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社内辞書

トランスワード社内辞書、和英50音順

り

トランスワードが長年蓄積してきた、一般に公開されていない特殊な用語を公開します。
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リアウインドー
rear window
・back window vs windshield
・前傾 forward swept/sloped
リアフィニッシャー
rear finisher, rear finish panel
リースカー
leased cars
・will replace individually owned cars.
リード
lead
・the distance the thread advnaces axially in one revolution of the worm
りーど型
Rheed type thread cutter
リード線
lead
・lead wire 口出し
・leading wire 爆破ユニット接続線
・Connect the tester leads to the battery.
・lead wire assembly リード線組付け
・ground lead, stator lead 接続リード線
リード線かしめ
crimping
リードタイム
lead time
・product development, manufacturing and delivery lead times
・time necessary prior to the start of production
・Year 2000 bug is serious because auto industry works on long lead times.
・Improve time to market.
・潜伏期間There is a long lead time before health problems kick in. (re cigarettes)
リード弁
reed valve
リーマ
reamer
・a cutting tool used for enlarging and dfinishing holes to accurate size
・body, shank, cutting teeth/blades
・リーマ穴 reamed hole
・リーマボルト reamer bolt (a bolt to fit a reamed hole)
・リーマ仕上げ reaming (finish drilled holes to accurate dimensions)
・リーマ通し reaming
・リーマ植え刃 inserted-blade reamer
リーマン変数
Rieman variation
リーンバーン
lean burn
・combustion of leaner-than-stoichiometric air/fuel mixturesleaner mixture:: 17, 20, 25 : 1
・enleanment vs enrichment
・Leaner fuel causes less CO and HC.
・Excessive air causes misfire - more unburned HC.
・リーンバーン域 lean-burn operation zones (The engine operates in the lean zone about 70% of the time in normal Japanese daily use.)
・リーンバーン状態 lean-burn environment
利害関係者
stakeholders
・Balance the interests of environmental stakeholders and corporate stockholders.
・Promote public/stakeholder awareness of efforts to improve traffic safety.
リカルド
Ricardo (L-head, side-valve combustion chamber)
リカロシート
Recaro seat
・Recaro sports seat provides excellent lateral support (deep Recaro bucket)
離間距離
separation distance
力行運転
pwer running (EV)
力率
power factor
陸揚げ
lifing the boat out of the water
陸運局
Land Transportation Bureau
陸上車両
ground vehicles (vs aerospace units)
・陸上運搬具 ground carriage
陸送車
vehicles carrier
・Vehicles are now hauled under the Dover.
リグテスト
rig test
・valve test rig (heating by burner)
・intake manifold heating rig (heated intermittently by on/off operation)
・a special test rig with transparent end housing and rotor face)
リクライニングシート
reclining seat
・full-forward rake position
・Backrest recliner is a ratchet mechanism and some drivers need a position between the detents. We'd prefer an infinite adjustable wheel.
離型剤
release agent
・Coat mold release agent / mold lubricant.
・Apply release coat, close mold, inject resin, cure , open mold, remove part, and trim flashes.
・die coat/lube/parting compound
離型紙
adhesive backing
・Separate the peel-off liner. Peel off the release liner. Plastic tape liner
・application tape
・pick-up tab, thumbing tab
・mid-perforated backing
履行
perform, fufill, implement, execute
リコール
recall
・Decide whether to handle a defect as a recall or to repair the cars individually as a service to cutomers.
・Doing more than you're required has now become the minimum in product recall management.
リサイクル
recycle 再生
・ecological recycling of plastics
利鞘
profit margins
離散
diaspora
リストラ
restructure
・事業再構築 corporate restructuring and streamlining
・They cut the head count 35%. The stock tripled.
・Cut back on jobs.
・euphemism for layoffs
・A corporate downsizer is a menace to bloated workforce.
・rightsizing (massive elimination of middle management and the rank and file
リセ
receptacle
理想空燃費
stoichiometric air/fuel ratio
・A/F window
・Stoichiometric point is 14.6:1.
