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社内辞書

トランスワード社内辞書、和英50音順

か

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Section
・ (kumi-sitei-no) section
課 (組指定の)
section (not sec. Sect)
カーキチ
hardcore car freaks / performance fanatics / driving enthusiasts
カークサイト
kirksite
・Kirksite dies will blank roughly 25,000 pieces before reshaping.
・a hard, tough zinc alloy with a higher tensile strength than pure zink and a very high impact resistance.
・Particularly suited for casting dies in one piece, and it can be operated on the press the same day it is cast.
カーソル
cursor (Use the mouse to place the cursor in the edit mode.)
・カーソル以降 from the cursor onward
ガーダー振動
girder vibration
加圧時間
pressurization time
・加圧シリンダpressure cylinder
・加圧調製弁 pressure regulating valve
・加圧調製部 pressure regulating unit
・加圧テルミット溶接 pressure thermit welding
・加圧面 pressure surface
・溶接加圧力 weld force
過圧力
over-pressure
カーティシュランプ
courtesy lamp
ガードワックス
transit wax
・shipping wax, rust-preventive wax
カーニング、字詰め
kerning
カーノック
driveline clank
カーフ
kerf (channel made by a saw)
ガーリング式ディスク
fixed caliper type disc
・Girling: tradename
外観
(surface) appearance
・Improve aesthetics such as surface gloss.
・The battery must appear to be in good condition before proceding with the 421 test.
・Arc weld undercut is more of an appearance defect than a structural detriment.
海外一般国
overseas CKD production countries
海外営業部
Overseas Marketing Div.
海外企画部
Overseas Planning Div.
海外技術
Overseas Product Development Div.
海外研修G
Study & Training production countries
海外工場
overseas plants
・transplants vs indigenous automakers
・on-site operation
・Global competition is forcing firms to move production offshore. 海外進出
・factories overseas 海外生産拠点
海外事業体
overseas companies
海外事業部
Overseas Project Div.
海外生技部
OPED
海外販売本部
Overseas Sales Div.
買い替え
replacing (vs new, first-time buys)
改革
structural reform
外郭出入り
flushness
改革派
reformist government
外貨売買
foreign currencies trading and exchange
・外貨保有高 foreign reserves
外観
appearance
・The battery must appear to be in good condition before proceeding with the 421 test.
・Improve aesthetics such as surface gloss.
・Arc weld undercut is more of an appearance defect than a structural detriment.
・外観部品 appearance items
・外観検査 external appearance check (external visual inspection)
・外観錆 cosmetic corrosion
・外観検査 (external) appearance check
外観公差
appearnce tolerances
・clearance 隙
・flushness段差
・fit 折合い
・parallelism平行差
・difference between RH&LF左右差
外観4面図
external four views (side, top, front, rear)
・外観図 appearance
回帰
regression
・偏回帰係数 partial regression coefficient
外気
outside air, fresh air
・外気センサ outside air sensor
・外気温 outside temperature
・外気取入れ口 vents
会議室
Meeting Room
回帰直線
regression line (vs regression curve)
階級
functional class (階層: service grade)
階級性
hierarchies, steel-stiff
改行
break line
・line feed (= automatic) , carriage feed (= forced)
・改行コード line feed code
改行
break line
・自動改行 line feed (LF) 強制改行 carriage feed
外径
outside diameter, OD
・外径荒引き OD rough cutting
・外径加工 OD cutting
・外径形状 OD shape
・外径研削 OD grinding
・外径溝 OD groove
・外径倣い OD copying
外形穴抜型
trimming & piercing die
外形図
outline drawing
会計年度
fiscal year ending March 31
解雇
fire, discharge, dismiss, lay off
開口部
opening
・Provide a vehicle body opening to permit suitable engagement of the nozzle retention spring in the filler pipe so that the sensing device will be retained below the filler pipe opening and below leaded fuel restrictors for vehicles so equipped during unattended operation.
・body shell apertures / sunroof aperture
・window openings
快削鋼
free-cutting steel (free-machining steel)
買い支え
Buy the yen to shore up the currency's value.
・Prop up the won.
改ざん
doctor, tamper with
・videotape evidence doctored
・Videotape documentation of the accident was tampered with by the operator.
解散決議
decision of disorganization
開示
disclosure
・This invention relates to --
・Opening paragraph showing abstract of disclosure
・non-disclosure 守秘
碍子
insulator
外資系
foreign capital-based company
外資系
foreign-owned firms
開始座標
starting coordinate
界磁損失
field loss
界磁 (子) 電流
field current
開始日終了日
initiation date and completion date
開始符号
start of message (vs end of message)
会社
business corporation
会社概況と
company briefing and plant tour
会社更生
corporate reorganization
会社整理手続き
corporate liquidation proceedings
会社謄本
a copy of company registry
会社人間
corporation-first, individulal-second groupism
会社理念
corporate philosophy
回収
repossession
回収
recall
回収車
repossession, call back
回収
recover (field-failed parts)
・salvage (recover and repair)
外周刃
peripheral cutting edges
回収品
failed parts recovered
回収利用
recycle
外周路
outer circuit
・m: Global Circuit Outer Lane
解除、自動制御を
disarm (Usual locks are easy to disarm.)
・Don't defeat the emission system. (tamper with)
・ automatic brake defeat of auto-cruise (The brake pedal vacuum pump defeated the cruise control.)
・override, bypass, disconnect and render inoperative
・The FAN functions automatically controls the fan speed. If you want to, you can override the automatic function.
・ deactivate a squib (信管)
・jump/cut the connection to disarm
・trip and start
・cut and detach
解除, 契約
Agreement terminates on the date of dispatch of a notice of termination by the other party hereto.
・expiration 終了
解除、HD
release, initialize the hard drive
解除、遠隔
remote disarm
・exterior key disarm: To enter the car, the owner punches up his code and disarm the system.
・A remote disarm pad has 30,000 possible combinations. (A clever thief can easily buy or make a signal generator that will cycle through all the possible combinations and get the system to disarm.)
・infrared transmitter as used in garage door opener
解職
release from position
外食
eating out
解除、施錠を
unlock
・to release the lock, to pop the trunk, to defeat
解除不能に
Lock the release by pressing down on the lock with your finger.
回数がスクナクテ
Needs air blow at less frequent intervals.
海生企画部
OPPD
・ (Overseas Production Planning Div.)
・第1協力室 Cooperation Dept. No. 1
海生生技部
Overseas Production Engineering Division (OPED)
回生制動
regenerative braking
・The batteries are recharged everytime the brake is applied. The system captures the energy produced by deceleration and returns it to the batteries.
・The turbine system charges the battery pack in conjunction with regenerative braking.
・Regenerative braking returns the energy to the battery via field reversal.
・Regenerative efficiency during braking is 70%.
・The battery management system manages the battery charge and depletion, capable of recuperating about 60% of the kinetic energy available from deceleration..
・All-wheel drive with four-wheel regenerative braking provides improved traction.
回折
diffraction
解説書
instruction manual
・I have never had to open an Apple instruction manual.
・operating manual
・Explanation
開先
groove (not 'included angle) I: square groove V: single V groove
・開先加工: groove machining X: double V groove H: doubel U groove
・開先角度: groove angle L: single bevel groove U: singe U groove
・開先間隔: groove space K: doule bevel groove
・開先形状: groove geometryJ: single J groove
・開先の不一致 unbalance groove
・両面J: double J groove geometry
改善
kaizen
改善
improvement
・constant, inremental, small scale progress (gm) 持続的、段階的、小規模進歩
・continual improvement、The excitement for continuoustly improving quality seems to be waning.
・upgrade, refinement
・kaizen, the Japanese gift to the American auto industry; the notion of "You have to get better."
・the core process of business, the process that delivers added value
・改善意欲 enthusiasm/zeal for improvement
回旋可能,枢着
pivotally mounted
改善提案
improvement suggestions
・quality-boosting suggestions
・Submit your ideas for improvement.
回送
transport, forward
・回送車 OUT OF SERVICE
改装
refurbish
・修築 renovation
改造
revision
・engineering change
・rework (major engine rework, mold rework)
・The body shop was totally revamped.
・modified engine vs standard (tame and hot cams)
・Renovation of an old straw-thatch house will cost more than building anew.
