- Japan's light car
- Japan's light vehicle
・light-vehicle regulations: overall length : <3.3 m. width <1.4 m, engine displacement <660 cc
・Lower annual tax rate with lower expenses for periodic roadworthiness inspection
・Geared primarily for female buyers.
・Suitable only for loca journeys.
・About as smal as is feasible.
- Describe how it came about
・events that formed the subject matter
- guidelines for management
- the management
・executive management; the management
・The supplier's management with executive responsibility shall document its policy for quality.
- top management
- 経営者による見直 マネジメント：レビュー
- management review / マネジメント
- total managing cost
- managing principles
・経営権 management prorogatives
・経営効率化 to increase business efficiency
・経営目標 management targets? (Quality assurance is one of them and fits in well with other targets.
・経営理念 company credo - company vision and policy / corporate philosophy & operating principle- statement of mission and guiding principles
・経営最高責任者 chief executive officer, CEO
・経営者 top management
- lean profile / lean ligh-footed profile
- on schedule
・planning 計画策定 / a plan 計画書
- scheduled days off
・Coordinate scheduling of annual leave days off
- elapsed time
- in-use cars 市場経過車
・景気減速 economic slowdown
・景気刺激策 economic stimulus package
・景気低迷 economy faltering / downturn
・景気停滞, 足踏み stagnation
- panel board (分電盤）
・計器走行路 Automated highway for instrumented vehicles will allow better vehicle operation without operator intervention.
・計器用変成機 instrument transformer
- weight reduction hole
・The weight of unavoidably large parts can be reduced by punching out non-functional material.
- tendency (constant)
・Has a tendency to be absentminded / a tendency toward exaggeration- The whole tendency of evolution is towards a diminishign birth rate.
・trend (variable) - The long-term trend of the market is upward- a recent trend in literature / consumer trend analyst- The trend line is a steep curve upward.
- engage with
・in registry with, mesh with
・系合量 degree of engagement
- spectro-fluorometric determination
・蛍光浸透探傷 fluorescent penetrant inspection
- precaution / precautionary statement
・警告ラベル warning label
・Be warned: Many sites won't let you in if your browser rejects coolies or harass you with dialogue boxes urging you to accept one.
・警告灯 warning lights (alert you to possible problems with your car) - fail indicator / brake fail lamp
・precautionary signs / forewarning headings
・Carefully read all Warnings because they tell you how to avoid endangering yourself, your passengers, and other people.
- economic climate/environment
- economics stimulus package
- cost effectiveness
・cost effective コスト的に効果的; (経済的 economical)
・Produce the car in a cost-optimized manner.
・economics and practicality
・economics / economic performance
- Japan Committee for Economic Developmentds
- post/tack up precautionary notes
・掲示板 information board
・change with age/time
・劣化 deterioration due to aging/deterioration over time
・changes with passage of time
・Performance decreases with age or use.
・sizing to exact dimensions
・形状保持性 shape preservation
・形状加工機 form cutter
・形状記憶合金 shape memorizing alloy (can function as sensor and actuator to open and close duct shutter)
・形状寸法 geometry / measurements & mutual relations in space)
・The diameter is within specification.
・Three defective bolts in 100; five flaws in a sheet;two on-job injuries per month
・When measurement is done on a go/no-go gage, the result is recorded in a simple yes/no fashion. Countable for recording and analysis.
- Instrumentation Engineering Div.
- handheld / handhelds
・Concern increasing over the safety of uisng the phone while driving.
- cell phone (<- cellular phone)
- the Japan Federation of Economic Organization
・Japan's big business association / Japan's leading business loby
- system diagram
- light-duty truck (10,000 lb, 4536 kg maximum gvw)
- downsizing and downweighting
・size and weight reduction
- misdemeanor (vs felony 重罪)
- cost savings
・Simply put, produce more with less.
- alarm unit
・give spiritual insight / enlightened followers of Aum! - Devotion to his teaching could lead to a state of enlightenment.
