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社内辞書

トランスワード社内辞書、和英50音順

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トランスワードが長年蓄積してきた、一般に公開されていない特殊な用語を公開します。
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仕上がり
workmanship
・workmanship and finish
・workmanship rating
・craftsmanship
仕上げ
finish
・Fit and finish sold
・quality of execution
・craftsmanship
幸せ
as happy as a clam
・as aclam at high tide, as a clam in mud
思案点
dead point
・turnover point (pedal)
G
・unit of acceleration equal to the acceleration of gravity
・circling the skid pad at 0.89 g
・An inertia force of 30 g must not release the deck lid.
・The Concorde passengers felt gentle tug of takeoff G forces.
Gカンバン流しレール
out-sourced parts flow rule
シークタイム
seek time
・the amount of time it takes to find data you want to use
ジーゲル電線
Sieger wire
シート一体ベルト
seat-integrated safety belt
・seat-integrated three-point safety belt
・The model integrates set belts, retractors, and structural support within the seat frame.
・incorporates a seat belt anchor attached to the seat frame, eliminating belt readjustment when the seat is moved.
シートカバー
seat cover
・seat warmer, fanny warmer
シートスライド
seat slide fine 10-mm pitch
・前進端 full-forward position
・後退端 rearmost position (Push all the way back.)
・前後移動量 fore-aft travel (distance)
シート、畳む
seat folds flat;
・The passenger seat folds flat.
・Right the seat.
・The passenger seat folds forward to create cubic inches of cargo capacity.
シート調整
seat control adjustment
・昇降 to raise or lower the entire seat
・The front lifter rocks the seat rearward, raising the front. (vs rear lifter)
・seat back filt/rake/inclination- full-rearward rake position
・The backrest recliner is a rachet tye and some drivers need a position between the detents.
・fore/aft slide in fine 10 mm pitch
・It is orthopedically designed and fine adjustments allowed in eight ways.
・シート自動調整 a personalized memory for driver's seat
・シート調整距離 ride travel
シートバック
seat back (2 words)
・シートリフタ seat lifter - The lever enables the seat to rock rearward, raising the front of the seat bolster at the same time to avoid thigh-wheel interference.
シート分割
The rear seat split is 40/60, with each seat able to be individually folded.
・The rear seats offer 60/40 split for hauling skies and people at the same time.
シートベルトELR
emergency locking retractor;
・The ELR has 1700 mm of webbing wound up.
シートベルトイナーシャ
inertia reel lap and shoulder bolts
シートベルト格能力
force to draw up the belt;
・In simulated vehicle position, force to draw up the last 50 mm is 90 gr.
シートベルト規準テスト
baseline test (w/t preloader activation)
シートベルト警報
seat belt reminder
・The warming buzzer is replaced with polite deep beap.
・"Please fasten your seat belt."
・(f) Beltminder: seatbelt usage reminder system uses red light and chimes
シートベルト腰
lap belt;
・pelvic restraint belt
シートベルト子供用
child seat belt;
・child restraint
・child seat harness
・infant and toddler restraint belt
シートベルト誤爆
inadvertent firing of preloader
シートベルト3点
three-point seat belt;
・three-anchorage seat belt
・inboard anchor
・lap and diagonal seat belt
・lap/shoulder belt
シートベルト締まり特性
tight-drawing characteristics;
・That portion of the belt which is loosely wound up on retractor reel must first be drawn tight around the locked reel before restraint force can develop.
・締める To adjust the lap part of the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt until the lap belt fits snugly around your hips.
シートベルト受動装着
motorized seat belt;
・passive seat belt / passive automatic feature for tension actuation
・Once the car is started, the belt, positioned well forward of the seat, glides backwards along a track above the door and wraps across the motorist's torso.
シートベルト装着
strap on your seat belt.
・buckle up
・Fit the belt snagly.
・Fasten/wear the buckle
・Some don't like to be restrained and immobilized, so they refuse to properly adjust safety belts.
シートベルト,電動
motorized seat belt;
・passive seat belt / passive automatic feature for tension actuation
・The belt is positioned well forward of the seat. Once the car is started, itg glides backward along a track above the door and wraps across the motorist's torso.
シートベルト伸び出し
spool out
・wind out/play out (vs draw/wind in)
シートベルトのゆるみ
belt slack
・The shoulder belt has a comfort slack that allows you to set a small amount of alack so that the belt is not too snug against you.
・If the belt is too loose, it will provide significantly less protection.
シートベルトバックル
buckle
・Pull the belt across your shoulder and chest, and insert the tongue into the nearest buckle on your seat until you hear a snap and feel it lock.
・To unlatach the tongue from the buckle, push the red release button on end of the buckle.
・bracket to provide for potential anti-rotation of harness ブラケットは結合時バックル取付け具の観点防止に備える
シートベルトピッタリ
Be sure lap belts fit snugly
・To adjust the lap part of the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt until the lap belt fits snugly around your hips.
シートベルトプリテンショナ
seat belt pretensioner
・safety belt pretensioners
・removes slack in the event of a collision
シートベルト巻量
length of webbing wound up
・The ELR has 1700 mm of webbing wound up.
シートベルトもつれ直し
untangle/untwist
シートベルトリトラクタ
seat belt retractor
・Retraction force is produced by pre-loading device
シートボルスタ
seat bolsters
・cushion bolsters
・side support
G抜け
surge (braking)
・fleeting G drop / faint drop in G when braked
シーブルック
Seabrook, tradename of a fabric
シーラー
sealer シール剤
・protects part surfaces
シーラント
sealant
・prevents seepage of liquids or gas
・= filler, gap-filling adhesive
・applied on pipe joints/threads
・to seal pipe fittings with an anaerobic sealant
・Some tires contain a puncture-sealant compound eliminating the spare tire.
シール
seal
・to seal combustion gas
・The tire seals in air. The tire bead seals airtight against the rim.
・This seal seals out dust. (sealded-beam headlamp, sealed housing for evapo determination, rubber door seal)
・to seal out dirt (contaminant excluding lip)
・シール面 sealing surface (required flat)
・シール性 sealing performance, sealability (air tightness of ash tray)
・シール対象 matter to seal
・to seal in coolant (fluid retaining lip)
シールド構成
shield construction
・打数、持数,素線径 carriers/ends/diameter 編組率 braiding ratio 外装ブレード cover hraid
・シールド線 shielded wire/cable
・シールドジョイント shield joint
・シールドアーク溶接 shielded arc welding
・シールドガス shielding gas
・to join wires by splicing braided shields
自衛
self defense
・Don't run the serious risk of denying ourselves our own peace and prosperity.
・自衛隊 Self Defense Forces (Japan's term for its military)
自営
self employed
シェッピングエア
shaping air
ジェナイト
jennite
・epoxy floor material resempling P tile
シェルモールド
shell mold
・resembles a hollowed-out doughnut sliced into two.
・Shell making machine (Dump type 4-station rotary unit)1 金型加熱 pattern heating2 砂箱 Sandbox is inverted for all resincoated sand to fall on the pattern. Resin fluxes by the heat of pattern and bonds the sand. Then the pattern is turned over to remove excess sand. 3 Molds are cured and shells baked. 4 Unloading: Hardened mold is stripped from the pattern. Shell halves are bonded with liquid resin hinder. 5 Pouring
シェルモールドダイス付き
backmetal shell molding
・X process
・permanent back plate
・Resin-coated sand is injected through holes in the thin-wall shell, with saving of sand. (Conventional shell mold is packed with iron shots to support against metal pressure.)
・背面金型 formed-back molding
(部署)支援 G
Production Support Group
時延継電器
time delay relay
road salt
・de-icing salt
視界
・後方 rearward view (The rear headrests are adjustable so as not to impare the driver's rear vision)
・前方 forward view (enhanced by sharply sloping nose) / road view
・側方 lateral view (low window sill)
・視界不良 poor visibility
視界
(field of) view/vision
・visual field, visibility
・driver's front and rear fields of vision
・The steering wheel spoke placement allows unimpeded view of the main instrument cluster. (unobstructed)
・Corner posts made thinner for better vision gives a light open feel.
・Due to the thin pillar, an increased field of glass, and the low beltline, vision is excellent.
磁界強度
magnetic field intensity
・extent of magnetic field
司会者
議長 chairperson討論会の facilitator / moderator of a sessin
市街地燃費
city fuel economy
・city cycle fuel economy
・city driving mileage representataive of normal everyday driving
・FTP (Federal Test Procedure) test cycle consisting of a transient driving cycle with an average speed of 19.6 mph
仕掛り品
work-in-process
・work-in-process reduction
・in-process parts
・floats
資格試験
equivalency exams
・Some obtain their high-school diploma by taking equivalency exams.
・資格規準 qualification criteria
・資格認定(適格性確認)qualification/qualify
仕掛けかんばん
production instruction kanban
直か差し
direct connection, direct wire, leadless connection 直付け
自画自賛
blow one's own horn
・Not to blow our own horn, but as the leading semiconductor provider for the automotive industry, we can connect you with an amazing range of smart solutions.
自家充電
homebase recharging of batteries
しかたがない
I don't like it but that's life.
・It can't be helped.
地金
metal charge (furnace)
磁化の大きさ
magnitizing power
・磁化された磁石: magnets
自家発電
private generation
・non-utility generation
・independent generation for emergency
・independent generating station
・service power generation (常用)
・emergency power generation (非常用)
自家用車
private cars
シカラップ
scraper きさげ
時間
・正味稼動時間 productive time
・付随時間 time for contingencies (material handling, etc.)
・実動時間 uptime
・停止時間 downtime
・作業時間 operation time
・待ち時間 waiting time
・devloped in the shortest amount of time
・The process can be performed in as little as 24 h.
時間管理
time management
・To set the hour, press SET until you reach the hour you want.
・Press RESET to select the minute you want.
時間差納入
stagger delivery
・assigning specific times of the day and metering the flow so a plant has a balanced amount of trucks coming in
時間表示
time display
・The time display is distinguished from the elapsed time display by a non-flashing colon.
・When the clock shows the time, yo see a colon that does not flash.
時間率容量
ampere-hour capacity
・(20 時間率容量で60時間 Ah のバッテリとは 6Aの電流で20時間放電しても放電終止電圧以下にならない)
時間を合わせる
set the hour
・Press SET until you reach the hour you want.
・Press RESET to select the minute you want.
敷金
spacer plates/sheets
私企業
privately held company
・privately-owned airline (vs state-owned)
私企業化
privatization
・to privatize public-sector enterprize
地傷
base metal flaws
しきたり
conventions
・gradual improvement of existing conventions
磁気探傷
magnetic-particle inspection
・顕色剤 developer
・磁粉散布ガン wet particle spray gun
・ブラックライト near-ultraviolet spray gun to fluoresce under black light.
・normal daylight or white light illumination
磁気探傷コイル法
coil conduction: lengthwise magnitization
磁気探傷、軸電通
lengthwise conduction
・Circular magnetization is produced by passing current through the part to be tested.
・This creates a magnetic field around and within the part at right angles to the direction of current in the part. Wherever this magnetic current cuts across a crack, it attracts and holds iron powder.
・Longitudinal magnetization: the part is magnetized lengthwise to fine transverse cracks (crosswise cracks)
・像 an indication
・磁粉液 particles (can be readily dispersed in a liquid vehicle)
・磁気特性 megnet property/effect
色調
color tone
敷きならし
placing and spreading (concrete)
色斑
blocky spots
・acid spotting and staining
・色差 coloer difference (quantitative evaluation)
・色相 hue
・色温 color temperature
識別
identifications
・確実に識別できる特徴 positive identification
・識別子 descriptor (re multiplex)
・識別色 ID color
四球
a walk drawn
時給
hourly rates
事業
business undertaking / business
・事業内容 business line - The corporation's main business is producing and selling toys.