外装
exterior trim
・ハーネスの外装 covering 外装ブレード cover braid
階層差
social strata
解像度
resolution
・表示の細かさ
・resolving power
・high-resolution TV
・640x480 gives larger characters than 1024-768 which shows more data.
・1024 x 1024 better?
・Europe's spy satellite has a resolution of one meter, whereas US spy satellite could send back images with a resolution of 17 cm, 24 hours a day.
・To change Windows resolution, open Control Panel 画面アイコン and use [設定]タブ
解像度
dot pitch 0.26-0.28
改造部品
superceded parts
海賊版
spurious parts
・counterfeit copies of Microsoft's Windows 98; fake Windows
解体
Creditor banks took the wrecking ball to the Daewoo froup. When the dust settles, the automaking arm will likely still carry the Daewoo name.
解体検査
strip and asses (テアダウン)
解体場
demolition yards
解体屋
dismantler
・At a dismantling facility, body panels, engines, tranmissions, etc. may be romoved or salvaged for their recovery value.
・The rest of the vehicle may be placed in a storage area, with remaining parts sold bit-by-bit.
・chop shop
・もぎとり
外段化
off line set up
階段状
stepped
外注
outsourcing (vs incourcing)
・contract out
・VW has suppliers assemble trucks inside its plant.構内外注
・外注品 out-sourced parts
・supplier 外注先
・The trend of OEMs to oursource is a recognition that suppliers are more focused and capable in their core competency.
懐中電灯
flashlight
外注部品納入かんばん
supplier kanban
改定
update (37) / review, update, and control -- / revise
改定記事欄
(revision) description
快適性
ride comfort, pleaseability
回転椅子
rotating seat
・The front passenger seat may be rotated through 189 deg.
回転クランプ
rotatary type clamp
回転警示灯
rotating warning lamp
回転軸
shaft
・rotating axis
回転自在
rotatably fastened
回転数
rpm , engine speed
回転する
turn around / rotate around the center of --
回転前席
swiveling front seats
・swivel 90 deg to facilitate entry and egress
回転センタ
live center
回転断面
revolved section
回転中心
pivot center
回転灯
rooftop flasher, police flasher
・rotating light, rooftop red alarm flash
・360 deg emergency warning lamp
回転半径
turning radius
・回転径 turning circle, turning capacity between curbs
回転ムラ
uneven rotation; wow/flutter
・wow: up to 10 Hz
・flutter: Over 10 Hz
回転力
torque
解凍
decompression
回動
rotation
・回動抵抗 rolling resistance, rolling loss
該当
applicable (80, 130) ;
・applicable parts of ISO 9004-1 (該当分冊)
・該当する範囲 to the extent applicable
該当する:関連該当する
relevant
・relevant part of the quality system
該当
corresponding
・involved, in question
・Identify the aircraft of interest. / wires of interest
・a case in point
回答者
respondents
回頭性
nose motion for changing the direction
回答率
response rate
解読
decipher, decode
・Thieves can easily figure out a sequential pattern.
買取り価格
buy-up price
かいに注意
hold with care, support with care
解任
dismissal
概念
concept
・Hellen Keller altered our conception of the disables.
概念図
idea drawing
開発
development
・design and development work
・product development
・開発エンジニア development engineer
・開発費 development cost the cost of bringing the car to market
開発育成チャート
development process chart
・開発育成業務 development support activities
・開発育成シート development follow-up sheet
開発期間
development cycle
・ Compress product development cycle time.
・development lead time / development timetable
・Shorten the design development time / gestation time / design time frame
・faster time-to-market needed.
・Make quicker response to the marketplace.
・An extra time translates into cost.
・Shorten the time it takes to get your ideas to the marketplace.
・Cut the design development cycle in terms of both time and cost.
開発計画
(product) development program
・vehicle program
・An engine program will be ratched back to cut costs.
開発構想図
concept sheet
開発状況
development status and progress
開発センタCE,t
Vehicle Development Center
開発チーム
program team
開発中
developing
開発品質
design quality (vs product quality)
・design development quality
開発リスク
development provision?
・budget for engineering changes
・EC budget used up?
外板
outer panel
・body outer panel, exterior body panel
外板クレー
exterior clay model
外皮
covering
・seat trim cover
・outer cover ground 外皮グランド
回避運動
evasive action/maneuver
買い控え
to postpone purchases
・Hold off buying a new PC for fear of today's purchase turning instantly outdated. / When the economy slows and people retrench, they don't buy durable goods like PC; they waited out the Christmas season. (cnn)
・Save money and put off decisions about buying. (Put off plans to buy consumer durables like cars and PC. )
・Car purchases have become deferrable item.
・I can buy it, but I'd rather hang on to the money.
・People seem content to sit on their wallets.
・Stay with your current car for some time longer.
・wary shoppers / buyer resistance / keeping their hands deep in their pockets
外部委託
outsourcing
開封帯
tear tape
外部関係者
external parties
外部接続図
connection diagram to outer equipment
外部騒音
drive-by noise, passby noise
・UK drive-by noise fixed at 77 dB
・exterior sound level
・passby noise site 試験場
カイ物
block
・かい物 pad
下位分類
lower classification
開閉器
switch
開閉状態
whether open or closed
開弁温度
valve-opening temperature, start-to-open temperature
会報
(civic club) newsletters
開放感
open feel
・From the driver's seat, the car gives a freedom-inspiring openness.
・expansive sensation
・visibility and feeling of roominess enhanced
開放口
gas discharge outlet (airbag)
開放自在
releasably fitted
解剖図
internal view
界面
interface
・bonded interface
・界面亀裂 interface cracks
外面
outside surface
・O.D. surface
界面活性材
surface active agent
概要
overview
・general description, brief details
・digest of business pending
・Outline the features of the system.
下位要素
sub-elements
カイライキ,回螺器
hook spanner wrench / pin face wrench, used on slotted nut
外乱
(external) disturbance / influence
乖離
dissociation, separateness
・High temperature dissociates HO2 into oxygen and hydrogen, and lowering temperture results in their re-combustion.
・Breaking up of a compound into simpler components in a reversible manner so that the components may recombine.
・dissociation loss increases the combustion process' completion. (Dissociation reduce thermal efficiency.
・see 口開き
改良
improve -- over --
・The hydroforming method imporves accuracy and stability over the stamping and assembly method.
改良保全
corrective maintenance
外力
applied load
・ (exturnal) disturbance 外力乱入
・force
外輪
outside wheels
・the cornering force acting on the outside rear wheel
開ループ伝達回数
open-loop transfer function
解列
parallel off
開路
open circuit
・open circuit voltage
・an open
・Open the switch
・Movement of shift lever opens the starter switch.
・vs closed circuit / make, break
回路構成
block diagram
回路遮断器
circuit interruptor
回路図
circuit diagram
回路止め部
option harness tie-up
かう
support
・当て板をかう Use contact plates
・仮置き品をかう Thrust temporary-stow panel against corner to save space.
ガウスメータ
gaussmeter
かえり
burr (see ばり)
火炎伝播
flame propagation (vs flame quench 消火)
火炎面
flame surface
カオス
chaos
・When leaves fall from a tree on a windless day, they should theoretically fall straight downward. Instead they sway right and left, floating about. Theory goes that everything moves under a certain rule but there are somthings about which one cannot make precise predictions.
・Being applied to weather predictions.
・非線型動特性
・想定外の出来事
過回転ブザー
over-rev buzzer
・jars you into reaching for the next higher gear.
・has a reline and positive cutout as 6000 rpm.
・governor speed
科学技術庁
Japan's Science and Technology Agency
化学吸着
chemisorptiohn
・Weak chemical bonds are formed between gas or liquid modicules and a solid surface
価格決定
pricing
化学建材
houses constructed with chemically laced materials
化学指示薬
chemical indicator
価格性能比
price-performance ratio
化学成分
chemical composition
価格破壊
price destruction
・crazy price-destructive moves
かかり代
engagement allowance/length (bolt, etc.)
・ interference
係長
Assistant Manager, 〜Sub-Section
・旧工長 Chief Leader
・旧組長 Group Leader
かかる
to crank, engine crank
・A lack of voltage will leave you at the curb with a car that won't crank.
・In cranking, avoid pressing down on the accelerator when you have problems getting your car started.