- during the currency of this agreement
- diesel oil
- scale/measuring instruments
・計量確認 metrological confirmation
・計量管理 control of gaging and measuring instruments
・計量機 weighing apparatus / weighter
・計量槽 weighing vessel
- light-gage steel
・length in mm, resistance in ohm, door closing effort in kg, fastener torque in newton meters, a diameter of 10.45 mm
・quantitative data, measurements
- personal history
- keiretsu or conglomerate
・Japanese companies have for decades wrapped themselves in a cocoon of share swaps with firms in their keiretsu, or conglomerate, making Western-style corporate assaults almost impossible （株式持合い）
・The quiet cartel, keiretsu relationship and regulatory thickets, keep foreign products away.
・Japanese keiretsu (affiliated) suppliers; Toyota-affiliated suppliers
・The old keiretsu system is being replaced by survival of the fittest.
・the mighty keiretsu, the web of supplier relationships that improved parts quality and manufcturing flow for Japanese
・vehicle motion / Overall vehicle movement is brought about by speed and steering changes, expressed by yaw rate divided by steering angle: the lower the better.
・amplifier 利得: input-output ratio expressed in dB. The higher the better.
- case by case
・Decisions have to be made case by case.
- Gateway (process)
- fiber to the home
- personal injury, operator injury
・けがの程度 injury severity
- scribe line
・Scribe layout lines with the scriber.
・the scribe on the height gage
・Mark off the material to be cut (wood, metal)
- firing pin
・striking pin, plunger
- styled screw
・化粧カバー: concealment / cover
・化粧盛り溶接: decorative buildup welding
- light reminder chime
・Warning buzzer alerts you when any lamps are left on.
- sewage treatment
・any number from 0 to 9
・three digits with a decimal place; 312.4 (小数点1桁）
・Count to one place of decimal.
- vacancy, vacant position, opening
- The civil war effectively shattered a 1994 peace accord.
・結局 Dennis laid out the basis for the calendars we use today by figuring out how far in the past Christ's birth was. As it turned out he was off by several years.
- debriefing (vs briefing)
- defect (includes safety)
・欠陥品 unacceptables, non-conformity units
・defectives, inspection rejects, substandard
- passed through a concurring vote of 2/3 or more of the shares issued.
・A secret meeting may be held provided a majority of two-thirds passes a resolution thereor.
・decision by vote or by a show of hands
・flaws elimination rally
- decision by vote or by a show of hands
・A secret meeting may be held provided a majority of two-thirds passes a resolution thereof.
・passed thru a concurring vote of 2/3 or more of the shares issued
・決議事項: items to be resolved/decided; agenda
- one-piece gage
・単一段ゲージ single type gage
- joint 結合点
・結合構造 joint's structure
・結合部領域 joint region/area
・板金結合部 to spot-weld overlap sheets
・結合力 joining strength
・結合先 part to which connected / welded to
- terms of settlement
・決算日: closing date
・決算書類: closing accounts
- crystalline nuclei
・結晶粒界: grain boundary 結晶粒界破壊: intercrystalline crack
・What system does the wire service?
・the unit with which the wire is associated
・結線図 connection diagram
- open-phase protection
- chip (x nick)
- kickback in starting the engine
- coefficient of determination
- drawbacks, flaws, downside
- lack of metal
・lack of fill/fillout, underfill
- missing part / short delivery / parts shortage
- lunar rover, asteroid rover
・contracted ther HIV viurs in the 1980s from tainted blood product
- dew condensation
- orientation of piles
- cepstram analysis
- Kevlar (Du Pont product)
・The Lupo 3K tires use Kevlar wall material to give low rolling resistance.
・ケプラ軍手 Kevlar work gloves
・short quefrency: FD(s) suited to digital system long quefrency: suited to analog system
・Keller travelling column
・Three-dimensional machining of contoured surfaces by tracer milling
・The tracer controls the cutter path by following the contours of a die model.