・12:1 or so for quick acceleration
・8:1 or so for starting a cold engine
・Should be designed to run close to the stroichiometric point - stoichiometrically functioning engine
・A/F oscillations and transient A/F excursions
理想空燃費
stoichiometric air-fuel ratio
・Stoichiometric point is 14.6:1.12:1 or so for quick acceleration.
・8:1 or so for starting a cold engine
・Dsign the engine to run close to the stoichiometric point.
・transient A/F excursions
利息
・日歩 daily interest, day-to-day interest
・アドオン add-on interest (principal interest repaid in uniform installment; You get $1000, pay back $1240 over 24 months.
・ディスカウント利息 Bank substracts the interest from the amount you want.
・simple interest (You are charged for the amount outstanding on the loan.)
・利回り yield rate 実行金利 effective interest rate
履帯
crawler track
・Don't do backhoe work in the direction perpendicular to the crawler tack.
離脱強度
removal strength
・pull-off load, separation strength
離脱装置
release system
離調
drift
・Digital tuning loops are precise and don't drift.
・Attenuation (減衰度) at +-9KHz detuning to be 20 dB MAX
・see 同調
立案
draft
・draw up a plan
陸橋
overpass
立証
substantiate , demonstrate, proof
立体交叉
grade separation
・a highway or railroad crossing using an underpass or overpass
・cloverleaf crossing
・cloverleaf intersection exit
・access road, ramps
リッチハンマ
plastic hammer
・mallet
リッドランプ
lid lamp (lamps on the trunk lid)
リップ鋼
lipped steel
リニア可変吸気
telescopic intake manifold
・stepless variable induction tube
・Air funnels can slide in cylindrical pipes.
・telescopically variable intake pipes in which the length of the pipes varies steplessley to match engine speed, thus providing a dynamic effect over a wider engine speed range
リニアモータカー
magnetic levitation transportatin system
・maglev high speed surface transit
・Under this sysem, a vehicle entering this highway would levitate above the ground slightly and rely on the vehicles' wheels or powerplant. This will conserve the vehicles' energy. Without the friction loads to react with the road surface, the road should remain intact longer without deterioration.
リハビリ
rehabilitation(生活機能回復)
リブ
ribbing
・The engine incorporates prominent ribbing to stiffen the crankcase walls.
理不尽な
a Catch-22 kind of thing
リフト
forklift, lift truck
リブベルト
ribbed belt, keyed belt, 4-key belt
リミテッドスリップ
limited slip differential
・Keeps one of the rear wheels driving wheels from digging in
・Useful for increasing traction in low-coefficient-of-friction situations and prevents the wheels and shafts from slipping in either the front- rear, or mid-differential.
・Less power is supplied to the wheel that tends to slip so better traction is obtained for both driving wheels.
リフレックスリフレクタ
reflex reflector
・reflex label, reflective sheeting, reflex film (反射皮膜)
リベットかしめ
riveting
リミテッドスリップ
limited slip (differential)
・keeps a rear wheel from digging in
リムジン
limousine
・a stretch limo, pretentious car
裏面印刷
printing on back
・clear-on-black prining, reverse-side printing
・printed on the reverse side and visible only when lit
・字抜き印刷 backlit LCD
裏面図
bottom view 底面図,下面図
略字
see engg dwg 710
・略字の説明 Legend --
・No points used - TRUE POS- TOL, ID, OD- MIN, MAX, SPEC, DIA, in, mm, DEG/deg (sae); max, min - CHAM, DWG, MATL
・Points used - No.
・20℃, 35 mm, 22 h, 14%
略述
outline
略図
schematic
・shown in schematic form
・rough drawing (dimensioned)
・diagram (simple plan view of engine compartment, etc.)
・sketch
留意
give carefull consideration / full attention
留意点
precaution
・pointer: helpfull point, cue
・Bear in mind.
粒界
grain boundary
硫化物
sulfide
粒間腐食
intergranular corrosion
流気炉
hot air furnace
粒子
grain
・grainy pictures
粒子状物質
particulates
・粉塵
・浮遊微粒子状物質 (airborne particulates the size of 10 micron or under)
・dust exhaust
流出
Nonconforming products passed undetected.
