・ (kumi-sitei-no) section
- 課 (組指定の)
- section (not sec. Sect)
- hardcore car freaks / performance fanatics / driving enthusiasts
・Kirksite dies will blank roughly 25,000 pieces before reshaping.
・a hard, tough zinc alloy with a higher tensile strength than pure zink and a very high impact resistance.
・Particularly suited for casting dies in one piece, and it can be operated on the press the same day it is cast.
- cursor (Use the mouse to place the cursor in the edit mode.)
・カーソル以降 from the cursor onward
- girder vibration
- pressurization time
・加圧調製弁 pressure regulating valve
・加圧調製部 pressure regulating unit
・加圧テルミット溶接 pressure thermit welding
・加圧面 pressure surface
・溶接加圧力 weld force
- courtesy lamp
- transit wax
・shipping wax, rust-preventive wax
- driveline clank
- kerf (channel made by a saw)
- fixed caliper type disc
- (surface) appearance
・Improve aesthetics such as surface gloss.
・The battery must appear to be in good condition before proceding with the 421 test.
・Arc weld undercut is more of an appearance defect than a structural detriment.
- overseas CKD production countries
- Overseas Marketing Div.
- Overseas Planning Div.
- Overseas Product Development Div.
- Study & Training production countries
- overseas plants
・transplants vs indigenous automakers
・Global competition is forcing firms to move production offshore. 海外進出
・factories overseas 海外生産拠点
- overseas companies
- Overseas Project Div.
- Overseas Sales Div.
- replacing (vs new, first-time buys)
- structural reform
- reformist government
- foreign currencies trading and exchange
・外貨保有高 foreign reserves
・The battery must appear to be in good condition before proceeding with the 421 test.
・Improve aesthetics such as surface gloss.
・Arc weld undercut is more of an appearance defect than a structural detriment.
・外観部品 appearance items
・外観検査 external appearance check (external visual inspection)
・外観錆 cosmetic corrosion
・外観検査 (external) appearance check
- appearnce tolerances
・difference between RH&LF左右差
- external four views (side, top, front, rear)
・偏回帰係数 partial regression coefficient
- outside air, fresh air
・外気センサ outside air sensor
・外気温 outside temperature
- Meeting Room
- regression line (vs regression curve)
- functional class (階層: service grade)
- hierarchies, steel-stiff
- break line
・line feed (= automatic) , carriage feed (= forced)
・改行コード line feed code
- break line
・自動改行 line feed (LF) 強制改行 carriage feed
- outside diameter, OD
・外径荒引き OD rough cutting
・外径加工 OD cutting
・外径形状 OD shape
・外径研削 OD grinding
・外径溝 OD groove
・外径倣い OD copying
- trimming & piercing die
- outline drawing
- fiscal year ending March 31
- fire, discharge, dismiss, lay off
・Provide a vehicle body opening to permit suitable engagement of the nozzle retention spring in the filler pipe so that the sensing device will be retained below the filler pipe opening and below leaded fuel restrictors for vehicles so equipped during unattended operation.
・body shell apertures / sunroof aperture
- free-cutting steel (free-machining steel)
- Buy the yen to shore up the currency's value.
・Prop up the won.
- doctor, tamper with
・videotape evidence doctored
・Videotape documentation of the accident was tampered with by the operator.
- decision of disorganization
・This invention relates to --
・Opening paragraph showing abstract of disclosure
- foreign capital-based company
- foreign-owned firms
- starting coordinate
- field loss
- 界磁 (子) 電流
- field current
- initiation date and completion date
- start of message (vs end of message)
- business corporation
- company briefing and plant tour
- corporate reorganization
- corporate liquidation proceedings
- a copy of company registry
- corporation-first, individulal-second groupism
- corporate philosophy
- repossession, call back
- recover (field-failed parts)
・salvage (recover and repair)
- peripheral cutting edges
- failed parts recovered
- outer circuit
・m: Global Circuit Outer Lane
- disarm (Usual locks are easy to disarm.)
・Don't defeat the emission system. (tamper with)
・ automatic brake defeat of auto-cruise (The brake pedal vacuum pump defeated the cruise control.)
・override, bypass, disconnect and render inoperative
・The FAN functions automatically controls the fan speed. If you want to, you can override the automatic function.
・ deactivate a squib (信管)
・jump/cut the connection to disarm
・trip and start
・cut and detach
- 解除, 契約
- Agreement terminates on the date of dispatch of a notice of termination by the other party hereto.
- release, initialize the hard drive
- remote disarm
・exterior key disarm: To enter the car, the owner punches up his code and disarm the system.
・A remote disarm pad has 30,000 possible combinations. (A clever thief can easily buy or make a signal generator that will cycle through all the possible combinations and get the system to disarm.)
・infrared transmitter as used in garage door opener
- release from position
- eating out
・to release the lock, to pop the trunk, to defeat
- Lock the release by pressing down on the lock with your finger.
- Needs air blow at less frequent intervals.
・ (Overseas Production Planning Div.)
・第1協力室 Cooperation Dept. No. 1
- Overseas Production Engineering Division (OPED)
- regenerative braking
・The batteries are recharged everytime the brake is applied. The system captures the energy produced by deceleration and returns it to the batteries.
・The turbine system charges the battery pack in conjunction with regenerative braking.
・Regenerative braking returns the energy to the battery via field reversal.
・Regenerative efficiency during braking is 70%.
・The battery management system manages the battery charge and depletion, capable of recuperating about 60% of the kinetic energy available from deceleration..
・All-wheel drive with four-wheel regenerative braking provides improved traction.
- instruction manual
・I have never had to open an Apple instruction manual.
- groove (not 'included angle) I: square groove V: single V groove
・開先加工: groove machining X: double V groove H: doubel U groove
・開先角度: groove angle L: single bevel groove U: singe U groove
・開先間隔: groove space K: doule bevel groove
・開先形状: groove geometryJ: single J groove
・開先の不一致 unbalance groove
・両面J: double J groove geometry
・constant, inremental, small scale progress (gm) 持続的、段階的、小規模進歩
・continual improvement、The excitement for continuoustly improving quality seems to be waning.
・kaizen, the Japanese gift to the American auto industry; the notion of "You have to get better."
・the core process of business, the process that delivers added value
・改善意欲 enthusiasm/zeal for improvement
- pivotally mounted
- improvement suggestions
・Submit your ideas for improvement.
- transport, forward
・回送車 OUT OF SERVICE
・rework (major engine rework, mold rework)
・The body shop was totally revamped.
・modified engine vs standard (tame and hot cams)
・Renovation of an old straw-thatch house will cost more than building anew.
- exterior trim
・ハーネスの外装 covering 外装ブレード cover braid
- social strata
・640x480 gives larger characters than 1024-768 which shows more data.
・1024 x 1024 better?