・倣い tracer-controlled copy milling
- sensor activated
- gelation, curdling
・magnetic conductivity of a substance
- to mill bearing lugs and slots
・kelmet: Cu + Pb alloy
・ケルメット回り止め locating lug and slot
- chaplet <- kern (独）
- peening hammer <- kelen (オランダ語）
- hair crack caused by opposite-tilted piles?
- pressure reduction valve
- digest of issues pending
- home position / original position
- home position
・原位地の逆方向 in opposite direction from home position
- stamp of approval / approved by
- Have your car towed in and seek service.
- ・The firm's woes trace to bad loans.
・真の determine root cause, diagnose
・推定原因 projected, likely, anticipated cuse
・偶然原因 chance cause ; common cause
・突止めうる原因 cause assignable
- fault identification
・Identify/isolate the cause.
・Identify and resolve design issues.
・troubleshoot / locate trouble and make repair
・Use NVH as a troubleshooting tool.
- cause and effect diagram
・Ishikawa's fish bone
・used to identify the relationship of causes and sub-causes
- tow trolley
- ・Traced the problem to - Trace the wiring and identify the system which each individual wire services.- Trace the circuit to find - Trace a shortcoming to its source. / Use a voltmeter and trace the circuit to find ----
・Narrow down the trouble to - This test can help pinpoint the defective component considered a likely candidate for root cause. - Pinpoint the unit in which the trouble lies.
- primary causal part
・responsible for the increased wear
・instrumental in causing wear
・pulling effort of the car
・Tire spin is the result of traction shortage. / loss of traction 失速
- stock solution feeder
- limit G (re cornering)
- critical speed
・限界テスト life test
- limiting deviations
- threshold value
・The system senses lateral acceleration equal to or greater than programmed threshold valued.
・The level of lateral acceleration for dynamic boldter activation must precede the driver's lean into a turn. To avoid boldter flutter, teh deactivation treshold is lower than the activation threshold.
- strict liability / absolute liability 無過失責任
・A bystander injured bua faulty car can sue
・Anyone other than the owner or user is generally known as a bystander in legal shorthand.
・a decrease in value of property thru wear, deterioration, or obsolescence
・Aims to distribute the cost of a tangible capital asset over the estimated life of the unit, less salvage (救済価額）, in systematic and rational manner.
・Depreciation for the year is the portion of the total charge that is allocated to the year.
・減価償却資産 depreciation assets
・writing off, write-offs: process as cost
・depreciation of tooling, equipment
・amortization of facilities, factory
・Unlike tooling, the useful life of facilities should extend beyond a given model.
- depreciation expense
- primary materials
- research and development
・is somewhat of a misnomer in Japan. Most of the money goes to improving an existing product, not to basic research.
・clock display dimming 時計減光
・nighttime depreciation factor 夜間減光率
・automatic headlamp dimmer
・Instrument light brilliance is controlled by rotating the switch knob.
・dimmed brightness / reduced brightness 減光状態vs full brightness 明灯状態
- current and projected programs
・現存 a successor to the extant model
- health care
- current model costs
- full model change, minor change
- current vehicle location
・to pinpoint the car's position anywhere on the earth
・to show where you are
・positional information accuracy
・Satellites allow yo t gauge /compute your location to within a few feet.
- visualization 目で見る管理
・Reveal a problem as a visible reality, not as abstraction but as living reality.
・a visible issue
・When something goes wrong, the system stops. Immediately the whole organization becomes aware of the problem and works to resolve it.
・If you have buffer inventories, these potential problems stay hidden and may never get corrected.
・Excessive inventory inhibits the benefits of visual management, making it hard to see what is really goring on.
・Make the problem surface.
・come out in the open
・watch and observe directly
- visual demand (vs latent)
- known state of the art
- requested by
- raw materials
・store and retrieve
・The program detects if -- exists.