・事業と取引 to carry out business and transaction
・事業展開 expand the business
・project
事業家
entrepreneur 起業家
事業活動
business activities
・事業計画 business program/plan
・事業計画書 business master plan
・事業戦略 business strategy
・事業採算性 business feasibility / profitability / viability
自強作用
self servo, self energizing
事業所
business place
・business entity, location
事業体
business unit
・business establishments / business entities / firms、entities
・新規事業 newly established firms
事業代行
serve as an agent (for all relevant business activities)
・vicarious agency
仕業点検
routine daily checkup
・routine checkup before starting
・a basic day-to-day maintenance
磁極
magnetic polarity
仕切り
invoice
・detail of a good delivered
・doubles as a bill
仕切り板
dashboard
地切り停止
Stop the die just after taking off the ground.
仕切る
run programs
・Inmates now are running literacy and health programs in prison.
shaft (回転)
・rod (非回転)
・axis (軸線)
治具
jig
・holds work while an operation is performed or while assembling parts into a complete mechanism. - drill jig, reaming jig, tapping jig, counterboring jig
・fixture: fixed to the table/base, locates work / welding fixture 溶接冶具- welding fixture / milling fixture / test fixture
・軸径 shaft diameter
・軸重 axial weight
・軸荷重 load per axle
・軸間距離 shaft center distance (gear and pitman)
・軸の肩 shaft shoulder
・軸部 shank (bolt, drill)
・軸トルク engine torque 軸出力
・軸流式 axial-flow type
軸圧縮
axial crush
軸圧スラスト
end pressure
軸受
・固定側 fixed bearing
・自由側 floating bearing
・軸受け台 bearing stand (pedestal)
・軸受鋼 bearing steel
軸規準
basic shaft system 最大軸径を規準として穴径を変える
ジグザグ路
switchbacks; road climbing zigzag
軸電流
shaft current
・軸の一端から軸受け、その指示部、枠組みを通って他端に循環して流れる、 回転機の損失になる
軸方向悪圧壊強度
axial collapse strength
・軸方向の振れ shaft runout on diameter
ジグボール
jig borer
・jig boring machine
仕組み (体制)
mechanism
・推進体制つくりと仕組みつくり Establish the structure and setup for pushing cost reduction.
時系列
sequential
・sequential execution / sequence of operation / program sequence
・Arange the samples in chronological order.
シケイン
chicane
字消し板
eraser sheet
止血剤
a hemostatic
資源
natural resources
・We will deplete our supply of fossil fuel in 50 to 70 years.
・resource depletion
・資源枯渇 resource depletion
・資源の管理 control of resourcs
次元
order
試験管受精
in-vitro fertilization
・human cloning and designer babies
時限装置
timer
試験手順書
test procedures
試験片
・specimen
・試験方法 test method
・試験条件 test conditions (always plural)
・試験温度 test temperature (not 'testing')
・試験路 test roads; test track 総称
・試験操作 test procedure
・試験用粉体 test dust (air cleaner)
事故
accident
・machine-related mishap 機械事故
・driving mishap, road accident 運転事故
・accident and calamity
・The actual accident is a damage in the product or facility, while calamity is a personal injury.
・An incident means material or facility loss or damage and minor injuries (such as cuts or abrasions)
・A calamity means more serious or fatal injuries.
・定款 Should any unexpected event prevent the president from presiding over the meeting, an executive director shall serve as chairman.
事後
post-event
・post-event driving states
時効
the statute of limitations lifted
治工具
jigs and tools
・tool and die
・tool
・loading tool (heat treatment)
自硬鋼
self-hardening steel
試行錯誤
trial-and-error fixes
・Whatever your approach, there isn't a magic fix that works for everyone. Finding out what's best for you is a process of trial and error.
・trial and error iteration / trial and error approaches to problem solving
・are costly and time-consuming
・build and test
・error-prone and time-consuming input
・The systems approach emphasizes modeling and analysis to replace cut-and-try engineering.
字光式
illuminated (license plate)
自業自得
brought this on oneself
・Clinton brought this on himself.
・Has only himself to blame.
指向性凝固
directional solidification
施行責任者
contractor in charge
・responsible contractor
試雇期間
probation period
事故再現
accident reinstatement
・Recreate the sequence of events surrounding the fiery crash.
・a reenactment of the crash
事故死傷
injuries and fatalities due to accidents
・事故車 crashed car
・事故電流 fault current (3E)
自己相殺関数
auto correlation coefficient
自己直進性
linear self-steering behavior
・free-control straight line stability
仕事の満足
The loss of jog satisfaction is a high price to pay to eliminate perceived inefficiencies from our places of work.
仕事ぶり
manner of working
仕事率
power
・仕事量 work load
・work load done in unit time- throughput
事故連絡表取扱い規定
rules on circular of accident/failure/incident
施策
measure, step, action
試作
prototype
・development prototype / prototype unit/vehicle
・trial production in product development / trial manufacture in product design / running protype
・試作承認状態 proto-ready / rapid prototyping (RP)
・試作型 prototype tooling
・Kirksite tool vs aluminum/steel injection tooling/molds
・インライン試作 in-line protyping / 試作図 prototype drawing
・量産試作 production proveout prototype
・平行試作 concurrent prototyping
・mock-up 切り張り試作品
試作
build / development build
・prototype build (proto itself); prototype build and test
・試作計画 build plan
・試作行程 build process
・試作レベル build level
・組立て試作 assembly build
指差呼称
point and speak out
四三酸化鉄
tri-iron tetroxide
指示
direction, instructions
・指示計 indicator
資質
all that it takes
・Hillary has all that it takes to win the Senate seat.
事実の誤認
mistake in fact
指示なきR
radii without R dimension
磁石電動回転式
magneto-electronically rotating type
四捨五入
round off
・Where the digit next beyond the last digit to be retained is less than 5, the last digit should not be changed. When it is 5 or more, the last digit should be increased by 1.
・4.4682 becomes 4.463 when rounded to three places. 4.4638 becomes 4.464.
・2.35 in rounded figures
・round to the nearest whole number.
・Round off to three decimal places.
・4.46324 rounded to three places would be 4.463.
・round up / round down
・raise to the nearest unit.
・Count 0.6 as 1 and disregard the rest (truncate the rest)
自社設計
in-house-designed SUV
自社比 (当社比)
improvement over its previous model
自重
tare weight
・自重トルク dead weight torque
自重トルク
dead weight torque
自重落下
gravity fall
・free fall
自主規制
・self-imposed quota / allotment program
・voluntary restraint agreement
・hardly voluntary: strong-armed to cut exports
自主性
independency / autonomy / free will
・自主管理 operator check prior to inspection
・自主規格 internal standards / voluntary standards
試乗
ride evaluation
・drive evaluatin / demonstration drive /
・Kick the tire and take a test ride.
・試乗会 drive evaluation event
市場
marketplace
・marketplace competition/demands
・survival in the marketplace
・Reduce warranty claims after the vehicles are out on the road.
・市場調査 market evaluation / Test-market to gauge public reaction.
・市場テスト field test, road test; Track- and road-test the car.
・市場クレーム field claims
・市場占拠率 market share / The firm controls 80% of the market.
・市場性 marketability, saleability, customer value, product value
・市場の要求 Ensure that technology development is guided by market pull.
紙上
(on paper)
市場、売り・買い
on the market
・We hope to have modular V-8 engine on the market this fall.
・a forgotten orphan on the market
・It's the quietest car on the market. in the market
・He is in the market for a good used car. / That house is in the market.
・The car is a forgotten orphan in the marketplace.
市場回収品
field-failed parts recovered
市場開放
Open capital market to foreign investors.
市場経過車
in-use cars
・Emissions emphasis shifted from new-vehicle certification to in-use field surveilance.
・In-service cars in customer's hands.
・automobiles on the road
市場経済
market economy
・marketplace competition, marketplace pull
・market-driven economics
・free market (vs command economy)
・Ease the bureaucrats and politicians out of the driver's seat and let market forces take over.
市場実績
field data
・tested and proved out in the field
市場の位置づけ
market positioning
・a segment in which a new model wil compete
・Position the new car to attract young, more affluent, import-minded buyers, while retaining appeal for the present owner base.
指触乾燥時間
setting-to-touch time
・the time paint takes to dry to a condition where it no more sticks to a lightly touched fingertip
指針
guideline
自信
confidence (An organization should provide confidence to its management and other employees that the requirements for quality are being fulfilled and maintained, and that quality improvement is taking place.)
指針照明
needle lighting/illumination
・指針測微計
止水性
watertight
・seal in water
紙数
Space limitation prevents a detailed representation of --
システムフィル
system fill
・the point between the end of 4P and the start of Job #1
・Usually about two weeks before Job #1
・No turnaround time for change between 4P and system fill
姿勢
stance
・When raising a heavy thing, be sure to adjust your stance.
・positions (welding) 上向き姿勢 overhead position 下向き姿勢 flat = downhand p. 立て向き姿勢 vertical (fillet) p. 水平姿勢 horizontal p.
磁性
magnetism / magnetic effect/properties
自生発芽
self sharpening/dressing
・no interruption to dress abrasives
自然食品
organic foods
自然人
person (vs firm)
・自然色 natural color
・自然乾燥 air-dry (強制乾燥 force-dry)
・自然切替え using up the stock before sending replacements
・自然スキン mold skin (vs 硬質スキン solid skin
自然退職
attrition / attrition rate
・waiting for attrition instead of arbitrary dismissal or layoff
事前に
beforehand / in advance
・prior notice / advance notice
自然暴露
outdoor weathering
自然保護
conservation
・Preserve and protect natural resources.
・Wildlife conservative area
死蔵
dead accumulation
・of obsolete parts
自走式
self-propelled
磁束
magnetic flux
四則演算
four rules
・addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
仕損
process scrap (= 工廃)
下穴
hole
・下穴深さ DRILL 112 mm ねじ深さ TAP 10 mm
・tap hole: a hole to be tapped
・セレーション7下穴明け drill for serratin
・rough hole (0.5 mm のドリルで下穴をあけ0.7 mm のドリルで仕上げる)
・下穴あけ径 hole drilling diameter
死体
cadavors / tests with cadavors
下請け (協力企業)
subcontractors (not used in m)
・supplier (1st, 2nd, 3rd tier suppliers)
・outside suppliers (vs in-house suppliers)
下敷き
pinned under a car
下地処理
surface preparation
・pre-treatment, surface treatment
・surface conditioning (before plating, etc.)
・下地不良 nonconforming surface
下取り
trade-in
下塗り
E-coat / ED
・primer coating
・primer for corrosion resistance
・spot flash primer 部分下塗吹きつけ
下盤
lower plate
下巻き
undertaping
下回り
underbody parts / undercarriage parts
下回る
undercut
・The car achieves drastic reductions in the three major exhaust pollutants, undercutting Japan's 2000 exhaust emissions standards, which mandate a 68% lower level than the current regulations.
下向き傾向
a trend down
・Car sales are showing a trend down. (vs growing)
時短
shorter worktime
・Shorten working hours from 2100 h to 1800 h.
・shorter workweek
・Porsche will put 4000 of its 9000 workers on short time.
示談
out-of-court settlement
・precourt settlement
次長
Deputy General Manager, 〜Division
・senior manager
Department (Dept.)
実R
true R
失火
misfire
・ignition miss
・a failure to ignite the A/F mixture in one or more cylinders without stalling
・半失火 2/4 misfire (mixture in 2 of 4 cylinders)
実確,実車確認
Inspect the part as installed in vehicle
実角
actual angle
・実角方向のR true R
しっかり感
feel of solidity
実技
skill実技教習 practical schooling (Groups of machinists are given three weeks'pracitcal schooling on advanced equipment)
実機エンジン
bench test engine
実技教習
practical schooling
・Troups of machinists are given three weeks' practical schooling on advanced equipment.
湿気室
humidity chamber
実機テスト
bench test
・単品テスト、台上テスト (Does not travel)
・on-engine test (firing/motoring)
・to engine-test the valve spring
・an engine mounted on a rigid test fixture
実機テスト規準
engine test standard
しつけ
adherence level to standards/discipline
実験
experiment
・physical testing, real-scale dynamic experiment
・production validation
実現化
the realization (of product)
実験型具
experimental die
・constructed with an adjustable die opening
実験計画法
design of experiment
実現性
feasibility
・"Fountain of Youth." Scientists are far from making it a reality.
・That concept appears promising to realize in the future.
