・workmanship and finish
・Fit and finish sold
・quality of execution
- as happy as a clam
・as aclam at high tide, as a clam in mud
- dead point
・turnover point (pedal)
- ・unit of acceleration equal to the acceleration of gravity
・circling the skid pad at 0.89 g
・An inertia force of 30 g must not release the deck lid.
・The Concorde passengers felt gentle tug of takeoff G forces.
- out-sourced parts flow rule
- seek time
・the amount of time it takes to find data you want to use
- Sieger wire
- seat-integrated safety belt
・seat-integrated three-point safety belt
・The model integrates set belts, retractors, and structural support within the seat frame.
・incorporates a seat belt anchor attached to the seat frame, eliminating belt readjustment when the seat is moved.
- seat cover
・seat warmer, fanny warmer
- seat slide fine 10-mm pitch
・前進端 full-forward position
・後退端 rearmost position (Push all the way back.)
・前後移動量 fore-aft travel (distance)
- seat folds flat;
・The passenger seat folds flat.
・Right the seat.
・The passenger seat folds forward to create cubic inches of cargo capacity.
- seat control adjustment
・昇降 to raise or lower the entire seat
・The front lifter rocks the seat rearward, raising the front. (vs rear lifter)
・seat back filt/rake/inclination- full-rearward rake position
・The backrest recliner is a rachet tye and some drivers need a position between the detents.
・fore/aft slide in fine 10 mm pitch
・It is orthopedically designed and fine adjustments allowed in eight ways.
・シート自動調整 a personalized memory for driver's seat
・シート調整距離 ride travel
- seat back (2 words)
・シートリフタ seat lifter - The lever enables the seat to rock rearward, raising the front of the seat bolster at the same time to avoid thigh-wheel interference.
- The rear seat split is 40/60, with each seat able to be individually folded.
・The rear seats offer 60/40 split for hauling skies and people at the same time.
- emergency locking retractor;
・The ELR has 1700 mm of webbing wound up.
- inertia reel lap and shoulder bolts
- force to draw up the belt;
・In simulated vehicle position, force to draw up the last 50 mm is 90 gr.
- baseline test (w/t preloader activation)
- seat belt reminder
・The warming buzzer is replaced with polite deep beap.
・"Please fasten your seat belt."
・(f) Beltminder: seatbelt usage reminder system uses red light and chimes
- lap belt;
・pelvic restraint belt
- child seat belt;
・child seat harness
・infant and toddler restraint belt
- inadvertent firing of preloader
- three-point seat belt;
・three-anchorage seat belt
・lap and diagonal seat belt
- tight-drawing characteristics;
・That portion of the belt which is loosely wound up on retractor reel must first be drawn tight around the locked reel before restraint force can develop.
・締める To adjust the lap part of the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt until the lap belt fits snugly around your hips.
- motorized seat belt;
・passive seat belt / passive automatic feature for tension actuation
・Once the car is started, the belt, positioned well forward of the seat, glides backwards along a track above the door and wraps across the motorist's torso.
- strap on your seat belt.
・Fit the belt snagly.
・Fasten/wear the buckle
・Some don't like to be restrained and immobilized, so they refuse to properly adjust safety belts.
- motorized seat belt;
・passive seat belt / passive automatic feature for tension actuation
・The belt is positioned well forward of the seat. Once the car is started, itg glides backward along a track above the door and wraps across the motorist's torso.
- spool out
・wind out/play out (vs draw/wind in)
- belt slack
・The shoulder belt has a comfort slack that allows you to set a small amount of alack so that the belt is not too snug against you.
・If the belt is too loose, it will provide significantly less protection.
・Pull the belt across your shoulder and chest, and insert the tongue into the nearest buckle on your seat until you hear a snap and feel it lock.
・To unlatach the tongue from the buckle, push the red release button on end of the buckle.
・bracket to provide for potential anti-rotation of harness ブラケットは結合時バックル取付け具の観点防止に備える
- Be sure lap belts fit snugly
・To adjust the lap part of the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt until the lap belt fits snugly around your hips.
- seat belt pretensioner
・safety belt pretensioners
・removes slack in the event of a collision
- length of webbing wound up
・The ELR has 1700 mm of webbing wound up.
- seat belt retractor
・Retraction force is produced by pre-loading device
- seat bolsters
- surge (braking)
・fleeting G drop / faint drop in G when braked
- Seabrook, tradename of a fabric
- sealer シール剤
・protects part surfaces
・prevents seepage of liquids or gas
・= filler, gap-filling adhesive
・applied on pipe joints/threads
・to seal pipe fittings with an anaerobic sealant
・Some tires contain a puncture-sealant compound eliminating the spare tire.
・to seal combustion gas
・The tire seals in air. The tire bead seals airtight against the rim.
・This seal seals out dust. (sealded-beam headlamp, sealed housing for evapo determination, rubber door seal)
・to seal out dirt (contaminant excluding lip)
・シール面 sealing surface (required flat)
・シール性 sealing performance, sealability (air tightness of ash tray)
・シール対象 matter to seal
・to seal in coolant (fluid retaining lip)
- shield construction
・打数、持数，素線径 carriers/ends/diameter 編組率 braiding ratio 外装ブレード cover hraid
・シールド線 shielded wire/cable
・シールドジョイント shield joint
・シールドアーク溶接 shielded arc welding
・シールドガス shielding gas
・to join wires by splicing braided shields
- self defense
・Don't run the serious risk of denying ourselves our own peace and prosperity.
・自衛隊 Self Defense Forces (Japan's term for its military)
- self employed
- shaping air
・epoxy floor material resempling P tile
- shell mold
・resembles a hollowed-out doughnut sliced into two.
・Shell making machine (Dump type 4-station rotary unit)1 金型加熱 pattern heating2 砂箱 Sandbox is inverted for all resincoated sand to fall on the pattern. Resin fluxes by the heat of pattern and bonds the sand. Then the pattern is turned over to remove excess sand. 3 Molds are cured and shells baked. 4 Unloading: Hardened mold is stripped from the pattern. Shell halves are bonded with liquid resin hinder. 5 Pouring
- backmetal shell molding
・permanent back plate
・Resin-coated sand is injected through holes in the thin-wall shell, with saving of sand. (Conventional shell mold is packed with iron shots to support against metal pressure.)
・背面金型 formed-back molding
- （部署)支援 G
- Production Support Group
- time delay relay
- road salt
- ・後方 rearward view (The rear headrests are adjustable so as not to impare the driver's rear vision)
・前方 forward view (enhanced by sharply sloping nose) / road view
・側方 lateral view (low window sill)
・視界不良 poor visibility
- (field of) view/vision
・visual field, visibility
・driver's front and rear fields of vision
・The steering wheel spoke placement allows unimpeded view of the main instrument cluster. (unobstructed)
・Corner posts made thinner for better vision gives a light open feel.
・Due to the thin pillar, an increased field of glass, and the low beltline, vision is excellent.
- magnetic field intensity
・extent of magnetic field
- 議長 chairperson討論会の facilitator / moderator of a sessin
- city fuel economy
・city cycle fuel economy
・city driving mileage representataive of normal everyday driving
・FTP (Federal Test Procedure) test cycle consisting of a transient driving cycle with an average speed of 19.6 mph
- equivalency exams
・Some obtain their high-school diploma by taking equivalency exams.
・資格規準 qualification criteria
- production instruction kanban
- direct connection, direct wire, leadless connection 直付け
- blow one's own horn
・Not to blow our own horn, but as the leading semiconductor provider for the automotive industry, we can connect you with an amazing range of smart solutions.
- homebase recharging of batteries
- I don't like it but that's life.
・It can't be helped.
- metal charge (furnace)
- magnitizing power
- private generation
・independent generation for emergency
・independent generating station
・service power generation (常用）
・emergency power generation (非常用）
- private cars
- scraper きさげ
- ・正味稼動時間 productive time
・付随時間 time for contingencies (material handling, etc.)
・作業時間 operation time
・待ち時間 waiting time
・devloped in the shortest amount of time
・The process can be performed in as little as 24 h.
- time management
・To set the hour, press SET until you reach the hour you want.
・Press RESET to select the minute you want.
- stagger delivery
・assigning specific times of the day and metering the flow so a plant has a balanced amount of trucks coming in
- time display
・The time display is distinguished from the elapsed time display by a non-flashing colon.
・When the clock shows the time, yo see a colon that does not flash.
- ampere-hour capacity
・（20 時間率容量で60時間 Ah のバッテリとは 6Aの電流で20時間放電しても放電終止電圧以下にならない）
- set the hour
・Press SET until you reach the hour you want.
・Press RESET to select the minute you want.
- spacer plates/sheets
- privately held company
・privately-owned airline (vs state-owned)
・to privatize public-sector enterprize
- base metal flaws
・gradual improvement of existing conventions
- magnetic-particle inspection
・磁粉散布ガン wet particle spray gun
・ブラックライト near-ultraviolet spray gun to fluoresce under black light.
・normal daylight or white light illumination
- coil conduction: lengthwise magnitization
- lengthwise conduction
・Circular magnetization is produced by passing current through the part to be tested.
・This creates a magnetic field around and within the part at right angles to the direction of current in the part. Wherever this magnetic current cuts across a crack, it attracts and holds iron powder.
・Longitudinal magnetization: the part is magnetized lengthwise to fine transverse cracks (crosswise cracks)
・像 an indication
・磁粉液 particles (can be readily dispersed in a liquid vehicle)
・磁気特性 megnet property/effect
- color tone
- placing and spreading (concrete)
- blocky spots
・acid spotting and staining
・色差 coloer difference (quantitative evaluation)
・色温 color temperature
・確実に識別できる特徴 positive identification
・識別子 descriptor (re multiplex)
・識別色 ID color
- a walk drawn
- hourly rates
- business undertaking / business
・事業内容 business line - The corporation's main business is producing and selling toys.
