- spring retaining clip
- circle strain analysis
・requires etching circles on the blank surface and measuring their distortion after forming.
・insures that the parts were formed to production standards.
・a rapid and transient rise in temperature
・record-breaking stock market surges
- surge tank
・plenum chamber (過給) （an enclosed volume of gas under greater pressure than that surrouding the container)
- surge absorption
- pressure differential
・差圧計 differential manometer (差圧検出装置 differential measuring meter/device)
・差圧強度 burst pressure strength (filter)
・organizations that provide servicses or whose products include a service component
- サービス穴 （点検穴）
- access hole
- service offerings
- service delivery
- bring backs
・The model had the fewest bing backs in the first 90 days of ownership.
- service brake/foot brake;
・vs emergency brake/parking brake
- service manual
・injects air into exaust system to aid in control of HC and CO.
- thermal shock test
- thermal reactor
・can handle HC and CO.
・Temperature must be kept high, resulting in poor economy.
・Unlike many metals, as its temperature goes up, its resistance goes down.
・Temperature sensing unit in many automobile engines uses a thermister.
・is a transducer that convers temperature into voltage.
・吸気予熱 preheats intake air
- under worst case conditions
- length at maximum compression
・maximum compressed length
- Size to exact dimensions.
・accident: a damage in product or facility
- accident/stockpile kanban
- turn the corner
- Material Engineering Div.
- vacuum bottle
- Material Engineering Div., Analytical Chemistry Section
- cyclic test
・Cycle the assembly 9000 push-pull times. 2000 cycles at -30+/-5℃ 5000 cycles at 75+/-5℃ 2000 cycles at 200+/-5℃
・The switch shall be capable of satisfactorily operating for 10,000 complete cycles at 75+-10 deg F followed by 1 h ON in low position at 75+-10deg F.
- cyclic test
・回転数 Cycles reqd: 500,000 (total) 速度 Cycle rate: 3600 cycles/h Max
・One cycle consists of: 1. 100 h at 100% relative humidity at 37℃ followed by: 2. 24 h at room ambient conditions.
・Each test consists of: 15 min at 034+/-1℃ 15 min at 24℃
・Subject the specimen to five continous cycles, each consisting of: 1. 37℃ at 95 r.h. for 2 h. 2. Raise the temp gradually to 70℃ at the same r.h. over a 1 h period. 3. Then sustain for an additional 3 h. 4. Lower the temp gradually to 37℃ while at the 95 r.h. over a priod of 6 h.
- cycle knob
・man/auto changeover knob
- cyclic corrsion test (CCT)
・Accelerated cyclic-corrosion testing ranges from dip-&-dry cycles to wet-&-dry cycles to high-temperature/high-humidity exposure
・more effective simulation of actual service conditions than a single encironment exposure
- cyclic variation
・cycle-to-cycle combustion variation
・The control circuit equipment is for 60 cycles 110 volts and complies with Joint Industry Conference requirements.
・The transformers on machines for shipment to 50-cycle areas have a 92-volt tap in addition to the 110-volt terminal.
・60-cycle 110-volt controls, when connected to this 92-volt tap, function at 50 cycles 92 volts.
- use of thinner wire
・wire and space saving
・struggling to remake themselves
・AT&T pulled off a remarkable makeove.
・Get it back on its feet. / Get back on your feet.
・to reproduce/induce/duplicate a problem/result/effect/failure
・市場再現性 induce the behavior in the field
・to replicate an original experiment
- no trouble found 間欠不良
・A failed part doesn't require service but the sensed info is out of operatiing range. This indicates a possible future mulfunction.
・在庫品 units/goods in stock
・Thousands would up parked for months unsold.
・Products are piling up unsold. Acres of unsold inventory
・在庫切れ stockouts, shortage
・在庫をはかす unload 2000 units in stock
・在庫過大 too much inventory; inventory build-up/pile-up
・流通在庫 in-transit stock, ocean stock
・手持ち在庫 stock on hand
- a second opinion
・laws guaranteeing patients another point of view
- Transparent roof panel lets light into the cargo compartment.
- electrode tip life of -1000 welds
- top version (see saijoukyuusha)
- CEO (chief executive officer)
- ultra hard steel
- 再合成 （復号）
- decoding (convert)
- inventory management
- Wealth isn't defined by how much you spend but how much you're worth.