実行
run the program
実行
execute a plan
・to fulfil a mission / to follow through on a pledge
・a discipline to follow through
実行依頼
request for action
実行可能法
feasible directions method
実行計画
action plan
実行時間
execute time
・実行状態 active state (PC), CPU in running state
・実行段階 execute phase
・実行可能状態 ready state
・実行プログラム executatable program
・実行禁止 execute inhibited
・実行速度 execute rate
・実行不能 non-executable file
・実行終了 end of run
実効値
effective value
実効リアクタンス
effective reactance
実固有ベクトル
real eigen value
実施
implement
・embody
・useful info for implementing and operating quality system
・implementing plan
・implemented as documented 文書にしたがって実施
・conduct / carry out
・undertaking tests and demonstrations
実施
perform (activities/audits performed)
・(patent) practice (of invention): make, use, and sell
・実施依存 implementation dependent (can't tell before you do)
・実施活動 implementation activity
・実施期限 deadline for retrofit; expiration date, expiry date
・実施技法 operational techniques
・実施項目 implementation items
・実施状況 performance (of the quality system)
・実施段階 implementation phase (execute)
・実施中の systems of weight and measures prevailing in the U.S.
実施
・実施手順書 operational procedure
・実施に移す reduce to practice
・実施の形態 embodiment
・実施日 effective date, date of incorporation
・実施法 practices as required for mutual int'l recognition - やりかたpractices specific to an organization - procedures and processes - process recipe
・実施方法 operational means
実施権
license, licensing right
・実施権許諾 licensing
・再実施権 sub-licensing right
・黙示
・明示 implicit/explicit
・相互 cross licensing
・一方 one way
・選択 optional
・通常 non-exclusive
・専用 exclusive
・予約契約 agreement to reserve sublicense
実質賃金
real wages
実質的
virtually
・substantially, effectively, essentially
実車走行テスト
road test
・road drive evaluation
・over-the-road test
・to road-test in Sweden in February
・Road testing duplicates most of what the customer will experience.
・field test / real-world testing
実車テスト
vehicle test
・on-vehicle durability test 車載耐久 / vehicle testing of airbags Vehicle-evaluate the device.
・Test on a vehicle under road conditions, dynamic test、
・Test in the lab and on a vehicle.
実車取付け状態
in vehicle position (Check the carpet in vehicle position.)
・in simulated on-vehicle position
・Mount the printed circuit in a manner representing a vehicle application.
・to evaluate on body buck
・Test on a simulated fixture.
・Test the washer at a functional position.
実車マッチング評価
on-vehicle evaluation for matching
実習
hands-on training (vs classroom training 座学)
・on-the-spot training
実証
demonstrate / prove / validate
・Demonstrate the system in a vehicle within two years. The next step is to develop working models of a complete system to prove fuel cell feasibility.
・the extent to which the total quality is known and proven
・The Jeep's 3.2 decibel noise reduction was validated in lab and field tests.
実証
validate
・Proven to out-perform conventional disposable filters.
実施料
license fee
・継続 running royalty
・低額 fixed license fee
・一括 lump sum payment
・頭金 initial payment
・最低 minimal fee
・前払い advance fee
・次年度 due renewal fee
・計算書 accounting of royalties due
実施領域
implementation domains
実施例
embodiment
・最適実施例 embodiment in preferred construction
・変更実施例 embodiment in modified construction
・Although only one embodiment of the invention has been described herein, various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.
・working examples
実数
actual number, real number
実隙
clearance スキ
・実スキ1.0: min clearance (用具設計において部品間の実スキ)
・組立て工具が入る隙 assembly tool clearance
実寸
actual dimension, measured dimension
実勢価格
actual price (vs promotional)
実績
performance
・Tested and proved out in the field (field data)
・市場実績 market-proven, road-proven reliability, proven with no field performance issues experienced
・a proven 165 hp V6 / proven technology, proven quality
・connectors proven in truck environments
・proven in production; production-proven
・使用実績 proved in service- Avoid applications as it has never been put to use. - Surgery still an unproved remedy.
・credentials (経歴。証明)
実績
(past) performance
・apparent difference between the EPA fuel economy estimates and the actual fuel economy performance of vehicles in use
・Sales in Europe reached 14.3 mil vehicles in 1998, the best performance since 1990.
・objectives and performance 目標と実績
実績中心
stress on ability
実線
solid line / full line
質素
stark (instrument panel)
・uncluttered
実装
mount
・mount SMD (surface mounted devices: miniturized electronics like capacitors, resistors - smaller than match head - bonded to circuit board / semiconductor mounting
・surface-mount assembly
・surface-mount soldering
・surface-mount compatible designs
失速
loss of traction
・stall
実測データ
actual measurements
実態
substance
実態写真
stereophotograph
・実態像 stereographic model
実地教育
hands-on training ハンズオン
・Sunracer and Methanol Marathon competition provide students with hands-on learning experience to complement their classroom education
・実地テスト real-world testing
実地訓練
practice
室長
Manager / General Manager
実長
developed length
・straight measurement / vs arc length 展開長
失透
low light transmisstion
室内広さ
roominess
・interior space
・interior spaciousness
・The car feels roomier than its outside dimensions suggest.
・The back seat is not crampped between the rear wheel housings.
室内
interior
・occupant/passenger compartment
・トラック truck cab interior
十把ひとからげ
lump together
・treat things in the same way
・The practice of lumping together juveniles and adult criminals still exists in some prisons in the U.S.
実務教育
practical education
実用化
commercialization
・Develop into a commercial reality.
・commercially accepted
・commercial applicability
・That will be in service around 2003.
・Stirling is still some way from being developed to a level of reasonable cost-effectiveness in practical service.
実用化
commercialization
・develop into a commercial production
・to come to commercial use
・advent and commercialization
・commercially accepted
・develop and put into practical reality
・to become reality
・That will be in service around 2003.
・Stirling is still some way from eing developed to a level of reasonable cost-effectiveness in practical service
・It's tough taking that first research project out of the lab and making it into a product people will buy.
・Get your global pland into gear.
実用化
come to fruition
・"Smart" highway won't come to fruition any time soon
実用化の可能性
commercial potential
・Driver warning has the most immediate commercial potential.
・Bio-muscle equipment remains years from reality, because the polymer strips and gels being used for muscles are far too pliant to lift heavy weights.
実用車
utility car / workhorse wagon / economy car
実用出力域
normal rpm range, daily rev range
実用新案
utility model device
実用燃費
normal driving fuel economy 日常燃費、常用燃費
・real world fuel economy
・Mileage in normal everyday use depends upon each driver's individual mix of city and highway economy.
・average fuel economy
実力値
performance values
・actual values
視程
sight distance
時定数
time constant
指摘点
a point of criticism
・Rear-seat knee room, a point of criticism, is improved by 41 mm.
自転
single rotation, turn on its own axis
自転車道路
cycle road/route / cycle paths/track
・自転車横断路 bicycle crossing
指度
indication accuracy
・指度誤差 indication error
・speed indication accuracy
自動運転
driver non-attentive system
・removes the driver from the equation and may not seem palatable to many who feel it is a right to draive any vehicle anywhere.
自動運転中
In Auto Operation
自動化(部署)
Auto Group (Auto Gr.)
自動化
automation
自動改行
line feed
・強制改行 carriage feed
自動起動
auto actuation
・予告警報 alarm for imminent actuation
自動交通信号
coordinated traffic signals
・traffic-actuated signals
・自動光電計測装置 photoelectric counter
始動時保証電圧
startup voltage
指導者
mentor
自動車後進国
less-motorized countries
・later arrivals in the automotive scene
・自動車先進国 advance-motorized countries The U.S. is the most mobile society on this planet.
自動車試験場
proving grounds
・Track laps proved out months of lab checks on individual sysems now mated as a complete vehicle.
自動車事故
road accident
・car crashes
自動車税
annual automobile tax
自動車電話
car telephone
・hands-free/off cellular telephone
自動車電話
car telephone
・cell(ular) telephone
・hands-free cell phone
・mobile phone (fully wired into a car; integral phone
・transportable: "bag" phone
・portable: briefcase size
・personal: pocket size
自動車盗難対策
anti-theft devices
・自動車盗難法 Motor Vehicle Theft Law
・radio frequency immobilizer
・vehicle security immobilizer / automobile security
・Inductive key has 1.1 trillion code possibilities.
自動車泥
car thief
・professional thieves, car theft business, auto theft ring
・Most cars can be vulnerable to determined and skilled car thieves.
・Despite all the effort and expense, if thieves want a car, they are likely to take it, anyway.
・Real quick and dirty thieves will just throw a rock or a brick through a window.
自動車評論家
antomotive analysts
自動車部品
automotive parts
自動車保有率
car ownership
・car population / butomobile density
自動車メーカ
automaker
・automotive manufacturer
自動走行
autonomous driving
・Autonomous intelligent cruise control safeguards the distance to the next car using a ranging sensor and vehicle control.
・adaptive vehicle control
・extensive subsystem interaction to enhance functiondriving by wire
・No mechanical link from the gas pedal to the engine - a computer controls acceleration.
自動走行
automated vehicle operation
・interplay between vehicles and transportation systems on which they operate
・vision systems, radar, in-road magnets
・hands-off and feet-off operation
・Of the 2500 km run, only 15 necessitated manual takeover.
自動走行
autonomous driving
・Autonomous intelligent cruise control safeguards the distance to the next car using a ranging sensor and vehicle control.
・adaptive vehicel control
・extensive subsystem interaction to enhance function
・自律走行 <−
・driving by wire (No mechanical link from the gas pedal to the engine)
・automated vehicle operation in which the system takes over control of the vehicle
・interplay between vehicles and transportation systems, radar, in-road magnets
・hands-off and feet-off operation
・解除 Of the 2500 km run, only 15 necessitated manual takeover.
・The system turns itself off when it is confused.
自動走行車
intelligent car
・vehicles that control themselves
自動走行路
automated roadways
・The roadway magnets provide info on vehicle direction while the radar provides info on the proximity of leading and trailing vehicle for proper separation.
自動走行路
automated roadways
・The roadway magnets provide information on vehicle direction while the radar provides information on the proximity of leading and trailing vehicle for proper separation.
自動挿入
automatic feeding
・Make it unnecessary for the operator to place the hands in the danger zone when feeding stock.
始動増量
startup enrichment
自動追従
automatic headway control
・cooperative headway control (would place cars in convoys and coordinate their speed and spacing.)
・Vehicles are automatically chauffered from on-ramp to off-ramp.
自動追尾
automatic tracer
・3-m auto-aiming tester
自動点灯
automatic on/off control
・Headlamps switch themselves onn automatically when darkness falls and vice versa.
・automatic light-up
自動盗難防止
passive arming
・Simply turning off the ignition and removing the key arms the system. Conversely, inserting the key in the ignition disarms it.
・The inconvenience of setting the system is eliminated.
自動投入ロボット
loading robot
自動塗布
automatic dispensing
・automatic robot application
自動取出し
automatic unloading (stamping)
自動盤
automated machines
・自動機 automated equipment
自動ロックドア
automatic locking door
・The doors automatically lock when car starts moving.
自動ワイパ
automatic activation wiper
・raindrop sensor wiper
・moisture-sensing automatic wiper
しなやか
pliable
・Check the hoses by feel; they should be pliable.
・しなやかな走り agile and flexible - move with quick and easy grace
シニアエキスパート
Senior Expert (SX)
死に体
lame duck (vs dead duck)
視認
visual identification
・visual perception
・Laidout for easy reading
・The instrumentation needs no hunting.
・high visibility in ambient light
・The speedo is lit in green and easy to read in bright or dim light.
・In daylight it's difficult to make out what some of the instruments are trying to say.
・The speedo washes out in bright sunlight.
字抜き
backlit liquid crystal display (LCD)
・backlighted words on dark background
・negative mode display, negative contrast
・シンボル抜き、透過
自賠責
mandatory liability insurance, compulsory
地場サプライヤ
local suppliers
地はだ
unplated areas
支払不能
insolvency
・支払停止 suspension of payment
地盤
electrorate constituents
・The LPD was deserted by rural voters and construction workers, two of its sturdiest constituents.