・事業と取引 to carry out business and transaction
・事業展開 expand the business
- entrepreneur 起業家
- business activities
・事業計画 business program/plan
・事業計画書 business master plan
・事業戦略 business strategy
・事業採算性 business feasibility / profitability / viability
- self servo, self energizing
- business place
・business entity, location
- business unit
・business establishments / business entities / firms、entities
・新規事業 newly established firms
- serve as an agent (for all relevant business activities)
- routine daily checkup
・routine checkup before starting
・a basic day-to-day maintenance
- magnetic polarity
・detail of a good delivered
・doubles as a bill
- Stop the die just after taking off the ground.
- run programs
・Inmates now are running literacy and health programs in prison.
- shaft (回転）
・holds work while an operation is performed or while assembling parts into a complete mechanism. - drill jig, reaming jig, tapping jig, counterboring jig
・fixture: fixed to the table/base, locates work / welding fixture 溶接冶具- welding fixture / milling fixture / test fixture
- ・軸径 shaft diameter
・軸重 axial weight
・軸荷重 load per axle
・軸間距離 shaft center distance (gear and pitman)
・軸の肩 shaft shoulder
・軸部 shank (bolt, drill)
・軸トルク engine torque 軸出力
・軸流式 axial-flow type
- axial crush
- end pressure
- ・固定側 fixed bearing
・自由側 floating bearing
・軸受け台 bearing stand (pedestal)
・軸受鋼 bearing steel
- basic shaft system 最大軸径を規準として穴径を変える
- switchbacks; road climbing zigzag
- shaft current
- axial collapse strength
・軸方向の振れ shaft runout on diameter
- jig borer
・jig boring machine
- 仕組み (体制）
・推進体制つくりと仕組みつくり Establish the structure and setup for pushing cost reduction.
・sequential execution / sequence of operation / program sequence
・Arange the samples in chronological order.
- eraser sheet
- a hemostatic
- natural resources
・We will deplete our supply of fossil fuel in 50 to 70 years.
・資源枯渇 resource depletion
・資源の管理 control of resourcs
- in-vitro fertilization
・human cloning and designer babies
- test procedures
・試験方法 test method
・試験条件 test conditions (always plural)
・試験温度 test temperature (not 'testing')
・試験路 test roads; test track 総称
・試験操作 test procedure
・試験用粉体 test dust (air cleaner)
・machine-related mishap 機械事故
・driving mishap, road accident 運転事故
・accident and calamity
・The actual accident is a damage in the product or facility, while calamity is a personal injury.
・An incident means material or facility loss or damage and minor injuries (such as cuts or abrasions)
・A calamity means more serious or fatal injuries.
・定款 Should any unexpected event prevent the president from presiding over the meeting, an executive director shall serve as chairman.
・post-event driving states
- the statute of limitations lifted
- jigs and tools
・tool and die
・loading tool (heat treatment)
- self-hardening steel
- trial-and-error fixes
・Whatever your approach, there isn't a magic fix that works for everyone. Finding out what's best for you is a process of trial and error.
・trial and error iteration / trial and error approaches to problem solving
・are costly and time-consuming
・build and test
・error-prone and time-consuming input
・The systems approach emphasizes modeling and analysis to replace cut-and-try engineering.
- illuminated (license plate)
- brought this on oneself
・Clinton brought this on himself.
・Has only himself to blame.
- directional solidification
- contractor in charge
- probation period
- accident reinstatement
・Recreate the sequence of events surrounding the fiery crash.
・a reenactment of the crash
- injuries and fatalities due to accidents
・事故車 crashed car
・事故電流 fault current (3E)
- auto correlation coefficient
- linear self-steering behavior
・free-control straight line stability
- The loss of jog satisfaction is a high price to pay to eliminate perceived inefficiencies from our places of work.
- manner of working
・仕事量 work load
・work load done in unit time- throughput
- rules on circular of accident/failure/incident
- measure, step, action
・development prototype / prototype unit/vehicle
・trial production in product development / trial manufacture in product design / running protype
・試作承認状態 proto-ready / rapid prototyping (RP)
・試作型 prototype tooling
・Kirksite tool vs aluminum/steel injection tooling/molds
・インライン試作 in-line protyping / 試作図 prototype drawing
・量産試作 production proveout prototype
・平行試作 concurrent prototyping
- build / development build
・prototype build (proto itself); prototype build and test
・試作計画 build plan
・試作行程 build process
・試作レベル build level
・組立て試作 assembly build
- point and speak out
- tri-iron tetroxide
- direction, instructions
- all that it takes
・Hillary has all that it takes to win the Senate seat.
- mistake in fact
- radii without R dimension
- magneto-electronically rotating type
- round off
・Where the digit next beyond the last digit to be retained is less than 5, the last digit should not be changed. When it is 5 or more, the last digit should be increased by 1.
・4.4682 becomes 4.463 when rounded to three places. 4.4638 becomes 4.464.
・2.35 in rounded figures
・round to the nearest whole number.
・Round off to three decimal places.
・4.46324 rounded to three places would be 4.463.
・round up / round down
・raise to the nearest unit.
・Count 0.6 as 1 and disregard the rest (truncate the rest)
- in-house-designed SUV
- 自社比 (当社比)
- improvement over its previous model
- tare weight
・自重トルク dead weight torque
- dead weight torque
- gravity fall
- ・self-imposed quota / allotment program
・voluntary restraint agreement
・hardly voluntary: strong-armed to cut exports
- independency / autonomy / free will
・自主管理 operator check prior to inspection
・自主規格 internal standards / voluntary standards
- ride evaluation
・drive evaluatin / demonstration drive /
・Kick the tire and take a test ride.
・試乗会 drive evaluation event
・survival in the marketplace
・Reduce warranty claims after the vehicles are out on the road.
・市場調査 market evaluation / Test-market to gauge public reaction.
・市場テスト field test, road test; Track- and road-test the car.
・市場クレーム field claims
・市場占拠率 market share / The firm controls 80% of the market.
・市場性 marketability, saleability, customer value, product value
・市場の要求 Ensure that technology development is guided by market pull.
- (on paper)
- on the market
・We hope to have modular V-8 engine on the market this fall.
・a forgotten orphan on the market
・It's the quietest car on the market. in the market
・He is in the market for a good used car. / That house is in the market.
・The car is a forgotten orphan in the marketplace.
- field-failed parts recovered
- Open capital market to foreign investors.
- in-use cars
・Emissions emphasis shifted from new-vehicle certification to in-use field surveilance.
・In-service cars in customer's hands.
・automobiles on the road
- market economy
・marketplace competition, marketplace pull
・free market (vs command economy)
・Ease the bureaucrats and politicians out of the driver's seat and let market forces take over.
- field data
・tested and proved out in the field
- market positioning
・a segment in which a new model wil compete
・Position the new car to attract young, more affluent, import-minded buyers, while retaining appeal for the present owner base.
- setting-to-touch time
・the time paint takes to dry to a condition where it no more sticks to a lightly touched fingertip
- confidence (An organization should provide confidence to its management and other employees that the requirements for quality are being fulfilled and maintained, and that quality improvement is taking place.)
- needle lighting/illumination
・seal in water
- Space limitation prevents a detailed representation of --
- system fill
・the point between the end of 4P and the start of Job #1
・Usually about two weeks before Job #1
・No turnaround time for change between 4P and system fill
・When raising a heavy thing, be sure to adjust your stance.
・positions (welding) 上向き姿勢 overhead position 下向き姿勢 flat = downhand p. 立て向き姿勢 vertical (fillet) p. 水平姿勢 horizontal p.
- magnetism / magnetic effect/properties
- self sharpening/dressing
・no interruption to dress abrasives
- organic foods
- person (vs firm)
・自然色 natural color
・自然乾燥 air-dry (強制乾燥 force-dry)
・自然切替え using up the stock before sending replacements
・自然スキン mold skin (vs 硬質スキン solid skin
- attrition / attrition rate
・waiting for attrition instead of arbitrary dismissal or layoff
- beforehand / in advance
・prior notice / advance notice
- outdoor weathering
・Preserve and protect natural resources.
・Wildlife conservative area
- dead accumulation
・of obsolete parts
- magnetic flux
- four rules
・addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
- process scrap (= 工廃）
・下穴深さ DRILL 112 mm ねじ深さ TAP 10 mm
・tap hole: a hole to be tapped
・セレーション7下穴明け drill for serratin
・rough hole (0.5 mm のドリルで下穴をあけ0.7 mm のドリルで仕上げる）
・下穴あけ径 hole drilling diameter
- cadavors / tests with cadavors
- 下請け (協力企業）
- subcontractors (not used in m)
・supplier (1st, 2nd, 3rd tier suppliers)
・outside suppliers (vs in-house suppliers)
- pinned under a car
- surface preparation
・pre-treatment, surface treatment
・surface conditioning (before plating, etc.)
・下地不良 nonconforming surface
- E-coat / ED
・primer for corrosion resistance
・spot flash primer 部分下塗吹きつけ
- lower plate
- underbody parts / undercarriage parts
・The car achieves drastic reductions in the three major exhaust pollutants, undercutting Japan's 2000 exhaust emissions standards, which mandate a 68% lower level than the current regulations.
- a trend down
・Car sales are showing a trend down. (vs growing)
- shorter worktime
・Shorten working hours from 2100 h to 1800 h.
・Porsche will put 4000 of its 9000 workers on short time.
- out-of-court settlement
- Deputy General Manager, 〜Division
- Department (Dept.)
- true R
・a failure to ignite the A/F mixture in one or more cylinders without stalling
・半失火 2/4 misfire (mixture in 2 of 4 cylinders)
- Inspect the part as installed in vehicle
- actual angle
・実角方向のR true R
- feel of solidity
- skill実技教習 practical schooling (Groups of machinists are given three weeks'pracitcal schooling on advanced equipment)
- bench test engine
- practical schooling
・Troups of machinists are given three weeks' practical schooling on advanced equipment.