・Europe's spy satellite has a resolution of one meter, whereas US spy satellite could send back images with a resolution of 17 cm, 24 hours a day.
・To change Windows resolution, open Control Panel 画面アイコン and use [設定]タブ
- dot pitch 0.26-0.28
- superceded parts
- spurious parts
・counterfeit copies of Microsoft's Windows 98; fake Windows
- Creditor banks took the wrecking ball to the Daewoo froup. When the dust settles, the automaking arm will likely still carry the Daewoo name.
- strip and asses (テアダウン)
- demolition yards
・At a dismantling facility, body panels, engines, tranmissions, etc. may be romoved or salvaged for their recovery value.
・The rest of the vehicle may be placed in a storage area, with remaining parts sold bit-by-bit.
- off line set up
- outsourcing (vs incourcing)
・VW has suppliers assemble trucks inside its plant.構内外注
・外注品 out-sourced parts
・The trend of OEMs to oursource is a recognition that suppliers are more focused and capable in their core competency.
- supplier kanban
- update (37) / review, update, and control -- / revise
- (revision) description
- ride comfort, pleaseability
- rotating seat
・The front passenger seat may be rotated through 189 deg.
- rotatary type clamp
- rotating warning lamp
- rotatably fastened
- rpm , engine speed
- turn around / rotate around the center of --
- swiveling front seats
・swivel 90 deg to facilitate entry and egress
- live center
- revolved section
- pivot center
- rooftop flasher, police flasher
・rotating light, rooftop red alarm flash
・360 deg emergency warning lamp
- turning radius
・回転径 turning circle, turning capacity between curbs
- uneven rotation; wow/flutter
・wow: up to 10 Hz
・flutter: Over 10 Hz
・回動抵抗 rolling resistance, rolling loss
- applicable (80, 130) ；
・applicable parts of ISO 9004-1 (該当分冊)
・該当する範囲 to the extent applicable
・relevant part of the quality system
・involved, in question
・Identify the aircraft of interest. / wires of interest
・a case in point
- nose motion for changing the direction
- response rate
- decipher, decode
・Thieves can easily figure out a sequential pattern.
- buy-up price
- hold with care, support with care
・Hellen Keller altered our conception of the disables.
- idea drawing
・design and development work
・開発エンジニア development engineer
・開発費 development cost the cost of bringing the car to market
- development process chart
・開発育成業務 development support activities
・開発育成シート development follow-up sheet
- development cycle
・ Compress product development cycle time.
・development lead time / development timetable
・Shorten the design development time / gestation time / design time frame
・faster time-to-market needed.
・Make quicker response to the marketplace.
・An extra time translates into cost.
・Shorten the time it takes to get your ideas to the marketplace.
・Cut the design development cycle in terms of both time and cost.
- (product) development program
・An engine program will be ratched back to cut costs.
- concept sheet
- development status and progress
- Vehicle Development Center
- program team
- design quality (vs product quality)
・design development quality
- development provision?
・budget for engineering changes
・EC budget used up?
- outer panel
・body outer panel, exterior body panel
- exterior clay model
・seat trim cover
・outer cover ground 外皮グランド
- evasive action/maneuver
- to postpone purchases
・Hold off buying a new PC for fear of today's purchase turning instantly outdated. / When the economy slows and people retrench, they don't buy durable goods like PC; they waited out the Christmas season. (cnn)
・Save money and put off decisions about buying. (Put off plans to buy consumer durables like cars and PC. )
・Car purchases have become deferrable item.
・I can buy it, but I'd rather hang on to the money.
・People seem content to sit on their wallets.
・Stay with your current car for some time longer.
・wary shoppers / buyer resistance / keeping their hands deep in their pockets
- tear tape
- external parties
- connection diagram to outer equipment
- drive-by noise, passby noise
・UK drive-by noise fixed at 77 dB
・exterior sound level
・passby noise site 試験場
- lower classification
- whether open or closed
- valve-opening temperature, start-to-open temperature
- (civic club) newsletters
- open feel
・From the driver's seat, the car gives a freedom-inspiring openness.
・visibility and feeling of roominess enhanced
- gas discharge outlet (airbag)
- releasably fitted
- internal view
・界面亀裂 interface cracks
- outside surface
- surface active agent
・general description, brief details
・digest of business pending
・Outline the features of the system.
- hook spanner wrench / pin face wrench, used on slotted nut
- (external) disturbance / influence
- dissociation, separateness
・High temperature dissociates HO2 into oxygen and hydrogen, and lowering temperture results in their re-combustion.
・Breaking up of a compound into simpler components in a reversible manner so that the components may recombine.
・dissociation loss increases the combustion process' completion. (Dissociation reduce thermal efficiency.
- improve -- over --
・The hydroforming method imporves accuracy and stability over the stamping and assembly method.
- corrective maintenance
- applied load
・ (exturnal) disturbance 外力乱入
- outside wheels
・the cornering force acting on the outside rear wheel
- open-loop transfer function
- parallel off
- open circuit
・open circuit voltage
・Open the switch
・Movement of shift lever opens the starter switch.
・vs closed circuit / make, break
- block diagram
- circuit interruptor
- circuit diagram
- option harness tie-up
・当て板をかう Use contact plates
・仮置き品をかう Thrust temporary-stow panel against corner to save space.
- burr (see ばり)
- flame propagation (vs flame quench 消火)
- flame surface
・When leaves fall from a tree on a windless day, they should theoretically fall straight downward. Instead they sway right and left, floating about. Theory goes that everything moves under a certain rule but there are somthings about which one cannot make precise predictions.
・Being applied to weather predictions.
- over-rev buzzer
・jars you into reaching for the next higher gear.
・has a reline and positive cutout as 6000 rpm.
- Japan's Science and Technology Agency
・Weak chemical bonds are formed between gas or liquid modicules and a solid surface
- houses constructed with chemically laced materials
- chemical indicator
- price-performance ratio
- chemical composition
- price destruction
・crazy price-destructive moves
- engagement allowance/length (bolt, etc.)
- Assistant Manager, 〜Sub-Section
・旧工長 Chief Leader
・旧組長 Group Leader
- to crank, engine crank
・A lack of voltage will leave you at the curb with a car that won't crank.
・In cranking, avoid pressing down on the accelerator when you have problems getting your car started.
- Notwithstanding the foregoing
・Anything contained in this Agreement to the contrary notwithstanding, --
・whether central or local ('regardless of whether' not needed)
- getting involved;
・For young people, getting along is more important than getting involved.
- pertaining to
・Light capable of interference is called coherent.
・The mutual relationship between sets of electromagnetic waves in which their amplitudes are exactly equivalent and rise and fall together. The light waves of the laser beam are in step with each other both in time and spacing.
- Put the key into the lock.
- rolling over loans to ailing customers
- Caution: Extremely Flammable
・No Open Fires
・Danger! Extremely Flammable
・Keep flame or sparks away from the machine. Keep flame well clear of the air conditioning system.