拘わらず
Notwithstanding the foregoing
・Anything contained in this Agreement to the contrary notwithstanding, --
・whether central or local ('regardless of whether' not needed)
かかわる
getting involved;
・For young people, getting along is more important than getting involved.
関わる
pertaining to
可干渉性
coherence
・Light capable of interference is called coherent.
・The mutual relationship between sets of electromagnetic waves in which their amplitudes are exactly equivalent and rise and fall together. The light waves of the laser beam are in step with each other both in time and spacing.
鍵穴
Put the key into the lock.
書換え
rolling over loans to ailing customers
火気厳禁
Caution: Extremely Flammable
・No Open Fires
・Danger! Extremely Flammable
・Keep flame or sparks away from the machine. Keep flame well clear of the air conditioning system.
・火気 heat of fire
書き出し
write
・書き込み write operation, load program into memory
・書込み防止 store protection
・書込み中の読出し read while writing
・書込み動作エラー write error
・書込み時間 write time
・書込み禁止 write inhibit
・書込み許可 to write enable, to write disable
鍵つき
a glove compartment that locks
鍵ッ子
latchkey kids
可逆接触器
reversible-phase contact
過給圧
boost pressure;
・a boost pressure of 6 psi
・boost charge pressure
・Takes 0.4 s to produce 50 Pa boost.
・Charge air ducted thru intercooler
・to supercharge an engine's intake charge
過給 (動的・慣性)
supercharging
・? dynamic/inertia supercharging
過給
supercharging
・dynamic supercharging 動的過給
・inertia supercharging 慣性過給
過給圧
boost
・a boost pressure of 6 psi
・boost charge pressure
・charge-air pressure boost
・Takes 0.4 s to produce 50xPa boost.
・charge air ducted through intercooler
・supercharge an engin's intake charge
過給圧
boost (pressure)
・a boost pressure of 6 psi
・boost charge pressure
・charge-air pressure boost
・takes 0.4 s to produce 50 x Pa boost
・charge air ducted through intercooler
・supercharge an engine's intake charge
過給圧ランプ
overboost lamp
過給圧ランプ
overboost lamp 異常過給ランプ
・boost indicator lamp?
過給気
pressurized air;
・compressed intake/charge air
過給気
compressed intake charge
・compressed charge air
・pressurized air
・to supercharge an engine's intake charge
過給警報
overboost buzzer
過給警報
overboost buzzer
架橋
corsslinking
・setting up chemical links between the molecular chains of polymers
・crosslinked vinyl tape
・Polymers are string-like molecule chains crosslinked with covalent bonds between the links, resulting in tough plastics
過共晶
hyper-eutectic
限り
・to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare- We are ready to cooperate with the Hague to the extend that it doesn't destabilize the country. (Kostunica who replaced Milosevic.)
・provided that there is just reason for doing so
・in cases where an increase in values of the immovable still pertains
・This rule, however, does not apply to the case.
かぎりの
At the bottom of the well, he tries to collect what little water there is.
学位
type of degree erned
架空電線引き込み口
aerial lead-in entrance
・架空電線路 aerial cable way
・架空地線 overhead ground wire
格落ち
degradation
・deterioration 劣化
隔温度計
remote thermometer/pyrometer
核拡散
proliferation of nuclear arms
拡管
pipe flaring
学業成績
school record
・school achievements, performance, academic marks
学際
cross-disciplinary
・inter-disciplinary; scientists from different disciplines
・a discipline: branch of knowledge
・multi-disciplinary applications such as controls and hydraulics
・multi-disciplinary product-development teams drawn from marketing, engineering, sales, and aftermarketing support
・cooperative inter-disciplinary actions - promoting cooperation and harmony among various industries, research organizations, national and regional governments, and actual users.
拡散 (噴射)
diffusion
各事業体
overseas companies
学習
learn
・Learning curve rapid
・The electronic control system learns and adapts to the car owner's driving habits.
・学習障害 learning disabilities
革新性
innovation
学振テスタ
Gakushin-type tester
・abrasion resistance tester
・to abrade the specimen with a CS-10 wheel under a load of 1 kg for 1000 cycles.
・Specified in JIS-L0849 Testing Method for Color Fastness to Rubbing.
各生技
#PE = each PE
・PE divisions / each PE division
角速度
angular velocity
・rpm of crankshaft, flywheel, road wheels, etc. when accelerating
・angular rate sensors?
拡大縮小
upsize/downsize
拡大図
enlarted drawing, enlargement
・部分拡大図 partial enlargement
拡大表示
enlarged display
拡大目盛り
expanded scale voltmeter that can read in 0.01 volt divisions accurately
拡張子
extension identification (doc, sys, txt)
・txt: text file
・gif / jpg 画像ファイル
拡張数
number of expandable identifiers
・expansion of electronic features
・readily expandable facilities
・ability to accommodate future communication needs
拡張性
expandability
拡張フォーマット
extended format >< standard format
拡張文言
doctrine of equivalent
・The form of invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred embodiment. Various changes may be made in the shape, size, and arrangements of parts.For example, equivalent elements may be substituted for those illustrated and described herein, and parts may be reversed, all without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as defined in the subjoined claims.
・see 均等物理論
格付け
grading/regrading /rate
・Rated to heavy-durty light truck standards, the transmission has a wide, 109-mm center distance to handle torque levels up to 450 lb-ft.
確定、必要条件を
establish
・when design is required and the product requirements are stated principally in performance terms, or need to be established
確定
determinate, semideterminate, indeterminate
確定キー
enter key, return key
角度研削
taper grind
角度制御締付け法
angle-controlled tightening method
・The nut is pretorqued to metal-to-metal contact (着座トルク ) and then the bolt is turned through a further angle, thus it reaches the plastic range.
角度分解能
angle resolving power
確認
契約内容の確認 contract review (by supplier)
・eview of contractural quality system elements
・Review the design output documents before release.
・All design changes shall be reviewed. 適切性を確認 Review purchasing documents for adequacy of the specified requiremnts prior to release.
・regularly review的確性を確認 qualification (iso) 妥当性を確認 validation
・confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that the particular requirements for a specific intended use are fulfilled
・tests that validate the disign and capability to meet safety and performance targets.
・manufacturability prediction and validation
・validated bodies-in-white
確認
・See that all mounting surfaces on the wheelhead spindle are in good condition. - See that all wrenches are put away before starting any part of the machine. make sure, be sure
・Make sure the safety belt fits the child correctly. / Make sure of --- Be sure the diamond is tight in the nib.- Check to see that --
・Identify all tooling (gm)
・「よろしいですか」の確認- The message prompts you to choose: "New data defining " will be executed. OK? (Yes, No)
確認
確認システム confirmation system
・確認書 confirmation document
・確認事項 confirmation (as heading)
確認印
approval
格納
retraction
・retractable antennas/side mirrors; self storing
・seatbelt retraction (force to draw up last 50 mm to be 90 g)
・The pop-off top stows under the rear deck.
・A neat swingover hardtop stows away underneath a metal canopy behind the two seats
・fold-away, roof-mounted grab handles.
格納
to store a program into main memory, load
学閥
academic clique
・old school tie / network
角ばった
blocky
拡販
sales expansion/growth
攪拌機
sand muller (agitator, shaker, stirrer, mixer)
攪拌翼
agitator vane
隔壁
separator, firewall, bulkhead,
確保
acquisition
角棒鋼
solid square
隔膜装置
anolite system
額面
par value
・The par value of a share of this company is 50 yen.
・額面通り The stock is at par./ Take that at face value.
隔離
segregation
隔離
man-machine separation (press)
・隔離板 separator
確率
odds
・What are the odds of finding any extraterrestrial life in our lifetime?
・Smoking can increase the odds of miscarriage 80%.
・People with one copy of the gene have a 50% chance of getting Alzheimer's, for those with two copies the likelihood rises to about 90%.
・Elderly people with hardening of arteries are twice as likely to have Alzheimer's.
・Reduce the chance of injury in a collision.
・The odds are 70 to 30% in favor of casino.
・If there really is life elsewhere in the universe, what are the odds of finding it in out lifetime?
歯車装置
gearing
カクンカクン
crow hop
・The vehicle moves with a combination of linear and yaw motion, similar to the hopping of a crow.