- humidity chamber
- bench test
・単品テスト、台上テスト （Does not travel)
・on-engine test (firing/motoring)
・to engine-test the valve spring
・an engine mounted on a rigid test fixture
- engine test standard
- adherence level to standards/discipline
・physical testing, real-scale dynamic experiment
- the realization (of product)
- experimental die
・constructed with an adjustable die opening
- design of experiment
・"Fountain of Youth." Scientists are far from making it a reality.
・That concept appears promising to realize in the future.
- run the program
- execute a plan
・to fulfil a mission / to follow through on a pledge
・a discipline to follow through
- request for action
- feasible directions method
- action plan
- execute time
・実行状態 active state (PC), CPU in running state
・実行段階 execute phase
・実行可能状態 ready state
・実行プログラム executatable program
・実行禁止 execute inhibited
・実行速度 execute rate
・実行不能 non-executable file
・実行終了 end of run
- effective value
- effective reactance
- real eigen value
・useful info for implementing and operating quality system
・implemented as documented 文書にしたがって実施
・conduct / carry out
・undertaking tests and demonstrations
- perform (activities/audits performed)
・(patent) practice (of invention): make, use, and sell
・実施依存 implementation dependent (can't tell before you do)
・実施活動 implementation activity
・実施期限 deadline for retrofit; expiration date, expiry date
・実施技法 operational techniques
・実施項目 implementation items
・実施状況 performance (of the quality system)
・実施段階 implementation phase (execute)
・実施中の systems of weight and measures prevailing in the U.S.
- ・実施手順書 operational procedure
・実施に移す reduce to practice
・実施日 effective date, date of incorporation
・実施法 practices as required for mutual int'l recognition - やりかたpractices specific to an organization - procedures and processes - process recipe
・実施方法 operational means
- license, licensing right
・再実施権 sub-licensing right
・相互 cross licensing
・一方 one way
・予約契約 agreement to reserve sublicense
- real wages
・substantially, effectively, essentially
- road test
・road drive evaluation
・to road-test in Sweden in February
・Road testing duplicates most of what the customer will experience.
・field test / real-world testing
- vehicle test
・on-vehicle durability test 車載耐久 / vehicle testing of airbags Vehicle-evaluate the device.
・Test on a vehicle under road conditions, dynamic test、
・Test in the lab and on a vehicle.
- in vehicle position (Check the carpet in vehicle position.)
・in simulated on-vehicle position
・Mount the printed circuit in a manner representing a vehicle application.
・to evaluate on body buck
・Test on a simulated fixture.
・Test the washer at a functional position.
- on-vehicle evaluation for matching
- hands-on training (vs classroom training 座学)
- demonstrate / prove / validate
・Demonstrate the system in a vehicle within two years. The next step is to develop working models of a complete system to prove fuel cell feasibility.
・the extent to which the total quality is known and proven
・The Jeep's 3.2 decibel noise reduction was validated in lab and field tests.
・Proven to out-perform conventional disposable filters.
- license fee
・継続 running royalty
・低額 fixed license fee
・一括 lump sum payment
・頭金 initial payment
・最低 minimal fee
・前払い advance fee
・次年度 due renewal fee
・計算書 accounting of royalties due
- implementation domains
・最適実施例 embodiment in preferred construction
・変更実施例 embodiment in modified construction
・Although only one embodiment of the invention has been described herein, various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.
- actual number, real number
- clearance スキ
・実スキ1.0: min clearance (用具設計において部品間の実スキ)
・組立て工具が入る隙 assembly tool clearance
- actual dimension, measured dimension
- actual price (vs promotional)
・Tested and proved out in the field (field data)
・市場実績 market-proven, road-proven reliability, proven with no field performance issues experienced
・a proven 165 hp V6 / proven technology, proven quality
・connectors proven in truck environments
・proven in production; production-proven
・使用実績 proved in service- Avoid applications as it has never been put to use. - Surgery still an unproved remedy.
- (past) performance
・apparent difference between the EPA fuel economy estimates and the actual fuel economy performance of vehicles in use
・Sales in Europe reached 14.3 mil vehicles in 1998, the best performance since 1990.
・objectives and performance 目標と実績
- stress on ability
- solid line / full line
- stark (instrument panel)
・mount SMD (surface mounted devices: miniturized electronics like capacitors, resistors - smaller than match head - bonded to circuit board / semiconductor mounting
・surface-mount compatible designs
- loss of traction
- actual measurements
・実態像 stereographic model
- hands-on training ハンズオン
・Sunracer and Methanol Marathon competition provide students with hands-on learning experience to complement their classroom education
・実地テスト real-world testing
- Manager / General Manager
- developed length
・straight measurement / vs arc length 展開長
- low light transmisstion
・The car feels roomier than its outside dimensions suggest.
・The back seat is not crampped between the rear wheel housings.
・トラック truck cab interior
- lump together
・treat things in the same way
・The practice of lumping together juveniles and adult criminals still exists in some prisons in the U.S.
- practical education
・Develop into a commercial reality.
・That will be in service around 2003.
・Stirling is still some way from being developed to a level of reasonable cost-effectiveness in practical service.
・develop into a commercial production
・to come to commercial use
・advent and commercialization
・develop and put into practical reality
・to become reality
・That will be in service around 2003.
・Stirling is still some way from eing developed to a level of reasonable cost-effectiveness in practical service
・It's tough taking that first research project out of the lab and making it into a product people will buy.
・Get your global pland into gear.
- come to fruition
・"Smart" highway won't come to fruition any time soon
- commercial potential
・Driver warning has the most immediate commercial potential.
・Bio-muscle equipment remains years from reality, because the polymer strips and gels being used for muscles are far too pliant to lift heavy weights.
- utility car / workhorse wagon / economy car
- normal rpm range, daily rev range
- utility model device
- normal driving fuel economy 日常燃費、常用燃費
・real world fuel economy
・Mileage in normal everyday use depends upon each driver's individual mix of city and highway economy.
・average fuel economy
- performance values
- sight distance
- time constant
- a point of criticism
・Rear-seat knee room, a point of criticism, is improved by 41 mm.
- single rotation, turn on its own axis
- cycle road/route / cycle paths/track
・自転車横断路 bicycle crossing
- indication accuracy
・指度誤差 indication error
・speed indication accuracy
- driver non-attentive system
・removes the driver from the equation and may not seem palatable to many who feel it is a right to draive any vehicle anywhere.
- In Auto Operation
- Auto Group (Auto Gr.)
- line feed
・強制改行 carriage feed
- auto actuation
・予告警報 alarm for imminent actuation
- coordinated traffic signals
・自動光電計測装置 photoelectric counter
- startup voltage
- less-motorized countries
・later arrivals in the automotive scene
・自動車先進国 advance-motorized countries The U.S. is the most mobile society on this planet.
- proving grounds
・Track laps proved out months of lab checks on individual sysems now mated as a complete vehicle.
- road accident
- annual automobile tax
- car telephone
・hands-free/off cellular telephone
- car telephone
・hands-free cell phone
・mobile phone (fully wired into a car; integral phone
・transportable: "bag" phone
・portable: briefcase size
・personal: pocket size
- anti-theft devices
・自動車盗難法 Motor Vehicle Theft Law
・radio frequency immobilizer
・vehicle security immobilizer / automobile security
・Inductive key has 1.1 trillion code possibilities.
- car thief
・professional thieves, car theft business, auto theft ring
・Most cars can be vulnerable to determined and skilled car thieves.
・Despite all the effort and expense, if thieves want a car, they are likely to take it, anyway.
・Real quick and dirty thieves will just throw a rock or a brick through a window.
- antomotive analysts
- automotive parts
- car ownership
・car population / butomobile density
- autonomous driving
・Autonomous intelligent cruise control safeguards the distance to the next car using a ranging sensor and vehicle control.
・adaptive vehicle control
・extensive subsystem interaction to enhance functiondriving by wire
・No mechanical link from the gas pedal to the engine - a computer controls acceleration.
- automated vehicle operation
・interplay between vehicles and transportation systems on which they operate
・vision systems, radar, in-road magnets
・hands-off and feet-off operation
・Of the 2500 km run, only 15 necessitated manual takeover.
- autonomous driving
・Autonomous intelligent cruise control safeguards the distance to the next car using a ranging sensor and vehicle control.
・adaptive vehicel control
・extensive subsystem interaction to enhance function
・driving by wire (No mechanical link from the gas pedal to the engine)
・automated vehicle operation in which the system takes over control of the vehicle
・interplay between vehicles and transportation systems, radar, in-road magnets
・hands-off and feet-off operation
・解除 Of the 2500 km run, only 15 necessitated manual takeover.
・The system turns itself off when it is confused.
- intelligent car
・vehicles that control themselves
- automated roadways
・The roadway magnets provide info on vehicle direction while the radar provides info on the proximity of leading and trailing vehicle for proper separation.
- automated roadways
・The roadway magnets provide information on vehicle direction while the radar provides information on the proximity of leading and trailing vehicle for proper separation.
- automatic feeding
・Make it unnecessary for the operator to place the hands in the danger zone when feeding stock.
- startup enrichment
- automatic headway control
・cooperative headway control (would place cars in convoys and coordinate their speed and spacing.)
・Vehicles are automatically chauffered from on-ramp to off-ramp.
- automatic tracer
・3-m auto-aiming tester
- automatic on/off control
・Headlamps switch themselves onn automatically when darkness falls and vice versa.
- passive arming
・Simply turning off the ignition and removing the key arms the system. Conversely, inserting the key in the ignition disarms it.
・The inconvenience of setting the system is eliminated.
- loading robot
- automatic dispensing
・automatic robot application
- automatic unloading (stamping)
- automated machines
・自動機 automated equipment
- automatic locking door
・The doors automatically lock when car starts moving.
- automatic activation wiper
・raindrop sensor wiper
・moisture-sensing automatic wiper
・Check the hoses by feel; they should be pliable.