・火気 heat of fire
・書き込み write operation, load program into memory
・書込み防止 store protection
・書込み中の読出し read while writing
・書込み動作エラー write error
・書込み時間 write time
・書込み禁止 write inhibit
・書込み許可 to write enable, to write disable
- a glove compartment that locks
- latchkey kids
- reversible-phase contact
- boost pressure;
・a boost pressure of 6 psi
・boost charge pressure
・Takes 0.4 s to produce 50 Pa boost.
・Charge air ducted thru intercooler
・to supercharge an engine's intake charge
- 過給 (動的・慣性)
・? dynamic/inertia supercharging
・dynamic supercharging 動的過給
・inertia supercharging 慣性過給
・a boost pressure of 6 psi
・boost charge pressure
・charge-air pressure boost
・Takes 0.4 s to produce 50xPa boost.
・charge air ducted through intercooler
・supercharge an engin's intake charge
- boost (pressure)
・a boost pressure of 6 psi
・boost charge pressure
・charge-air pressure boost
・takes 0.4 s to produce 50 x Pa boost
・charge air ducted through intercooler
・supercharge an engine's intake charge
- overboost lamp
- overboost lamp 異常過給ランプ
・boost indicator lamp?
- pressurized air;
・compressed intake/charge air
- compressed intake charge
・compressed charge air
・to supercharge an engine's intake charge
- overboost buzzer
- overboost buzzer
・setting up chemical links between the molecular chains of polymers
・crosslinked vinyl tape
・Polymers are string-like molecule chains crosslinked with covalent bonds between the links, resulting in tough plastics
- ・to the extent that it does not interfere with the public welfare- We are ready to cooperate with the Hague to the extend that it doesn't destabilize the country. (Kostunica who replaced Milosevic.)
・provided that there is just reason for doing so
・in cases where an increase in values of the immovable still pertains
・This rule, however, does not apply to the case.
- At the bottom of the well, he tries to collect what little water there is.
- type of degree erned
- aerial lead-in entrance
・架空電線路 aerial cable way
・架空地線 overhead ground wire
- remote thermometer/pyrometer
- proliferation of nuclear arms
- pipe flaring
- school record
・school achievements, performance, academic marks
・inter-disciplinary; scientists from different disciplines
・a discipline: branch of knowledge
・multi-disciplinary applications such as controls and hydraulics
・multi-disciplinary product-development teams drawn from marketing, engineering, sales, and aftermarketing support
・cooperative inter-disciplinary actions - promoting cooperation and harmony among various industries, research organizations, national and regional governments, and actual users.
- 拡散 (噴射)
- overseas companies
・Learning curve rapid
・The electronic control system learns and adapts to the car owner's driving habits.
・学習障害 learning disabilities
- Gakushin-type tester
・abrasion resistance tester
・to abrade the specimen with a CS-10 wheel under a load of 1 kg for 1000 cycles.
・Specified in JIS-L0849 Testing Method for Color Fastness to Rubbing.
- #PE = each PE
・PE divisions / each PE division
- angular velocity
・rpm of crankshaft, flywheel, road wheels, etc. when accelerating
・angular rate sensors?
- enlarted drawing, enlargement
・部分拡大図 partial enlargement
- enlarged display
- expanded scale voltmeter that can read in 0.01 volt divisions accurately
- extension identification (doc, sys, txt)
・txt: text file
・gif / jpg 画像ファイル
- number of expandable identifiers
・expansion of electronic features
・readily expandable facilities
・ability to accommodate future communication needs
- extended format >< standard format
- doctrine of equivalent
・The form of invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred embodiment. Various changes may be made in the shape, size, and arrangements of parts.For example, equivalent elements may be substituted for those illustrated and described herein, and parts may be reversed, all without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as defined in the subjoined claims.
- grading/regrading /rate
・Rated to heavy-durty light truck standards, the transmission has a wide, 109-mm center distance to handle torque levels up to 450 lb-ft.
・when design is required and the product requirements are stated principally in performance terms, or need to be established
- determinate, semideterminate, indeterminate
- enter key, return key
- taper grind
- angle-controlled tightening method
・The nut is pretorqued to metal-to-metal contact (着座トルク ) and then the bolt is turned through a further angle, thus it reaches the plastic range.
- angle resolving power
- 契約内容の確認 contract review (by supplier)
・eview of contractural quality system elements
・Review the design output documents before release.
・All design changes shall be reviewed. 適切性を確認 Review purchasing documents for adequacy of the specified requiremnts prior to release.
・regularly review的確性を確認 qualification (iso) 妥当性を確認 validation
・confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that the particular requirements for a specific intended use are fulfilled
・tests that validate the disign and capability to meet safety and performance targets.
・manufacturability prediction and validation
- ・See that all mounting surfaces on the wheelhead spindle are in good condition. - See that all wrenches are put away before starting any part of the machine. make sure, be sure
・Make sure the safety belt fits the child correctly. / Make sure of --- Be sure the diamond is tight in the nib.- Check to see that --
・Identify all tooling (gm)
・「よろしいですか」の確認- The message prompts you to choose: "New data defining " will be executed. OK? (Yes, No)
- 確認システム confirmation system
・確認書 confirmation document
・確認事項 confirmation (as heading)
・retractable antennas/side mirrors; self storing
・seatbelt retraction (force to draw up last 50 mm to be 90 g)
・The pop-off top stows under the rear deck.
・A neat swingover hardtop stows away underneath a metal canopy behind the two seats
・fold-away, roof-mounted grab handles.
- to store a program into main memory, load
- academic clique
・old school tie / network
- sales expansion/growth
- sand muller (agitator, shaker, stirrer, mixer)
- agitator vane
- separator, firewall, bulkhead,
- solid square
- anolite system
- par value
・The par value of a share of this company is 50 yen.
・額面通り The stock is at par./ Take that at face value.
- man-machine separation (press)
・What are the odds of finding any extraterrestrial life in our lifetime?
・Smoking can increase the odds of miscarriage 80%.
・People with one copy of the gene have a 50% chance of getting Alzheimer's, for those with two copies the likelihood rises to about 90%.
・Elderly people with hardening of arteries are twice as likely to have Alzheimer's.
・Reduce the chance of injury in a collision.
・The odds are 70 to 30% in favor of casino.
・If there really is life elsewhere in the universe, what are the odds of finding it in out lifetime?
- crow hop
・The vehicle moves with a combination of linear and yaw motion, similar to the hopping of a crow.
・stripping/stripped (gear) teeth
・stone chips, chip-off
- 下径切削 asmo
- shaft turning
- housekeeping account books, which housewives can use to track their savings and expenses on a daily bases
- multiplication (multiplicand x multiplier = product)
- maul (large wooden hammer, mullet)
- Business is showing negative sign. (vs boosting)
- lower end
- water under the bridge.