地盤沈下
land subsidence
市販品
goods on the market
・市販油 commercial oil (vs experimental oil)
しびれ(シート関係)
tingling
・poor blood circulation and numbness
シフトライト
shift indicator ligtht
シフトロック
shift lock
・prevents shifting the transmission out of park without brake pedal depression.
・prevents "pedal misapplication."
・shift lock release key cylinder
しぶり
resistance
・snatchiness
時分割
time sharing
・time division
次ページへ
Over, please
grain
・cast skin closely simulating the appearance, feel, and gloss of real leather
・camera case finis
・woodgrain, walnut grain
・leathergrain
・絞かじり grain nibbling
死亡事故
accident fatalities
絞り
drawing (press)
・深絞り deep drawing: a sheet of metal is pressed around a die until it thins out and is joined perfectly.
絞り出す
squeeze out
・extract, take out forcibly
fringes (ほろぐらむ)
・縞円状 radial and concentric pattern
・縞状2次線 contour map
・縞模様 mapping
自前
(India wants an indigenous industry.)
・地元メーカ indigenous manufacturers, home-grown automakers (vs transplants)
始末書
written apology
・required if students misbehave in school, if foreign residents forgetto inform the ward office when they move, --
しまりばめ
interference fit
しみ
(discolored) spots
・blocky stains
地味
conservative / to dress conservatively
シミー
shimmy
・front wheel shimmy / front end shimmy
・The wheels shake violently side to side.
しみ出し
bleeding
・CFC-12 bleeds from hoses.
シミュレーション
・Two weeks is enough to simulate a full year of field corrosion.
シム
simm
・single in-line memory module
・電極が一列に並んだメモリ部品
・dual in-line memory module, 両面に電極がある。84 pins x 2 = 168 pins
事務局
administrative department; secretariat
締め固め度
compactness 突き固め度
・to compact, pack firmly
締切り日
cut-off timing
・engineering cut-off timing
・deadline
締め代
interference
締め出し
lock oneself out of one's car ドアロック
・locking the doors with the key left in the ignition
締付ける
tighten
・torque, turn in, draw down, fasten down
・screw the nut onto the bolt and tighten.
・締付け力 tightening force/effort/load/torque; fastening effort
・締付け金具 clamp
・きっちり締め付ける snugly tighten
・締付け不足 insufficient tightening
・穏やかに締め付ける Just snug the nut in; _Don't use thesame amount of force you'd use for a bolt.
・締付け過ぎ overtighten
湿らせる
damp
・dampen, moisten
地面効果
ground effect
・downforce, downloading effect
・effect of inverted airplane wing
・ground effect skirt around the car's entire lower perimeter (valance, extended panel)
・An aerodynamic underside works with a smooth upper body to create the effect of an upside-down airplane wing as the air rushes through it. The resulting downforce increases with speed, pulling the car to the ground for tremendous cornering traction.
四面楚歌
surrounded by foes
・surrounded by walls
紙面に垂直
perpendicular to this paper
・紙面の都合 on account of space allowed
霜状組織
frost-like structure
地元メーカ
indigenous manufacturers
・India wants an indigenous auto industry.
視野
field of vision
・events occurring outside of the driver's field of vision
シャーシー
chassis
・= platform (TIME)
・The underpart of an automobile comprising: frame with axles, engine, transmission, driveline, exhaust system, wheels
・the unibody chassis, the frame, underpinnings
・The rolling chassis represents 25% of of the final vehicle.
シャーレ
laboratory dish
ジャウンス
jounce
・a wheel motion that compresses the suspension
・jounce height: clearance between wheel and wheel housing with the suspension compressed
社外音
vehicle external noise
・pass-by noise
・bystander sound level
車外温度
To find out the temperature outside, press the OUTSIDE button.
・Check the temperature outside of your car.
社外重役
outside directors are a rarity in Japan.
社会性
social skills 社交性
社外設備(ナビ)
outside communication facilities
・Traffic information system requires a vast network of radio transmitters to be effective in any way.
社会的責任
social accoutability 説明する責任 (ae)
・responsible stewardship (64 企業の)
社会的要求
requirements of society
社会の利益
benefits to society
車格
market class
・the market segment in which a vehicle competes
・market position/level/segment
・budget, small, lower mid-range, mid-range, upper mid-range, near luxury, luxury, sporty, specialty, van, minivan, compact pickup, full-sized pickup, compact sport -utility and full-sized sport utility
車間距離2
distance from the preceding car
・Keep a constant distance from the preceding car.
・distance between moving vehicles
・maximum distance between cars
・safe following distance
・Benz is developing infrared seeing-eye sensors which enable the car to maintain a safe following distance from traffic in front.
・"You're following too close, slow down before we get killed."
車間距離1
headway
・The radar provides information on the proximity of leading and trailing vehicles for proper separation.
・headway distance from the car ahead
・driver-set spacing from the car ahead / spacing to the car ahead
・the distance to the car in front
・speed and headway keeping
・Leave one car length for each 10 mph.
・Maintain a driver-set spacing betwen the host vehicle and the vehicle ahead during cruise control operation.
車間距離
following distance (= headway)
・safe following distance from the traffic ahead
・Reduced following distance to improve highway efficiency is a key element in intelligent vehicle highway systems.
車間距離制御
headway control
・The car's distance from the vehicle ahead is measured by radar. If the car is too close to the one in front, the device will send out a vocal warning and simultaneously interrupt the auto cruise function to decelerate to a safe speed.
・automatic vehicle separation control
・headway warning device
・検出センサ a sensor for detecting the distance between vehicles distance detecting sensor
社規
internal rules
車技
Vehicle Engineering
社給品
supplied parts
弱受信地
marginal reception area
蛇口
lever block
弱電
low-voltage
・light electricals
・low-wattage heater
弱肉強食
the law of the jungle
・shake out
借入枠
commitment line
灼熱減量
ignition loss
車検
official/statutory vehicle inspection
・定期検査 periodic roadworthiness inspection
車高
vehicle height
・wheel center to fender brim height
・wheel center to wheel housing height
・全高 overall height: vehicle heigtht
・see サイテイ地上高
車高
ride height
・measurement between the ground and some fixed point on a car's body (The reference varies according to the shims of the automaker. The dimension can be used to measure the amount of suspension deflection or the body heigtht from tje ground (Road and Truck).
遮光ゴーグル
shading goggle for welding
遮光装置
shade
・screen, curtain
・a sliding shade you can manually open or close to block the sun
・light blocking
車高調整
vehicle height adjustment
・3.0-in pneumatic height control is provided to lift or lower as required.
・Self-leveling with an instrument panel ride-height control. This allows the car to be lowered 15 mm to improve the drag figure to 0.30 by skimming its underside. An additional setting allows the car to be raised 30 mm for extra ground clearance.
・vehicle height control- load leveling system- The height is variable on a pneumatic suspension system. At low 2289, it facilitates passenger ingress and egress, and at height 2310, it offers view from the top. The sky lifts and lowers by air suspension, for view and boarding/embarking.
・three-stage, height-adjustable suspension
斜行テーブル
slant axis table
車庫証明
police-certified private parking space
車庫法
garage law
・車庫入れ garaging
・車庫照明 police-certified private parking space
シャコ万
C clamp
車載
on-board
・on-board diagnostics
・in-vehicle network
車載衛星通信
All our trucks have on-board sattelite communications, so we know at any given time the loactions of all those trucks.
車載テスト
on-vehicle test
・in-vehicle test/vehicle testing
・Installed and tested in three cars.
・static test: testing on a stationary vehicle
車軸高
height of axle spindle
車室外突起
exterior protrusions
・No protrusions to hit in case of an accident
車種
model
車種
car family
車種
nameplate=line
・given name of a vehicle by its manufacturer
車種
models
・中軸車種 mainstay model
・全車種 the entire line of its models
・overgrowth of models, variations, and options
・a wider range of models and also of variations within model lines
・That model accounts for 10% of the model mix.
車種構成
car line
・production lineup
・product portfolio
・a wider range of models and of variations within new model lines
・the entire line of its models
射出
injection
・射出保圧 injection pressure holding
・射出回転 INJ/ROT
・射出圧 injection pressure
・射出設定 injection parameter setting
・射出成形 injection molding インジェクションモールディング
車種部品
original parts
社章
company pin
・You should feel pride in the company pin shining from the lapel of your suit.
・Wear the pin of a big business goup because that's what their fiancee's parents would lookat.
車上ねらい
to steal from cars
・to pop the trunk
写真サイズ
photo size
・4つ: 4P (10 in x 12 in), quarter
・6つ: 6P (10 in x 8 in)
・全紙 sheet?
・キャビネ 2L
・密着 contact sheet (APS cameras take pictures in three sizes and replace negatives with a single contact sheet that displays thumbnail images of an entire roll at a glance)
・135: 35 mm
・120: brownie
写真修整
photo retouch
写真粒子
grain
・grainy pictures
シャステホワイト
chaste white
車線
lane
・保持 lane keeping
・変更 lane changing
・外れ exceedence (lateral displacement of vehicle centerline from runway centerline)
車速感応
vehicle speed sensing
・vehicle speed sensitive / rpm sensitive
・speed-variable/proportional
・variable 4ws keyed to road speed
・The variable shock system is either driver-controllable or a funtion of vehicle speed (driver-switched)
・Control module senses the car's speed and turning angle, and decides when and then determines the proper direction and angle of the rear wheels.
車体部
Body Manufacturing Div.
車体
autobody
・automotive body, automobile body
・車体の穴部 body shell apertures, like window openings
・車体すべり角 body slip angle; vehicle centerline angle to turning arc
車台
frame
・skelton of frame
・= platform
社宅
company rent house
・employee dormitories
・company-subsidized apartments
遮断機
circuit breaker
・crossarm, crossarm gate, barrier gate
車道
roadway
社内運転免許
in-company driver's license
社内縦断プロジェクト
multi-disciplined project
社内募集
inside recruitment
遮熱板
heat shield
車巾灯
clearance lamps
・lamps for indicating overall width of a vehicle
・combination clearance and side marker
しゃべりまくる
cell-phone users yakking into their beloved mobile phones
じゃま板
spacer,
・spatter cover
・邪魔になる distracting (marks in the view finder)
斜陽産業
sunset industry
・declining
・dying retail chains
じゃり
grits (glass)
・砂利道 gravel road / pebble road
車両応答性
vehicle kinetics 車両運動特性
・vehicle response
・chassis response/dynamics
・handling performance/dynamics
車両間衝突
car-to-car crashes
車両重量
vehicle weight
・(forklift) truck weight
車両生技
Assembly & Design For Manufacturing Engineering Div.
・A & D
・ADFMED: Assemble and Design FMED
・#3PE
車両性能
vehicle attributes
車両組立
final assembly
・vehicle assembly plant
車両横変位
vehicle lateral deviation (brake)
車輪
wheel
・landing gear (aircraft)
・車輪止め wheel blocks
・車輪荷重 wheel load, chock, Block your drive wheels.
・車輪制御 individual wheel control
・車輪間制御 wheel between front and rear / between fronts / between rears
シャルピー衝撃
Charpy impact
シャンク(柄部)
shank
・unthreaded portion (bolt/screw)
・the part of the drill by which it is held and driven
・軸部
・シャンク規準で測る Measure the cutting edge OD with the cutter turned by shunk.
・シャンク四角部 squared shank - a cylindrical shank having a driving square on the back end
種、類
class, type
シュアボンド
Sure Bond
・U.S. LSI's patent (Lear Seating Corporation)
・Covering (fabric + sponge + nylon film) is placed under urethane pad. With the assembly weighed down, steam is fed from under, the nylin film melts and fuses the covering to pad.
主因
primary cause
・dominant cause
・causal part 主因部品
シュー
hiss
・prolonged 's', swish, Wastegate whooses and clicks as it vents the exhaust pressure.