欠け
nicks
・stripping/stripped (gear) teeth
・stone chips, chip-off
下径切削 asmo
shaft turning
家計簿
housekeeping account books, which housewives can use to track their savings and expenses on a daily bases
掛け算
multiplication (multiplicand x multiplier = product)
影付き
shaded
掛け矢
maul (large wooden hammer, mullet)
かげり
Business is showing negative sign. (vs boosting)
下限位置
lower end
過去
water under the bridge.
・2000 is blood under the bridge?
加工
machining / processing
加工当て規準
contact area in machining / machining locator
下降カム
lowering cam
加工規準
stamping locator
・加工規準表 locator placement chart
・machining datum
加工区
manufacturing site
・車体加工区 body shop
・組立加工区 assembly shop
・塗装加工区 paint shop
加工硬化
work hardening
下降時
in down-stroke / in lowering
加工代
machining stock
・machining allowance / stock removal / grind stock
・取り代
加工性
machinability / processabilityworkability / ease of machining/processing
加工精度
cutting accuracy
・The machine can achieve a range of accuracy that can be measured by a xommercial instrument.
下降端
bottoming end, down end
加工能率
(honing) efficiency
加工のムダ
muda in processing
加工品
work / workpiece
・work-in-process
・work-holding pallets
加工部を除き
shot blast before machining, dip coat before machining
過酷な
harsh, hostile environment
・the demanding world of automotive design an dengineering
火災報知器
fire alarm
火砕流
avalanche of volcanic debris
傘ゲージ
umbrella gage (checks valve contact)
重ね図
overlay
重ね継手
lap joint
重ね巻き
lap widing
重ね盛り
stack buildup
重ねる
Drag the file onto the desktop and drop it on --
傘部 (ピストン)
top of the head
嵩物
high-cube goods
飾り穴
styled slots (re road wheel)
貸ししぶり
credit crunch / crisis
・the bad-loan problem: All those non-performing loans are forcing banks to cut lending, so busineses are suffocating for lack of credit.
・Banks are slushing lending.
貸し倒れ
dead loan
・Write off bad debts.
・Germany is heavily exposed with $47 billion in outstanding loans to Asia.
・Banks haven't hedged their exposure. (potentiality of dead loans)
貸し出し
lease
過失障害
unintentional infliction of injuries
下死点
bottom dead center
・bottom center / at the bottom of piston stroke
可視度
visibility
かしめ
stake
・clinch, rivet
・crimping リード線かしめ/ wire splice/joint
・caulking / calk (asmo, jsw) - caulking In metal working, to strike a chesel or caulking tool with a hammer, making a slight indentation along the seam. The effect of this is to force the edge of one plate hard against the other, and thus fill up any slight crevice between the plates which the rivets failed to close. - caulk (名詞) ;充填物 gap filler, sealer
かしめ
pipe crimp / dimple crimpbead crimp
かしめ
アペックスかしめ plastic region tightening
・塑性域締付け法 Bolt is deliberately tightened into plastic range.
かしめ強さ
pull-off strength 外れ強さ、離脱力
かしめナット
self-locking nut
・self-retaining nut
加重
Summation / weighted mean / weighted modulus
荷重計
load cell
過充電寿命
overcharge life
か焼
calcine
・to drive off volatile matters
・calcined coke
過剰生産力
excess capacity
・Production lines and workers are producing significantly below full output.
・capacity glut
・Japan has a huge excess capacity to centend with.
過昇防止
overheating prevention
かじり
scuffing
・momentary sticking of ring & sylinder, causing scratches on either side when parting.
・Starts as microscopic weld as ring and cylinder reach melting point.
・a type of wear in which a transfer of material between parts moveing against each other; shows up as pits or grooves in the mating faces
・weld, scoring
・galling (wear away by friction, tool pickup and galling)
かじる
・Retail investors decided to dabble in American-style get-rich-quick stocks.
・Dabbling at Russian?
加振
excitation
・artificial excitation
・exciter / shaker / shake machine 加振機
・excitational force 加振力
・excitation amplitude 加振振幅
粕池
sludge bath (slag bath)
・sludge pump
ガス管
gas line,
・In earthquakes, the biggest danger is broken gas lines
ガス欠
run out of gas
・Figure out the distance you can drive before you car runs out of gas.
・Don't gamble. Refill your tank at the halfway mark.
・Stop for fuel. The car is low on gas.
ガスシールド
gaseous shield
ガス集合装置
gas manifold system
ガス浸炭炉
gas carburizing furnace
ガスタン塗料
fuel tank paint
ガス流れ
vapor flow
ガス軟窒化
gas softnitriding
・softnitriding
・Case hardening at 580 ℃ using ammonia gas for added strength and anti-corrosion effect, applied to rocker arm shaft. Etc.
ガス抜き穴
vent whistlers
・gas-vent hole on sandcast pattern
ガス放出消火
gas-discharge fire fighting
数物
small-size items
化成
chemical processing
過積載
overload
可制御
controllable
化成処理
phosphating
・chemical conversion coating (applied to steel, etc. for anti-rust protection to provide ideal bonding surface for paint.
・リューブライト、燐酸塩処理 zinc phosphate system, chromium chromate & cheomium system
化成熱交換器
phosphating heat exchanger
化成皮膜
phosphate film
化成連続セットリングタンク
phosphating continuous settling tank
化石燃料
fossil fuels
・petrolium-derived fuels
・nonpetrolieum alternative fuels
風きり音
windnoise
・windwhistle
・subdued whoosh of wind over mirrors
・aerodynamic whistles of antenna
・cars whoosing along the expressway
・wind buffeting / drumming
カセット
cassette
・stereio tape player / cassette unit カセット部
・ a sectioned cassette tray カセット入れ / face-load cassette player 正立
風通し
The area around a charging battery should be well-ventilaed.
寡占化
oligopoly
・oligopolistic industry/market/control
過疎
depopulated
・depopulated village, backwater town
・As the yound people left the farms for big cities, the rural area began to go downhill.
・urban overcrowding and rural depopulation 過疎化
画素
pixels
・picture elements
・TFT: thin film pransistor
・Dot matrix panel is composed of 32x32 LCD picture elements that form the image by preprogrammed activations of the appropriate dots.
仮装
equip / add
・The cab-chassis had the body added at port of entry by a truck body maker to the specs of an ultimate buyer.
画像
image
・onscreen image vs text/message
・画像形成 image formation
・距離画像 image of distance
・ 画像メモリ graphic memory
・画像密度 picture cell density
・画像パター認識 pictorial pattern recognition
・画像センサ image processing sensor
・画像処理 image/graphic processing 能動 interactive imagery ?
仮想現実
virtual world/reality
・mimics the physical world.
・仮想商店街 cyber mall / virtual mall / online shopping
・仮想設計 virtual engineering
ds
imaginary line
・a phantom line showing an alternate position
加速
acceleration
・rev up
・Rev up and peel rubber.
・If an arms race revs up on the subcontinent, Pakistan could be bankrupted.
過速試験
overspeed test (alternator)
加速抵抗
acceleration resistance
・inertia resistance force
加速度応答
acceleration response
家族補償
family protection
加速劣化品
untimely failed parts / plasticizer
可塑度
modulus of plasticity
ガソリンスタンド
fill station, gas station
ガタ
looseness (caused by too much play)
・stability (horizontal 前後 vertical 上下、lateral 左右)
ガタ
squeak and rattles
・ブレーキ brake roughness/chatter; pedal shudder
・アンテナ antenna shake
・engine rocking/loping/lugging
・The break-in took the notchines out of the gearbox.
・jerk
片足運転
one-side-leg operation (re crane)
硬い
・The clutch pedal is stiff to depress.
・The wheel is hard to turn.
課題
task
・agenda, priority, hurdle
・a primary development task
・Battling violence should be at the top of their agenda.
・Vehicle security is high on our list of priorities.
・Subject to take up next
・Questions of land use have come to dominate agendas of most local governments.
課題
challenge
・The major challenge was to push the design envelope as far as possible while still maintaining some element of practicality.
・The electronics industry rose to the challenge of providing low-cost, high quality performance.
・Engine durability is a major technical challenge prior to expanding the use of methanol fuel.
課題 (テスト)
assignments
架台
frame
型紙
pattern paper / stencil
型加硫
mold cure
片側公差
lateral tolerance (+ or -)
・片側通行 one-way traffic
・片側運転室 offset cab
片効き
braking pull
・Why did Honecker refuse to drive a Traband? Because the brakes kept puling to the West.