・Wealth means you maintain net assets of $1 million or more.
・We're prone to be high spenders. After all, you can't take it with you when it's time to head off to heaven.
- profitability plan
・採算性 FS (feasibility study) (クラタ）; feasibility
- material property
- highest level of education (in visa application format)
・Drop-tested parts must not be installed.
・Exclude tested parts from production shipment.
・再使用不可マーク "Not Reusable" marking ! Thermoset parts have more value being reused than being recycled.
- high-end luxury vehicle
・image of high-end luxury car
・corporation senior car
・upper crust car
・top of the line car vs bare-bones model
- least squares method
・method of least squares
- method of least squares
- 最新 (最新鋭）
- state-of-the-art features
- current version
- renew / reuse
・Most oof the materials use are recyclable, and all plastic parts are coded to identify material composition.
・Only recyclable materials are used and all plastic parts over 100 g are labeled for identification.
・Comprehending the cost/benefit issues of recycling and reusability are major issues
・Recyclability should be a precept of design.
・再生ゴム recycled rubber
・true-to-life sound reproduction
- underbody primer
- macadam road
・Being on the cutting edge equals success.
・leading edge technology / cutting edge
・current state-of-the-art equipment
・We are constantly on the cutting edge of technology.
- the maximum allowed 2.4 kg
- umbilical cord blood
- maximum particle diameter that can pass
- at-home employment
・work at home trend
・telecommuters 在宅勤務者 / serious loner - the perfect candidate able to enjoy the splended privilege of telecommunication
・Forget about the 9-to-5 rat race.
・the ever-shackled-by-technology home telecommunicator
・gas and tungsten-arc cutting torches
- foundation, as the Rockfeller Foundation
- molded-in color <- 材料着色
・着材 / color impregnation
- road clearance
・Ground clearance varies as a function of speed.
・Ride height is automatically lowered as speed increases to improve stability and handling
・Road clearance automatically rises to 6.0 in clearance on slow bumpy roads.
- minimum working voltage
・the grading of financial instruments
・Some manufacturing companies made more money through zaitech than through producing actual products.
- chroma (鮮やかさ)
・The lower the white content,the higher the color saturation.
- side boldter
・body retention given when the road turns twisty.
- side marker
・lamps placed as near as practicable to the front and rear edges to show the vehicle's overall length
- external mirror
・outside rearview mirror
・seil mirror/sail garnish
・脱落式 breakoff type/breakaway type
・可倒式 pivotable (pivotable if hit by an obstacle)
・highly faired mirror / sport mirror
- bodyside scuff molding
・bodyside molding / cladding /skirt
・body rub strips
・bodyside anti-scuff strips
・side sill protecator
・scuff plate (cover over door sill)
・see kickf panel
・chrome trim strips
・blank layout, stock layout, scrap-strip layout
- repeat service requirement rate
・vehicle trouble that the first service visit failed to correct
・bring-backs (The model had the fewest bring-backs in the first 90 days of ownership.
・oxidize combustibles in exhaust
- destruction resistance
・接着力はウレタンの材破以上のこと Adhesive strength to be higher than urethane's destructive resistance.
・防犯ラベル Adhesive labes left standing 24 h after bonding shall not come off in reuseable state.
・Substrate shall be destructed when subjected to 900 kg or over.
・Adhesive labels shall self-destruct or must otherwise make it obvious if they have been removed or otherwise altered.
- material rejects
・vs 工廃 process rejects
- recurrence prevention
・Well-conceived details emphasize lightness and function.
- break down to include
- cell strain
- simutaneous engineering
・A process in which multi-disciplined people with overlapping task strive toward a common goal.
・simultaneous engineering and supplier involvement in a development
・Pursue multiple programs simultaneously.
