- grounds for opposition
・engine motoring at 4500 rpm without combustion
・The axle is motored, then stored statically for seven days.
・150-h motor run at 5000 rpm
・molded part/plastic part
・モールド mold 金型
- simulation test
・Conduct a comparable year 2000 application "dry run."
・Sensitivity analysis using simulation identifies design parameters that most significantly influence vehicle efficiency, and , hence, should be given priority during vehicle development.
・analysis by modeling
- trial run
・実環境での trial run/test with machine data after 2000
・模擬テスト結果ノフォロー followup of trial run
- simulated fuel;
・Stoddard solvent, currently referenced material used in compliance with tank test code.
- visual checkVisually check for leakage of oil. (visible damage)
・Examine with naked eye.
・Damage descernible to naked eye are impermissible.
・Damage visible without (optical) magnification not allowed.
・A good eyeballing of the choke will tell whether or not it's functional.
- purposes (for quality assurance/management)
・refined to become an objective
- objectives, objectives of an organization
・必達, mandatory objectives: musts
・Sign off complete vehicle objectives.
・One of the Benz priority objectives was a cost reduction of 30% compared with the previous engine type.
・objectives & performance 目標と実績 （projection & performance)
・organizational goals (目標値）
・approximate goals to work, for any vehicle module, toward end item or component measurable attributes.
・Meet the goals of: (最終目標) - reducing the impact loading on the driver, with the objectives of reducing severity of injuries and preventing fatalities - meeting the new 1998 FIA impact certification requirements for impacted structured pulse without damage to the chassis.
・One of our main goals was to create a car with superb dynamcs and handling capabilities. Using aluminum in the chassis played a big part in achieving that goal
・Safety, handling, and power goals were addressed and met.
・Vision resembles wishes, which has to be converted into quantitative goals to be met within a specific time span.
・concept targets, affordable targets. Targets are moving.
・target hardpoints, conept clay
・A quantified set of goals. Target permits management to assess whether initial development is directionally correct and encompass all potential attractive alternatives. Targets are porposed for the beginning of Phase III (concept) and IV (advanced) in the planning process.
・and object are refined to become an objective
- tracking task
- truck underride
- submarining サブマリニング
・sliding under the airbag before or during inflation
・Hurled under the dashboard
・A padded knee bolster bar is needed on passengerside to prevent sliding under the bag before or during inflation.
- module 複合部品
・modules and components
・The upside to suppliers: can reduce development, delivery, and assembly time; permit niche vehicle customization.
・The downside: risks include union labor issues arising from a need for fewer assembly workers, loss of core competencies via a hollowing out of OEM, shadow engineering tendencies from automaker to supplier, and a more complex logistics chart.
- pitch dia / number of teeth
・モジュール化/ユニット化 module package, modularity
・小モジュール化 Use a finer pitch-diameter gear.
- modular engine
・a family of engines using the same design concept which allows an engine plant to make several different displacements (eg., V6, V8) with common equipemnt.
・Modularity means you have some common accessory components, like water pumps, oil pumps, and so forth, over a variety of engines.
・可変気筒数エンジン、気筒数制御 4-6-8 cyl. engines,可変排気量エンジン
- modular kit
・an integrate, aerodynamic ski rack
・a built-in ski boot warmer
・modular design 標準寸法設計 modular house, sofa
- modular assembly
・Complete modules like front frames and dash panels can be prepared off-line and installed by a robot.
・an interior pod - a fully assembled interior that can be dropped into a vehicle.
- MOS transistor
・comprises metal, oxide, semiconductor.
・Less costly to make, easy to integrate
- engine hesitation
・Torque does not increase with increasing rpm.
・flat spot (The engine flattens out or runs below par.)
・lean spot during acceleration
・If the filter element ever becomes clogged, the engine will stop. This stoppage is usually preceded by hesitation or sluggish running.
・The firm has 25% stake in the company.
- carry-on bag
- round-robin test
・A prototype is sent in turn to responsible departments each of which evaluates and forwards with comment.
・A prototype is making the rounds at technical sessions.
・A cautionary tale making the rounds is a landlord who offered to sell a tenant the luxury flat for $7 million.
・A joke making the rounds goes: You can tell the turists and the drunks who drive straight; everyone else weaves and swerves to avoid the potholes, which are fueling a brisk informal trade in secondhand hubcaps.
- mock-up 切り張り試作品 mockup and proto
・digital mock-up : developed entirely without drawings / virtual product modeling
- ・The camera is the lightest of the trio
・the hardest hit of surrounding countries
・The family car is the most socially visible of all consumer goods.
・The tire industry is one of the most competitive of all auto-related industries.
・May is the most powerful of the saints.
- refers to "make" thru "body type." (see shashu)
・car line: shopper, traveler
・body type: 4-door, 2-door, wagon
・to model a structure
・Inputs to the model are --
・a model that simulates the dummy
・simulator model, computer model, mathematical model
・The active surface area of the noble metal catalyst must be determined before the model can be used for simulations.
・to idealize a dummy in 3D
・Map the real world into a conceptual model.
・fidelity of model in representing the dummy
- MODEL TO BE APPROVED
- model change
・全面変更 complete redsign; all new interior/extrior styling
・update / facelift
・redesign: new platform/new extrior styling, but engine and trnas could be carryover.
・reskin: minor styling changes to sheet metal; front and rear styling or both.
・restyle: same platform as previous model year but extensive changes to exterior/interior design; looks totally different from previous year's model.
- open the main air valve
・投入 charge the main air
- main power supply
- Return the setting to the initial state.
- master valve
- return line
・a cushion filled with some soft stuff.
・Free trade hardly seems the stuff of mass unrest. (WTO meeting, Seattle, 1999)
・In most places beyond earth, radiation and heat levels are so intense that the only life-forms that might make it would be bacteria-like critters.
- Adjust to mating part
・Machine to mating part
- mohikan-type rainrail;
・Avoid unsightly low-cost ditch joint.
- bulging / swelling / protuberant
- Grout the bolt in the floor.
・Bayer-made polyester-base urethane foam
・Equivalent to Du Pont's Hytel
- water-tight, gas-tight
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