・2000 is blood under the bridge?
- machining / processing
- contact area in machining / machining locator
- lowering cam
- stamping locator
・加工規準表 locator placement chart
- manufacturing site
・車体加工区 body shop
・組立加工区 assembly shop
・塗装加工区 paint shop
- work hardening
- in down-stroke / in lowering
- machining stock
・machining allowance / stock removal / grind stock
- machinability / processabilityworkability / ease of machining/processing
- cutting accuracy
・The machine can achieve a range of accuracy that can be measured by a xommercial instrument.
- bottoming end, down end
- (honing) efficiency
- muda in processing
- work / workpiece
- shot blast before machining, dip coat before machining
- harsh, hostile environment
・the demanding world of automotive design an dengineering
- fire alarm
- avalanche of volcanic debris
- umbrella gage (checks valve contact)
- lap joint
- lap widing
- stack buildup
- Drag the file onto the desktop and drop it on --
- 傘部 (ピストン)
- top of the head
- high-cube goods
- styled slots (re road wheel)
- credit crunch / crisis
・the bad-loan problem: All those non-performing loans are forcing banks to cut lending, so busineses are suffocating for lack of credit.
・Banks are slushing lending.
- dead loan
・Write off bad debts.
・Germany is heavily exposed with $47 billion in outstanding loans to Asia.
・Banks haven't hedged their exposure. (potentiality of dead loans)
- unintentional infliction of injuries
- bottom dead center
・bottom center / at the bottom of piston stroke
・crimping リード線かしめ/ wire splice/joint
・caulking / calk (asmo, jsw) - caulking In metal working, to strike a chesel or caulking tool with a hammer, making a slight indentation along the seam. The effect of this is to force the edge of one plate hard against the other, and thus fill up any slight crevice between the plates which the rivets failed to close. - caulk (名詞) ;充填物 gap filler, sealer
- pipe crimp / dimple crimpbead crimp
- アペックスかしめ plastic region tightening
・塑性域締付け法 Bolt is deliberately tightened into plastic range.
- pull-off strength 外れ強さ、離脱力
- self-locking nut
- Summation / weighted mean / weighted modulus
- load cell
- overcharge life
・to drive off volatile matters
- excess capacity
・Production lines and workers are producing significantly below full output.
・Japan has a huge excess capacity to centend with.
- overheating prevention
・momentary sticking of ring & sylinder, causing scratches on either side when parting.
・Starts as microscopic weld as ring and cylinder reach melting point.
・a type of wear in which a transfer of material between parts moveing against each other; shows up as pits or grooves in the mating faces
・galling (wear away by friction, tool pickup and galling)
- ・Retail investors decided to dabble in American-style get-rich-quick stocks.
・Dabbling at Russian?
・exciter / shaker / shake machine 加振機
・excitational force 加振力
・excitation amplitude 加振振幅
- sludge bath (slag bath)
- gas line,
・In earthquakes, the biggest danger is broken gas lines
- run out of gas
・Figure out the distance you can drive before you car runs out of gas.
・Don't gamble. Refill your tank at the halfway mark.
・Stop for fuel. The car is low on gas.
- gaseous shield
- gas manifold system
- gas carburizing furnace
- fuel tank paint
- vapor flow
- gas softnitriding
・Case hardening at 580 ℃ using ammonia gas for added strength and anti-corrosion effect, applied to rocker arm shaft. Etc.
- vent whistlers
・gas-vent hole on sandcast pattern
- gas-discharge fire fighting
- small-size items
- chemical processing
・chemical conversion coating (applied to steel, etc. for anti-rust protection to provide ideal bonding surface for paint.
・リューブライト、燐酸塩処理 zinc phosphate system, chromium chromate & cheomium system
- phosphating heat exchanger
- phosphate film
- phosphating continuous settling tank
- fossil fuels
・nonpetrolieum alternative fuels
・subdued whoosh of wind over mirrors
・aerodynamic whistles of antenna
・cars whoosing along the expressway
・wind buffeting / drumming
・stereio tape player / cassette unit カセット部
・ a sectioned cassette tray カセット入れ / face-load cassette player 正立
- The area around a charging battery should be well-ventilaed.
・depopulated village, backwater town
・As the yound people left the farms for big cities, the rural area began to go downhill.
・urban overcrowding and rural depopulation 過疎化
・TFT: thin film pransistor
・Dot matrix panel is composed of 32x32 LCD picture elements that form the image by preprogrammed activations of the appropriate dots.
- equip / add
・The cab-chassis had the body added at port of entry by a truck body maker to the specs of an ultimate buyer.
・onscreen image vs text/message
・画像形成 image formation
・距離画像 image of distance
・ 画像メモリ graphic memory
・画像密度 picture cell density
・画像パター認識 pictorial pattern recognition
・画像センサ image processing sensor
・画像処理 image/graphic processing 能動 interactive imagery ?
- virtual world/reality
・mimics the physical world.
・仮想商店街 cyber mall / virtual mall / online shopping
・仮想設計 virtual engineering
- imaginary line
・a phantom line showing an alternate position
・Rev up and peel rubber.
・If an arms race revs up on the subcontinent, Pakistan could be bankrupted.
- overspeed test (alternator)
- acceleration resistance
・inertia resistance force
- acceleration response
- family protection
- untimely failed parts / plasticizer
- modulus of plasticity
- fill station, gas station
- looseness (caused by too much play)
・stability (horizontal 前後 vertical 上下、lateral 左右)
- squeak and rattles
・ブレーキ brake roughness/chatter; pedal shudder
・アンテナ antenna shake
・The break-in took the notchines out of the gearbox.
- one-side-leg operation (re crane)
- ・The clutch pedal is stiff to depress.
・The wheel is hard to turn.
・agenda, priority, hurdle
・a primary development task
・Battling violence should be at the top of their agenda.
・Vehicle security is high on our list of priorities.
・Subject to take up next
・Questions of land use have come to dominate agendas of most local governments.
・The major challenge was to push the design envelope as far as possible while still maintaining some element of practicality.
・The electronics industry rose to the challenge of providing low-cost, high quality performance.
・Engine durability is a major technical challenge prior to expanding the use of methanol fuel.
- 課題 (テスト)
- pattern paper / stencil
- mold cure
- lateral tolerance (+ or -)
・片側通行 one-way traffic
・片側運転室 offset cab
- braking pull
・Why did Honecker refuse to drive a Traband? Because the brakes kept puling to the West.
・not to pull or swerve out of 3.7 m wide roadway lane 片流れ
- mold marks
- angle steel
・structural steel ・H 鋼 H shapes/bar H
・U L形鋼 U shapes/channels L angles beams
・I鋼 I beam
・T バー structural tee
・Z バー Zee Z
・平鋼 flat bar
・軽量形鋼 light-gage steel
・リップ鋼 lipped steel
- angle steel;
・U shapes. Channels
- mold setting
・Conveyerize mold setting to shakeout.