・しなやかな走り agile and flexible - move with quick and easy grace
- Senior Expert （SX)
- lame duck (vs dead duck)
- visual identification
・Laidout for easy reading
・The instrumentation needs no hunting.
・high visibility in ambient light
・The speedo is lit in green and easy to read in bright or dim light.
・In daylight it's difficult to make out what some of the instruments are trying to say.
・The speedo washes out in bright sunlight.
- backlit liquid crystal display (LCD)
・backlighted words on dark background
・negative mode display, negative contrast
- mandatory liability insurance, compulsory
- local suppliers
- unplated areas
・支払停止 suspension of payment
- electrorate constituents
・The LPD was deserted by rural voters and construction workers, two of its sturdiest constituents.
- land subsidence
- goods on the market
・市販油 commercial oil (vs experimental oil)
・poor blood circulation and numbness
- shift indicator ligtht
- shift lock
・prevents shifting the transmission out of park without brake pedal depression.
・prevents "pedal misapplication."
・shift lock release key cylinder
- time sharing
- Over, please
・cast skin closely simulating the appearance, feel, and gloss of real leather
・camera case finis
・woodgrain, walnut grain
・絞かじり grain nibbling
- accident fatalities
- drawing (press)
・深絞り deep drawing: a sheet of metal is pressed around a die until it thins out and is joined perfectly.
- squeeze out
・extract, take out forcibly
- fringes (ほろぐらむ）
・縞円状 radial and concentric pattern
・縞状2次線 contour map
- (India wants an indigenous industry.)
・地元メーカ indigenous manufacturers, home-grown automakers (vs transplants)
- written apology
・required if students misbehave in school, if foreign residents forgetto inform the ward office when they move, --
- interference fit
- (discolored) spots
- conservative / to dress conservatively
・front wheel shimmy / front end shimmy
・The wheels shake violently side to side.
・CFC-12 bleeds from hoses.
- ・Two weeks is enough to simulate a full year of field corrosion.
・single in-line memory module
・dual in-line memory module, 両面に電極がある。84 pins x 2 = 168 pins
- administrative department; secretariat
- compactness 突き固め度
・to compact, pack firmly
- cut-off timing
・engineering cut-off timing
- lock oneself out of one's car ドアロック
・locking the doors with the key left in the ignition
・torque, turn in, draw down, fasten down
・screw the nut onto the bolt and tighten.
・締付け力 tightening force/effort/load/torque; fastening effort
・きっちり締め付ける snugly tighten
・締付け不足 insufficient tightening
・穏やかに締め付ける Just snug the nut in; _Don't use thesame amount of force you'd use for a bolt.
- ground effect
・downforce, downloading effect
・effect of inverted airplane wing
・ground effect skirt around the car's entire lower perimeter (valance, extended panel)
・An aerodynamic underside works with a smooth upper body to create the effect of an upside-down airplane wing as the air rushes through it. The resulting downforce increases with speed, pulling the car to the ground for tremendous cornering traction.
- surrounded by foes
・surrounded by walls
- perpendicular to this paper
・紙面の都合 on account of space allowed
- frost-like structure
- indigenous manufacturers
・India wants an indigenous auto industry.
- field of vision
・events occurring outside of the driver's field of vision
・= platform (TIME)
・The underpart of an automobile comprising: frame with axles, engine, transmission, driveline, exhaust system, wheels
・the unibody chassis, the frame, underpinnings
・The rolling chassis represents 25% of of the final vehicle.
- laboratory dish
・a wheel motion that compresses the suspension
・jounce height: clearance between wheel and wheel housing with the suspension compressed
- vehicle external noise
・bystander sound level
- To find out the temperature outside, press the OUTSIDE button.
・Check the temperature outside of your car.
- outside directors are a rarity in Japan.
- social skills 社交性
- outside communication facilities
・Traffic information system requires a vast network of radio transmitters to be effective in any way.
- social accoutability 説明する責任 (ae)
・responsible stewardship (64 企業の）
- requirements of society
- benefits to society
- market class
・the market segment in which a vehicle competes
・budget, small, lower mid-range, mid-range, upper mid-range, near luxury, luxury, sporty, specialty, van, minivan, compact pickup, full-sized pickup, compact sport -utility and full-sized sport utility
- distance from the preceding car
・Keep a constant distance from the preceding car.
・distance between moving vehicles
・maximum distance between cars
・safe following distance
・Benz is developing infrared seeing-eye sensors which enable the car to maintain a safe following distance from traffic in front.
・"You're following too close, slow down before we get killed."
・The radar provides information on the proximity of leading and trailing vehicles for proper separation.
・headway distance from the car ahead
・driver-set spacing from the car ahead / spacing to the car ahead
・the distance to the car in front
・speed and headway keeping
・Leave one car length for each 10 mph.
・Maintain a driver-set spacing betwen the host vehicle and the vehicle ahead during cruise control operation.
- following distance (= headway)
・safe following distance from the traffic ahead
・Reduced following distance to improve highway efficiency is a key element in intelligent vehicle highway systems.
- headway control
・The car's distance from the vehicle ahead is measured by radar. If the car is too close to the one in front, the device will send out a vocal warning and simultaneously interrupt the auto cruise function to decelerate to a safe speed.
・automatic vehicle separation control
・headway warning device
・検出センサ a sensor for detecting the distance between vehicles distance detecting sensor
- internal rules
- Vehicle Engineering
- supplied parts
- marginal reception area
- lever block
- the law of the jungle
- commitment line
- ignition loss
- official/statutory vehicle inspection
・定期検査 periodic roadworthiness inspection
- vehicle height
・wheel center to fender brim height
・wheel center to wheel housing height
・全高 overall height: vehicle heigtht
- ride height
・measurement between the ground and some fixed point on a car's body (The reference varies according to the shims of the automaker. The dimension can be used to measure the amount of suspension deflection or the body heigtht from tje ground (Road and Truck).
- shading goggle for welding
・a sliding shade you can manually open or close to block the sun
- vehicle height adjustment
・3.0-in pneumatic height control is provided to lift or lower as required.
・Self-leveling with an instrument panel ride-height control. This allows the car to be lowered 15 mm to improve the drag figure to 0.30 by skimming its underside. An additional setting allows the car to be raised 30 mm for extra ground clearance.
・vehicle height control- load leveling system- The height is variable on a pneumatic suspension system. At low 2289, it facilitates passenger ingress and egress, and at height 2310, it offers view from the top. The sky lifts and lowers by air suspension, for view and boarding/embarking.
・three-stage, height-adjustable suspension
- slant axis table
- police-certified private parking space
- garage law
・車庫照明 police-certified private parking space
- C clamp
- All our trucks have on-board sattelite communications, so we know at any given time the loactions of all those trucks.
- on-vehicle test
・in-vehicle test/vehicle testing
・Installed and tested in three cars.
・static test: testing on a stationary vehicle
- height of axle spindle
- exterior protrusions
・No protrusions to hit in case of an accident
- car family
・given name of a vehicle by its manufacturer
・中軸車種 mainstay model
・全車種 the entire line of its models
・overgrowth of models, variations, and options
・a wider range of models and also of variations within model lines
・That model accounts for 10% of the model mix.
- car line
・a wider range of models and of variations within new model lines
・the entire line of its models
・射出保圧 injection pressure holding
・射出圧 injection pressure
・射出設定 injection parameter setting
・射出成形 injection molding インジェクションモールディング
- original parts
- company pin
・You should feel pride in the company pin shining from the lapel of your suit.
・Wear the pin of a big business goup because that's what their fiancee's parents would lookat.
- to steal from cars
・to pop the trunk
- photo size
・4つ： 4P （10 in x 12 in), quarter
・6つ: 6P (10 in x 8 in)
・密着 contact sheet （APS cameras take pictures in three sizes and replace negatives with a single contact sheet that displays thumbnail images of an entire roll at a glance）
・135: 35 mm
- photo retouch
- chaste white
・保持 lane keeping
・変更 lane changing
・外れ exceedence (lateral displacement of vehicle centerline from runway centerline)
- vehicle speed sensing
・vehicle speed sensitive / rpm sensitive
・variable 4ws keyed to road speed
・The variable shock system is either driver-controllable or a funtion of vehicle speed (driver-switched)
・Control module senses the car's speed and turning angle, and decides when and then determines the proper direction and angle of the rear wheels.
- Body Manufacturing Div.
・automotive body, automobile body
・車体の穴部 body shell apertures, like window openings
・車体すべり角 body slip angle; vehicle centerline angle to turning arc
・skelton of frame
- company rent house
- circuit breaker
・crossarm, crossarm gate, barrier gate
- in-company driver's license
- multi-disciplined project
- inside recruitment
- heat shield
- clearance lamps
・lamps for indicating overall width of a vehicle
・combination clearance and side marker
- cell-phone users yakking into their beloved mobile phones
・邪魔になる distracting (marks in the view finder)
- sunset industry
・dying retail chains
- grits (glass)
・砂利道 gravel road / pebble road
- vehicle kinetics 車両運動特性
- car-to-car crashes
- vehicle weight
・(forklift) truck weight
- Assembly & Design For Manufacturing Engineering Div.
・A & D
・ADFMED: Assemble and Design FMED
- vehicle attributes
- final assembly
・vehicle assembly plant
- vehicle lateral deviation (brake)
・landing gear (aircraft)
・車輪止め wheel blocks
・車輪荷重 wheel load, chock, Block your drive wheels.
・車輪制御 individual wheel control
・車輪間制御 wheel between front and rear / between fronts / between rears
- Charpy impact
・unthreaded portion (bolt/screw)
・the part of the drill by which it is held and driven
・シャンク規準で測る Measure the cutting edge OD with the cutter turned by shunk.