・vs sequential: over-the-fence engineering; Products "thrown over the wall" from department to department
- 共同 債務 joint obligation
・分割可能 債務 several obligation
・連帯 債務 joint and several obligation
- side member
・Regular recruitment of young workers suspended (要員補充を中止)
・mid-year recruitment (中途採用）
・internal recruitment (社内登用）
・hiring freezes 採用中止
- rewelding the joint
・thyristor switching control
- trickle charge
・raw materials use
・material cost / the amount of material
・材料表、材料明細、材料仕様書 a bill of materials
・材料補充 to replenish materials
・材料記号 materials notation
・材料節約 to conserve materials
- at its option
・Seller, at its option, wil repair or replace any products returned intact to the factory, transportation charges prepaid, which seller,upn inspection, shall determine to be defective.
- how best to
・Determine how best to design a mold that would produce the plastic components of the design.
- felt-tipped marker
- sign post
・roadside (proximity) beacon
・The display will indicate which route to take, adjusting itself to information it receives from beacons along the way.
・used to correct errors by dead reckoning
・誘導無線ビーコン inductive radio location system
- classroom training
・vs 実習 hands-on training
- upside down
・Stand the engine upside down (keep, set, hold)
・The jet was on its back (flip over and lie upside down)
- a grade
・up grade/uphill grade
- grade performances;
・Pull a trailer up a 30% grade at 6 km/h.
・Designed to start at a 16% grade when the vehicle is fully laden.
- grade parking
・parked pointing downhill
・Don't park on a steep grade / slope / gradient.
・Hill-hold a car.
・Don't hold the car on a hill with the engine straining against the partially engaged clutch.
- a grade
・Designed to start at a 16% grade when the vehicle is fully laden.
・If you are driving on an extended grade in hot weather, the fuel gauge pointer may reach to the top of the NORMAL bank.
- downhill braking
- heat up
- first-in first-out operation
- fraud, scams
- advance release
・先手図 advance drawing (熟成前)
- hald cone point
・Beat the deadline.
・Beat the California's Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle regulations.
・Comply with the standard a year ahead of tike
・Plan ahead of the competition/standard.
・Outpace the law in embracing sensitivity and diversity.
・Initiate the effort in anticipation of emerging marketplace needs and trends.
- forward contract
・The news of another oil shock sent futures prices for West Texas crude rocking past the $15 barrier.
- advance print (used for advance release)
・作業場 work site/work shop (light work, seminar)
・作業分担 work allotment
・作業配置 layout for operation
・作業内容 operation content
・インパネ作業 IP task
・運転作業 driving task
・危険監視作業 vigilance task
・目標追従作業 tracking task
- work environment
- Work Combination Table
- Work Instructions
・Work Instruction Sheet
- Work Instructions
・Work Instruction Sheet
・operation instruction sheet
- operator-induced error
- working sequence
- Operation Team Leader
- operation procedure
- activity lamps;
- operation standards
- line balancing
・The required times for each opertion on the line must be approximately the same. Times should be available for each opertion, and the equipment and personnel should be synchrnized to a comon balancing factor - usually expressed as time for workstation.
・Typically termed : avoidance of bottlenecks (elimination of idle time)
・cycle time, station time
・作業編成表 (山積み表） operation balancing chart
・作業編成ロス loss due to inefficient line balance (idle time/waiting time)
- work procedure chart
・pitting = gross porosity, cavity
- Filled by: （書式へ記入） / prepared by:
- data generated/prepared
- date of release
- execute and deliver
・a duly executed agreement
・Sign and date the agreement.
- Call for a timeout.
・to crush the tube a distance of 2"
- spotfacing (SP) <2-3 mm deep
- bottoming out
- drunk driving
・driving under inflence of alchohol
・drunk driving accidents
・Nab boozed-up motorists. (drunk drivers)
・Had-been-drunk cases: HBD cases
・sobriety test (see fuusentest)
・泥酔 The driver was intoxicated and was in no condition to give an accurate circumstance of crash.
- replacement drawing
- mark line
- slip-on welding
・説明 (Lubrication Instructions)
- stainless steel shim
・SUS passes only in Jpn.
- suspension tower
- drive-on-the-left standard
・Japan drives on the left; U.S. and Europe on the right.
・right-hand drive cars
- stated (quality policy)
・when design is required and the product requirements are stated principally in performance terms
・The supplier shall establish and maintain documented procedures to control all documents and data.
- Press CR (carriage return).