- firm, yet not hard
・a fine line between being too firm and too yielding
- mold clamping (close and lock)
・型締め圧 closing pressure (stationary and movable molds)
- molding sand
- die spotting
・die spotting press
- die table
- shoulder tapping
・force full-timers to take early retirement
・talk into voluntary early retirement
・early retirement packages / golden handshake
・eliminate potential gray panthers in middle management, or forced retirement after forced overtime
・For those at the very top, the handshake may mean a kinder, gentler golden parachute.
・get workers to quit voluntarily
- See that all wrenches are put away before starting any part of the machine.
- hand hammer
- single-swing door
- making male model
・A female model is used to make male plastic model.
・Pipe geometry to be finalized by molding after completion of the engine.
- die direction
- closed hat section (of cylindrical and square tube)
- mold shakeout
・Mold is shaken out and castings are dumped into a carrier heading for the cooling court.
- dies / molds (ダイキャスト)
・cover die (stationary platen)
・ejector die (movable platen)
- mold plate
・stationary die plate
・型板速度調製弁 plate speed regulating valve
- mold No.
- hard-drawn wire
- mold opening
- 1/2 of amplitude
・片振りねじりトルク torsional torque under pulsating stress (repeated load)
- mold maintenance
- guided bending
- inclination angle
- No. of mold faces
- cantilever circular beam
・The process output distribution is out of control.
- formframe, form
・型枠コンクリートブロック fill-up concrete block
・型枠締付け金物 form tie
・型枠振動機 form vibrator
- parting line
- jerks and jolts
・The car bucks when there's water in gasoline.
- bottom sensor
- click, click
・camera shtter sound
・sound of retractable ball-point pen
・radio: clicks, pops, static cracks
- perception of the value of things
- to snap
・snaplock of mating terminals
・Make sure the choke plate snaps closed. If it doesn't, it's binding or out of adjustment.
・Door closes with solid click (solid thunk, positive click)
・When the new refill is installed, the tabs will click into place, locking the refill. (wiper)
- crisp (gear shifting through the gates)
・The gear is slick and easy.
・snick-quick shifting- Shifting laborious and notchy- mushy and vague feel: may be a direct function of use and wear-in of shift linkage and transmission components.
- 価値編制 (m)
- line balancing
・value creating balancing: a method to attain most efficient operation by systematically eliminating all idle motions
・Labor imbalance along the line can be overcome by optimum manning.
・How many men do you have out of balance?
・Attain a high degree of balance with little idle time.
・manpower leveling; line/shift rebalance
・station balancing; any operator with idle time to spare?
・group manager, department manager
- audible range
・All audible tones from 20 Hz to 20 KHz are fed into a component at equal levels, then they come out at equal levels.
- dried bonito
・花かつお "hanakatsuo" dried bonito shavings
- class room exams (vs skill test)
・academic exams, exams on academic subjects
- processing deficiency
- deflection = load shift when lowered (re crane)
・かつぎ量 quill deflection (re honing)
- thoroughgoing quality improving activities
- Figure in ( ) is for reference.
- manual mode
- age of tie-up
・従 (縦) に合し，衝 (横) に連なる。
・ 原義：戦国時代の韓、魏，趙、燕、楚、斎が連合して秦に当る。 一説には：6国が横1線になってそれぞれが秦に服す。
・ (企業) 合併吸収 merger and acquisition / M&A
・ Take bolder steps to revitalize Japan's economy.
・industrial invigoration / Invigorate morale
・Increase team dynamics.
- active elements Pt and Rh are used in 5:19 ratio. (catalyst)
・活性成分結晶 catalyst crystallite
・活性点 active point/site
- ・ 空転 spinning; to lose grip and start spinning / lock
- cutoff center frequency
・a center frequency between cut-off 1 and cut-off 2
- paint-cutting bolt
・cutaway engine for display
・partial cutaway view
・カットエンジン a display engine showing cutaway CTX transmission
- installment purchase
- flanged tapping screw
・"CUP" screw, dished head
- ・To get the maximum performance from the unit, read this manual first and keep it at hand.
・"commitment" in the sense of "effectuate"
- put to effective use
・Making use of transparent shock resistant materials, the front lamp clusters are embedded in the fenders.
・Utilization of space is a particular criteria for the IDEAone design: flat floor with no obstacles that might get in the way of the passengers' legs.
・use to full advantage
・apply the acquired ability
- domestic waste water
- Kadenacy effect
・Volumetric efficiency increased by valve overlap and inertial scavenging.
- electrify, magnetize
・Paint is magnetized to be attracted to the body panel.
- consumer electronics
・home electronics, household appliances
- turn every argument in one's own favor
・turn things in one's own favor
・継電器 overcurrent relay
- overcurrent fuse
- corner R
- in operation
・manufacturing facilities owned, and operated by the company
・in up time and down time
・非稼働時 non-operation period
・稼働時間 work time, up time/hours, machine utilization hours per day
・稼動域 moving range?
- productive time
・作業時間 operation time
・work time / up time, up hours / machine utilization hours per day
・付随時間 time for contingencies (material handling, etc.)
- fold-down attachment
- pivotable mirror (pivots when impacted)
- movable platen
・可動磁石 moving magnet
・稼動部分 moving components
- workday (8-hour workday)
・非可動日 no-work days
- ・Movable/moving/flexible line
- ・rate of operation, operation rate - Operation time of a car may be 30 min if used for comuting only) - full operation = 100% フル操業 - Operation rises or falls according to monthly volume.
・capacity utilization rate / utilization of equipment / up-time ratio- under-used factories- desperate for volume to keep machines humming- double shifts adopted to ensure better utilization of machines
- ・可動率 operational availability - To ensure 100% availability, cars must be in perfect condition all the time, and machines must be in proper maintenance and be operational with minimum setup time.
- transient response;
- corner joint
- metal horse/buck
- 砂鋳物の pattern
・model from which a sand mold is made, model in shellmolding
- ダイキャスト die-casting die
・鍛造 forging die
・ねじ転造 thread-rolling die
・プレス金型 press die, stamping die
- mold プラ、ごむ
・金型段取りモード mold preparation mode
・量産金型 production tooling
・hardware, pipe connector 結合金具
・electrical fittings, hose end fittings, fastener base/receptacle
- Strictly follow the recommendations/directions as given in the owner's manual.
・Be sure that adjustable wrenches are tightly closed on the nut.
・Do use the proper size and type of tool.
・Don't run the engine in a garage without proper ventilation - EVER. Always lock the car when you leave it.
・Carefully use a mounting blotter on each side of the wheel.
- face wrench
- application for subscription
・加入料 subscription fee
・加入説明会 presentation for inviting subscriptors
・加入審査 screening for admission
- nonvolatile content
- heat shrinkage
- heat distortion
- The Explorer quickly became a major cash cow for Ford and Firestone.