・シャンク四角部 squared shank - a cylindrical shank having a driving square on the back end
- class, type
- Sure Bond
・U.S. LSI's patent (Lear Seating Corporation)
・Covering (fabric + sponge + nylon film) is placed under urethane pad. With the assembly weighed down, steam is fed from under, the nylin film melts and fuses the covering to pad.
- primary cause
・causal part 主因部品
・prolonged 's', swish, Wastegate whooses and clicks as it vents the exhaust pressure.
・tire sizzle generated on smooth pavement
・Hiroshima and its environs
・周囲ノイズ ambient noise
・周囲温度 ambient temperature
- multiple regression
・あてはめのよさ good fit
・R値 multiple correlation coefficient
・欠測値 missing data
・決定係数 coefficient of determination
- multiple regression causal variable
・重回帰差別関数 discriminant function
・重回帰誤差平方根 sum of error squares
・重回帰不偏分散 unbiased variance / impartial variance
- degree of freedom adjusted
- variance ratio
・分散分析 analysis of variance: testing sample data to determine how representative it is. The variation from the mean is used as a measure in the test.
- multiple regression analysis
・A measure of the extent to which two variables increase together or of the extent to which one increases and the other decreases.
・Regression is a series of correlations.
- multiple regression analysis (MRA)
・A measure of the extent to which two variables increase together or of the extent to which one increases and other decreases
・a functional relation between two or more correlated variables that is often empirically determined from data and is used esp. to predict values of one variable when given values of the others
・a function that yields the mean value of a random variable under the condition that one or more dependent vaiables have specified values
・Regression is a series of correlations
- population mean
・重回帰変数発生式 variables generating function eq
・重回帰目的変数 criterion variables
・重回帰外的規準 external criterion
- triangular circuit
・banked oval track
・The 5-lane high-speed bowl offers a 160 km/h hands off facility and a max speed capabiity of over 200 km/h.
・45-47°bank permits sustained speed of up to 220 km/h with hands off the wheel at turns.内周回路 inner circuit外周回路 outer circuit
- an end-of-term trip
- 従業員の状況 (Status) of employees
・前期比増減 Difference from previous term
・平均勤続年数 average length of service
- employee involvement
・Get the hourly workers involved in the task of improving the processes.
- work rules
・handling-optimized, optimized for performance
・uncompromized driving characteristics
・improve the content of -
- cross tension
- height of gravity center
- lifetime employment
・traditional lifetime employment hased on age senile system
- 自由すきま (ピストンリング)
- free ring gap;
・リングの合口が重ならないこと Ring gaps must not line up.
・Normal ring shifting sometimes lines up the gaps of two or more rings.
・He has the knack to work out product design bugs in no time.
・amendment to a contract
- to tailor by adding or deleting
- the Second Amendment
・gives citizens the right to bear arms. It was written in 1791, at a time when people still lived in fear of attacks and needed to protect themselves. To invoke this amendment in 2000 is ludicrous.
- Number of programs to modified;
・200 programs out of 300 to be modified
- integration density
・集積回路 integrated circuit
- 重相関係数 重回帰
- multiple correlation coefficient
・A guide to show how accurate a predictive regression equation is.
- peripheral speed (grinding wheel)
- traffic jams
・Auto PC tell a driver about road snarls as they occur and suggest time-saving alterate routs.
・Rush hours grew into crunches
・Traffic jams complicate just-in-time manufacture/delivery process.
・The navigator tells the driver about road snarls as they occur and suggest time-saving alternate routes.
- cooling performance in go/stop mode
- housing finance
・low-interest home loans, provide mortgage loans at favorable terms
- group ethic
・strong sense of attachment to the workplace as a basis of identity
・highly groupist people
- longitudinal section
- make them fully aware of
・Alert aoo to this point.
・Make sure they are fully informed of this fact.
・Make this fact thoroughly known.
・Drive home the point to them.
・Hammer home the basic message..
・Make all personnel familiar with th safety rults.
- The investigation concentrated on the development of a simple model for the description of friction losses.
- centralized lock
・集中制御 centralized control
・集中質量系 lumped mass system
- free length (spring)
- fill, load
・fill valve 充填バルブ
- low bass / subwoofer channel / heavy notes
- shooting brake/break
・estate car (UK), station wagon
・Aston Martin Shooting Brake
- priorities of tasks
・都合 other sections' priorities
・Balance customer and corporate needs and priorities.
・The engineers' duty must be positioned at the hierarchy's top level.
・Proceed ina sequential manner based on perceived importance of the tasks to be done.
・Priorities for passenger seating include spaciousness of leg room.
・重点管理 priority control, Pareto chart
・Start with the most effective measures in priority order.
- ・急速/高速充電 quick charge
・boosting charge / booster charge using jumper cable
・定電流充電 steady charge
- volmetric efficiency
・can be increased by using larger valves, ports, an dmanifolds, and with the aid of supercharging.
・see 吹き breathing capacity
・As engine speed increases, the time the intake ports remain open naturally gets shorter and shorter, to where the swapping of those high pressure column air no longer become effective. Thus the engine does not have time to catch its breath.
・breathing and cylinder capacity (Four small valves give large port areas for better breathing and cylinder-filling than two large ones, thus improving volmetric efficiency.
- state of charge
・残存状態 remaining ampere hour capability
・細流充電 trickle charge
・Samples are sent into the pneumatic carrier and the results are sent back by autowriter. (foundry)
・Subminiature halogen lamps give the designer more freedom to integrate them into the overall car shape.egree of freedom
・多自由度系 multi-degree of freedom
・一般化自由度 generalized degrees of freedom
- follower shaft
- sliding surface
・rubbing area and associated rubbed area
・摺動音 rubbing sound
・摺動抵抗 sliding resistance
- Database resides on the 30 giga hard disks.
・No abrupt changes in contour occur anywhere on the body surface when the headlamps are retracted.
・When the headlamps are raised to make the lamp operate, the drag on the vehicle markedly increases.
・周波数特性 frequency response
・周波数表示 frequency display
・中間周波数 intermediate frequency
・受信周波数帯 tuning range
・周波数分割 frequency division
・周波数変調 frequency modulation
・周波数応答関数 frequency response function (of bending stress) -- 特性 frequency stress plots
- weekend getaways
- heavy oil
・heavy residual oil for public utilities and factories
- important, critically important
・Imperative:- Serial number of the machine to be positively given to assure correct repair parts.
- ranking by importance
・equipment ranking by importance
- critical items
- customary units
- free fall
・PC prices are in a free-fall.
- repair (使えるように直す）
・action taken on a nonconforming product so that it will fulfil the intended usage reuirements although it may not conform to the originally specified requirements.
・includes remedial action taken to restore a once conforming but now nonconforming product
・The "design-right-the first-time" approach is replacing the "find and-fix" approach.
・fix (There are often problems for which no field fix is readily available.
・surface defect conditioning
・remedy, cure, correct, rectify
・major engine rework, die rework
・修理場 repair shop
・My van broke down. May I ask you to phone a garage.
- circumferential-flow cooling
- expiration (pat)exit、quit (PC)
・終了符号 end of message (EOM)
・終了キー quit key
- joule heat (heat of flux meleted)
- shoe ledge surface
・Backing plage ledges are areas on which the brake shoes ride as they move towaard or away from the brake drum.
- parallel-to-curb parking
- responsible divisions 主管本部
- master breaker
- main line
- sobriety test
・breath analyzer, a blood alcohol level of 0.10%
・A positive reaction on puffing on a traffic policeman's baloon may suspend your driver's license.風船テスト
- cram school
・evening and weekend cram schools where children from the age of four preapre for entrance exams. Nearly 60% of junior high school students take juku classes.
- concession of priorities (re interference re patent)
- public holidays
- contraction scale
・by exposing to air overnight
- remaining assignments
- occupancy rate
- skill-requring jobs
- educational rat race
- program manager
・product program manager
・Project General Manager
- sponsored by A and administered by B
- associate member
・synthetic resin plastic
・a plastic liquid chemical (Most common are epoxy and polyester.)
・樹脂皮膜 resin coat
- one's primary doctor
- ・spindle nose (honing)
・主軸台 spindle head / work spindle base (honing)
・主軸逆転 spindle reverse lever
・主軸心 center of spindle
・主軸台 headstock (vs 心押し台 tailstock)
・主軸早送り quick approach
・主軸回転数 spindle AUTO-STOP-MAN selector lever
・主軸レイアウトを左寄せし長尺加工 spindle shifted leftward to allow grinding long works
・主軸流体軸受 hydraulic bearing spindle
・主軸主切 spindle NORMAL-REVERSE lever
・主軸心合わせ line up wheelhead with motor pulley
・主軸速度 workhead speed
・主軸横送り workhead cross feed, work spindle capable of 140 mm cross feed (vs wheelhead cross feed)- 前進側 advance, 後退側 retraction
- reception trouble
・受信周波数帯 tuning range
・受信待ち3秒 3-s wait for receive causes time-out.
・受信送信 send and receive; receive and transmit
- water intake
- primary component
- have control of
・hold the reins/helm
・自主性 identity, independence- 主体性なし Easily influenced by others; subjectivity
・Many papers have contributed to the subject of engine friction.
- measures, steps, resources
・design verification measures
・steps needed to deal with problems
・qualified personnel equipped with adequate resources
- unfilled orders
・backlog of orders; backorder
・order on hand
・The joint venture already has on its books a big order.
- accept / receive an order
- the specs given on an order accepted
- dispatch / delivery
・一体出荷 shipment in assembled form
・分割出荷 shipment in split form
- (part configuration) as it leaves the plant
・出荷車 vehicles shipped
- delivery quality? quality of deliveries?
- service parts
・replacement parts (vs original parts) 、
・出荷(部品）情報 service parts information
・出荷待ち製品 product pending delivery
- His attendance is satisfactory; not regular in one's attendance
・出勤日数 the number of days attended
・出勤者管理 attendance management
・出勤簿 attendance book
- attendance book
- hemorrhaging cash
- issue, withdraw, pickout (払出し）
・Farm them out to affiliated companies
・reassigned to sales
・furnish/send technical experts to assist
- maternity leave
・Engineers released the parts.