・not to pull or swerve out of 3.7 m wide roadway lane 片流れ
型傷
mold marks
形鋼
angle steel
・structural steel ・H 鋼 H shapes/bar H
・U L形鋼 U shapes/channels L angles beams
・I鋼 I beam
・T バー structural tee
・Z バー Zee Z
・平鋼 flat bar
・軽量形鋼 light-gage steel
・リップ鋼 lipped steel
型鋼
angle steel;
・structural steel
・steel shapes
・H shapes/bar
・U shapes. Channels
・L angle
・beams
・I beam
・structural tee
・Zee
型込め
mold setting
・Conveyerize mold setting to shakeout.
硬さ
firm, yet not hard
・a fine line between being too firm and too yielding
型締め
mold clamping (close and lock)
・型締め圧 closing pressure (stationary and movable molds)
・die bolting
型砂
molding sand
型すりあわせ
die spotting
・型合わせ
・刃あわせ
・die spotting press
型台
die table
肩叩き
shoulder tapping
・force full-timers to take early retirement
・talk into voluntary early retirement
・early retirement packages / golden handshake
・eliminate potential gray panthers in middle management, or forced retirement after forced overtime
・For those at the very top, the handshake may mean a kinder, gentler golden parachute.
・get workers to quit voluntarily
片付ける
See that all wrenches are put away before starting any part of the machine.
片手ハンマ
hand hammer
片とびら
single-swing door
型どり
making male model
・A female model is used to make male plastic model.
・Pipe geometry to be finalized by molding after completion of the engine.
型抜き方向
die direction
片ハット
closed hat section (of cylindrical and square tube)
型ばらし
mold shakeout
・Mold is shaken out and castings are dumped into a carrier heading for the cooling court.
・frame knockout
型板
dies / molds (ダイキャスト)
・cover die (stationary platen)
・ejector die (movable platen)
型板・盤
mold plate
・stationary die plate
・型板速度調製弁 plate speed regulating valve
型番
mold No.
硬引き線
hard-drawn wire
型開き
mold opening
片振り巾
1/2 of amplitude
・片振りねじりトルク torsional torque under pulsating stress (repeated load)
型補修
mold maintenance
型曲げ
guided bending
傾き角
inclination angle
型面数
No. of mold faces
片持ち円弧はり
cantilever circular beam
かたより
bias
・The process output distribution is out of control.
・無限回数測定した場合データ分布の平均値と真の値との差
型枠
formframe, form
・型枠コンクリートブロック fill-up concrete block
・型枠締付け金物 form tie
・型枠振動機 form vibrator
型割り線
parting line
ガタンガタン
jerks and jolts
・The car bucks when there's water in gasoline.
下端センサ
bottom sensor
カチカチ
click, click
・camera shtter sound
・sound of retractable ball-point pen
・radio: clicks, pops, static cracks
価値観
perception of the value of things
カチッと
to snap
・snaplock of mating terminals
・Make sure the choke plate snaps closed. If it doesn't, it's binding or out of adjustment.
・snap into
・Door closes with solid click (solid thunk, positive click)
・When the new refill is installed, the tabs will click into place, locking the refill. (wiper)
カチッと
crisp (gear shifting through the gates)
・The gear is slick and easy.
・snick-quick shifting- Shifting laborious and notchy- mushy and vague feel: may be a direct function of use and wear-in of shift linkage and transmission components.
価値編制 (m)
line balancing
・value creating balancing: a method to attain most efficient operation by systematically eliminating all idle motions
・Labor imbalance along the line can be overcome by optimum manning.
・How many men do you have out of balance?
・Attain a high degree of balance with little idle time.
・manpower leveling; line/shift rebalance
・station balancing; any operator with idle time to spare?
課長
Manager
・Manager, 〜Section
・group manager, department manager
可聴帯域
audible range
・All audible tones from 20 Hz to 20 KHz are fed into a component at equal levels, then they come out at equal levels.
鰹ぶし
dried bonito
・花かつお "hanakatsuo" dried bonito shavings
学界
academia
学科試験
class room exams (vs skill test)
・academic exams, exams on academic subjects
欠陥、工程の
processing deficiency
かつぎ
deflection = load shift when lowered (re crane)
・かつぎ量 quill deflection (re honing)
画期的品質向上活動
thoroughgoing quality improving activities
・exhausting
括弧内は参考
Figure in ( ) is for reference.
各個モード
manual mode
合従連衡
age of tie-up
・従 (縦) に合し,衝 (横) に連なる。
・ 原義:戦国時代の韓、魏,趙、燕、楚、斎が連合して秦に当る。 一説には:6国が横1線になってそれぞれが秦に服す。
・ (企業) 合併吸収 merger and acquisition / M&A
活性化
revitalizaiton
・ Take bolder steps to revitalize Japan's economy.
・industrial invigoration / Invigorate morale
・Increase team dynamics.
活性成分
active elements Pt and Rh are used in 5:19 ratio. (catalyst)
・活性成分結晶 catalyst crystallite
・活性点 active point/site
滑走
・ 空転 spinning; to lose grip and start spinning / lock
かったるい
ponderous
カットオフ中心周波数
cutoff center frequency
・a center frequency between cut-off 1 and cut-off 2
カットボルト
paint-cutting bolt
カットモデル
cutaway
・cutaway engine for display
・partial cutaway view
・カットエンジン a display engine showing cutaway CTX transmission
割賦
installment purchase
カップスクリュー
flanged tapping screw
・"CUP" screw, dished head
活用
・To get the maximum performance from the unit, read this manual first and keep it at hand.
・"commitment" in the sense of "effectuate"
活用
put to effective use
・Making use of transparent shock resistant materials, the front lamp clusters are embedded in the fenders.
・Utilization of space is a particular criteria for the IDEAone design: flat floor with no obstacles that might get in the way of the passengers' legs.
・use to full advantage
・apply the acquired ability
家庭排水
domestic waste water
カデナシー効果
Kadenacy effect
・Volumetric efficiency increased by valve overlap and inertial scavenging.
荷電
electrify, magnetize
・Paint is magnetized to be attracted to the body panel.
家電
consumer electronics
・home electronics, household appliances
過電圧
overvoltage
我田引水
turn every argument in one's own favor
・turn things in one's own favor
過電流
overcurrent
・継電器 overcurrent relay
過電流防止フューズ
overcurrent fuse
角R
corner R
可撓
flexible
稼働時
in operation
・manufacturing facilities owned, and operated by the company
・in up time and down time
・非稼働時 non-operation period
・稼働時間 work time, up time/hours, machine utilization hours per day
・稼動域 moving range?
稼働時間
productive time
・作業時間 operation time
・work time / up time, up hours / machine utilization hours per day
・付随時間 time for contingencies (material handling, etc.)
・停止時間
・非作動時間 downtime
可倒式アタッチ
fold-down attachment
可倒式ミラー
pivotable mirror (pivots when impacted)
可動盤
movable platen
・可動磁石 moving magnet
・稼動部分 moving components
稼動日
workday (8-hour workday)
・非可動日 no-work days
可動ライン
・Movable/moving/flexible line
稼動率
・rate of operation, operation rate - Operation time of a car may be 30 min if used for comuting only) - full operation = 100% フル操業 - Operation rises or falls according to monthly volume.
・capacity utilization rate / utilization of equipment / up-time ratio- under-used factories- desperate for volume to keep machines humming- double shifts adopted to ensure better utilization of machines
可動率
・可動率 operational availability - To ensure 100% availability, cars must be in perfect condition all the time, and machines must be in proper maintenance and be operational with minimum setup time.
過渡応答
transient response;
・throttle response
角継手
corner joint
金馬
metal horse/buck
・KANAUMA
金型
砂鋳物の pattern
・model from which a sand mold is made, model in shellmolding
金型
ダイキャスト die-casting die
・鍛造 forging die
・ねじ転造 thread-rolling die
・プレス金型 press die, stamping die
金型
mold プラ、ごむ
・金型段取りモード mold preparation mode
・量産金型 production tooling
金具
fittings
・hardware, pipe connector 結合金具
・electrical fittings, hose end fittings, fastener base/receptacle
必ず
Strictly follow the recommendations/directions as given in the owner's manual.
・Be sure that adjustable wrenches are tightly closed on the nut.