流出電流
outflow current
流出物
runoff from waste dumps (cadmium & lead)
流出油
effluent
・effluent pressure
粒状パーライト
globular pearlite
粒状フラックス
granular flux
流速
flow rate
流体の運動
hydrokinetics
・the branck of physics having to do with fuids in motion
流体力学
hydrodynamics
留置
retention
流通
distribution
流通在庫
inventories in transit
流通センタ
car/parts distributors
粒度
grit number (sandpaper)
・grain size
流動エア量
flow air volume
流動音
gas leak noise (mufler)
流動性
flow properties
流動浸積塗装
fluidized-bed coating (of polyethylene powder) (battery cord)
流動槽
flow vessel
流動的
in flux/fluidity
・The final amount is still in flux.
・changeable, beyond prediction
流入電流
inflow current
流入油
influent
・influent pressure
リューブライト 化成、燐酸塩皮膜
phosphating
・Lubrite (Treatment in Lubrite results in chemical conversion of steel surface to a non-metalic oil-absorptive coating consisting chiefly of iron and Mg phosphate.)
・Makes gear face harder and tougher for increased resistance for wear, rust, noise.
・Zn-phosphate for lubrication
・Mn-phosphate for wear resistance
留保金
internal reserves (retained/undistributed)
留保する
withhold the payment
・A will have the right to withhold all or any of the payments due Contractor until such replacement shall have been completed to the satisfaction of A.
流用 (C/O)
carry-over;
・carry-over from predecessor
・came directly from
・Layout carried forward to a new model
・The new car inherited its drivetrain from the original.
・Suspension is common with the company's recent station wagon models.
・The engine is transplanted from the upper mid-size Skyline range.
流用
divert
・to turn aside form a course
・Steering strikes a good balance between feel and responsiveness.
流用設計
common design
・commonly design / share
流用部品
carryover parts
・common parts
流量
flow rate
流量計
flow meter
流量制限
flow metering
流量調節弁
flow rate regulator valve
離油度
oil separation
・As temperature rises, base oil in grease separates, grease lubricity decreases as a result.
利用
cash in on
・Going public may be the most celebrated way to cash in on the Internet but selling out can be a sure-fire moneymaker.
・Come home and put your skills to use.
利用 f
access of quality records
両側公差
bilateral tolerances (+-)
両極化
polarize
・The political groups have become polarized and resort to intimidation rather than dialogue.
利用契約
subscription agreement
・application for subscription
・subscriber
量産
mass production
・volume production / high-volume (60,000 units per annum) car
・large-run part production
量産開始
start of production (SOP)
・Job #1
・Time capability from design freeze to Job One can be less than a year. - The typical time from design approval to Job One remains around 30 months.
量産管理値
contol limits
・量産単価 production pricing
量産効果
economics of scale
・economies of scale will drive down costs
・規模の経済
・Huge production runs bring down costs.
・Cost reductions accompany high-volume production.
量産試作
production proveout prototype
・量産金型 production tools
量産車
high-volume vehicles
・series vehicles
量産態勢完了
launch-ready, launch readiness
量産部品
production parts/lots
・test pieces selected from production lots
・Exclude test parts from production shipment.
・量産相当部品 production equivalent parts
・量産初期品 first-off parts / initial production parts
・量産テスト test in mass production mode
量子化(ディジタル化)
digitalization/quantize ;
・analog-to-digital conversion (10進法から2進法ニディジタル変換)
・113 -> 11 -> 1011 (113の3は量子化雑音)
・52 -> 5 -> 0101
・119 -> 12 -> 1100
・58 -> 6 -> 0110
・151 -> 15 -> 1111
両手押しボタン
both-hand push button switch
利用できる
available (96,131,139);
・Make available quality records for evaluation by the customer. (146)
・International Standards available
・the availability of proven production processes (利用できること)
両頭グラインダ
double-head grinder
良否判定
determine conformity
・segregate conforming and non-conforming parts
・screen out
・determine pass or fail
良品クレーム
non-defective return (NDR)
・no-trouble found (NTF)
・trouble not identified (TNI)
・unreproducible trouble
・間欠性故障
良品
conforming parts (適合製品);
・受け入れ可能な製品acceptable product
・complying parts
・accepted/Okayed/good parts
・falling within statistically calculated QC limits
・The parts that pass the test are placed on the conveyor and those that fail are set aside.