・The data is recorded on memory discs to speed retrieval.
- ・研削台 grind base
・研削液/油 grinding coolant/grinding fluid
・研削粉 grind chips
・研削ヘッド grinding head
・研削可能量 max depth of cut
・研削面 ground surface / surface to be ground
・研削量, 研削代 stock removal
・研削性 grinding efficiency
・研削割出 grind index (forward/backward)
・研削速度 grinding rate
・研削抵抗 grinding force; force on the wheel
・研削端部 ground end
- ・端面研削 end face grinding
・外面研削 external grinding 内面研削 internal grinding
・内研切込み ID cross 内面研削の主軸切込み ID grind by cross feeding work spindle
・外研切込み送り OD grind cross feed
・送り研削 work feed grind
・送込み研削 infeed grind (corresponds to plunge-cut or form grinding on center-type grinding / traverse grinding)
・総形研削 form grinding
・正面研削 face grinding
- max depth of cut
・feed range per rev: 0.01-0.10
- inspection instructions
- instruction procedures and instructions
- production cutbacks
・to trim production
- keep up, keep going
- atomic absorption spectro-photometry
- nononsense governor Shintaro Ishihara
- concurrent build work number
・concurrent derivative 研究試作工事 see 研工事
- unaffected area/zone
- original copy No.
- 元車 (国内モデル）
- original vehicle
- full scale
・検収試験 acceptance test
・checking of incoming goods; collating (照合)
・receipt - inspection - payment procedure 書類上の手続き
・スクラップ検収 scrap sale closure
・運賃検収 freightage payment closure
・検収基準 inspection standard
・We'd appreciate your witnessing the test of our plant and, if as a result the machine meets the specifications, affirm that it has passed the acceptance test.
- seminar, workshop
- timing of (equipment) inspection
- fundamentals to be strictly followed
・Adhere closely to the following procedure:-
・Strictly follow the recommendations as given in the owner's manual.
・Absolutely never bend the cneter electrode.
・Don't run the engine in the garage without proper ventilation.
・Do be sure that an adjustable wrench is tightly closed on the nut.
・検出値 measured value
・検出用穴 identification hole (Identiry by presence/absence of a hole)
・Confirm by examination and provision of objective evidence that specified requirements have been fulfilled
・Validate the design to legal standards, design goals, and reliability targets.
・Ensure validation by accelerated testing under controlled conditions.
・paint prove-out facility
・promote and inspect each division's activities
- symptom (blood exam, etc )
- stay afloat
・Japanese are just trying to stay afloat. As a result, consumption is weaker than it's been since 1970, when the government started keeping records.
- current control dimensions
・Apply supplier's current tolerance to dia 15.2.
- nuclear reactor
- loft drawing
・Mylar: DujPont's tradename), full size drawing
・loft: a large upper floor where models or patterns are made
・現図を正とする For detail, see loft drawing.
・原図ライン loft lines / grid lines
・現図指示点 point shown in loft drawing
・現図読取り図 readings from loft loft drawing
- original drawing/registered drawing
・original /registered drawing
- grid drawing DA
・DA: digital assembly (confirm by computer)
- full-size drawing
・full-scale drawing , life size
- chordal dimensioning (straight line)
- rough stone (in grinding)
- withstanding tax
- developer drain
- general rule
・as a rule, whenever possible, normally
- fuel cutoff during deceleration
- reduction gear
・減速比 reduction ratio; gear ratio
・a 30 g deceleration level
・deceleration profiles corresponding with a collision requiring airbag deloyment
・非接続減速 off-throttle deceleration
・used to reduce the velocity of the fast neutrons produced by nuclear fission.