・tire sizzle generated on smooth pavement
周囲
environs
・Hiroshima and its environs
・surrounding environment
・周囲ノイズ ambient noise
・周囲温度 ambient temperature
重回帰
multiple regression
・あてはめのよさ good fit
・R値 multiple correlation coefficient
・欠測値 missing data
・決定係数 coefficient of determination
重回帰原因系変数
multiple regression causal variable
・重回帰差別関数 discriminant function
・重回帰誤差平方根 sum of error squares
・重回帰不偏分散 unbiased variance / impartial variance
重回帰自由度調整済み
degree of freedom adjusted
重回帰分散比
variance ratio
・分散分析 analysis of variance: testing sample data to determine how representative it is. The variation from the mean is used as a measure in the test.
重回帰分析
multiple regression analysis
・従属変数が独立変数に結びつく度合いを調べる。
・A measure of the extent to which two variables increase together or of the extent to which one increases and the other decreases.
・Regression is a series of correlations.
重回帰分析
multiple regression analysis (MRA)
・従属変数が独立変数に結びつく度合いを調べる, 説明変数が2個以上
・A measure of the extent to which two variables increase together or of the extent to which one increases and other decreases
・a functional relation between two or more correlated variables that is often empirically determined from data and is used esp. to predict values of one variable when given values of the others
・a function that yields the mean value of a random variable under the condition that one or more dependent vaiables have specified values
・Regression is a series of correlations
重回帰母平均
population mean
・重回帰変数発生式 variables generating function eq
・重回帰目的変数 criterion variables
・重回帰外的規準 external criterion
・予測したい変数が予め決まっていて、これをなるべく説明するような式または変数をデータから設定したいという分析方法
周回路
triangular circuit
・banked oval track
・The 5-lane high-speed bowl offers a 160 km/h hands off facility and a max speed capabiity of over 200 km/h.
・45-47°bank permits sustained speed of up to 220 km/h with hands off the wheel at turns.内周回路 inner circuit外周回路 outer circuit
修学旅行
an end-of-term trip
従業員
従業員の状況 (Status) of employees
・前期比増減 Difference from previous term
・平均勤続年数 average length of service
従業員参加
employee involvement
・worker participation
・Get the hourly workers involved in the task of improving the processes.
就業規則
work rules
重クロム酸塩類
bichromates
重視
・highlight
・handling-optimized, optimized for performance
・uncompromized driving characteristics
充実
substantiate
・improve the content of -
十字引張り
cross tension
修飾語
qualifier
重心高
height of gravity center
終身雇用
lifetime employment
・traditional lifetime employment hased on age senile system
自由すきま (ピストンリング)
free ring gap;
・リングの合口が重ならないこと Ring gaps must not line up.
・Normal ring shifting sometimes lines up the gaps of two or more rings.
修正
correction
・He has the knack to work out product design bugs in no time.
・amendment to a contract
修整
to tailor by adding or deleting
修正第2条
the Second Amendment
・gives citizens the right to bear arms. It was written in 1791, at a time when people still lived in fear of attacks and needed to protect themselves. To invoke this amendment in 2000 is ludicrous.
修整必要本数
Number of programs to modified;
・200 programs out of 300 to be modified
集積度
integration density
・集積回路 integrated circuit
重相関係数 重回帰
multiple correlation coefficient
・A guide to show how accurate a predictive regression equation is.
収束
conversion
周速
peripheral speed (grinding wheel)
充足
fulfilment
渋滞
traffic jams
・snarls/conjection/gridlock
・Auto PC tell a driver about road snarls as they occur and suggest time-saving alterate routs.
・humper-to-bumper bedlam
・stop-and-go traffic/situation
・constipated traffic
・Rush hours grew into crunches
・Traffic jams complicate just-in-time manufacture/delivery process.
・The navigator tells the driver about road snarls as they occur and suggest time-saving alternate routes.
重大性
criticality
渋滞冷房装置
cooling performance in go/stop mode
住宅融資
housing finance
・low-interest home loans, provide mortgage loans at favorable terms
集団帰属
group ethic
・strong sense of attachment to the workplace as a basis of identity
・highly groupist people
従断面
longitudinal section
周知徹底
make them fully aware of
・Alert aoo to this point.
・Make sure they are fully informed of this fact.
・Make this fact thoroughly known.
・Drive home the point to them.
・Hammer home the basic message..
・Make all personnel familiar with th safety rults.
集中
The investigation concentrated on the development of a simple model for the description of friction losses.
集中ロック
centralized lock
・集中制御 centralized control
・集中質量系 lumped mass system
自由長
free length (spring)
充填
fill, load
・fill valve 充填バルブ
重点
emphases
重低音
low bass / subwoofer channel / heavy notes
シューティングブレーク
shooting brake/break
・estate car (UK), station wagon
・Aston Martin Shooting Brake
重点
priorities of tasks
・都合 other sections' priorities
・Balance customer and corporate needs and priorities.
・The engineers' duty must be positioned at the hierarchy's top level.
・Proceed ina sequential manner based on perceived importance of the tasks to be done.
・Priorities for passenger seating include spaciousness of leg room.
・重点管理 priority control, Pareto chart
・Start with the most effective measures in priority order.
充電
・急速/高速充電 quick charge
・high-rate charge
・boosting charge / booster charge using jumper cable
・定電流充電 steady charge
充填効率
volmetric efficiency
・can be increased by using larger valves, ports, an dmanifolds, and with the aid of supercharging.
・see 吹き breathing capacity
・As engine speed increases, the time the intake ports remain open naturally gets shorter and shorter, to where the swapping of those high pressure column air no longer become effective. Thus the engine does not have time to catch its breath.
・breathing and cylinder capacity (Four small valves give large port areas for better breathing and cylinder-filling than two large ones, thus improving volmetric efficiency.
充填剤
filler
・structural filler
・fill sealant
・gap-filling adhesive
充電状態
state of charge
・残存状態 remaining ampere hour capability
・細流充電 trickle charge
・充電システム charger
シュート
chute
・pneumatic carrier
・Samples are sent into the pneumatic carrier and the results are sent back by autowriter. (foundry)
自由度
freedom
・Subminiature halogen lamps give the designer more freedom to integrate them into the overall car shape.egree of freedom
・多自由度系 multi-degree of freedom
・一般化自由度 generalized degrees of freedom
縦動軸
follower shaft
摺動面
sliding surface
・rubbing area and associated rubbed area
・friction surface
・piston-cylinder interface
・摺動音 rubbing sound
・摺動抵抗 sliding resistance
習得
master
収納
Database resides on the 30 giga hard disks.
収納式
retractable
・headlamps
・No abrupt changes in contour occur anywhere on the body surface when the headlamps are retracted.
・When the headlamps are raised to make the lamp operate, the drag on the vehicle markedly increases.
周波数
frequency
・周波数特性 frequency response
・周波数表示 frequency display
・中間周波数 intermediate frequency
・受信周波数帯 tuning range
・周波数分割 frequency division
・周波数変調 frequency modulation
・周波数応答関数 frequency response function (of bending stress) -- 特性 frequency stress plots
周辺機器
peripherals
週末旅行
weekend getaways
集約化
consolidtion
・部品統合
重油
heavy oil
・heavy residual oil for public utilities and factories
重要
important, critically important
・Imperative:- Serial number of the machine to be positively given to assure correct repair parts.
重要度ランク
ranking by importance
・equipment ranking by importance
重要保安部品
critical items
襲雷
thunderbolts
従来型
conventional/traditional
従来単位
customary units
自由落下
free fall
・PC prices are in a free-fall.
修理
repair (使えるように直す)
・action taken on a nonconforming product so that it will fulfil the intended usage reuirements although it may not conform to the originally specified requirements.
・includes remedial action taken to restore a once conforming but now nonconforming product
・The "design-right-the first-time" approach is replacing the "find and-fix" approach.
修理
repair
・fix (There are often problems for which no field fix is readily available.
・surface defect conditioning
・remedy, cure, correct, rectify
・major engine rework, die rework
・修理場 repair shop
修理工場
garage
・My van broke down. May I ask you to phone a garage.
周流式冷却
circumferential-flow cooling
終了
expiration (pat)exit、quit (PC)
・終了符号 end of message (EOM)
・終了キー quit key
ジュール熱
joule heat (heat of flux meleted)
シュウレッジ面
shoe ledge surface
・Backing plage ledges are areas on which the brake shoes ride as they move towaard or away from the brake drum.
縦列駐車
parallel-to-curb parking
主幹部門
responsible divisions 主管本部
主幹ブレーカ
master breaker
主幹路
main line
酒気おびテスト
sobriety test
・breath analyzer, a blood alcohol level of 0.10%
・A positive reaction on puffing on a traffic policeman's baloon may suspend your driver's license.風船テスト
・breath analyzer
cram school
・evening and weekend cram schools where children from the age of four preapre for entrance exams. Nearly 60% of junior high school students take juku classes.
縮減
concession of priorities (re interference re patent)
祝祭日
public holidays
縮尺
contraction scale
熟成
seasoning
・by exposing to air overnight
宿題
remaining assignments
宿泊率
occupancy rate
熟練作業
skill-requring jobs
受験戦争
educational rat race
主査
program manager
・product manager
・product program manager
・Project General Manager
主催
sponsored by A and administered by B
主事
associate member
樹脂
resin
・synthetic resin plastic
・a plastic liquid chemical (Most common are epoxy and polyester.)
・樹脂皮膜 resin coat
・樹脂漏れ drooling
主治医
one's primary doctor
主軸頭
・spindle nose (honing)
・主軸台 spindle head / work spindle base (honing)
・主軸逆転 spindle reverse lever
・主軸心 center of spindle
・主軸台 headstock (vs 心押し台 tailstock)
・主軸早送り quick approach
・主軸回転数 spindle AUTO-STOP-MAN selector lever
・主軸レイアウトを左寄せし長尺加工 spindle shifted leftward to allow grinding long works
・主軸流体軸受 hydraulic bearing spindle
・主軸主切 spindle NORMAL-REVERSE lever
・主軸心合わせ line up wheelhead with motor pulley
・主軸速度 workhead speed
・主軸横送り workhead cross feed, work spindle capable of 140 mm cross feed (vs wheelhead cross feed)- 前進側 advance, 後退側 retraction
受信障害
reception trouble
・受信周波数帯 tuning range
・受信待ち3秒 3-s wait for receive causes time-out.
・受信送信 send and receive; receive and transmit
取水口
water intake
主成分
primary component
主体
have control of
・hold the reins/helm
・主体性
・自主性 identity, independence- 主体性なし Easily influenced by others; subjectivity
主題
subject
・Many papers have contributed to the subject of engine friction.
手段
measures, steps, resources
・design verification measures
・steps needed to deal with problems
・qualified personnel equipped with adequate resources
受注残
unfilled orders
・backlog of orders; backorder
・outstanding orders
・order on hand
・The joint venture already has on its books a big order.
受注
accept / receive an order
受注仕様
the specs given on an order accepted
出荷
dispatch / delivery
出荷
shipment
・一体出荷 shipment in assembled form
・分割出荷 shipment in split form
出荷時
(part configuration) as it leaves the plant
・出荷車 vehicles shipped
出荷品質
delivery quality? quality of deliveries?
出荷部品
service parts
・replacement parts (vs original parts) 、
・出荷(部品)情報 service parts information
・出荷待ち製品 product pending delivery
出勤状態
His attendance is satisfactory; not regular in one's attendance
出勤日
workday
・出勤日数 the number of days attended
・出勤者管理 attendance management
・出勤簿 attendance book
出勤簿
attendance book
出血
hemorrhaging cash
出庫
issue, withdraw, pickout (払出し)
出向者
dispatchees
・Farm them out to affiliated companies
・reassigned to sales
・furnish/send technical experts to assist
出産休暇
maternity leave
出図
release
・Engineers released the parts.
・Engineering release of a final design to manufacturing operations
出席者
attendees
・Present
・participants
・A quorum was in attendance.
・全出席者 full-time meeting attendees
・部分出席者 part-time meeting attendees
・attendance
出世コース
fast-track runner
出銑孔
tap hole
・出銑孔開口機 blast furnace tapping drill
出張
business travel
・out-of-town travel / He's booking more and longer trips.
・to take official trips to the U.S. / He's on the road.