両振り捻りトルク
torsional torque under completely reversed stroke, alternating torque
両面削ぎ
two flats diametrically opposite
両面テープ
double-sided adhesive tape, two-sided adhesive
両山キー
reversible key (with identical bits on both sides, works either way)
流用効率
efficiency of sharing drawings
両用車
carry-over vehicle
・part sport utility and part minivan
流用図面
common-use drawings
両立
Achieve A and B concurrently
・the twofold goal of improving performance and fuel economy
・Achieve high furl economy concurrent with low emissions.
・Increase kilometrage up to 20% without cutting performance.
・Steering strikes a good balance between feel and responsiveness.
・a genuine balance of national interest and morality
・well -rounded performance and proficiency
・The design provides both high power and good fuel economy. The benefits go both ways.
・The requirements of reducing fuel consumption while meetig increasingly stringent exhaust emissions dictate increasing complexity in automotive engines and new thinking in engine design.
・Improve quality while reducing cost.
・cleaner, more efficient SUV
両立性
compatibility
・ability of entities to be used together under specific conditions to fulfil relevant requirements
緑錆
copper carbonates, verdigris
旅行案内
travel agency
緑化
reforestation program
旅費生活費
travelling and living expenses
リリピューシャン装置
Liliputian devices
履歴
history
臨界
nuclear chain reactions
・nuclear fission that happens when a neutron is absorbed into the nucleaus of a urnium atom, causing the nucleus to break open and release energy and toxic substnces such as radioactive iodium and radioactive sesium.
・Neutrons continue to bombard more uranium atoms, and the chain reaction continues
・It is normal for fission to occur in nuclear reactors that have equipment to modulate the reactions. But it isn't supposed to happen at fuel-conversion plants.
臨界区域
critical zone/range (heat treat)
輪郭度/形状(線)
line profile
・profile of any line
・the shape of a line
・the contour of a section perpendicular to a line
輪郭度/形状(面)
surface profile
・profile of any surface
稟議
circulating drafts for group approval
・a draft for top management approval
・稟議金額 sum proposed for group approval
輪距
track
・track width between tire tread centers
・track between tires' outermost surfaces
・tread width, wheel tread
リング傾斜角
slope angle
・リングすべり面 ring face
・リング加工 ring processing
燐酸塩皮膜処理
phosphating
・燐酸塩処理、黒染め、see 化成処理
・phospate coating, phosphatizing
・Zinc phosphate absorbs lubricating oil and retains an oil film on the surface.
・As the zinc phosphate coating is applied by a chemical reaction, pits and pockets are etched on the metal surface during the coating process. These pits serve as reservoirs for lubricant.
臨時運転許可
temporary driving license
臨時従業員
temporary workers 期間従業員
・temps, contract workers, fill-ins
臨場感
ambience
・reproducing the ambience and vibrations of actually being there
・stereo image (recreating positions of instruments and voices as well as the ambience or room sound of the auditorium)
・imaging and acoustic realism
・life-like sound, true-to-life sound reproduction
・closeness to a live performance
・room sound of the original hall or auditorium- Linear PCM: stereo of CD level- Dolby digital: 5.1 surround (3 front, 2 rear, with a 120 Hz or less woofer)- DTS digital: theater sound with more data than Dolby digital.
臨場感
ambienceDigital signal processing, DSP, can imitate the way music is heard in a small concert hall, orchestra hall, cathedral, opera house, inght club, or stadium. DSP enhances the signal to simulate the different venues in which a performance takes place. DSP is selected from a remote wired key pad that attaches to I/P. One rocker switch selects a venue; another lets the listners "move" their seats closer to or further from the performance.
りん申(稟議申請承認)
top management approval
隣接ピッチ誤差
adjacent pitch error
隣接ファイル
contiguous file
・隣接ピッチ誤差 adjacent pitch error
リンプホーム
limp home
ISO17100(翻訳サービス提供者認証)取得
株式会社 トランスワード
<広島事務所> 〒732-0828 広島市南区京橋町9-3 クリスタ京橋ビル4階
Tel: (082) 506-3233 Fax: (082) 506-3234

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