- flammables (JIS: inflammables)
・It enables detection of intermittent failures which must otherwise be hard to diagnose or verity.
・The networks enable a variety of new automobile functions.
・to give engineers the ability to --
・to allow data to be captured earlier in the desing cycle
・to allow the use of --
- capable of
・a smart sensor capable of vehicle-wide communications
・ shall be entitled to export (法)
- make possible
・The lack of a drivetrain tunnel makes possible a flat cargo floor.
・This makes it possible to --
・Substitution of B for A has the potential for significantly reducing entine-out particulates.
・Multiplexing has potential to be cost-effective by partitioning wiring --
- provide for, allow for
・The eight-bit type provides for as many as 256 characters, which allows for future expansion.
・The design includes provisions for adding automotive part loading, assembly, and transfer devices.
・Provision is made for fitting a flywheel and clutch or a drive plate, depending on the type of transmission used.
・-- provides benefits in minimizing or eliminating difficult trade-offs between cabin interior design objectives and functionality.
- 可能, 不
- ID dimensions prohibit proper mounting of --
・Loose hammer heads can cause accidents.
・If your car idles too long, the high temperatures in the exhaust can cause damage.
・Don't hold the key in the START for more than 30 s. This can damage the starter.
・One good whiff of R12 vapor from burning refrigerant can be fatal.
・ When do we get to see the products?
- could (起こりうる)
・If the steps below are not followed, the fuel could spray out and result in a fire hazard and possible injury.
・Keys made from an improper key blanks could damage your locks.
・Exhaust fumes could kill you.
・An oil-soaked hose could burst at any time, when hot or under pressure.
- If you don't set the parking brake fully, your car may move suddenly and injure some one.
・People riding in the cargo area are much more likely to be injured if you have a collision.
- controls another device (usually on the basis of speed or load)
・In the hydraulic circuit, it controls pressure on one end of the shift valve.
・The governor is used in certain automatic transmissions to control gearshifting in relation to car speed.
・ガバナ効き始め速度 governor speed
・ガバナ進角特性 governor advance curve
- remote switch
- load capacity
- mildew, fungi, mould
- warranty on defect
- thumb tack
- overload guard
- ・株式申込書 subscription form / an application for
・ 新株優先権 preemptive right 新株引受け権、先買い権
・株券 share certificate
・株券の種類 denomination of share certificates (100 yen, 1000 yen, etc.)
・記名式株式 registered shares / in bearer's form 株主名簿 shareholder registry
・ 1株当り純利益 earnings per share
・発行済み及び社外株式 issued and outstanding shares 発行済み株式総数 Number of shares already issued
・発行する株式の総数 number of shares to be issued
・他社の株 shares in other companies
・私募扱い by means of private placement
・所有株式数 number of shares owned
・株式数比率 percentage of shares
- (joint-) stock company (UK: Co. Ltd. US: Inc.)
・Seven or more promoters are required for the incorporation of a stock company.
- stock capital
・The stock capital is 150 million Bahts which is divided into 150 thousand stocks.
- share transfer
- stock subscription (flotation 社債募集)
・subscription book open 株式募集開始 / closed 募集締切
- share equity
- under- and over-voltage
- general meeting of shareholders
・定時株主総会 ordinary general meeting of shareholders / regular shareholders' meeting
・通常株主総会 general meeting of shareholders
・臨時株主総会 extraordinary shareholders' meeting
- Shareholders' responsibility is limited to an amount outstanding in payment on the subscribed shares.
- Dividends shall be paid to the shareholders who are recorded on the list of shareholders of the company as of the end of each business term.
・ 所有株式数 number of shares owned
・大株主 major shareholders
・connector coupler (ae1999-12-59)
- ・写真 fog, cloud, blur
・ 塗装 blushing 白化
・slow port restriction / blocking by throttle plate
- poisonous plant rash
・ skin eruptions/rash due to chemicals
- variable rate damper
・automatic adjusting suspension (AAS damper)
- variable resistance
- variable displacement engine
・LZA (Leerland Zylinder Abrchaltung) comes into play only when the engine is idling.
・TZA (Teillast Zylinder Abrchaltung) cuts off cylinder when the vehicle isin motion but operating at only part load.
・Both operate by cutting fuel supply to half the engine.
・changes displacement under different operating conditions
・Fore 4-6-7 engien, GM 8-6-4 engine; Cadillac's mechanical cylinder cutout
・Starting cold, it operates on four cylinders and only after a few miles when the engine becomes warm enough for the system to cut in, it switches to two-cylinder mode.
・modulated engine (MD engine) : 誤用 see modular engine
- to scale back operations
・rather than abandoning your investment
- downwardly-directed / extending downwardly of the table
- base of kamameshi rice (flavored rice boiled in a small cooker)
・The pinion is backed out of mesh with the flywheel ring gear.
・Prevent the pinion from drifting into mesh when the engine is running.
・Hold the pinion in mesh with the ring gear until a predetermined engine speed is reached
・The detent pin comes out of notch and allows the pinion to demesh from the flywheel...
- fundamental gear mesh
- mesh with ring gear
・mesh limits 噛合い限界値
・mesh limit rpm 噛合い限界値回転速度、なめないでスムーズに噛合う限界rpm
・mesh performance 噛合い性能
・ colliding enmesh 衝撃的噛合い
- length of engagement
- trapped, caught
- The clamp is cutting into the hose.
- rolled-in dirt (sheetmetal)
- inclusion (casting) , foreign matter inclusion/intrusion
・Temper justice with mercy.
- run out of paper
- sleeping accommodation
- cam-driven die stamping
・cam driver vs flat driver stamping
- cam die
- cam-cut function
- camshaft (one word)
- camshaft balancing
・バランス取りは2面修正とし片側不釣り合い量は 140 gr-mm以内のこと Balance crankshaft with journals 1 and 5 supported by V blocks. Max permissible unbalance at one end to be within 140 gr-mm.
- gummed tape
- cam dwell angle
- camera stabilization
・CRT, display, graphic panel
・1画面アップ Move up one screen.
・Ctrl + End moves the cursor to the end of the screen when pressed once.
・画面移行 screen changeover/switchover
・画面操作 screen control
・画面を印刷 print the screen display
・選択画面 selection screen
・手書き画面 You can scribble a note on the touch-sensitive screen using the glowing Plexiglas stylus.
・表示画面 indication screen
・運転画面 operation screen
・調整画面 adjustment screen
・分岐画面 branch screen
・ビデオ画面 video clips
- bottom view
・ 貨物室 cargo hold (in ship, plane)
- returnable (collapsible) containers
・tote box vs expendable (ワンウエイ)
・used to move parts and materials in a factory or between warehouses and retail stores
・ returnable plastic box
- availability (available for ready use)
- color parts
・カラー検討室 Color Design Room
- dry run
・operation with no eyelet
- glass epoxy, epoxy-glass composites
- karaoke sing-along
・An amateur fills in the voacal part of a recorded music.