・Do use the proper size and type of tool.
・Don't run the engine in a garage without proper ventilation - EVER. Always lock the car when you leave it.
・Carefully use a mounting blotter on each side of the wheel.
かに目スパナ
face wrench
加入申込書
application for subscription
・加入料 subscription fee
・加入説明会 presentation for inviting subscriptors
・加入審査 screening for admission
加熱残分
nonvolatile content
加熱収縮
heat shrinkage
加熱変形
heat distortion
かねのなる木
The Explorer quickly became a major cash cow for Ford and Firestone.
可燃物
flammables (JIS: inflammables)
・可燃性 flammability
可能
enable
・It enables detection of intermittent failures which must otherwise be hard to diagnose or verity.
・The networks enable a variety of new automobile functions.
・to give engineers the ability to --
可能
allow
・to allow data to be captured earlier in the desing cycle
・to allow the use of --
可能
capable of
・a smart sensor capable of vehicle-wide communications
・ shall be entitled to export (法)
可能
make possible
・The lack of a drivetrain tunnel makes possible a flat cargo floor.
・This makes it possible to --
可能
potential
・Substitution of B for A has the potential for significantly reducing entine-out particulates.
・Multiplexing has potential to be cost-effective by partitioning wiring --
可能
provide for, allow for
・The eight-bit type provides for as many as 256 characters, which allows for future expansion.
・The design includes provisions for adding automotive part loading, assembly, and transfer devices.
・Provision is made for fitting a flywheel and clutch or a drive plate, depending on the type of transmission used.
・-- provides benefits in minimizing or eliminating difficult trade-offs between cabin interior design objectives and functionality.
可能, 不
ID dimensions prohibit proper mounting of --
可能
can
・Loose hammer heads can cause accidents.
・If your car idles too long, the high temperatures in the exhaust can cause damage.
・Don't hold the key in the START for more than 30 s. This can damage the starter.
・One good whiff of R12 vapor from burning refrigerant can be fatal.
・ When do we get to see the products?
可能
could (起こりうる)
・If the steps below are not followed, the fuel could spray out and result in a fire hazard and possible injury.
・Keys made from an improper key blanks could damage your locks.
・Exhaust fumes could kill you.
・An oil-soaked hose could burst at any time, when hot or under pressure.
可能性
If you don't set the parking brake fully, your car may move suddenly and injure some one.
・People riding in the cargo area are much more likely to be injured if you have a collision.
ガバナ
controls another device (usually on the basis of speed or load)
・In the hydraulic circuit, it controls pressure on one end of the shift valve.
・The governor is used in certain automatic transmissions to control gearshifting in relation to car speed.
・ガバナ効き始め速度 governor speed
・ガバナ進角特性 governor advance curve
可搬式スイッチ
remote switch
可搬重量
load capacity
かび
mildew, fungi, mould
瑕庇担保
warranty on defect
画鋲
thumb tack
過負荷安全装置
overload guard
株式
・株式申込書 subscription form / an application for
・ 新株優先権 preemptive right 新株引受け権、先買い権
・株券 share certificate
・株券の種類 denomination of share certificates (100 yen, 1000 yen, etc.)
・記名式株式 registered shares / in bearer's form 株主名簿 shareholder registry
・ 1株当り純利益 earnings per share
・発行済み及び社外株式 issued and outstanding shares 発行済み株式総数 Number of shares already issued
・発行する株式の総数 number of shares to be issued
・他社の株 shares in other companies
・私募扱い by means of private placement
・所有株式数 number of shares owned
・株式数比率 percentage of shares
株式会社
(joint-) stock company (UK: Co. Ltd. US: Inc.)
・Seven or more promoters are required for the incorporation of a stock company.
株式資本
stock capital
・The stock capital is 150 million Bahts which is divided into 150 thousand stocks.
株式譲渡
share transfer
株式募集
stock subscription (flotation 社債募集)
・subscription book open 株式募集開始 / closed 募集締切
株式持分
share equity
過不足電圧
under- and over-voltage
株主総会
general meeting of shareholders
・定時株主総会 ordinary general meeting of shareholders / regular shareholders' meeting
・通常株主総会 general meeting of shareholders
・臨時株主総会 extraordinary shareholders' meeting
株主の責任
Shareholders' responsibility is limited to an amount outstanding in payment on the subscribed shares.
株主配当
Dividends shall be paid to the shareholders who are recorded on the list of shareholders of the company as of the end of each business term.
・ 所有株式数 number of shares owned
・大株主 major shareholders
カプラー
coupler
・connector coupler (ae1999-12-59)
かぶり
・写真 fog, cloud, blur
・ 塗装 blushing 白化
・slow port restriction / blocking by throttle plate
かぶれ
poisonous plant rash
・ skin eruptions/rash due to chemicals
可変ダンパ
variable rate damper
・automatic adjusting suspension (AAS damper)
可変抵抗
variable resistance
可変排気量エンジン
variable displacement engine
・LZA (Leerland Zylinder Abrchaltung) comes into play only when the engine is idling.
・TZA (Teillast Zylinder Abrchaltung) cuts off cylinder when the vehicle isin motion but operating at only part load.
・Both operate by cutting fuel supply to half the engine.
・changes displacement under different operating conditions
・Fore 4-6-7 engien, GM 8-6-4 engine; Cadillac's mechanical cylinder cutout
・Starting cold, it operates on four cylinders and only after a few miles when the engine becomes warm enough for the system to cut in, it switches to two-cylinder mode.
・modulated engine (MD engine) : 誤用 see modular engine
下方修正
to scale back operations
・rather than abandoning your investment
下方へ
downwardly-directed / extending downwardly of the table
かませもの
wedge
釜飯の素
base of kamameshi rice (flavored rice boiled in a small cooker)
噛合い
mesh/demesh
・engage/disengage
・The pinion is backed out of mesh with the flywheel ring gear.
・Prevent the pinion from drifting into mesh when the engine is running.
・Hold the pinion in mesh with the ring gear until a predetermined engine speed is reached
・The detent pin comes out of notch and allows the pinion to demesh from the flywheel...
噛合い一次成分
fundamental gear mesh
噛合い動作
mesh with ring gear
・mesh limits 噛合い限界値
・mesh limit rpm 噛合い限界値回転速度、なめないでスムーズに噛合う限界rpm
・mesh performance 噛合い性能
・ colliding enmesh 衝撃的噛合い
噛合いの巾
length of engagement
噛みこみ
trapped, caught
かみこみ
The clamp is cutting into the hose.
かみこみ
rolled-in dirt (sheetmetal)
かみこみ
inclusion (casting) , foreign matter inclusion/intrusion
加味する
add;
・Temper justice with mercy.
紙無し
run out of paper
仮眠場所
sleeping accommodation
・bunk
カム加工
cam-driven die stamping
・wedge-driven dies
・cam driver vs flat driver stamping
カム型
cam die
カムカット機能
cam-cut function
カムシャフト
camshaft (one word)
カムシャフトバランス
camshaft balancing
・バランス取りは2面修正とし片側不釣り合い量は 140 gr-mm以内のこと Balance crankshaft with journals 1 and 5 supported by V blocks. Max permissible unbalance at one end to be within 140 gr-mm.
ガムテープ
gummed tape
カム閉路角
cam dwell angle
カメラ安定
camera stabilization
画面
screen
・CRT, display, graphic panel
・1画面アップ Move up one screen.
・Ctrl + End moves the cursor to the end of the screen when pressed once.
・画面切替え
・画面移行 screen changeover/switchover
・画面操作 screen control
・画面を印刷 print the screen display
・選択画面 selection screen
・手書き画面 You can scribble a note on the touch-sensitive screen using the glowing Plexiglas stylus.
・表示画面 indication screen
・運転画面 operation screen
・調整画面 adjustment screen
・分岐画面 branch screen
・ビデオ画面 video clips
下面図
bottom view
貨物
cargo
・ 貨物室 cargo hold (in ship, plane)
通い箱
returnable (collapsible) containers
・tote box vs expendable (ワンウエイ)
・used to move parts and materials in a factory or between warehouses and retail stores
・ returnable plastic box
可用性
availability (available for ready use)
shell
カラー部品
color parts
・カラー検討室 Color Design Room
空運転
dry run
・operation with no eyelet
ガラエポ
glass epoxy, epoxy-glass composites
カラオケ
karaoke sing-along
・An amateur fills in the voacal part of a recorded music.