・Engineering release of a final design to manufacturing operations
・A quorum was in attendance.
・全出席者 full-time meeting attendees
・部分出席者 part-time meeting attendees
- fast-track runner
- tap hole
・出銑孔開口機 blast furnace tapping drill
- business travel
・out-of-town travel / He's booking more and longer trips.
・to take official trips to the U.S. / He's on the road.
- business trip staff from TMC
・出張報告 business trip report
- on-site service; courier service
- away from the plant / away on business trip
・出張旅費 travelling expenses
・出張者保険 traveller's personal accident insurance
・出張修理 on-site service, courier service (send-back service)
- machine tool maker
- displayed on the screen
・engine power output
- output range
・a wide power range
・実用域 normal rpm range / daily use rev range
・低速域 at low engine spees / low-end torque / at low end of rev scale
・低、中速 low/mid range performance
・高速域 high-end performance
・全出力域 throughout the driving range / across the entire engine rpm range / across much of the speed range
- number of locks
・400 locks in Velcro strip
・No. of teeth as on a splined shaft
・<- stemm bogen (forcing the ski heels outward to brake onself)
- power-receiving station
・受電点 power-receiving point
・受配電 power receiving/transforming equipment
- high beam
・passing, driving, country, bright
・副灯 low beam
- manual intervention
- 受動喫煙 (分煙）
- passive smoking （分煙害、流煙害）
・detrimental effects of passive smoking
・The variable shock system is either driver-controllable or a function of vehicle speed.
・driver-switched, on-demand 4w
・manual / auto knob (machine tool)
- cross feed handle
- passive restraint
・automatically restrain occupants during a crash
・no need to strp on you seat belt
・passive automatic feature for tension actuation
- drive shaft (wiper)
- passive seat belt
- manual welder
- acquisition tax
- lead quality auditor
- primary wavelength
- non-disclosure (公開禁止)
- incoming transfer room (茂木)
- natural life span
・使用寿命 service life (useful life, in-service life) 耐用年数
・life expectancy (Periodic inspection required for parts of a limited life expectancy. Replace all parts known to have a life expectancy.)
・Life expectancy jumped from 47 to 76.
・product life cycle
・life cycle assessment
- consumer companies
- drawings accepted
- mainstay model
・staple income earner/source, bread and butter car
・pot boiler model
- shrinkwrap (プラ）
・classification / type
・mated to a choice of five- or six-speed gearboxes
・measure hardness of rubber, plastics, and soft metals.
・a Shore screroscope hardness tester using a spring-load indentor.
・準社員 associate employee
・準ずる conform to /comply with
・準用 based on
・準安定相 metastable phase
・準外板 semi-outer panel (interior panels visible when door opened)
- net invoice value
・make the round of the station
- lubrication point
- lubrication surface
- 瞬間接着剤 (即乾）
- instant adhesive
- recycle nitrogen
- governing law
- rear light
・with the light behind the camera
・away from the light or sun
・against the light (sun)
・clutch-out coasting/neutral coast
- cruise control
・adaptive cruise control
・巡航スピード cruising speed
- Cut off fuel on overrun;
・Release the throttle to decelerate and fuel flow stops. Engine is motored by car's inertia working thru drivetrain.
・Fuel delivery starts when throttle is cracked or engine speed drops down to a near idle rapm.
- momentary current
・Go by the recommended figures.
・Strictly follow the fundamentals.
・full compliance with the agreed framework
・The Agreement with North Korea is being adhered to.
・lack of mental effort to strictly observe established work procedures
・遵守事項 precautions / items to be observed
- de-ionized water
・純水希釈 dilute with de-ionized water
- genuine parts
・Can provide genuine ABC replacement parts fro any ABC machine, regardless of age.
・vs aftermarket parts
・vs spurious, imitation, counterfeit
- sequencing operations
- spring pay raise offensive
・a society where everybody has to follow the rules - a society that values the group ethic over individuality
・順応と創造 conformability and creativity
- sequential order
・List the items in the order of importance
・Rank the problems. (Mfg costs pose the biggest problem for us, followed by CAFE, followed by emissions, in that order.)
・Rank the manufacturers in descending order of sales figures. (大->小）
・Rank catalysts according to their activity.
・Pick up data in the descending order.
・In selecting, start from the data that has greatest influence
- punch side
・force to insert from punch side and force to remove to punch side 順パンチよりの挿入力と抜去力
- make ready
・Improvements have been made to ready Lupo 3L for production.
- preparatory operation lamp
- preparation items
- utility parts
- forward direction (re diode)
- forward voltage
・vs reverse voltage
・シールドジョイント shield splice
・突合わせジョイント end splice; butt joint
・X ジョイント middle splice
・圧接ジョイント insulation displacement
・in-serveice cars, in-use cars
・Return any doubtfull grinding wheel to the manufacturer for another inspection before putting it into service
・使用電圧 service voltage
・使用電力 power demand / working current: 20 kW/h
・使用液 medium (熱処理）
・使用不能損失 loss of use
・発注仕様 specifications (engineering requirements and test procedures for judging acceptability)
・仕様図 specification drawing
・タクシー仕様 specification for taxi versions
・仕様検討確認 specifications arrangement and determination
・仕様作成 development of specifications
- raise pressure
- upper level?
- top down management
- energy conservation
・energy saving lightbulbs
・Cut down on lighting during lunch recess.
・gas conserving 55 mph
・Tighten fuel economy and clean up toxic taipipes.
・low-power usage design
・economizing on fuel
・cutting fuel consumption
・Turn down thermostats.
・cutting fuel consumption
・gasless Sundays / Sabath driving forbidden
- flame quench
・flame propagation failure
・The flame front dies out (quenches itself) before burning completely across the chamber.
・Blowdown occurs before combustion ends.
- noise cancellation
・feeding an antinoise to cancel out low-freq boom
・active noise cancellation
・The active type measures the residual noise and feeds the signal to a contoroller which corrects its signal.
・cancelling up to 15 dB
・The achievable attenuation is in the region of 6-12 dB.
・Achieving a noise attenuation of 50 dB is still far from reality.
・filter out unwanted sounds
- normal temperature, room temperature
・Int. Standard reference temperature of 20 deg C (68 deg F)
- effect of sound attenuation
・suppression/cancellation/damping with antinoise
- cold setting
- cold molding
- service temperature (3M's Interam handles gas temperature of up to 1700 deg F.
・使用例 example of application
・使用率 duty cycle (welder)
・Ember to extinguish itself within 5 min
・自己消火 self quenching, self extinguishability- air tightness: A lit cigarette must be extinguished within five min.
・消火梯子 aerial ladder
・消火ケーブル fire-proof cable
・消火設備 fire-fighting equipment, fire extinguisher
・oxidizing, cleansing all three pollutants, turn into CO
・浄化率 conversion efficiency
- Practice lifelong learning.
- injury mitigation performance
- the disabled
・Americans With Disabilities Act 全米身体障害者法
・"the handicapped": obsolete, not used today except in organization's name.
・visually impaired, low-vision, speech-impaired, hearing-impaired
- obstacle detection
・radar for near obstacle detection
・forward and rear sensors
- dye sublimation printer
・Optimized power steering control strategies reduce system power consumption with a possibility of system payback over a two-year period.
・"DON'T SCALE" on drawings advises against use of a scale in reading drawings.
- The Dominos might fall.
- occupancy rate
- higher-spec model / premium car segment
- erase, delete
・Clear all values set so far.
- use of thinner wire
・衝撃吸収バンパ shock-absorbing bumper
・衝撃性 impact properties
- sintered diamond
- up and down movemnet
- upper frequency
- ・Ten condtions to be met before the engine is turned off.
・Parameters to be met for the sequential injection mode.
・A pressure differential of -- is required to operate the switch.
- conditioned response
- arc suppression
・arc suppression chamber
・消弧板 arc extinguishing plate
・消弧剤 arc extinguishing medium
- clauses / The relevant provision runs as follows: --
- ingress and egress
・The front-seat hip point height -- facilitates entry and exit.
・Wide doors make rear seat ingress and egress a snap, even with the power seats adjusted all the way back.
・Walk-in simplifies ins and outs (access to back seat)
・Ingress step is just 16" off ground
- lift / elevator
・昇降モータ lift motor
・昇降タラップ stairway, ramp (a slope leading from one level to another)
- documented evidence
・examine / check / compare
- detailed drawing (= part drawing)
- Information Systems Div.
・Always use a mounting blotter on each side of the wheel.
・Absolute safety requires safety glasses at all times.
・Include your ID No. any time you write to us about your car.
・If you have the engine block heater option, use it whenever the temperature is zero deg or below.
・Use the seat helts every time you travel in your car.
- decreasing child population
・Japan's population growth rate is at a record-low 0.27%.
- normally open
- firm purchase
- height jig
- parallel block
・6面体の台 used on surface block with surface gage
- resources conservation
- regularly peak load capacity
- firm transfer capacity
- top dead center
・the top of piston stroke, upper end
・上死点隙 top clearance
- trading house
- throw light upon
- entry, access (see joukou)
- refuse to take short-trip customers
・choosey cab drivers
- passenger capacity; occupant capacity
・accommodates up to 42 seated passengers
・The micro-car accommodates four people and provides usable luggage space.
- occupancy rate (bus, etc.)
- small team/group
・technical specifications 技術仕様書
- updraft, ride the
- operating conditions
- manage with minimum payroll
・スリム化 slim floor payroll
・massive elimination of middle management and the rank and file
- water purifying tablets
- No. of starts
- decimal point
・Calculate down to four places of decimals. 0.0001 to three places 0.001 to two places 0.01
・Calculate down to the third decimal place (three decimal places).
・Calculate to one decimal place.
・Round off the fractions to three decimal places.