・singing along to a tune
・to transfer parts 部品を入替えて箱を空にする
- hook, bundle
- dry cutting/machining
- dry sanding
- engine racing
・blitz: one step-on just before cutting the engine
- engine runup
・runs up on 2-3 shifts
・runaway on forced throttle
・エンジン吹き上がり engine flyup due to downshift
- wipe with dry cloth
- barrel plating
- (major) lenders
・借入金 loans from financial institutions / loans he owed
・借入れ残 balance of borrowings
・借入れ先が保有する株式数 Number of our shares owned by lender
- tacking (vs regular welding)
- kirksite tool (used by Budd plastics firm)
・production tool 本型
・soft tools made of material such as kirksite and built to production intent standards. See kaakusaito
- Loosely install a special depressor on the fitting.
・The nut should be finger-tight.
- provisional attachment
・仮処分 provisional injunction
- temporary tightening
・Pretorque the bolt finger-tight before tightening to specification.
・Tighten the nuts lightly to uniform snugness. After lowering the tire, tighten the nuts securely.
・Install screws. Don't tighten.
・provisional tightening vs final torquing
・仮締めボルト fitup bolt
・仮締めトルク transient tightening torque
・personal magic of leadership arousing special popularity
・He has striking looks and easy charisma.
- partial cure bonding 一時預け接着
・Partial cure or UV tacking is often used to hold parts between stations or for other handling purposes.
・Some adhesives are induction-cured for handling and fully cured (本付け) in the paint/bake cycle
・Urethanes cure quickly to handling strength but are slow to reach full cure. Two minutes to handle and 24 h for complete cure.
・Acrylics can be deliverately slow-cured during an assembly process so that it does not set up until all parts have oriented themselves.
- tack weld
・tack spot weld, tack arc weld;
・locating weld, tack assembly
・Pre-tacked body shells are welded on track.
- option fixing (connector)
- reflect on drawing / incorporate in drawings
- learner's license
- vulcanizing solution
・加硫缶 volcanizer, heater, kessel, vessel
- swirl motion of the incoming charge
・wedling of rubber
・Vulcanize the rubber onto the inner tube.
・The permanent bonding between coating and elastoer extrusion is effected during vulcanization
・One-piece seals, particularly if directly vulcaized onto the oiol pans, provide simple handling in assembly.
・加硫接着後アウタチューブに圧入接着 Smear adhesive to the rubber and press fit the inner tube assembly into the outer tube.
- eddy current test
- over-assisted steering (too light to turn)
- gull wing door (just "wing door")
・Pivots upwards and ourwards on a contral windshield strut to eliminate door frames that impede with both vision and access.
- patient's chart
- Karman vortex
- decay, gradual decline
- action against grass fire
- cullet deposits
・Why do hospitals overwork their interns?
・Exhausted and overworked, she misread the label on a bottle of medications.
・death from overwork (36 consecutive hours without a break)
- 皮張り (塗装)
・革張りハンドル leather-wrapped steering wheel
・革張りシート leather-covered seats, leather upholstery leather-trimmed (Chryler) leather-swathed sport buckets
- off-beat cars; niche designs
- かん (こつ)
・Once you get the hang of it, the job will be easy.
・He knows the ropes so we can put the problem in his hands.
・ノーハウ skill and savvy / There're somethings that can't be replaced, such as experience and savvy.
- pressure-sensitive recording paper
- pressure-sensitive adhesive, pressure-type adhesive
- simplified drawing
- simplified multi-use drawing
- (temperature-sensing) bulb
- ・Change the way you think.
・ concepts概念 / guideline concepts
・philosophy/policy of management / lean production philosophy
・Conventional wisdom holds that --
・Develop your own production system. That's important because it establishes a framework of thinking.
・perception / process perception
- environmental regulations
・環境圧力 environmental pressures
・環境庁 Environmental Ministry / EPA: Environmental Protection Agency
・環境への影響 environmental impact
・環境音 environmental noise
・環境破壊 environmental devastation due to oil spill
・環境認証 environmental certification
・環境排気 environmental emissions
・環境適応 Set new standards in environmental compatibility and motoring pleasure.
- environmental awareness
・environmentally conscious consumers
- environmental contamination
・contaminatin of surrounding areas
・sociability requirements in the area of noise, smoke, gaseous emissions
- environmental standards
- 環境適応 (環境性)
- engine environmental compatibility
・new standards in environmental compatibility and motoring pleasure
- obstacle detection
・short-range obstacle detection hehind the car and other gehicles in the blind spot
・ground probing radar systems; radar signal interaction with the ground
- environmental impact
・emvironmental impact assessments must precede full commercial acceptance of pyrolysis for ASR (antriebs-schlumph-regelung
・acceleration skip control)
・grass-roots conservation groups
・sustainable development: progress without destruction of the environment
・Let the used coolant drain into a bucket and dispose of it in an environmentally approved fashion.
・preservation of rain forests is comtpatible with economic growth; protection of ecosystem; ecology
・環境保護運動家 pro-environmental lobysts
- endocrine disruptor
・分泌かく乱化学物質 (正しくは、外因性内分泌かく乱物質 or 環境エストラゲン)
・Dioxin disrupts the hormones that regulate biological processes like sexual development.
- environmental priority strategies (EPS) in design
- a major outdoor toy (re cars)
・breakaway from day-to-day routines
・automotive fantasy and mobility for yourself
・an escape car from boring existance
・Escape from the mundane restrictions of time and space that held our fathers back
- affiliate: a company partly or wholly owned by another
・企業結合 corporate affiliation
・子会社 subsidiary firms (More than 50% the capital owned by another)
・関連会社 (20%-50%) associated company
・関係会社 (20% or under) affiliated company
- relevant interested parties
- activities involved, participating activities
・functions concerned (126) , functions affected
- skip pick feed (grinding)
- Toyota Inspection Standard (TIS)
- intermittent troubles
・an isolated case
・A failed part doesn't require service but the sensed information is out of operating range, indicating a possible future malfunction
・NTF: no trouble found / 再現不能事故 un-reproducible trougles の1因
・hard to diagnose or verify
- intermittent wiper
・deoxidize: reduce oxygen from
・causes NOx to react with reducing components (CO, HC, or H2)
・reduction of nitric oxide to nitrogen
・requires richer mixture
・還元触媒 reducing catalyst
・Many seniors' lives end in disability and dependency.
・Many seniors over age 85 have trouble eating, walking, and generally taking care of themselves during the last year of life.
- government entities
- engagement detent (flywheel)
- tourism road
- managing audis
・Government oversight was minimal.
