 engraving, impressing
・スタンプ ink stamp, rubber stamp
・鋳出し casting out
・タイヤ表示 Follow tire placard in the car.
・indication (機械故障 Machine Failure, ワークなし No Work 等）
・Computerized readout provides a vast range of operational, maintenane, and navigational data.
・The same gage can show oi pressure engine temp, and voltage, depending on which the driver cues into it.
・Cruise computer, which normally shows the time, can double as a stop watch, fuel, trip meter, spot fuel consumption meter, and calendar.
・km/mi 表示: The speedo displays in units of mph and km/h, which are switch-selectable.
・The odometer values are displayed in either tenths of a mile or tenths of a kilometer (trip gage)
- representation (虚偽表示） misrepresentation
・Display the complete list of files.
・let appear, open
・Call up on the panel.
・強調表示 Highlight the problem in the context. / differentiate
- guide ligns
・表示基盤 display board
・表示輝度 display brightness
・表示板 nameplate 名札
・表示面 lamp display face (business face)
・表示ランプ indicator lamp, monitor, pilot lamp / Press the DEFROST button. The DEFROST indicator lights up.
・故障表示ランプ failure indication lamp
・表示線継電器 pilot wire relay
- standard (規格）
- standardization activities
・標準化促進 to facilitate implementation of international/worldwide standards
- standard instrument
- 標準作業 m
- Programmed Work Standard
- Programmed Work Sheet
・describes a combination of labor, materials, and equipment that can be applied most efficiently in producing a quality vehicles.
- base model
・model of basic specs, bottom-of-the range version, stripped base model, strippo
・a benchmark car by which to judge all car of its class
・US: standard size, full size
- reference materials
- indication of standard in-process stock
- reference materials
- standard parts
・standardized parts like nuts and bolts
・準標準部品 utility parts (derivative, palted parts, etc.)
- standard deviation
・designates the amount of variability.
・±3 σfrom x bar (= average) will include 99.73% of the output of a process. Three in 1000 cases are expected to fall outside the 3σlimits.
・±1σ 68.26 32 ±2σ 95.44 5 ±3σ 99.73 0.3
・At least 99.7 of individuals are within specification.
・Production tolerances are based on 3 sigmas on 3σlimits.
- representative samples
・標準状態 standard state / baseline condition
・標準寸法設計 modular design (modular sofa/house)
- base metal, work
- gauge marks
・標線間の長さ gauge mark distance (at breakage)
- surface conditioning
・Are you crossing the line into something pathological?
- reference point
- colon flashing
・When the colon between the hours and minutes is flashing, the clock is in the elepased time mode. The colon does not appear when the date is displayed.
・不評の infamous tread separation / The policy aroused negative reaction at home and sniggers abroad.
・trim cover, molded seating/bonded cover seat trim
・leather-wrapped, leather-covered seats
・epidermis 、ゴムの表皮 skin / in-mold skinning
・布表皮 fabric cover
- integral foam and cover molding
・integral skin foam or stering wheel
・spray skin method
・The covering is vacuum-formed onto the mold before polyurethane foam is injected.
・Sure Bond & Spray Skin method
- ・vacuum-formed, foam-filled integrated pad and cover assemblies clip into light-weight, fully-stressed steel support frames for the backrest and partially stressed injection moulded plastic "spring platform shalls" for the cushion.
・The covering fabric is vacuum-foamed into a two-shot process. There is no stitching, nor tie-downs, clips, or wires.