・Incoming product can be released for urgent production purposes prior to verification.
・Check prior to release for use --
・Fatty acids in fish decrease the stickiness of blood, reducing the odds that a clot will form.
- baking (Shaw)
- formula, accepted recipe
- reducing the number of wires
・Multiplex reduces the number of wires in wire barnesses while expanding the signal handling capabilities of the electronic systems.
・minimum harness car: partitioning design aimed at minimizing total length of wire in the car
- single-seat constituensies
・an election system proposed by the Hosokawa government
・a system of 274 representatives elected from single-seat constituensies and 226 chosen by proportional representation from a national list.
・Eliminated was the multimember districts in which candidates from the same party ran against each other -- a practice that encouraged contests based on issues of patronage rather than substance.
- clause title
- normal status
- state vector
・状態モデル state space model
・状態量 state variable
・状態方程式 state equation
- vacuum deposition
・chemical vapor deposition
・Al vacuum deposition/metalizing, aluminized reflectors
- intravenous feed, feed by intravenous tubes
- redundant system
- focal length
・24 mm focal length lens
- power conservation
・省電力装置 low-current devices
・Instrument light illumination is controlled by rotating the switch knob.
・照度比 ratio of max and min illumination
・照度計 illuminater / illumination meter
・照度曲線 illumination curve
・assign for the benefit of creditors
・債権債務の譲渡 transfer of credits and liabilities
・譲渡可能証券 negotiable securities
・譲渡人 assignor (patent); transfer
- go off, turn off
・When you release the parking brake, the brake system warning light should go off. - The work SERVICE goes out. - vs stay on
・Turn off the headlamps. - When you see bright light at the end of a tunnel, flip off your lamps to save electricity.
- go out
・vs stay on
・turn/switch off the headlamps
・When you see bright light at the end of a tunnel, flip off your lamps to save electricity.
・Girls must get home in time for lights-off.
- whim and impulse purchase
・Switching from impulse buying to panick saving for fear of layoffs
・When people feel flush, one of the first things they do is buy a new car.
- impulse buying
・Switch from impulse buying to panick saving for fear of layoffs.
- Girls must get home in time for lights-out.
- 衝突 (通信)
- collision detection (and resolution)
・contention: A state of the bus in which two or more transmitters are turned on simultneously to conflicting states
・priority contention: ability to gain access to the bus based on a predetermined priority
- crashworthiness, crashworthy
・general roadworthiness with a high level of occupant crash protection
・crash performance, intrusion protection
・trauma/injuries mitigation, no unyielding surfaces
・The bumper proto is being readied to undergo full regimen of crashworthiness testing.
- crash avoidance
・use of braking and signalling
・sensor (front, rear, side, and blind spot)
・vision enhancement techniques
・automated assistance by assuming temporary control of the car
- impact component (components requiring impact toughness/properties)
・衝突ダミー crash dummy
・衝突現場 crash site
・衝突回避 crash avoidance
・衝突火災 collision-induced fire
・衝突応答 crash response
・衝突センサ crash sensor (to discriminate a crash from panic braking, door slamming)
- 場内売場, 売店
- concession stands
- recognition/ authorize
・The supplier may be given formal recognition of conformance with the standard.
・approval (verification 認証、validation 検証、certificate 証明）
・approve / sign off 変更/追加を条件に approved subject to change / addition of --
- approved by:
- approved drawing
・supplier drawing for approval
- date of validation / approval
- trade in, deal in
- award and punishment rules
- evaporative emissions
・蒸発量 evaporation loss
- surface plate
- consumer society
・a consumer society where people have the facts about models of cars or refrigerators, it's only fair to give them the facts about marriage.
- consumption tax
- power consumptin
・current consumption in amperes
・電力需要 power demand
・The operating power of the crash avoidance system is estimated 45 A. Power requirement for a production system will be significantly less.
・The lamp consumes 35 W to produce 3000 lumens.
・electrical powr input in watts
- vouchers/support documents
・審議 product feasibility discussion
・計画 product development plan
・日程 development schedule
- Product Development Center
- Product Planning Div.
・請求額承認書 approvals for charges
- customer value/value for the customer
・value for money
・maximum value for the customer and repeat business (再入庫）for the dealer are critical
・dollar value, per-dallar value
・product value as the overriding factor
・overall value of vehicles
・Bring down its costs and widen its appeal.
・attributes of a proposed vehicle in customer terms
・value chain management (VCM) (customer focus)
・商品性実験 Marketability Testing Dept
・a marketable skill 市場価値のある
- Product Quality Div.
- changes of specifications
・We reserve the right to alter dimentions, weights, and details of construction without prior notice.
・The right is reserved to make such changes and improvements as in our opinion may be advisable.
・Illustrations and specifications are not binding in detail, as we reserve the right to make further improvements and incorporate them in the machines as conditions warrant.
・The design of the product is under constant review and while every effort is made to keep this manual up to date, the right is reserved to change specifications and equipment at any time without prior notice.
・Specifications are subject to change without any obligation on the part of the manufactuere.
- minor-revision parts
- fire fighting
・消防法 the Fire Services Act
・消防危 fire fighting hazards
・消防車 fire truck / fire vehicles
- information： invisible commodity 不可視財
・情報統括役員 chief information officer
- corporate transparency ガラス張り
- information society
・Information has become a crucial raw material of the industrial world.
・In information society, competitive edge theoretically lies in producing specialized services more than things.
・The shift from an industrial society to an information society is taking place at so fast a rate it is difficult for humans to adapt to the frequency of change.
・Information is power.
・In the new global marketplace whoever has the most information wins.
- total cost of ownership (TCO)
・encompasses hardware, software, maintenance, education. Have to be reduced.
- information disclosure
- infotainment technologies
- independent generating station for service
・private generating station for normal main service
・スループット/処理量 volume of data processed or transmitted per unit time処理性能 No. of jobs/day, data volume/min
- information highway: Internet itself
- outdated milk
- net time, uptime
- brake mean effectaive pressure (at flywheel)
・照明減灯状態 reduced brightness (Even when in reduced brightness voltage drop across ignition light terminals reaches 3.5 v, full brightness must not occur.)
- headon collision
・斜め衝突 angle collistin, 30 deg front angle collision, frontal offset crash The car hit me head on but slightly off center.
- front view
- production supply items
・expendables, supplies, consumables
・消耗メタル consumable electrode
・service replacement parts
・items requiring replacement as a result of normal operation, such as filter, wiper blade, and plug.
・components that normally wear out an drequire replacement within a specified period of time
- title holding
・design proprietary rights デザイン所有権
- working standard instrument
- vommercial vehicles
- normal upper position
- service and reserve
・CuproBraze technology isn't limited to radiators. We see great potential other heat transfer applications.
- business phase/flow (vs 物流）
- 少量多種 ->多種少量
- small-variety/high-volume production -> large-variety/low-volume production
・small models/high volume productin -> many models/low volume production
・a few kinds/high quantity productin
- small-volume parts
・少量生産 small-volume production
・One of the greatest labor savings inventions of today is tomorrow.
・Cash bonus plan intended to give dealers more room to bargain with customers.
- short circuit
・The electrons take a short circuit instead of taking the longer circuit through the outside wires.
- unloading process
- startup troubles
・Iron out any initial bugs.
・failure of first-off parts
・failure after short service
・early failure, 1st year itches
・early production failures/glitches
・By default, the spell checker displays a list of suggestions.
・Ten predetermined styles available. It uses the general style by default.
・Replace the default.
・This parameter defaults to zero.
・特に指定しない時は / 特に指定しなくても / デフォルトでは
- take up initial stretch
・Run in the belt to take up initial stretch.
- initial proving stage parts
・initial production parts
・初期耐久部品 parts in proving stage
- job placement center
・public employment security office
・employment stability act
- job retraining
- craft union
- retract one's remark
- job categories
- ・managers / those who perform managerial functions
・staff organization of an office / setup of an office
・職制再編成 staff reorganization / Reorganize the office.
- Group Leader
・職長代理 acting foreman
・職長補佐 assistant foreman
- crafted look
・heavy, tighter stitching with a crafted look
- catalyzed enemel
・light-off temperature: at which 50% of a catalyst component reacts
・Light-off catalysts are situated close to the exhaust manifold for use during warm-up of the mian converter.
- spurred on by --
- go postal (workshop violence derived from frequent violence in late 1990s)
- weekly company communication
- duty-executing ability
・職務評価 job evaluation, job review 査定，考課
・職務 / 職務内容 job description / functions
- job title
・electrostatic flocking of elestomer extrusions
・bonding nylon flock fibers
・Applied to door channels and seals for roll-down windows
- specifications, particulars
・主要諸元 leading specifications
・Base metals can promote platium group metals. (to enhance material's performance)
- front passenger's seat, co-driver's seat (truck)
・助手席ドア front passenger's door, front passenger side door, co-driver's door
- passenger-side airbag
・a right-front seat passenger airbag
・door-mounted airbags to protect passengers diring side-impact collision
・a passenger knee bar on the passenger side
- street-side damper (vs curbside damper)
- promotor catalyst (used on transition catalyst)
- beginning driver mark
- pro-eutectoid carbide network
- snow plow, to snow plow
- department where assigned and title
- actions , disposition
・disposition of lots (accepted,rejected)
- job classification
・grade description, job grades, levels
- tactile sensation
・The tactile sensation from the wheel feel like a formula car.
・触感警告 tactile alert (= momentary brake)
- jounce compression
・The wheel moves downward after passing a bump or dropping into a hole in the road.
・compression stroke of shocl
・distance travelled from neutral to full compression
- bounce up and down
・Low-speed bump-clump over potholes and ridges are amplified.
- rebound extension
・or just "extension"
・reaction counter force
- shot peening
・加工部を除きショットピーニング Shot peen before machining.
・Subject to 10 cycles of abrasion with 100 kg of #780 iron shot at 80 psi air pressure.