・keep in view, lookout, watch
・監視画面 monitor screen
・監視人 watchman, guard
・監視プログラム supervisor program
- 漢字 (PC)
- Kanji character
- Appreciation days range from family-oriented events like Sunday picnics to work-time snack breaks. (Yazaki North America)
- break in, run in
・interference condition exists between A and B.
・Check for contact of A and B. / A in contact with B
・Use cloth tape on wiring assembly wherever it contacts against plastic surface os instrument panel.
・Light capable of interference is called coherent.
・see 可緩衝性 & hologram
・干渉縞 interference fringes, interferometric fringes- a recorded interference pattern = hologram
・干渉光 coherent light
- shock mountings
・the mutual action of two waves of sound, light, etc. in reinforcing or neutralizing each other according to their relative phase on meeting
・ 干渉計測 holographic interferometry
・robust vibration control / robust performance
・resinoid sealant impregnation (cylinder block)
・The catalysts studied were prepared by co-impregnation or by impregnation of the individual PMs
- water/moisture content
・含水比 water content in percent of dry weight
- ・sensibility (; ergonomics) - Look for factors that appeal to the driver's sensual tastes. - The often vague impressions that drivers feel about cars are given higher priority in kansei engineering.
・dsirability- a fresh priority - likability; What a driver likes? - an esoteric issue of what makes a car feel right (Lotus) - What occupants are particularly sensitive to? - 定性 qualitative assessment work- To differentiate a product in the same price range or target audience,styling is a factor but so is NVH because it plays into total sensory experience of the car
・harmony- No single element of the car can be considered as standalone; all overlap. - Modelling and correlating transient situations are difficult, yet they are a vital part of the subjective/objective equation
- kansei engineering
・to quantify a consumer's inner voice or sensitivity regarding the car. The idea is to define the intangible essence of the driver experience.
・to create cars that appeal to a customer's mindstyle.
・感性領域 subjective domain (Tradisional skills in assessing car capability lies in the subjective domain. "Subjective" belongs to the domain of feelings existing in the mind, as opposed to real or external things.
・感性定量化 objective? measurement
- builtup vehicles; fully assembled vehicles
- Toyota Inspection Standard (TIS)
- tariff barrier
・Raise tariff walls against foreign cars.
- level or % of completion
- tool bit, solid bit
- moment of inertia
・慣性相乗モーメント product of inertia
・慣性力 inertia force
・慣性主軸 inertial axis
- artist's sketch/conception
- passive smoking
・second hand smoke
・indirect cost, burden
・product integrity is the feeling of quality and character that can generate the willingness to pay top-of-the segment prices that will be the hallmark of manufacturing success in the 1990s.
・The issue of ex-President Roh Tae Woo is political dynamite, since it touches on the integrity of the president.
・Several factors affect leak integrity of a thermoplastic cover system
・high-integrity components of premium quality
・一体性; consistency of what one says and does
- artierial roads
- complete threads, full-form threads (effective thread Dwg 171)
- full annealing
- earliest form, originator
- dry weight
・乾燥炉 curing oven (drying oven 自技会)
・乾燥路旋回制動 dry brake in turn
- an observation (s)
- buzzy (like bee's hum)
・buzzy multi-valve engine
- Less is more in online shopping.
・Simple is best.
・KISS: Keep it simple and specific.
- misjudgment-caused injuries
- crash-sensing time
・crash-determining time, to sense the need to deploy the airbag
- government authorities
- through hole
・open-end hole vs blind
- electrical shock (hazard, accedents)
・station sensitivity and selectivity
・selectivity with adjacent channel rejection
・実用感度 practical sensitivity
・同調感度 tuning sensitivity
・弱受電地 marginal reception areas
- Kanto loam
- competent authorities
・分光分析器 spectroscopic unit
・spectrographic unit / metallurgical microscope
- chain stitch
- functional values
- subjective evaluation
・jury rating (陪審評価)
・expert subjective assessment
・定性的 provides a qualitative feel for tire performance, but their results tend to exhibit poor repeatability due to the variations in input resulting from differing drivers, environmental conditions, ets.
- center-opening doors
・rear-hinged rear doors
- clamshell doors;
- self ignition
・first fire (初爆) , engine starting
・完爆補正 choke breaker, vacuum break diaphragm, opens the choke
- carry on
・Keep it up. / Keep going, / Keep on. /Keep up the good work.
・Cheer up. / Hold out. / Hang on.
・Roll up your sleeves and start your own business. / Roll up your sleeve and pitch in.
- the number of kanban
・the number of kanban per cycle
- kanban coefficiency
- kanban cycle
- kanbans delayed to put in the post
- kanbans picked up before use of parts
- kanban order
- KANBAN principle/philosophy
・just-in-time replenish system to reduce inventory time/cost
・Keep the production line moving without keeping mountains of parts on hand.
・You cannot see the rocks in a river filled with water. Previous theory was that more parts made, the cheaper the unit cost of each part. Now assembly lines are synchronized to produce parts when they are needed.
・integrates venders and inside processes.
・If you have buffer inventories, potential problems stay hidden and may never be corrected.
・Application of Kanban philosophy cuts the time lapse from panels completion to installation in the cars.just-in-time manufacturing
・just-in-time delivery of raw materials and components; on-time delivery
・Inventory is more often a source of hidden and unrecognized costs and probless than it is a solution to them.
・Stock is minimized if parts arrive precisely when needed.
・Get the material to them on time, so they can run leaner.
- middle management
- choke breaker
・3-stage vacuum breaker (キャブ3段補正)
- chief secretary of the Prime Minister's cabinet
- oil impregnation
- taper pipe thread: PT
・to exercise restraining or directing influence over --
・cost control, inventory control, budgetary control
・The art of directing and controlling human effort so that the established objectives of an enterprise may be attained in accordance with accepted policies
・to manage the business/resource allocations/production system/household
・business/operations management 経営管理; day-by-day management of business/production
・crash energy management
- (部署) 管理 G
- Administration ＆ Operations Supporting Group
- manage and direct
- management engineering
- management system of an organization
・internal management and other employees
・the management of the organization
- 管理 (責任) 者
・who direct and control effort toward the attainment of the objectives of an enterprise
- management representative
- control limit(s)
- management capabilities (90)
- Repeat the Plan-Do-Check-Action procedure.
・Repeat the procedure of Plan-Do-Check-Action circle.
・Repeat the circle of control. (PDCA)
- administrative department
- managed trade
・protection against outsiders (vs free trade)
- reflux condenser
- reciprocal sensibility
・秤 scale の1メモリを移動させる質量差 min.wt to move the needle one graduation.
・質量 weight of matter
・The method is correct within a limit of 0.001.
・Can measure down to 10" or less.
- associated company (20-50% owned by another)
・関連契約書 associated agreement
- Domestic Affiliates Administration Div. M
- relevant (44, 60、133)
- associated risk
- (082) 506-3233
- (082) 506-3234