出張者
business trip staff from TMC
・出張報告 business trip report
出張修理
on-site service; courier service
出張中
away from the plant / away on business trip
・出張旅費 travelling expenses
・出張者保険 traveller's personal accident insurance
・出張修理 on-site service, courier service (send-back service)
シュッテ
machine tool maker
出力、画面に
displayed on the screen
出力
output
・engine power output
出力域
output range
・a wide power range
・実用域 normal rpm range / daily use rev range
・低速域 at low engine spees / low-end torque / at low end of rev scale
・低、中速 low/mid range performance
・高速域 high-end performance
・全出力域 throughout the driving range / across the entire engine rpm range / across much of the speed range
シュテム数
number of locks
・400 locks in Velcro strip
・No. of teeth as on a splined shaft
・<- stemm bogen (forcing the ski heels outward to brake onself)
受電所
power-receiving station
・受電点 power-receiving point
・受配電 power receiving/transforming equipment
主灯
high beam
・passing, driving, country, bright
・副灯 low beam
主動介入
manual intervention
受動喫煙 (分煙)
passive smoking (分煙害、流煙害)
・detrimental effects of passive smoking
主動切替え
driver-controllable
・The variable shock system is either driver-controllable or a function of vehicle speed.
・driver-switched, on-demand 4w
・manual / auto knob (machine tool)
主動切込みハンドル
cross feed handle
受動拘束
passive restraint
・automatically restrain occupants during a crash
・no need to strp on you seat belt
・passive automatic feature for tension actuation
主動軸
drive shaft (wiper)
受動ベルト
passive seat belt
主動溶接機
manual welder
取得税
acquisition tax
主任品質審査員
lead quality auditor
主波長
primary wavelength
守秘
non-disclosure (公開禁止)
・secresy preservation
主夫
househusband
・vs housewife
受変電室
incoming transfer room (茂木)
・受変電機 receiver/transformer
手法
approach
寿命
natural life span
・使用寿命 service life (useful life, in-service life) 耐用年数
・anticipated life
・life expectancy (Periodic inspection required for parts of a limited life expectancy. Replace all parts known to have a life expectancy.)
・Life expectancy jumped from 47 to 76.
・product life cycle
・life test
・life cycle assessment
需要家(買電)
consumer companies
主要管理点
milestone
受領図
drawings accepted
主力車
mainstay model
・mainstream
・staple income earner/source, bread and butter car
・pot boiler model
・base-of-the-line car
シュリンクラップ
shrinkwrap (プラ)
種類
class
・classification / type
・mated to a choice of five- or six-speed gearboxes
ジュロメータ
durometer
・measure hardness of rubber, plastics, and soft metals.
・a Shore screroscope hardness tester using a spring-load indentor.
equivalent
・準社員 associate employee
・準推奨 substitute
・準ずる conform to /comply with
・準用 based on
・準安定相 metastable phase
・準外板 semi-outer panel (interior panels visible when door opened)
純送り状額
net invoice value
巡回
patrol
・make the round of the station
潤滑給油点
lubrication point
潤滑面
lubrication surface
潤滑油
lubricant
・lube
瞬間接着剤 (即乾)
instant adhesive
・quick-drying cement/glue
・fast-curing adhesive
循環窒素
recycle nitrogen
準拠法
governing law
順光
rear light
・with the light behind the camera
・away from the light or sun
・against the light (sun)
巡航
coast
・clutch-in coasting
・clutch-out coasting/neutral coast
・off-throttle deceleration
巡航制御
cruise control
・adaptive cruise control
・巡航スピード cruising speed
巡航燃料カットオフ
Cut off fuel on overrun;
・Release the throttle to decelerate and fuel flow stops. Engine is motored by car's inertia working thru drivetrain.
・Fuel delivery starts when throttle is cracked or engine speed drops down to a near idle rapm.
順次
successively
・vs simultaneously
瞬時電流
momentary current
遵守
follow
・Go by the recommended figures.
・Strictly follow the fundamentals.
・full compliance with the agreed framework
・The Agreement with North Korea is being adhered to.
・lack of mental effort to strictly observe established work procedures
・遵守事項 precautions / items to be observed
純水
de-ionized water
・純水希釈 dilute with de-ionized water
純正部品
genuine parts
・Can provide genuine ABC replacement parts fro any ABC machine, regardless of age.
・vs aftermarket parts
・vs spurious, imitation, counterfeit
順立て作業
sequencing operations
順立直し
re-sequencing
純度
purity
春闘
spring pay raise offensive
順応
conformity
・a society where everybody has to follow the rules - a society that values the group ethic over individuality
・順応と創造 conformability and creativity
順番
sequential order
・List the items in the order of importance
・Rank the problems. (Mfg costs pose the biggest problem for us, followed by CAFE, followed by emissions, in that order.)
・prioritization
・Rank the manufacturers in descending order of sales figures. (大->小)
・Rank catalysts according to their activity.
・Pick up data in the descending order.
・In selecting, start from the data that has greatest influence
順パンチ
punch side
・force to insert from punch side and force to remove to punch side 順パンチよりの挿入力と抜去力
準備
make ready
・ready
・Improvements have been made to ready Lupo 3L for production.
準備運転ランプ
preparatory operation lamp
準備事項
preparation items
準標準部品
utility parts
・派生部品、メッキ部品
順方向
forward direction (re diode)
順方向電圧
forward voltage
・vs reverse voltage
ジョイント
splice
・シールドジョイント shield splice
・突合わせジョイント end splice; butt joint
・X ジョイント middle splice
・圧接ジョイント insulation displacement
clause
使用
service
・in-serveice cars, in-use cars
・(customer)-service life
・Return any doubtfull grinding wheel to the manufacturer for another inspection before putting it into service
・使用電圧 service voltage
・使用電力 power demand / working current: 20 kW/h
・使用液 medium (熱処理)
・使用不能損失 loss of use
仕様
specifications
・発注仕様 specifications (engineering requirements and test procedures for judging acceptability)
・仕様図 specification drawing
・タクシー仕様 specification for taxi versions
・仕様検討確認 specifications arrangement and determination
・仕様作成 development of specifications
昇圧
raise pressure
上位
upper level?
上意下達
top down management
省エネ
energy conservation
・fuel conservation
・energy saving lightbulbs
・Cut down on lighting during lunch recess.
・gas conserving 55 mph
・Tighten fuel economy and clean up toxic taipipes.
・low-power usage design
・economizing on fuel
・cutting fuel consumption
・Turn down thermostats.
・cutting fuel consumption
・gasless Sundays / Sabath driving forbidden
消炎
flame quench
・flame propagation failure
・The flame front dies out (quenches itself) before burning completely across the chamber.
・Blowdown occurs before combustion ends.
消音
noise cancellation
・feeding an antinoise to cancel out low-freq boom
・active noise cancellation
・The active type measures the residual noise and feeds the signal to a contoroller which corrects its signal.
・cancelling up to 15 dB
・The achievable attenuation is in the region of 6-12 dB.
・Achieving a noise attenuation of 50 dB is still far from reality.
・filter out unwanted sounds
常温
normal temperature, room temperature
・Int. Standard reference temperature of 20 deg C (68 deg F)
消音効果
effect of sound attenuation
・suppression/cancellation/damping with antinoise
常温硬化
cold setting
常温成形
cold molding
使用温度
service temperature (3M's Interam handles gas temperature of up to 1700 deg F.
・使用例 example of application
・使用率 duty cycle (welder)
消火
extinguish
・Ember to extinguish itself within 5 min
・自己消火 self quenching, self extinguishability- air tightness: A lit cigarette must be extinguished within five min.
・fire-fighting
・消火梯子 aerial ladder
・消火ケーブル fire-proof cable
・消火栓 hydrant
・消火設備 fire-fighting equipment, fire extinguisher
浄化
conversion
・oxidizing, cleansing all three pollutants, turn into CO
・NOx reduction
・浄化率 conversion efficiency
生涯学習
Practice lifelong learning.
障害軽減能力
injury mitigation performance
障害者
the disabled
・Americans With Disabilities Act 全米身体障害者法
・"the handicapped": obsolete, not used today except in organization's name.
・visually impaired, low-vision, speech-impaired, hearing-impaired
障害物探知
obstacle detection
・radar for near obstacle detection
・forward and rear sensors
昇華型プリンタ
dye sublimation printer
償還
payback
・Optimized power steering control strategies reduce system power consumption with a possibility of system payback over a two-year period.
定規
scale
・"DON'T SCALE" on drawings advises against use of a scale in reading drawings.
将棋倒し
The Dominos might fall.
焼却
incineration
・vs landfill
乗客率
occupancy rate
上級車
higher-spec model / premium car segment
消去
erase, delete
・Clear all values set so far.
小径化
use of thinner wire
・smaller-gauge wire
衝撃
impact
・impact value
・衝撃吸収バンパ shock-absorbing bumper
・衝撃性 impact properties
焼結ダイヤ
sintered diamond
上下動
up and down movemnet
象限
quadrant
上限周波数
upper frequency
条件成立
・Ten condtions to be met before the engine is turned off.
・Parameters to be met for the sequential injection mode.
・A pressure differential of -- is required to operate the switch.
条件反射
conditioned response
消弧
arc suppression
・arc suppression chamber
・消弧板 arc extinguishing plate
・消弧剤 arc extinguishing medium
照合
collating
条項
clauses / The relevant provision runs as follows: --
乗降,のりおり
ingress and egress
・The front-seat hip point height -- facilitates entry and exit.
・Wide doors make rear seat ingress and egress a snap, even with the power seats adjusted all the way back.
・Walk-in simplifies ins and outs (access to back seat)
・Ingress step is just 16" off ground
昇降台
lift / elevator
・昇降部 hoist
・昇降モータ lift motor
・昇降タラップ stairway, ramp (a slope leading from one level to another)
証拠書類
documented evidence
条痕
streaks
照査
verify
・examine / check / compare
詳細図
detailed drawing (= part drawing)
消磁
demagnetize
情シ
Information Systems Div.
常時
always
・Always use a mounting blotter on each side of the wheel.
・Absolute safety requires safety glasses at all times.
・Include your ID No. any time you write to us about your car.
・If you have the engine block heater option, use it whenever the temperature is zero deg or below.
・Use the seat helts every time you travel in your car.
少子化
decreasing child population
・Japan's population growth rate is at a record-low 0.27%.
常時開
normally open
常時買入れ
firm purchase
正直台
height jig
正直台
parallel block
・See 平行台
・2,3,4個で1組、高さの加減に使用
・金升、平行台、支持台
・6面体の台 used on surface block with surface gage
省資源
resources conservation
常時尖頭出力
regularly peak load capacity
常時送電能力
firm transfer capacity
上死点
top dead center
・the top of piston stroke, upper end
・上死点隙 top clearance
商社
trading house
照射
throw light upon
・照射器 irradiator
乗車
entry, access (see joukou)
乗車拒否
refuse to take short-trip customers
・choosey cab drivers
乗車定員
passenger capacity; occupant capacity
・three-passenger capacity
・accommodates up to 42 seated passengers
・The micro-car accommodates four people and provides usable luggage space.
乗車率
occupancy rate (bus, etc.)
小集団
small team/group
焼準
normalize
証書
instruments
仕様書
specifications
・product specifications
・technical specifications 技術仕様書
上昇気流
updraft, ride the
使用条件
operating conditions
少人化/省人化
manage with minimum payroll
・smaller payroll
・fewer-workers structure
・スリム化 slim floor payroll
・massive elimination of middle management and the rank and file
浄水錠
water purifying tablets
条数
No. of starts
常数
constant
小数点
decimal point
・Calculate down to four places of decimals. 0.0001 to three places 0.001 to two places 0.01
・Calculate down to the third decimal place (three decimal places).
・Calculate to one decimal place.
・Round off the fractions to three decimal places.
使用する
release
・Incoming product can be released for urgent production purposes prior to verification.
・Check prior to release for use --
生ずる
generated
・Fatty acids in fish decrease the stickiness of blood, reducing the odds that a clot will form.
焼成
baking (Shaw)
・torch, burn
醸成
foster
定石
formula, accepted recipe
省線化
reducing the number of wires
・Multiplex reduces the number of wires in wire barnesses while expanding the signal handling capabilities of the electronic systems.