- foreign ion
- swaged hole
・swaged and punched
- washer head bolt
- sterilizer oven
- sac volume
・the recess within the nozzle tip, which acts as a feeder to the spray hole of a nozzle
- ・job evaluation
・下取車査定 trade-in assessment
・査定落ち no value 査定者 accessor
・作動部位 working parts
- functinal-temperature range
・working temperature range
・Urethane operates up to 350℃.
・a temperature performance range of -100 to 500℃.
・thermal stability in the range of --
・The adhesive maintaines its elastomeric propertties down to -100℃.
- activation time (re airbag)
- working chamber (re)
・defined between housing and rotor
- operating length (re spring)
- operating voltage
・最低作動保証電圧 marginal-operating voltage
・最低範囲保証範囲 normal-working range
- job mode (jsw)
- hydraulic fluid
・作動油 hydraulic oil
- ・enlightened followers of Aum
・Brands can take a beating and still survive. Yet thisis a new era, with more enlightened consumers (啓蒙）- and legions of lawyers in attach mode.
・赤錆 rust/red rust
・錆攻撃性 rust aggressiaveness
・stone pecking during vehicle preconditioning
・Using a stylus, scribe x through the paint to bare metal.
・錆止め塗装 corrosion-resistant coating
・錆止め油 slush (slushed surfaces)
・錆落し性 ease of rust removal
- corrosion resistance
・錆生成 buildup of corrosion
・錆種付け corrodents (Supply corrodents to perforation-sensitive areas.)
・perforation-prone/ -vulnerable/ - susceptable
・easily corroded area
・a problem area for rust-through
- coordinate value
・2点の座標 coordinate values of two points
・横座標 Y coordinate
・縦座標 X coordinate
・座標変換 coordinate transformation
- 本図はサフィックスをフォローしない (No revision suffix is used for this drawing. )
・(f) header tank, expansion tank for radiator
・差分法 finite difference method
・The colonials discriminated against those with darker skins. (racial discrimination)
- see 区別化
- end turns
- drizzle tester
- (the elbow) crushed
・spring seat, valve seat (弁座）
・ホルト underhead bearing surface
・ナット bearing surface
・座面展開値 spring seat face lead (中央発条）: developed drawing of spring bearing surface
・Do what I tell you, otherwise you'll be sorry.
・The tea gardens muststop funding militant groups. Otherwise, it'll be very difficult to bring peace to this region.
- Look right and left.
・左右、後方を確認 Look right, left, and back to see that no obstacles are in the way.
- evenly on right and left
- commonal to right and left
・right/left commonal: right/left commonized
- difference between RH and LH
・This drawing is symmetrical about 0BL except as noted.
・LH shown; RH opposite
・corresponence in relative positions of parts on opposite sides of a dividing line
- side to side movement
- right/left separate-action type
- left winger
・to be on the left to take the side of underdog, whoever that may be
・to take a stand with the depressed
- countersunk head bolt
- countersunk (CSK) hole
・皿角度 included angle of countersink
・皿もみ 皿とり、皿加工 countersinking
・皿もみ工具 countersinking/fraising tool
- spotty, rough
- disc spring
- Saran Net
・netting on speakers
- Saran Wrap
・see-through Saran Wrap
- touch mark
- release residual pressure
・Let out residual pressure.
- acid cleaning
- aegis (shield)
・Under the aegis of the vast VW group, Skoda is producing an ever more eclectic range.
- triangle manban/ trianble kanban?
- delta wave
- hazard warning triangle
・pivoting triangular vent provides visibility as well as ventilation
・CV window (controlled ventilation)
・front auarter vents / quarter lights
・pivoting side vent, door ventilator
- industry-academia collaboration
・synergy between industry and academia
・links between universities and industry in advancing technology
・Industry and academia pooled their resources.
- mountain road
・cross-country course including steep slopes
- oxidizing catalyst
・oxidizes CO and HC, which react with 0 to form CO2 and H2O.
・cannot handle NOx, necessitating use of EGR.
・Secondary air needed.
- sign up for
・The important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part, for the essential thing in life is not so much conquering as fighting well: Baron Pierre Coubertin
- titanium oxide
- scrap utilization
- iron oxide
・高酸化鉄 high iron oxide
- oxide film
- paid parental leave
- overtime work
・残業の風土 mental climate for accepting overtime work; tradition of
- reverberation time
- 産業廃棄物 （産廃）
- industrial waste
・dump site or just 'the dump' 投棄場
・clandestine dums at the side of quiet dirt roads
・産廃業者 industrial waste disposal operators/contractors
・where to dump the waste (refuse, sludge, metal slag, household garbge)
・OEMs are liable for actions of disposal contractors.