- given (a given grade)/designatged (channels)
・defined (quality objectives)
・The variable shock system is either driver-controllable or a function of vehicle speed.
・manual/auto knob (machine tool)
- human tolerable limit
・barely tolerable level
・a critical deployment time of 20 ms for damage to hearing
- completion at workplace
- first fire
・完爆 self ignition
- initial products
・first-off products / first production lot
・初品区分 first-off parts classification
・初品出荷 first production shipment
・a group of tasks assigned to an employee or group of employees)
・ジョブ待ち状態 job queue (PC)
- power chovel
- ・In witness thereof, the Undersigned have set their hands.
・The promoters have hereunto affixed their signatures or names and seals, with their respective addresses.
- possessive s
- proprietary rights
- title holding
- ・クリップで処理 Use this clip to hold harness in place Retain by clip. - 余分長は幹部で処理 Fold up excess length and tape to the trunk. - 4P青接続せず (処理済み） 4P blue not to be connected (already taped)
・処理剤 recycling chemical
- disposition / transactions
- disposal contractors
・OEMs held liable for actions of disposal contractors
- treating chemical/agent; recycling chemical
- logic adjustment
- put a chill on (サイデンスティッカー）
・His remark put a chill on the gay party.
・Her tasteless story threw a wet blanket over the company party.
・That caused an awkward silence.
- erial data communications
・自動車技術会シリアルデータ通信分科会 JSAE Serial Data Communications Subcommitee Working Group
- buttock model
- silicon (element)
・silicone: a compound like silicone rubber and IC materials
- seat-buttock interface pressure
- column type self-supporting mast
- autonomous driving (see 自動走行）
- tail swerving
・tail spin, fishtailing
- livestock feed
・試料調整 sample preparation
・試料溶液 sample solution
- line of magnetic force, magnetic flux
- visual acuity test
・両眼 vinocular test
- zirconia (solid electrolyte) 固体電解質
- courtesy seat
- sill beam
- ・Process name for 中央発条 product
- case study
- self-excited vibration
- exciting current
- white matte finish
・matte aluminum color
- straight white-on-black analog information
- white corrosion
・white salty corrosion
- unlicensed taxi
- outline type font
・reverse contrast, negative contrast
・products sorting on PC
- positional tolerance (in dwg)
・心合わせ aligning, line up (Line up the wheelhead pulley with the motor pulley)
・心出し centering (to open the center hole, screw senter drill)- もみつけ、しんもみ、心立て、センタもみ- 心出し検査 layout inspection (re centering)
- dust road/tunnel
- web thickness
- Chronic overmanning led to low productivity.
- payroll cut
・reduction of headcounts
・IBM unplugged 40% of the work force.
・AT&T fired everyone in sight.
・Slice overhead and enjoy the resultant earnings boost.
・Trim your employment roll.
- payroll cut 人減らし
・reduction of headcounts
・Fire everyone in sight / Trim your employment roll.
- placement of employees
・out of roundness, circularity
・真円加工 cutting to desired roundness
・真円に回る run in high roundness
- headstock and tailstock
- spark advance
・点火タイミング、進角タイミング spark timing
・遠心進角 centrifugal advance
・真空進角 vacuum advance
・進角制御 retard control of ignition advance
- top lieutenants
・an entourage of lanky young lieutenants
・取巻き The umbrella group that campaigned for independence are envious of the attention he receives.
- core metal
・ゴム成形 torpedo, inside screw (rocket)
・ウエザストリップ steel carrier (retainer U section)
・板金 formed stake
- subscription right
- IPO: initial public offering
- fesh air inlet/intake
- all-new products / newly introduced products
- cutting tools
・刃具交換 tool change
- vacuum injection
・真空エア抜き vacuum bleeding
・真空含浸 vacuum oil impregnation (brake) / oil dipping
・真空充填 evacuate and fill
・真空成形 vacuum molding (see おすびき、めすびき）
・真空昇華抽出 vacuum sublimation extract
- vacuum servo
- vacuum pulling
・Apply the vacuum a third of the atmosphere, drawing/ingecting through the mold porosity.
・A vacuum is pulled to remove air from the microporosity, and on repressurizing the liquid sealant fills the voids.
・Check for leaks in vacuum bell jar test at 10-inch vacuum.
・Connect to the vacuum source/head.
- thinktank 頭脳集団
- single point error
・could cause total loass of communication
・A master-slave type protocol has the potential for a single point failure inherent in the master.
・zincrometal precoated steel
・a cold-rolled sheet protected by a zinc-rich coat applied by a coil coating process
- progress meeting 進行会議
・進行中 advance/progression of tumor - The joint venture is in the works/in progress
- Mazda Ergonomics Standards
- signal lead-out device (re piston)
- orientation of car
・Angular difference between car heading and magnetic north is input to the electronic compass.
・geographic direction of a destination
・moving direction / heading
- dealer-registered vehicles
- virgin material
- man-made mishaps/disasters
・human error involved; human error - not mechanical trouble
・Operational error is to blame.
・accidents by man failure; human behavior is a major part of air bag mishaps (re unbelted occupants)
- human resources development group
- human resource data bank
・human capital data bank, talent bank
・temporary employment agency, personnel broker
- ・recruitment and placement business / search firm / recruiter
- placement of employees
- ・temporary staff company
- certification body
・certification and registration
- assessment and approval (審査=評価）
・? assessment and certification
- human resources management
・人事課長 HR manager 人事課 Human Resources Department
・人事異動 transfer 人事部 personnel division
・president of Human Resources and General Affairs for Yazaki
・人事施策 labor policy
- competency rating
・systematic evaluation of work performance
・Rater is also a human.
・The final product of job evaluation is the pricing of jobs.
・personnel merit rating, job review, performance report
・服装考課 attires and grooming rating
- man and car in one element
・The oneness between rider and horse
・The driver and car should form an integrated whole.
・The secret is what the car and driver do together.
- new vehicles preparation
・Work to prepare imports for Japanese market
- flexural elasticity
- new employee/personnel
- personal-injury accident
- water seepage
・浸水個所 seepage site
・浸水路 water splash course (Millsbrook) - wading course- water-immersion course, immersion test course
- hydrophilic treatment
・water retaining coat
- positional tolerance マル心
・Position +- 0.3
・within +- 0.05 of true position
・A Swiss Army knife crams together a dozen different tools. Yet the tool can only be used one at a time by one person. It's like today's all-purpose multimedia computer.
・impact toughness, low-temperature toughness
- sacred cow
・The Chinese sacred cow is being hauled off to slaughter (re its Three Gorges Dam)
・黒塗り dip black
・ずぶずけ full dip
・Immerse in water, lubricant, fuel, etc. to check for any physical changes.
・Soak a cardboard in water to check for increase in mass.
・浸積脱脂 soak degreasing
・浸積塗装 full-dip, complete immersion, ELPO dip
- tension member belt)
- anthropometry; body size measurement
- Human subjects were exposed to simulated collision environments.
・case hardening (肌焼き)
・The connecting rod has its surface carburized for strength.
・Case is the carbon-enriched layer.
・The underlying metal retains its original toughness.
・浸炭速度 the rate of carburizing
・浸炭鋼 case-hardened steel
・浸炭深さ effective case depth, depth of cementation
・浸炭変成炉 transforming furnace
・diagnostic package/module for determining operatability status
・on-board diagnostics, in-vehicle diagnostics, off-board diagnostics
・diagnostic protocol/tester/ package/module
・extensive on-board diagnostics with instrument panel query and display
・fault finding, troubleshooting
- case depth
・hardened layer, total hardened layer (浸炭全硬化層)
- carburizing medium
- 浸炭防止 (防炭）
- stop off for selective carburizing
・Cu plating as a stop-off in selective carburization of gears
・When nitriding is done before grinding, tin-plating will serve as an effective stop-off for selective nitriding.
- carburising and quench hardening
・The desired physical properties is obtained only by quenching the carburized case from prescribed temperature above the transformation range (変成域）.
・dispatch (vs hinder)
・進捗状況 current status of project; progress status of project
- progress control
- compliance progress
- suppliers to be monitored;
・30 suppliers selected to be monitored
- as good as new
・like-new used cars
- vibrational load
・振動計算 vibration anaylysis
・振動の腹 maximum amplitude excitation
・振動式バレル oscillation barrel
・振動数 frequency 16-200 Hz 振動加速度 vibrative acceleration 4.4G (or freq response of vibrative acceleration) 周期 duration 15 min 回数 (繰返し数） No. of cycles 16 サイクル cycle rate 3600/h, max
・Vary frequency uniformly betwen the limits of 16-200 Hz.
- friction welding
・100-240 Hz of 0.15 mm amplitude
・Applicatins include spoilers, IP, fan surrounds, vacuum system reservoirs.
・paint thinner, purge thinner
・intrusion of liquid, seepage of water
・occupant compartment intrusion
・side impact intrusion
・Leaks may allow moisture into the system.
- banning diesel trucks from Tokyo roads
- break-in tools
・Slim Jim or coat hanger to pick the lock
- true R
- true rake angle
・The slope of the tool face toward the tool base from the active cutting edge in direction of chip flow
- cardiac arrest
- market launch / launch
- amplitude of repeated stress
- core hardness
- enjoying popularity with colleagues
- backlit symbols
・The instruments are backlit for better accuracy and readability.
・All the graphics are backlighted.
・dead front design
・Visibloe only when lighted
- nighttime power (not 'midnight power')
- oil impregnation
・endorsing an accommodation paper
・An organization should provide confidence to its employees that the requirements for quality are being fulfilled and maintained.
- reliability (物)
・low probability of failure
・耐久性 Capable of surviving at least 50,000 miles with frequent regeneration - not reliable but durable. - The system may fail but is unlikely to wear out.
・人 dependabilty, trust
- confidence limit
・dependability of service サービスの信頼性
- mythical belief
- (082) 506-3233
- (082) 506-3234