・minimum harness car: partitioning design aimed at minimizing total length of wire in the car
小選挙区
single-seat constituensies
・an election system proposed by the Hosokawa government
・a system of 274 representatives elected from single-seat constituensies and 226 chosen by proportional representation from a national list.
・Eliminated was the multimember districts in which candidates from the same party ran against each other -- a practice that encouraged contests based on issues of patronage rather than substance.
焼損
burnout
・lighter burnout
章題
clause title
常態時
normal status
状態ベクトル
state vector
・状態モデル state space model
・状態量 state variable
・状態方程式 state equation
蒸着
vacuum deposition
・vacuum coating/plating/metalizing
・chemical vapor deposition
・Al vacuum deposition/metalizing, aluminized reflectors
常駐
resident
・memory-resident programs
静注
intravenous feed, feed by intravenous tubes
冗長系
redundant system
焦点距離
focal length
・24 mm focal length lens
省電力
power conservation
・省電力装置 low-current devices
照度
illumination
・Instrument light illumination is controlled by rotating the switch knob.
・照度比 ratio of max and min illumination
・照度計 illuminater / illumination meter
・照度曲線 illumination curve
譲渡
assignment
・assign for the benefit of creditors
・債権債務の譲渡 transfer of credits and liabilities
・譲渡可能証券 negotiable securities
・譲渡人 assignor (patent); transfer
消灯
go off, turn off
・When you release the parking brake, the brake system warning light should go off. - The work SERVICE goes out. - vs stay on
・Turn off the headlamps. - When you see bright light at the end of a tunnel, flip off your lamps to save electricity.
消灯
go out
・vs stay on
・turn/switch off the headlamps
・When you see bright light at the end of a tunnel, flip off your lamps to save electricity.
・Girls must get home in time for lights-off.
衝動買い
whim and impulse purchase
・Switching from impulse buying to panick saving for fear of layoffs
・When people feel flush, one of the first things they do is buy a new car.
衝動買い
impulse buying
・Switch from impulse buying to panick saving for fear of layoffs.
消灯時間
Girls must get home in time for lights-out.
衝突 (通信)
collision detection (and resolution)
・contention: A state of the bus in which two or more transmitters are turned on simultneously to conflicting states
・priority contention: ability to gain access to the bus based on a predetermined priority
衝突安全性
crashworthiness, crashworthy
・general roadworthiness with a high level of occupant crash protection
・crash performance, intrusion protection
・trauma/injuries mitigation, no unyielding surfaces
・The bumper proto is being readied to undergo full regimen of crashworthiness testing.
衝突回避
crash avoidance
・use of braking and signalling
・sensor (front, rear, side, and blind spot)
・vision enhancement techniques
・automated assistance by assuming temporary control of the car
衝突部材
impact component (components requiring impact toughness/properties)
・衝突ダミー crash dummy
・衝突現場 crash site
・衝突回避 crash avoidance
・衝突火災 collision-induced fire
・衝突応答 crash response
・衝突センサ crash sensor (to discriminate a crash from panic braking, door slamming)
焼鈍,やきなまし
annealing
場内売場, 売店
concession stands
承認
recognition/ authorize
・The supplier may be given formal recognition of conformance with the standard.
・approval (verification 認証、validation 検証、certificate 証明)
・approve / sign off 変更/追加を条件に approved subject to change / addition of --
承認者
approved by:
承認図
approved drawing
・MC-approved drawing
・supplier drawing for approval
承認日
date of validation / approval
商売する
trade in, deal in
賞罰規定
award and punishment rules
蒸発排気
evaporative emissions
・蒸発量 evaporation loss
定磐
surface plate
消費者社会
consumer society
・a consumer society where people have the facts about models of cars or refrigerators, it's only fair to give them the facts about marriage.
消費税
consumption tax
消費電力
power consumptin
・current consumption in amperes
・wattage (W)
・電力需要 power demand
・The operating power of the crash avoidance system is estimated 45 A. Power requirement for a production system will be significantly less.
・The lamp consumes 35 W to produce 3000 lumens.
・electrical powr input in watts
証憑類
vouchers/support documents
商品化
commercialization
・審議 product feasibility discussion
・計画 product development plan
・日程 development schedule
・企画 merchandizing
商品開発センタ
Product Development Center
商品企画本部
Product Planning Div.
承認書
approvals
・請求額承認書 approvals for charges
商品性
customer value/value for the customer
・value for money
・maximum value for the customer and repeat business (再入庫)for the dealer are critical
・dollar value, per-dallar value
・product value as the overriding factor
・overall value of vehicles
・Bring down its costs and widen its appeal.
・attributes of a proposed vehicle in customer terms
・value chain management (VCM) (customer focus)
商品性(市販性)
marketability
・商品性実験 Marketability Testing Dept
・a marketable skill 市場価値のある
商品品質本部
Product Quality Div.
仕様変更
changes of specifications
・We reserve the right to alter dimentions, weights, and details of construction without prior notice.
・The right is reserved to make such changes and improvements as in our opinion may be advisable.
・Illustrations and specifications are not binding in detail, as we reserve the right to make further improvements and incorporate them in the machines as conditions warrant.
・The design of the product is under constant review and while every effort is made to keep this manual up to date, the right is reserved to change specifications and equipment at any time without prior notice.
・Specifications are subject to change without any obligation on the part of the manufactuere.
小変更部品
minor-revision parts
消防
fire fighting
・消防法 the Fire Services Act
・消防危 fire fighting hazards
・消防車 fire truck / fire vehicles
・消防士 firefighters
情報
information: invisible commodity 不可視財
・infotechnology
・情報統括役員 chief information officer
情報開示
corporate transparency ガラス張り
情報化社会
information society
・information-oriented society
・Information has become a crucial raw material of the industrial world.
・In information society, competitive edge theoretically lies in producing specialized services more than things.
・The shift from an industrial society to an information society is taking place at so fast a rate it is difficult for humans to adapt to the frequency of change.
・Information is power.
・In the new global marketplace whoever has the most information wins.
・infonomics/information-driven economics
情報化投資額
total cost of ownership (TCO)
・encompasses hardware, software, maintenance, education. Have to be reduced.
情報公開
information disclosure
情報娯楽技術
infotainment technologies
常用自家発電機
independent generating station for service
・private generating station for normal main service
情報処理速度
throughput
・スループット/処理量 volume of data processed or transmitted per unit time処理性能 No. of jobs/day, data volume/min
情報ハイウエイ
information highway: Internet itself
賞味期限切れ
outdated milk
正味時間
net time, uptime
正味平均有効圧
brake mean effectaive pressure (at flywheel)
照明
illumination
・照明減灯状態 reduced brightness (Even when in reduced brightness voltage drop across ignition light terminals reaches 3.5 v, full brightness must not occur.)
正面衝突
headon collision
・axial
・斜め衝突 angle collistin, 30 deg front angle collision, frontal offset crash The car hit me head on but slightly off center.
・T字衝突 perpendicular
正面図
front view
消耗工具
production supply items
・expendables, supplies, consumables
・消耗メタル consumable electrode
消耗品
consumables
・service replacement parts
・items requiring replacement as a result of normal operation, such as filter, wiper blade, and plug.
・components that normally wear out an drequire replacement within a specified period of time
所有権保持
title holding
・design proprietary rights デザイン所有権
常用標準器
working standard instrument
商用車
vommercial vehicles
常用上限(クレーン)
normal upper position
常用と予備
service and reserve
将来性
potential
・CuproBraze technology isn't limited to radiators. We see great potential other heat transfer applications.
商流
business phase/flow (vs 物流)
少量多種 ->多種少量
small-variety/high-volume production -> large-variety/low-volume production
・small models/high volume productin -> many models/low volume production
・a few kinds/high quantity productin
少量部品
small-volume parts
・少量生産 small-volume production
省力化
laborsaving
・One of the greatest labor savings inventions of today is tomorrow.
条令
regulations
条例
regulations
奨励金
incentive
・Cash bonus plan intended to give dealers more room to bargain with customers.
ショート、短絡
short circuit
・short
・"grounds"
・The electrons take a short circuit instead of taking the longer circuit through the outside wires.
除荷過程
unloading process
初期化
initialize
・format
初期教育
orientation
・vestibule training
初期故障
startup troubles
・Iron out any initial bugs.
・failure of first-off parts
・failure after short service
・early failure, 1st year itches
・early production failures/glitches
初期値(初期設定)
default
・initial setting
・By default, the spell checker displays a list of suggestions.
・Ten predetermined styles available. It uses the general style by default.
・Replace the default.
・This parameter defaults to zero.
・特に指定しない時は / 特に指定しなくても / デフォルトでは
初期伸び除去
take up initial stretch
・Run in the belt to take up initial stretch.
初期流動品
initial proving stage parts
・first-off parts
・initial production parts
・初期耐久部品 parts in proving stage
職安、ハローワーク
job placement center
・public employment security office
・employment stability act
職業再教育
job retraining
職業別組合
craft union
食言
retract one's remark
職種
job categories
職制
・managers / those who perform managerial functions
・staff organization of an office / setup of an office
・職制再編成 staff reorganization / Reorganize the office.
職長
Group Leader
・foreman
・職長代理 acting foreman
・職長補佐 assistant foreman
職人芸
crafted look
・heavy, tighter stitching with a crafted look
職場
workshop
・workstation, workplace
触媒型塗料
catalyzed enemel
触媒着火
light-off
・light-off temperature: at which 50% of a catalyst component reacts
・Light-off catalysts are situated close to the exhaust manifold for use during warm-up of the mian converter.
触発
spurred on by --
職場内暴力
go postal (workshop violence derived from frequent violence in late 1990s)
職場連絡
weekly company communication
職務遂行能力
duty-executing ability
・職務評価 job evaluation, job review 査定,考課
・職務 / 職務内容 job description / functions
職名
job title
植毛
flocking
・electrostatic flocking of elestomer extrusions
・bonding nylon flock fibers
・Applied to door channels and seals for roll-down windows
諸元
specifications, particulars
・主要諸元 leading specifications
助材
promoter
・Base metals can promote platium group metals. (to enhance material's performance)
書式
format
助手席
front passenger's seat, co-driver's seat (truck)
・助手席ドア front passenger's door, front passenger side door, co-driver's door
助手席エアバッグ
passenger-side airbag
・a right-front seat passenger airbag
・door-mounted airbags to protect passengers diring side-impact collision
・a passenger knee bar on the passenger side
助手席側ダンパ
street-side damper (vs curbside damper)
助触媒
promotor catalyst (used on transition catalyst)
初心者マーク
beginning driver mark
初折網状炭化物
pro-eutectoid carbide network
・lamellar carbide
除雪車
snow plow, to snow plow
除染
decontaminate
所属/・タイトル
department where assigned and title
処置
actions , disposition
処置
action
・step, measure
・disposition of lots (accepted,rejected)
職階制
job classification
・grade description, job grades, levels
触感
tactile sensation
・The tactile sensation from the wheel feel like a formula car.
・触感警告 tactile alert (= momentary brake)
ショックアブソーバ圧縮
jounce compression
・The wheel moves downward after passing a bump or dropping into a hole in the road.
・compression stroke of shocl
・distance travelled from neutral to full compression
ショックアブソーバがぶり
bounce up and down
・compression-rebound defections
・Low-speed bump-clump over potholes and ridges are amplified.
ショックアブソーバ伸び(突上げ)
rebound extension
・or just "extension"
・expansion rebound
・reaction counter force
・repulstion force
ショットピーニング
shot peening
・shot blast
・加工部を除きショットピーニング Shot peen before machining.
・Subject to 10 cycles of abrasion with 100 kg of #780 iron shot at 80 psi air pressure.
所定の
given (a given grade)/designatged (channels)
・defined (quality objectives)
手動切替え
driver-controllable
・The variable shock system is either driver-controllable or a function of vehicle speed.