- industrial union
・産業別交渉 industry-wide bargaining
- 3K (汚い、危険、困難 dirty, dangerous, difficult)
・They trace it to a flood of fertilizer-rich runoff from as far upstream as the Corn Belt: the nutrient-rich water feeds bacteria and algae and depletes the oxygen fish need.
・Hypoxia can be reversed by weaning farmers off fertilizer and restoring water-filtering wetlands, but it requires a long, intensive effort.
- three way catalysts
・All three components (CO, HC, Nox) can be treated in the catalyst simultaneously.
- for your reference
・for your reference and possible use
・Brochure is enclosed in order that you may be advised of --
・As a point of reference it gets 20 miles to the gallon.
・the reference numeral 参考数字 in patent spec
・reference dimension 参考寸法
・supporting documents 参考書類
- literally, people from third countries
・derogatory term for foreigners
・people from former colonies, such as Taiwan and Korea.
- residual error
・残差平方根 residual sum of squares
・scrap strips and waste ends
- residual sum of squares
・3次元曲面ガラス compound curvature glass (compound-curvature and raked windshield)
- make reference to
- spray volume
- Sun Suede
- acid rain
- oxygen deprivation
- O2 storage
・improves A/F window.
・absorbs O2 on leaner side and releases O2 on richer side, thus to minimize fluctuation of A/F ratio.
- oxygen sensor
・exhaust gas oxygen sensor
・zirconia (ZrO2) EGO sensor
・measures the amount of excess oxygen in the exhaust relative to that in the air. When the exhaust goes from rich to lean, the oxygen sensor produces a signal that can be used to control the air/fuel ratio.
・pre-O2 sensor, post-O2 sensor
・O2 sensors before and after the catalyst
- O2 regulator valve
- oxygen concentration cell
・a concentration cell with zirconia does not conduct electricity until it reaches about 300℃, heated sensors may be used.
- scrap (re insurance)
・fluff (re recycling): the residue produced when cars are shredded before general buring
・Recover energy from fluff.
- Santa Rosa
- air supply set
・regulator, filter, lubricator/oiler
- three-point, diagonal shoulder belt
- new comer in the market
・European firms are muscling in and auctioning off more construcitions.
- three-across bench seat
・three-across rear/front bench seating
- remainder of one's term of office
- reference number
- third hand tap
- ・May we expect/anticipate to receive whatever opinions you may have on our views proposed/discussed in this paper.
・Looking forward to your views and opinions on this paper.
・We would appreciate receiving whatever opinions you may have about this paper.
・May we have the benefit of any suggestions you may care to make about this paper.
- sampling frequency
・How many times is the sound digital-recorded per second?
・1 KHz sampling: digitized 1/1000s
・CD: 44.1Hz 1 s: 1/44.100 (Hz) x 2 byte x 2 (stereo) 172 KB 10 MB 1 min 600 MB
・PC CD: 22 KBz, 8 bit sampling
・PCM 音源：sampling 音源
- sampled product (71)
- powdering device
- side-gate pickup body
・dropside gate body
・stake-type body: stakes inserted along outside edges to retain a load
- three-sheet spot welding
・3-metal spot welding
- the trinity
・plan, design, technology
・concept, technology, test
- senior member
- 3-element, 1-stage, 2-phase
・3-element: pump impeller, stator, and turbine runner
・1 stage: No. of turbine
・2-phase: converter range and coupling range
- scattered light/beam
- 3-L car
- residual stress
・残留騒音 residual noise
- fuel level
・useable fuel level
・how much gas you have in your tank
- 3 wheeler / tricycle
- sunroof / moonroof
- three-row seats
・three rows of seats
・2nd and 3rd row seats can be folded flat for cargo carrying.
・A third-row bench for two passengers that could be removed to restore the luggage space.
・Sit in the third seat if your wagon has this option.
- three-instrument cluster
- (082) 506-3233
- (082) 506-3234