- low-speed circuit cutoff in deceleration (in carb)
- speed bumps
- sanding-caused sag
- step mark
- ・unit requirement 単位当り標準量：材料、工数，等- Mazda Integrated Database and Application System- database of product specs and structures
・手配原単位 sourcing database MIDAS
・原単位メンテナンス database maintenance
- sense, monitor, detect
- with a view to / of -- ing
・LS: 現地調達 LP: 現地生産
・Switch to local sourcing/production
- the Building Standards Act
- locally hire
- local supplier
- overseas companies
- at-site guidance/training
- transplant operation
・production near the point of sale
・現地修理 on-site service (on-site measurements using a Cyberware whole body scanner)
- overseas Japanese corporations
- price on arrival
- local sourcing
・現調品 locally sourced parts or products
- motorized bicycles
・検定課題 exams for calibration
・検定基準 calibration reference
・検定値 calibrated value
- limited produciton model
・limited-edition coupe / a high-priced limited series
- limited production
・期間限定 limited-run production / short-run production / small runs - limited-cycle production / 2-year limited-run production
・量限定 limited-volume production / limited-volume model- a 20,000-unit run- a limited run of 20,000 units, Only 20,000 will be produced.
- zero point
・reference point (in grinding)
・original set (プレス成形）
・浮動原点 floating zero
・機械原点 machine zero
・作図原点 drafting origin
・座標原点 coordinate origin
・原点復帰をかける return to home position
・原点復帰 zero setting / return to origin
・原点位地決め initial tool setting
・原点オフセット zero offset
・原点離脱 departure from reference point
・Never stop emphasizing the basics.
・No matter what you do, faithfully observe the basics.
・Focus attention to fundamentals.
- to the extent necessary for
・法的恕認限度 in so far as it lawfully may
・限度品質 boundary quality
- address and readdress the need/concept; address and decide - Address the skepticism.- Jetlag is a condition that needs to be addressed rather than dismissed as something to get accustomed to.
・Sit down and take a careful look at --
・take careful stock of --
・Review design changes and issues in real time.
・Explore the safety issues associated with use of cellular phones while driving.
・discuss (iso 12)
- prime mover
- preproduction review drawing
- motive power
- boundary sample
・minimum acceptable sample
- additional post, plural offices
・役員兼任？directors who also hold duties in the capacity of employees 役員兼任届 Statement on directors concurrently holding duties as employees
- blind-eye system
- imcumbent (currently in office)
- work site
・現場監督 construction site maganer
・現場パトロール workplace patrol
・現場修理 on-site repair (at-site installation, on-site audit)
・現場用語 shop parlance
・現場鎔接 site welding
- chordal adendum
- hands-on / in-service training
・hands-on leader/manager/management/knowledge/training (vs classroom training, theorist)
・There is no substitute for engineering hands-on experience/technical support.
- atomic-bomb dome
・the skeletal doem left by man's first nuclear storm.
- on-site actual-item principle
・involving prctical experience
・hands-on leader/manager/management/ knowledge
・vs classroom training/theorist
・There is no substitute for engineering hands-on experience.
・Our engineers will give you hands-on technical support.
・現場教育 hands-on training: in-service training
・現地現物活動 on-site activities
- chordal addendum
- on-site repair
- workplace patrol
- shop parlance
- site welding
- maching actual parts
・Adjust/machine to mating part.
- matching actual parts
・Adjust to mating part. 相手合わせ
- Submit target-quality samples for approval.
- acceptable sample;
・minimum acceptable sample
・現物承認 Submit target-quality samples for approval. / design mock-up, prototype
- local corporation
- crude oil
- double/serve as a and b
- bath makeup
- action against causal factors
- current-limiting fuse
・源流抵抗器 current-limiting resister, current-decreasing resister
・源流特性 cut-off current characteristics
・源流継電器 current-limiting relay
・源流作用 current -limiting action
- payroll trimming
・corporate effort to trim payrolls
・Cut back on staff and production.
・Slim down the overweight company.
・Savage pruning is only way to save the firm.
- the right to free speech
・the First Amendment gave the press awesome freedom and also awesome responsibility.
- (082) 506-3233
- (082) 506-3234