- adopt a motto
・標本化周波数 sampling frequency
・標本化周期 (間隔）sampling frame
- surface roughness instrument
- surface active agent
- to case-harden
- surface hardness
・表面速度 surface velocity
・表面抵抗率 surface resistivity
- surface-mount devices
・超高密実装 ultra-high-density electronics packaging
- surface treatment
・surface-treated steel sheet
・cleaning and smoothing
・surface preparation and coating
- surface conditioning
- measuring capacity
・秤量管 measuring glass
- sun block
・A piller: screen pillar, vent pillar
・D pillar: divider pillar
- lightning arrester, surge arresting facility
・避雷器接地 arrester ground
・避雷針 lightning rod/conductor
- air-borne objects, projectiles
- plain weave
・fabric in which each warp yarn goes over one fill yarn and under the next
・filling 横糸、 warp 縦糸
- male blade
- straight type wheel
- tab receptacle
- hinged door
- get tough / take a tough(er) line
- plain milling cutter (have teeth on circumferential surface only)
- flat bar
- plain washer
- flat point
- flat welt
- plain milling machine
- flat dog point
- percentage differential relay
・reduce to a fine spray
- a trace amount of
- fine feed, inching feed
- Pill heater
・carburetor flange heater (tradename of Texaco Product)
・proportinally related to the thickness
・Effect A is paralleled by effect B.
・As A increases, so does the static gain. - As EGR increases, there is a corresponding decrease in the amount of fresh air in bypass with more diverted to the venturi. - The engine octane needs increase with mileage. - As hardenability of the steel increases, the start of the transformation on cooking is correspondingly delayed.
・The efficiency deteriorates with mileage.
・The lead response falls with increasing doses. (tapers off)
- ・The higher velocity, the higher load trend. - The slower one goes, does mileage keep increasing? - The bigger-is-the-better theory no longer holds. - The larger teh cross section, the lower the resistance- The longer the wire, the more resistance is has. - The higher the temperature, the greater the resistance.
- Not To Scale
- proportional representation (vs single-member districts)
- detect sanding
- spot sanding
- spot putty
- touchup, retouch
- fatigue performance
- ・Big 36-19- S-N curve: stress S against number of cycles to failure N- S is plotted as ordinate and N as abscissa.- Fatigue test consisting of 10,000,000 stress repetitions must no result in cracks or ruptures
- large round point
- wide-mouthed bottle
- spacious feel
- Quality Revision (QR)
- Quality Control (QC)
- Quality Control Div. (QC Div.)
- sensitivity test
・不感帯 テスト steering sensitivity test
- Pink Report
・report of important engineering changes regarding cost, regulation, or safety
・Julan: Quality is fittness for use.
・Customer satisfaction is the true measure of quality.
・Quality is meeting all requirements with zero defects.
・品質より利益 Cut corners on quality. Take precedence over quality when they are in conflict
- quality awareness
・The commitment of making high-quality products must run from top to bottom.
- quality meet
・1次 1st Quality Meet (for tool tryout), 2次 2nd (for 1PP), 3次 3rd (for 2PP)
- quality-oriented activity
- the feeling of quality (and character that can generate the willingness to pay the top-of-the-segment prices tht will be the hallmark of manufacturing success in the 1990s)
- 品質管理 （広義）
- quality management
・includes quality control, assurance, quality policy, quality planning, quality improvement, and operates throughout the quality system.
- company-wide quality control
- quality control (QC)
・operational techniques and activities aimed both at monitoring a process and at eliminating causes of unsatisfactory performance
- global quality management
- statistical quality control
- quality management manual
- quality practices
- quality planning
- quality plans
- quality assessment process table
- quality surveyllance 5
- Quality comes first.
- quality build-in , built-in quality
・Weave in quality in production/process.
・Build quality into the product. / Create quality in production.
- quality evaluation (assessment / appraisal/ survey)
- quality policy (:overall intentions and direction)
- quality principles, policy on quality
- quality assurance
・aims at providing confidence 信頼感 in its fulfillment both within the organization and externally to customers and authorities)
・Corporate Quality Assurance Dept.
・品質保持 quality maintenance/upkeep
- quality objectives
- requirements for quality
- quality maintenance/preventive maintenance
- me-too play
・Microsoft made a brazen me-too play on Palm's brnd name. Microsoft called its device "Palm PC."
- me-too price hike
・to jump on price-increasing bandwagon
・to exloit world fuel crisis for corporte gains
・opportunistic price hike
・dazzling run-up of utility prices
・eye-popping new prices
- part No.
- pin holes
・porosity, pores ザクス
・pitting (gross porosity)
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- (082) 506-3234