・singing along to a tune
空替え
Transfer
・to transfer parts 部品を入替えて箱を空にする
からげ
hook, bundle
空切削
dry cutting/machining
空研ぎ
dry sanding
・air sanding
空吹かし
engine racing
・blitz: one step-on just before cutting the engine
空吹き
engine runup
・runs up on 2-3 shifts
・runaway on forced throttle
・overrun, surging
・エンジン吹き上がり engine flyup due to downshift
空拭き
wipe with dry cloth
ガラメッキ
barrel plating
カラワン
Karawang
カラン
faucet
借入先
(major) lenders
・借入金 loans from financial institutions / loans he owed
・借入れ残 balance of borrowings
・借入れ先が保有する株式数 Number of our shares owned by lender
仮打ち
tacking (vs regular welding)
仮型
kirksite tool (used by Budd plastics firm)
・production tool 本型
・soft tools made of material such as kirksite and built to production intent standards. See kaakusaito
仮組付け
Loosely install a special depressor on the fitting.
・The nut should be finger-tight.
仮差し押さえ
provisional attachment
・仮処分 provisional injunction
仮締め
temporary tightening
・partial tightening
・Pretorque the bolt finger-tight before tightening to specification.
・Tighten the nuts lightly to uniform snugness. After lowering the tire, tighten the nuts securely.
・Install screws. Don't tighten.
・provisional tightening vs final torquing
・仮締めボルト fitup bolt
・仮締めトルク transient tightening torque
カリスマ
charisma
・personal magic of leadership arousing special popularity
・He has striking looks and easy charisma.
仮付け
partial cure bonding 一時預け接着
・tack bond
・Partial cure or UV tacking is often used to hold parts between stations or for other handling purposes.
・Some adhesives are induction-cured for handling and fully cured (本付け) in the paint/bake cycle
・Urethanes cure quickly to handling strength but are slow to reach full cure. Two minutes to handle and 24 h for complete cure.
・Acrylics can be deliverately slow-cured during an assembly process so that it does not set up until all parts have oriented themselves.
仮付け
tack weld
・tack spot weld, tack arc weld;
・locating weld, tack assembly
・Pre-tacked body shells are welded on track.
仮止め
option fixing (connector)
刈り取り
reflect on drawing / incorporate in drawings
仮免
learner's license
加硫液
vulcanizing solution
・加硫缶 volcanizer, heater, kessel, vessel
渦流
swirl motion of the incoming charge
・vortex: whirlpool
・ turbulence
渦流接着
vulcanize
・wedling of rubber
・Vulcanize the rubber onto the inner tube.
・The permanent bonding between coating and elastoer extrusion is effected during vulcanization
・One-piece seals, particularly if directly vulcaized onto the oiol pans, provide simple handling in assembly.
・加硫接着後アウタチューブに圧入接着 Smear adhesive to the rubber and press fit the inner tube assembly into the outer tube.
渦流探傷試験
eddy current test
軽いステア
over-assisted steering (too light to turn)
ガルウイング
gull wing door (just "wing door")
・Pivots upwards and ourwards on a contral windshield strut to eliminate door frames that impede with both vision and access.
カルテ
patient's chart
カルディナ
Caldina
カルマン渦
Karman vortex
枯れ
decay, gradual decline
過励磁
overexcitation
枯れ草対策
action against grass fire
カレット付着
cullet deposits
過労
overwork
・Why do hospitals overwork their interns?
・Exhausted and overworked, she misread the label on a bottle of medications.
・death from overwork (36 consecutive hours without a break)
皮張り (塗装)
skinning
・革張りハンドル leather-wrapped steering wheel
・革張りシート leather-covered seats, leather upholstery leather-trimmed (Chryler) leather-swathed sport buckets
変りもの
off-beat cars; niche designs
かん (こつ)
knack
・Once you get the hang of it, the job will be easy.
・He knows the ropes so we can put the problem in his hands.
・ノーハウ skill and savvy / There're somethings that can't be replaced, such as experience and savvy.
感圧紙
pressure-sensitive recording paper
・no-carbon paper
・Kanechlor
感圧接着剤
pressure-sensitive adhesive, pressure-type adhesive
簡易図
simplified drawing
簡易併用図
simplified multi-use drawing
感温部
(temperature-sensing) bulb
・感温筒temperature-sensing bulb
考え方
・Change the way you think.
・ concepts概念 / guideline concepts
・philosophy/policy of management / lean production philosophy
・Conventional wisdom holds that --
・Develop your own production system. That's important because it establishes a framework of thinking.
・perception / process perception
換気装置
ventilator
環境規制
environmental regulations
環境
environment
・環境圧力 environmental pressures
・環境庁 Environmental Ministry / EPA: Environmental Protection Agency
・環境への影響 environmental impact
・環境音 environmental noise
・環境破壊 environmental devastation due to oil spill
・環境認証 environmental certification
・環境排気 environmental emissions
・環境適応 Set new standards in environmental compatibility and motoring pleasure.
環境意識
environmental awareness
・environmentally conscious consumers
・environmental concern
環境汚染
environmental contamination
・environmental pollution
・contaminatin of surrounding areas
・sociability requirements in the area of noise, smoke, gaseous emissions
環境基準
environmental standards
・environmental regulations
環境適応 (環境性)
engine environmental compatibility
・new standards in environmental compatibility and motoring pleasure
・environmental capability
環境認識
obstacle detection
・short-range obstacle detection hehind the car and other gehicles in the blind spot
・ground probing radar systems; radar signal interaction with the ground
環境への影響
environmental impact
・emvironmental impact assessments must precede full commercial acceptance of pyrolysis for ASR (antriebs-schlumph-regelung
・acceleration skip control)
環境保護
environmentalism
・conservation
・grass-roots conservation groups
・sustainable development: progress without destruction of the environment
・Let the used coolant drain into a bucket and dispose of it in an environmentally approved fashion.
・preservation
・preservation of rain forests is comtpatible with economic growth; protection of ecosystem; ecology
・環境保護運動家 pro-environmental lobysts
環境ホルモン
endocrine disruptor
・分泌かく乱化学物質 (正しくは、外因性内分泌かく乱物質 or 環境エストラゲン)
・Dioxin disrupts the hormones that regulate biological processes like sexual development.
環境優先
environmental priority strategies (EPS) in design
玩具性
a major outdoor toy (re cars)
・breakaway from day-to-day routines
・automotive fantasy and mobility for yourself
・an escape car from boring existance
・Escape from the mundane restrictions of time and space that held our fathers back
関係会社
affiliate: a company partly or wholly owned by another
・企業結合 corporate affiliation
・子会社 subsidiary firms (More than 50% the capital owned by another)
・関連会社 (20%-50%) associated company
・関係会社 (20% or under) affiliated company
関係者
relevant interested parties
関係部門
activities involved, participating activities
・functions concerned (126) , functions affected
・groups involved
間欠切込み
skip pick feed (grinding)
完結車両検査法
Toyota Inspection Standard (TIS)
間欠不良
intermittent troubles
・an isolated case
・A failed part doesn't require service but the sensed information is out of operating range, indicating a possible future malfunction
・NTF: no trouble found / 再現不能事故 un-reproducible trougles の1因
・hard to diagnose or verify
間欠ワイパ
intermittent wiper
還元
reduce
・deoxidize: reduce oxygen from
・causes NOx to react with reducing components (CO, HC, or H2)
・reduction of nitric oxide to nitrogen
・requires richer mixture
・還元触媒 reducing catalyst
頑健性
robustness
看護
dependency
・Many seniors' lives end in disability and dependency.
・Many seniors over age 85 have trouble eating, walking, and generally taking care of themselves during the last year of life.
嵌合
engagement
官公庁
government entities
嵌合爪部
engagement detent (flywheel)
観光道路
tourism road
監査の管理
managing audis
監視
monitoring
監視
oversight
・Government oversight was minimal.
・visual monitor
・keep in view, lookout, watch
・監視画面 monitor screen
・監視人 watchman, guard
・監視プログラム supervisor program
漢字 (PC)
Kanji character
感謝デー
Appreciation days range from family-oriented events like Sunday picnics to work-time snack breaks. (Yazaki North America)
慣熟走行
break in, run in
干渉
interference
・interference condition exists between A and B.