・deiver-switched
・on-demand 4w
・manual/auto knob (machine tool)
恕忍限度
human tolerable limit
・human-tolerable decibel
・barely tolerable level
・a critical deployment time of 20 ms for damage to hearing
職場完結
completion at workplace
初爆
first fire
・完爆 self ignition
諸費用
overhead
初品
initial products
・first-off products / first production lot
・初品区分 first-off parts classification
・初品出荷 first production shipment
ジョブ
job
・a group of tasks assigned to an employee or group of employees)
・ジョブ待ち状態 job queue (PC)
ジョブリ(誤用)
joggle
ショベルカー
power chovel
署名
・In witness thereof, the Undersigned have set their hands.
・The promoters have hereunto affixed their signatures or names and seals, with their respective addresses.
所望の
desired
所有格s
possessive s
所有権
proprietary rights
所有権保持
title holding
処理
・クリップで処理 Use this clip to hold harness in place Retain by clip. - 余分長は幹部で処理 Fold up excess length and tape to the trunk. - 4P青接続せず (処理済み) 4P blue not to be connected (already taped)
・処理能力 throughput
・処理剤 recycling chemical
処理
disposition / transactions
処理業者
disposal contractors
・OEMs held liable for actions of disposal contractors
処理剤
treating chemical/agent; recycling chemical
処理方法の変更
logic adjustment
白ける
put a chill on (サイデンスティッカー)
・His remark put a chill on the gay party.
・Her tasteless story threw a wet blanket over the company party.
・a killjoy
・That caused an awkward silence.
シリアルデータ通信
erial data communications
・自動車技術会シリアルデータ通信分科会 JSAE Serial Data Communications Subcommitee Working Group
尻型(東洋シート)
buttock model
シリコン
silicon (element)
・silicone: a compound like silicone rubber and IC materials
尻下当り
seat-buttock interface pressure
自立型
column type self-supporting mast
自律走行
autonomous driving (see 自動走行)
尻振り
tail swerving
・tail spin, fishtailing
飼料
livestock feed
試料
sample
・試料調整 sample preparation
・試料溶液 sample solution
・test specimens
磁力線
line of magnetic force, magnetic flux
視力テスト
visual acuity test
・両眼 vinocular test
ジルコニア
zirconia (solid electrolyte) 固体電解質
シルバーシート
courtesy seat
シルビーム
sill beam
シルベスト
・Process name for 中央発条 product
事例
example
事例研究
case study
自励振動
self-excited vibration
磁励電流
exciting current
白あげ処理
white matte finish
・matte aluminum color
白黒表示
straight white-on-black analog information
白錆
white corrosion
・white salty corrosion
白タク
unlicensed taxi
白抜き文字
outline type font
・void letters
・reverse contrast, negative contrast
・シンボル抜き
仕分け
sorting
・products sorting on PC
・仕分け機 router
心,芯
positional tolerance (in dwg)
・心合わせ aligning, line up (Line up the wheelhead pulley with the motor pulley)
・core (wire)
・心ぶれ runout
・心出し centering (to open the center hole, screw senter drill)- もみつけ、しんもみ、心立て、センタもみ- 心出し検査 layout inspection (re centering)
塵埃路
dust road/tunnel
芯厚
web thickness
人員過剰
Chronic overmanning led to low productivity.
人員削減
payroll cut
・reduction of headcounts
・IBM unplugged 40% of the work force.
・AT&T fired everyone in sight.
・Slice overhead and enjoy the resultant earnings boost.
・Trim your employment roll.
人員整理
payroll cut 人減らし
・reduction of headcounts
・Fire everyone in sight / Trim your employment roll.
人員配置
placement of employees
真円度
roundness
・out of roundness, circularity
・真円加工 cutting to desired roundness
・真円に回る run in high roundness
心押し台
headstock and tailstock
進角
spark advance
・点火タイミング、進角タイミング spark timing
・spark advance
・遠心進角 centrifugal advance
・真空進角 vacuum advance
・進角制御 retard control of ignition advance
真角度
angularity
陣笠
top lieutenants
・an entourage of lanky young lieutenants
・取巻き The umbrella group that campaigned for independence are envious of the attention he receives.
心金
core metal
・ゴム成形 torpedo, inside screw (rocket)
・ウエザストリップ steel carrier (retainer U section)
・板金 formed stake
新株引受権
subscription right
・preemptive right
新規公開株
IPO: initial public offering
新気取入れ口
fesh air inlet/intake
新規品
all-new products / newly introduced products
真球度
sphericity
刃具
cutting tools
・刃具交換 tool change
真空注湯
vacuum injection
・vacuum fill
真空度
vacuum
・真空エア抜き vacuum bleeding
・真空含浸 vacuum oil impregnation (brake) / oil dipping
・真空充填 evacuate and fill
・真空成形 vacuum molding (see おすびき、めすびき)
・真空昇華抽出 vacuum sublimation extract
真空倍力
vacuum servo
真空引き
vacuum pulling
・Apply the vacuum a third of the atmosphere, drawing/ingecting through the mold porosity.
・A vacuum is pulled to remove air from the microporosity, and on repressurizing the liquid sealant fills the voids.
・Check for leaks in vacuum bell jar test at 10-inch vacuum.
・Connect to the vacuum source/head.
シンクタンク
thinktank 頭脳集団
シングルポイントエラー
single point error
・could cause total loass of communication
・A master-slave type protocol has the potential for a single point failure inherent in the master.
ジンクロメタル
zincrometal
・zincrometal precoated steel
・a cold-rolled sheet protected by a zinc-rich coat applied by a coil coating process
進行
progress meeting 進行会議
・進行計画 workplan
・進行中 advance/progression of tumor - The joint venture is in the works/in progress
人工研規準
Mazda Ergonomics Standards
信号取出し装置
signal lead-out device (re piston)
進行方向
orientation of car
・Angular difference between car heading and magnetic north is input to the electronic compass.
・geographic direction of a destination
・moving direction / heading
新古車
dealer-registered vehicles
・inventory
審査
examination
新材
virgin material
人災
man-made mishaps/disasters
・human error involved; human error - not mechanical trouble
・Operational error is to blame.
・accidents by man failure; human behavior is a major part of air bag mishaps (re unbelted occupants)
人材開発課
human resources development group
人材銀行
human resource data bank
・human capital data bank, talent bank
・temporary employment agency, personnel broker
人材紹介業
・recruitment and placement business / search firm / recruiter
人材配置
placement of employees
人材派遣会社
・temporary staff company
審査登録機関
certification body
・certification and registration
審査と承認
assessment and approval (審査=評価)
・? assessment and certification
人事管理
human resources management
・人事課長 HR manager 人事課 Human Resources Department
・人事異動 transfer 人事部 personnel division
・president of Human Resources and General Affairs for Yazaki
・人事施策 labor policy
人事考課
competency rating
・systematic evaluation of work performance
・Rater is also a human.
・The final product of job evaluation is the pricing of jobs.
・personnel merit rating, job review, performance report
・服装考課 attires and grooming rating
人車一体
man and car in one element
・The oneness between rider and horse
・The driver and car should form an integrated whole.
・The secret is what the car and driver do together.
新車作業
new vehicles preparation
・Work to prepare imports for Japanese market
伸縮性
flexural elasticity
・extensibility
浸出
seepage
・bleedout, leakout
新人
new employee/personnel
人身事故
personal-injury accident
浸水
water seepage
・water ingression
・浸水個所 seepage site
・浸水路 water splash course (Millsbrook) - wading course- water-immersion course, immersion test course
親水処理
hydrophilic treatment
・water retaining coat
心ずれ
positional tolerance マル心
・POS TOL
・Position +- 0.3
・within +- 0.05 of true position
・A Swiss Army knife crams together a dozen different tools. Yet the tool can only be used one at a time by one person. It's like today's all-purpose multimedia computer.
靭性
toughness
・impact toughness, low-temperature toughness
神聖物
sacred cow
・The Chinese sacred cow is being hauled off to slaughter (re its Three Gorges Dam)
浸積
dip
・黒塗り dip black
・ずぶずけ full dip
・Immerse in water, lubricant, fuel, etc. to check for any physical changes.
・Soak a cardboard in water to check for increase in mass.
・浸積脱脂 soak degreasing
・浸積塗装 full-dip, complete immersion, ELPO dip
芯線
tension member belt)
・electrode (welding)
・core wire
人体計測
anthropometry; body size measurement
人体実験
Human subjects were exposed to simulated collision environments.
浸炭
carburizing
・case hardening (肌焼き)
・The connecting rod has its surface carburized for strength.
・Case is the carbon-enriched layer.
・The underlying metal retains its original toughness.
・浸炭速度 the rate of carburizing
・浸炭窒化 carbonitriding
・浸炭鋼 case-hardened steel
・浸炭深さ effective case depth, depth of cementation
・浸炭変成炉 transforming furnace
診断
diagnostics
・service diagnostics
・diagnostic package/module for determining operatability status
・diagnostic circuitry/connectors/protocol
・on-board diagnostics, in-vehicle diagnostics, off-board diagnostics
診断技術
diagnostics
・ダイアグ
・diagnosis は結果
・diagnostic protocol/tester/ package/module
・extensive on-board diagnostics with instrument panel query and display
・fault finding, troubleshooting
浸炭硬化層
case depth
・hardened layer, total hardened layer (浸炭全硬化層)
・carbon-enriched layer
浸炭剤
carburizing medium
・carbonaceous medium
浸炭防止 (防炭)
stop off for selective carburizing
・Cu plating as a stop-off in selective carburization of gears
・When nitriding is done before grinding, tin-plating will serve as an effective stop-off for selective nitriding.
浸炭焼入れ
carburising and quench hardening
・The desired physical properties is obtained only by quenching the carburized case from prescribed temperature above the transformation range (変成域).
進捗
expedite
・dispatch (vs hinder)
・進捗状況 current status of project; progress status of project
・tracking
進捗管理
progress control
進捗状況,対応状況
compliance progress
進捗対象
suppliers to be monitored;
・30 suppliers selected to be monitored
真直度
straightness
新同
as good as new
・like-new used cars
振動荷重
vibrational load
・振動計算 vibration anaylysis
・振動の腹 maximum amplitude excitation
・振動子 vibrator
・振動式バレル oscillation barrel
振動数
frequency
・振動数 frequency 16-200 Hz 振動加速度 vibrative acceleration 4.4G (or freq response of vibrative acceleration) 周期 duration 15 min 回数 (繰返し数) No. of cycles 16 サイクル cycle rate 3600/h, max
・Vary frequency uniformly betwen the limits of 16-200 Hz.
振動溶接
friction welding
・vibration welding
・100-240 Hz of 0.15 mm amplitude
・Applicatins include spoilers, IP, fan surrounds, vacuum system reservoirs.
シンナー
thinner
・paint thinner, purge thinner
・solventg
浸入
intrusion
・intrusion of liquid, seepage of water
・occupant compartment intrusion
・side impact intrusion
・Leaks may allow moisture into the system.
進入禁止
banning diesel trucks from Tokyo roads
浸入道具
break-in tools
・unlocker
・Slim Jim or coat hanger to pick the lock
真のR
true R
真のすくい角
true rake angle
・top rake
・The slope of the tool face toward the tool base from the active cutting edge in direction of chip flow
塵肺
pneumoconiosis
心拍停止
cardiac arrest
新発売
market launch / launch
振幅応力
amplitude of repeated stress
深部硬度
core hardness
人望
enjoying popularity with colleagues
シンボル抜き
backlit symbols
・The instruments are backlit for better accuracy and readability.
・All the graphics are backlighted.
・dead front design
・Visibloe only when lighted
深夜電力
nighttime power (not 'midnight power')
浸油
oil impregnation
信用
credibility
信用貸与
accommodating
・endorsing an accommodation paper
信頼(感)
confidence
・An organization should provide confidence to its employees that the requirements for quality are being fulfilled and maintained.
信頼性
reliability (物)
・low probability of failure
・耐久性 Capable of surviving at least 50,000 miles with frequent regeneration - not reliable but durable. - The system may fail but is unlikely to wear out.
・人 dependabilty, trust
信頼限界
confidence limit
・dependability of service サービスの信頼性
神話
mythical belief
ISO17100(翻訳サービス提供者認証)取得
株式会社 トランスワード
<広島事務所> 〒732-0828 広島市南区京橋町9-3 クリスタ京橋ビル4階
Tel: (082) 506-3233 Fax: (082) 506-3234

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