・Check for contact of A and B. / A in contact with B
・Use cloth tape on wiring assembly wherever it contacts against plastic surface os instrument panel.
干渉
interference
・Light capable of interference is called coherent.
・see 可緩衝性 & hologram
・干渉縞 interference fringes, interferometric fringes- a recorded interference pattern = hologram
・干渉光 coherent light
緩衝
shock mountings
干渉計
interferometer/interferometry
・the mutual action of two waves of sound, light, etc. in reinforcing or neutralizing each other according to their relative phase on meeting
・同一光源から出る光を反射によって2つに分け、これを重ねて干渉させ、スペクトル線の波長、屈折率、距離を計測する。
・ 干渉計測 holographic interferometry
頑丈さ
robustness
・robust vibration control / robust performance
・rugged
含浸
impregnations
・resinoid sealant impregnation (cylinder block)
・The catalysts studied were prepared by co-impregnation or by impregnation of the individual PMs
含水分
water/moisture content
・含水比 water content in percent of dry weight
感性
・sensibility (; ergonomics) - Look for factors that appeal to the driver's sensual tastes. - The often vague impressions that drivers feel about cars are given higher priority in kansei engineering.
・dsirability- a fresh priority - likability; What a driver likes? - an esoteric issue of what makes a car feel right (Lotus) - What occupants are particularly sensitive to? - 定性 qualitative assessment work- To differentiate a product in the same price range or target audience,styling is a factor but so is NVH because it plays into total sensory experience of the car
・harmony- No single element of the car can be considered as standalone; all overlap. - Modelling and correlating transient situations are difficult, yet they are a vital part of the subjective/objective equation
感性工学
kansei engineering
・to quantify a consumer's inner voice or sensitivity regarding the car. The idea is to define the intangible essence of the driver experience.
・to create cars that appeal to a customer's mindstyle.
・感性領域 subjective domain (Tradisional skills in assessing car capability lies in the subjective domain. "Subjective" belongs to the domain of feelings existing in the mind, as opposed to real or external things.
・感性定量化 objective? measurement
完成車
builtup vehicles; fully assembled vehicles
完成車両検査法
Toyota Inspection Standard (TIS)
関税障壁
tariff barrier
・Raise tariff walls against foreign cars.
完成度
level or % of completion
完成バイト
tool bit, solid bit
慣性モーメント
moment of inertia
・慣性相乗モーメント product of inertia
・慣性力 inertia force
・慣性主軸 inertial axis
完成予想図
artist's sketch/conception
間接喫煙
passive smoking
・2次喫煙, 伏流煙
・second hand smoke
間接費
overhead
・indirect cost, burden
完全性
integrity
・product integrity is the feeling of quality and character that can generate the willingness to pay top-of-the segment prices that will be the hallmark of manufacturing success in the 1990s.
・The issue of ex-President Roh Tae Woo is political dynamite, since it touches on the integrity of the president.
・Several factors affect leak integrity of a thermoplastic cover system
・high-integrity components of premium quality
・一体性; consistency of what one says and does
幹線道路
artierial roads
完全ねじ
complete threads, full-form threads (effective thread Dwg 171)
完全焼きなまし
full annealing
元祖
earliest form, originator
乾燥重量
dry weight
・乾燥炉 curing oven (drying oven 自技会)
・乾燥路旋回制動 dry brake in turn
・乾燥剤 desiccant
観測値
an observation (s)
・observed values
甲高い
buzzy (like bee's hum)
・buzzy multi-valve engine
簡単
Less is more in online shopping.
・Simple is best.
・KISS: Keep it simple and specific.
勘違い負傷
misjudgment-caused injuries
感知時間
crash-sensing time
・crash-determining time, to sense the need to deploy the airbag
官庁
government authorities
貫通穴
through hole
・open-end hole vs blind
感電
electrical shock (hazard, accedents)
感度
sensitivity
・station sensitivity and selectivity
・selectivity with adjacent channel rejection
・実用感度 practical sensitivity
・同調感度 tuning sensitivity
・弱受電地 marginal reception areas
関東ローム
Kanto loam
監督官庁
competent authorities
カントメータ
quantometer
・分光分析器 spectroscopic unit
・spectrographic unit / metallurgical microscope
環縫い
chain stitch
官能性
functionality
官能値
functional values
官能評価
subjective evaluation
・jury rating (陪審評価)
・subjective rating/impression/feel/assessment/subtleties
・expert subjective assessment
・定性的 provides a qualitative feel for tire performance, but their results tend to exhibit poor repeatability due to the variations in input resulting from differing drivers, environmental conditions, ets.
観音開き
center-opening doors
・barn doors
・rear-hinged rear doors
観音開き
clamshell doors;
・center-opening doors
完爆
self ignition
・first fire (初爆) , engine starting
・完爆補正 choke breaker, vacuum break diaphragm, opens the choke
がんばれ
carry on
・Keep it up. / Keep going, / Keep on. /Keep up the good work.
・Cheer up. / Hold out. / Hang on.
・Roll up your sleeves and start your own business. / Roll up your sleeve and pitch in.
かんばん
kanban
かんばん回転枚数
the number of kanban
・the number of kanban per cycle
かんばん係数
kanban coefficiency
かんばんサイクル
kanban cycle
かんばんの後出し
kanbans delayed to put in the post
かんばんの先取り
kanbans picked up before use of parts
かんばん振出し
kanban order
かんばん方式
KANBAN principle/philosophy
・just-in-time replenish system to reduce inventory time/cost
・Keep the production line moving without keeping mountains of parts on hand.
・You cannot see the rocks in a river filled with water. Previous theory was that more parts made, the cheaper the unit cost of each part. Now assembly lines are synchronized to produce parts when they are needed.
・integrates venders and inside processes.
・If you have buffer inventories, potential problems stay hidden and may never be corrected.
・Application of Kanban philosophy cuts the time lapse from panels completion to installation in the cars.just-in-time manufacturing
・just-in-time delivery of raw materials and components; on-time delivery
・Inventory is more often a source of hidden and unrecognized costs and probless than it is a solution to them.
・Stock is minimized if parts arrive precisely when needed.
・Get the material to them on time, so they can run leaner.
幹部社員
middle management
完補
choke breaker
・完全燃焼補正
・3-stage vacuum breaker (キャブ3段補正)
官房長官
chief secretary of the Prime Minister's cabinet
含油
oil impregnation
管用テーパネジ
taper pipe thread: PT
管理
control
・統制
・支配
・to exercise restraining or directing influence over --
・cost control, inventory control, budgetary control
管理
management
・The art of directing and controlling human effort so that the established objectives of an enterprise may be attained in accordance with accepted policies
・to manage the business/resource allocations/production system/household
・business/operations management 経営管理; day-by-day management of business/production
・crash energy management
(部署) 管理 G
Administration & Operations Supporting Group
管理監督
manage and direct
管理監督者
supervisors
管理工学
management engineering
管理システム組織の
management system of an organization
管理者
management
・internal management and other employees
・the management of the organization
管理 (責任) 者
manager/supervisor
・who direct and control effort toward the attainment of the objectives of an enterprise
管理責任者
management representative
管理値
control limit(s)
管理能力
management capabilities (90)
管理のサークルを廻す
Repeat the Plan-Do-Check-Action procedure.
・Repeat the procedure of Plan-Do-Check-Action circle.
・Repeat the circle of control. (PDCA)
管理部署
administrative department
管理貿易
managed trade
・trade management
・protection against outsiders (vs free trade)
還流冷却器
reflux condenser
s
reciprocal sensibility
・秤 scale の1メモリを移動させる質量差 min.wt to move the needle one graduation.
・質量 weight of matter
・The method is correct within a limit of 0.001.
・Can measure down to 10" or less.
寒冷紗
cheesecloth
関連会社
associated company (20-50% owned by another)
・関連契約書 associated agreement
関連事業本部
Domestic Affiliates Administration Div. M
関連する
relevant (44, 60、133)
関連するリスク
associated risk
ISO17100(翻訳サービス提供者認証)取得
株式会社 トランスワード
<広島事務所> 〒732-0828 広島市南区京橋町9-3 クリスタ京橋ビル4階
Tel: (082) 506-3233 Fax: (082) 506-3234

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